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The following is a list of Grand Viziers of Persia (Iran) until 1906, when the office of Prime Minister of Iran was created as a result of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution. There were different names for this office during different historical periods such as Wuzurg Framadar, Vizier (Persian: وزیر‎), Sāheb Divān (Persian: صاحب‌دیوان‎), Vizier of the Supreme Court (Vazir-e Divān-e A'lā, Persian: وزیر دیوان اعلیٰ‎), Grand vizier (Vazir-e A'zam, Persian: وزیر اعظم‎), Premier (Shakhs-e Avval, Persian: شخص اول‎) and Sadr-e A'zam (Persian: صدراعظم‎).

Wuzurg Framadar (224–651)Edit

Ulugh Bitikchi/Saheb Divan/Vizier (1256–1335)Edit

Ulugh Bitickhi

Saheb Divan

Vizier

Vizier/Grand Vizier (1500–1732)Edit

Vizier

Grand Vizier (E'temad-od-Dowlé)

The office was vacant (1671–1672)

The office was vacant (1688–1690)

The office was vacant (1732–1750)

Grand Vizier (1750–1794)Edit

Grand Vizier/Sadr-e A'zam/Premier (Qajar Dynasty)Edit

No. Picture Name Title of office Took office Left office Shah (monarch)
1   Hajji Ebrahim Shirazi Vazir-e A'zam November 1794 14 April 1801 Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar
Fath-Ali Shah Qajar
2   Mirza Shafi Mazandarani Vazir-e A'zam (1801–1809)
Sadr-e A'zam (1809–1819)
14 April 1801 12 July 1819
3   Hajji Mohammad Hossein Khan (Sadr-e Esfahani, Nezam-al-Dowlé) Sadr-e A'zam 1819 1823
4 Abdollah Khan Amin-al-Dowlé
(1st time)
? 1823 1825
5   Allahyar Khan Asaf-al-Dowlé Sadr-e A'zam 1825 21 March 1828
6 Abdollah Khan Amin-al-Dowlé
(2nd time)
? 21 March 1828 23 October 1834
7   Mirza Abu'l-Qasem Qa'em-Maqam ? January 1835 26 June 1835 Mohammad Shah Qajar
8   Haji Mirza Aqasi (Abbās Bayāt Iravāni) Shakhs-e Avval (Premier) 1835 20 October 1848
9   Amir Kabir Shakhs-e Avval (Premier) 20 October 1848 13 November 1851 Naser al-Din Shah Qajar
10   Mirza Aqa Khan Nuri

(Mirza Nasrollah Khan Nuri)

Sadr-e A'zam November 1851 30 August 1858
11   Mirza Ja'far Khan Moshir-al-Dowlé Head of the State Council 15 September 1858 November/December 1862
The office was vacant. November/December 1862 23 March 1865
12   Mirza Mohammad Khan Sepahsalar (Davallu Qajar) ? 23 March 1865 16 June 1866
The office was vacant. 16 June 1866 14 October 1867
13 Mirza Yusef Ashtiani

(Mostowfi-al-Mamālek)

Ra'is-al-Vozarā (Prime minister or Chief minister)
First minister (Vazir-e Avval)
14 October 1867 13 November 1871
14   Mirza Hosein Khan Moshir od-Dowleh (Sepahsālār) Sadr-e A'zam 13 November 1871 14 September 1873
Since 1873 to 1878 Mirza Hosein Khan Moshir od-Dowleh (Minister of Foreign Affairs and War) and Mirza Yusef Ashtiani (Minister of Interior Affairs and Treasury) acted together as Grand Vizier.

Since 1878 Kamran Mirza Nayeb es-Saltaneh was added to this group of statesmen.

1873 1880
Mirza Yusef Ashtiani Acting Sadr-e A'zam (After dismiss of Mirza Hosein Khan Moshir od-Dowleh on 1880, Mirza Yusef Ashtiani was in charge of Sadr-e A'zam affairs, however he was not called Sadr-e A'zam. On 24 June 1884, he officially became Sadr-e A'zam). 1880 24 June 1884
15 Mirza Yusef Ashtiani Sadr-e A'zam 24 June 1884 7 April 1886
  Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Amin al-Soltan Acting (Minister of Court) 7 April 1886 1888
16   Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Amin al-Soltan Grand Vizier (1888–25 January 1893)
Sadr-e A'zam (25 January 1893–22 November 1896)
1888 22 November 1896
Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
The office was vacant. 22 November 1896 6 April 1897
17   Mirza Ali Khan Amin-al-Dowlé Ra'is-al-Vozarā (Prime minister or Chief minister) (6 April 1897–7 August 1897)
Grand Vizier (7 August 1897–November/December 1897)
Sadr-e A'zam (November/December 1897–5 June 1898)
6 April 1897 5 June 1898
18   Mirza Mohsen Khan Moshir-al-Dowlé (Mazāher) Ra'is-al-Vozarā (prime minister or chief minister)/Head of the State Council 5 June 1898 11 August 1898
19   Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Amin al-Soltan (Atabak) Sadr-e A'zam 11 August 1898 15 September 1903
The office was vacant. 15 September 1903 23 January 1904
20   Abdol Majid Mirza (Atabak) Grand Vizier (23 January 1904–26 August 1904)
Sadr-e A'zam (26 August 1904–29 July 1906)
23 January 1904 29 July 1906
21   Mirza Nasrullah Khan Moshir-al-Dowlé Ra'is-al-Vozarā (prime minister or chief minister) (30 July 1906–1 August 1906)
Sadr-e A'zam (1 August 1906–7 March 1907)
30 July 1906 7 March 1906

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Chaumont, Marie-Louise (2000). "FRAMADĀR". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. X, Fasc. 2. pp. 125–126.
  • For a full list of Viziers of Iran in the last 2000 years, see: "Iranian Viziers: From Bozorgmehr to Amir Kabir" (وزیران ایرانی از بزرگمهر تا امیر کبیر) by Abdolrafi' Haqiqat (عبدالرفیع حقیقت). Perry–Castañeda Library collection DS 271 F34 1995
  • Mohammad Taghi Bahar, Taarikh-e Mokhtasar-e Ahzaab-e Siaasi-e Iraan (A Short History of Political Parties of Iran), Amirkabir, 1978.
  • Encyclopædia Iranica Online, available at www.iranica.com
  • Various articles in The Persian Encyclopedia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ E. Yarshater, “Abarsam,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/1, pp. 67-68; available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/abarsam (accessed on 10 January 2014).