List of presidents of Bulgaria (1990–present)

The modern Bulgarian presidency was formed in 1990 after the fall of the Bulgarian People's Republic. After the completion of the second round of voting in the 2016 Bulgarian presidential election, Rumen Radev was elected on 13 November 2016.

President of the Republic of Bulgaria
Президент на Република България
Coat of arms of Bulgaria.svg
Reuven Rivlin March 2018 (8750) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Rumen Radev

since 22 January 2017
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceLargo, Sofia
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Inaugural holderPetar Mladenov
Formation3 April 1990
DeputyIliana Yotova
Salary€ 2,845.57 / $ 3,947.92 per month (March 2014)
Websitewww.president.bg

In the Third Bulgarian State, the functions of head of state were performed by the reigning monarch or through a regency. Later on in the communist era, the Chairman of the State Council of Bulgaria served as the paramount head of state of the People's Republic of Bulgaria. Despite this, the General Secretary of the Bulgarian Communist Party also served de facto representative and executive for the country during this period.[1] The following is a list of presidents of Bulgaria since the modern republic was established in 1990.

History of the institutionEdit

The story of the presidential institution in Bulgaria is relatively short and is associated with the reconstruction of the country after the fall of the communist regime in 1989. With the new structuring of the institutions in the context of the transition of Bulgaria to democracy and market economy, the presidential institution in Bulgaria became reality with the adoption of the new constitution on July 12, 1991. The first president of Bulgaria is a doctor of philosophy Zhelyu Zhelev. He won the presidential election of 1992 by direct vote, in accordance with the new constitution. His vice president was the poet Blaga Dimitrova.

The second presidential elections held in 1996 were won by Petar Stoyanov. He takes office on January 22, 1997, as his vice president Todor Kavaldzhiev. In 2001 Stoyanov run for a second term, but lost in the second round of Georgi Parvanov. Elections are held in November 2001. So for the third President of Bulgaria Georgi Parvanov was elected, and for his Vice President Angel Marin. They took office on 22 January of next year. The couple was re-elected in 2006. After the expiry of their second term, the second round of elections in 2011 was elected president Rosen Plevneliev and for his vice president Margarita Popova. They take an oath on January 19, 2012 and the inauguration of the 22nd the same month. After the expiry of their first term, the second round of elections in 2016 was elected president Rumen Radev and for his vice president Iliana Yotova. They take an oath on January 19, 2017 and the inauguration of the 22nd the same month.

The salary that receives Bulgarian President is equal to two monthly salaries of MPs. So in March 2014 it amounted to 4614 Levs.

List of Presidents of BulgariaEdit

Party legend

  Bulgarian Socialist Party (1)   Independent (1)   Union of Democratic Forces (2)   GERB (1)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office / mandates Prime Ministers Previous post Political alliance
Petar Mladenov
Петър Тошев Младенов
1936–2000
(Lived: 63 years)
3 April
1990
6 July
1990
Andrey Lukanov (1990) Chairman of the State Council of Bulgaria (1989-1990) Bulgarian Socialist Party
Stanko Todorov
Станко Тодоров Георгиев
1920–1996
(Lived: 76 years)
6 July
1990
17 July
1990
Andrey Lukanov (1990) Chairperson of the National Assembly (1981-1990) Bulgarian Socialist Party
acting as
Chairperson of the National Assembly
Nikolai Todorov
Николай Тодоров Тодоров
1921–2003
(Lived: 82 years)
17 July
1990
1 August
1990
Andrey Lukanov (1990) Chairperson of the National Assembly (1990) Independent
acting as
Chairperson of the National Assembly
1 Zhelyu Zhelev
Желю Митев Желев
1935–2015
(Lived: 79 years)
1 August
1990
22 January
1997
Andrey Lukanov (1990)
Dimitar Popov (1990-1991)
Philip Dimitrov (1991–1992)
Lyuben Berov (1992–1994)
Reneta Indzhova (1994–1995)
Zhan Videnov (1995-1997)
Chairman of the Union of Democratic Forces (1989-1990) Union of Democratic Forces
1992 – 52.8%, 2,738,436
2 Petar Stoyanov
Петър Стефанов Стоянов
Born 1952
(68 years old)
22 January
1997
22 January
2002
Zhan Videnov (1997)
Stefan Sofiyanski (1997)
Ivan Kostov (1997–2001)
Simeon Sakskoburggotski (2001-2002)
Vice Chairman of the Union of Democratic Forces (1995-1996) Union of Democratic Forces
1996 – 59.7%, 2,502,517
3 Georgi Parvanov
Георги Седефчов Първанов
Born 1957
(63 years old)
22 January
2002
22 January
2012
Simeon Sakskoburggotski (2002-2005)
Sergei Stanishev (2005-2009)
Boyko Borisov (2009–2012)
Chairman of the Bulgarian Socialist Party (1996-2001) Bulgarian Socialist Party
2001 – 54.1%, 2,043,443

2006 – 75.9%, 2,050,488

4 Rosen Plevneliev
Росен Асенов Плевнелиев
Born 1964
(56 years old)
22 January
2012
22 January
2017
Boyko Borisov (2012-2013)
Marin Raykov (2013)
Plamen Oresharski (2013–2014)
Georgi Bliznashki (2014)
Boyko Borisov (2014–2017)
Minister of Regional Development and Public Works (2009-2011) GERB
2011 – 52.6%, 1,698,136
5 Rumen Radev
Румен Георгиев Радев
Born 1963
(57 years old)
22 January
2017
Incumbent Boyko Borisov (2017)
Ognyan Gerdzhikov (2017)
Boyko Borisov (2017–present)
Bulgarian Air Force commander (2014-2016) Independent
2016 – 59.4%, 2,049,260

Living former presidentsEdit

There are three living former Bulgarian Presidents:

TimelineEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Конституция на Народна република България, 1971". Народното събрание на Република България. Народното събрание на Република България. Retrieved 20 May 2019.