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This is a list of the Presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran since the establishment of that office in 1980. The President of Iran is the highest popularly elected official in the country. The current president is Hassan Rouhani, since 3 August 2013.

Contents

BackgroundEdit

After the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and referendum to create the Islamic Republic on March 29 and 30, the new government needed to craft a new constitution. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, ordered an election for the Assembly of Experts, the body tasked with writing the constitution.[1] The assembly presented the constitution on October 24, 1979, and Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini and Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan approved it. This was also approved in December 1979 constitutional referendum.

The 1979 Constitution designated the Supreme Leader as the head of state and the president and prime minister as the heads of government. The post of prime minister was abolished in 1989.

The first Iranian presidential election was held on January 25, 1980 and resulted in the election of Abulhassan Banisadr with 76% of the votes. Banisadr was impeached on June 22, 1981 by Parliament. Until the early election on July 24, 1981, the duties of the president were undertaken by the Provisional Presidential Council. Mohammad-Ali Rajai was elected president on July 24, 1981 and took office on August 2. Rajai remained in office for less than one month, with both he and his prime minister being assassinated on August 30, 1981. Once again, a Provisional Presidential Council filled the office until October 13, 1981 when Ali Khamenei was elected president.

Ali Khamenei, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mohammad Khatami and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad were each elected president for two terms. Hassan Rouhani is the current president, being elected in June 2013 presidential election. He won the reelection in the 2017 presidential election.

ListEdit

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Picture Elected Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister First Vice President
1 Abolhassan Banisadr
(1933–)
  1980 4 February 1980 22 June 1981
(impeached)
Independent Mohammad-Ali Rajai Position not established
2 Mohammad-Ali Rajai
(1933–1981)
  1981 (Jul) 2 August 1981 30 August 1981
(assassinated)
Islamic Republican Party Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
3 Ali Khamenei
(1939–)
  1981 (Oct)
1985
13 October 1981 3 August 1989 Islamic Republican Party
(until 1987)
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Combatant Clergy Association
4 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
(1934–2017)
  1989
1993
3 August 1989 3 August 1997 Combatant Clergy Association Position abolished Hassan Habibi
5 Mohammad Khatami
(1943–)
  1997
2001
3 August 1997 3 August 2005 Association of Combatant Clerics
Mohammad-Reza Aref
6 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
(1956–)
  2005
2009
3 August 2005 3 August 2013 Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran Parviz Davoodi
Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei
Mohammad-Reza Rahimi
7 Hassan Rouhani
(1948–)
  2013
2017
3 August 2013 Incumbent Moderation and Development Party Eshaq Jahangiri

TimelineEdit

Hassan RouhaniMahmoud AhmadinejadMohammad KhatamiAkbar Hashemi RafsanjaniAli KhameneiMohammad-Ali RajaiAbolhassan Banisadr 

Acting PresidentsEdit

Provisional Presidential CouncilEdit

Term Prime Minister Parliament Chairman Chief Justice
22 June 1981

2 August 1981
Mohammad-Ali Rajai
(1933–1981)
  Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
(1934–2017)
  Mohammad Beheshti
(1928–1981)
 
Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili
(1926–2016)
 
30 August 1981

13 October 1981
Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani
(1931–2014)
 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Assembly of Experts". Retrieved 15 August 2009.