List of Parliamentary constituencies in Oxfordshire
- 1 Constituencies
- 2 History of constituencies and boundaries
- 3 Changes proposed for 2022
- 4 Results
- 5 Historical representation by party
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
|Constituency[nb 1]||Electorate||Majority[nb 2]||Member of Parliament||Nearest opposition||Electoral wards||Map|
|Banbury CC||83,824||12,399||Victoria Prentis†||Sean Woodcock‡||Cherwell District Council: Adderbury, Ambrosden and Chesterton, Banbury Calthorpe, Banbury Easington, Banbury Grimsbury and Castle, Banbury Hardwick, Banbury Neithrop, Banbury Ruscote, Bicester East, Bicester North, Bicester South, Bicester Town, Bicester West, Bloxham and Bodicote, Caversfield, Cropredy, Deddington, Fringford, Hook Norton, Launton, Sibford, The Astons and Heyfords, Wroxton.|
|Henley CC||74,997||22,294||John Howell†||Oliver Kavanagh‡||Cherwell District Council: Kirtlington, Otmoor. South Oxfordshire District Council: Aston Rowant, Benson, Berinsfield, Chalgrove, Chiltern Woods, Chinnor, Crowmarsh, Forest Hill and Holton, Garsington, Goring, Great Milton, Henley North, Henley South, Sandford, Shiplake, Sonning Common, Thame North, Thame South, Watlington, Wheatley, Woodcote.|
|Oxford East BC||78,350||23,284||Anneliese Dodds‡||Suzanne Bartington†||Oxford City Council: Barton and Sandhills, Blackbird Leys, Carfax, Churchill, Cowley, Cowley Marsh, Headington, Headington Hill and Northway, Hinksey Park, Holywell, Iffley Fields, Littlemore, Lye Valley, Marston, Northfield Brook, Quarry and Risinghurst, Rose Hill and Iffley, St Clement’s, St Mary’s.|
|Oxford West and Abingdon CC||72,401||816||Layla Moran¤||Nicola Blackwood†||Cherwell District Council: Kidlington North, Kidlington South, Yarnton, Gosford and Water Eaton. Oxford City Council: Jericho and Osney, North, St Margaret’s, Summertown, Wolvercote. Vale of White Horse District Council: Abingdon Abbey and Barton, Abingdon Caldecott, Abingdon Dunmore, Abingdon Fitzharris, Abingdon Northcourt, Abingdon Ock Meadow, Abingdon Peachcroft, Appleton and Cumnor, Kennington and South Hinksey, North Hinksey and Wytham, Radley, Sunningwell and Wootton.|
|Wantage CC||85,786||17,380||Ed Vaizey†||Rachel Eden‡||South Oxfordshire District Council: Brightwell, Cholsey and Wallingford South, Didcot All Saints, Didcot Ladygrove, Didcot Northbourne, Didcot Park, Hagbourne, Wallingford North. Vale of White Horse District Council: Blewbury and Upton, Craven, Drayton, Faringdon and The Coxwells, Greendown, Grove, Hanneys, Harwell, Hendreds, Kingston Bagpuize with Southmoor, Longworth, Marcham and Shippon, Shrivenham, Stanford, Sutton Courtenay and Appleford, Wantage Charlton, Wantage Segsbury.|
|Witney CC||82,727||21,241||Robert Courts†||Laetisia Carter‡||West Oxfordshire District Council: Alvescot and Filkins, Ascott and Shipton, Bampton and Clanfield, Brize Norton and Shilton, Burford, Carterton North East, Carterton North West, Carterton South, Chadlington and Churchill, Charlbury and Finstock, Chipping Norton, Ducklington, Eynsham and Cassington, Freeland and Hanborough, Hailey, Minster Lovell and Leafield, Kingham, Rollright and Enstone, Milton-under-Wychwood, North Leigh, Standlake, Aston and Stanton Harcourt, Stonesfield and Tackley, The Bartons, Witney Central, Witney East, Witney North, Witney South, Witney West, Woodstock and Bladon.|
History of constituencies and boundariesEdit
Prior to 1832Edit
Since 1295, the Parliamentary County of Oxfordshire, along with all other English Counties regardless of size or population, had elected 2 MPs to the House of Commons in accordance with the freehold property franchise. The county also included the Parliamentary Boroughs of Oxford (partly in Berkshire) and New Woodstock both returning 2 MPs and Banbury (partly in Northamptonshire) which returned 1 MP (one of only a handful of English Boroughs to do so).
The Great Reform Act of 1832 radically changed the representation of the House of Commons. The County's representation was increased to 3 MPs, whilst that of the Borough of Woodstock was reduced to 1 MP.
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the County was divided into 3 single-member constituencies, namely the Northern or Banbury Division, the Mid or Woodstock Division and the Southern or Henley Division. The Boroughs of Banbury and Woodstock were abolished and absorbed into the county Divisions which took their names and Oxford had its representation reduced to 1 MP.
The table shows an approximate representation of the development of constituencies in Oxfordshire since 1885. The text below gives a more detailed description.
|Banbury CC||Banbury CC||Banbury CC1||Banbury CC1|
|Mid-Oxon CC||Witney CC|
|Henley CC||Henley CC1||Henley CC||Henley CC|
|Oxford BC||Oxford BC||Oxford BC||Oxford East BC|
|Transferred from Berkshire (Abingdon CC)||Oxford West and Abingdon CC|
|BC = Borough Constituency (prior to 1950 - Parliamentary Borough or Division thereof)
CC = County Constituency (prior to 1950 - Parliamentary County of Division thereof)
|1 Constituency including the town of Bicester|
Under the Representation of the People Act 1918, the county Division of Woodstock was abolished. Its contents were divided between the two other county Divisions, with western parts, including Witney and Woodstock, being transferred to Banbury, and eastern parts, including Bicester, to Henley. Caversham, to the north of Reading, had been absorbed by the County Borough thereof and was now transferred from Henley to the Parliamentary Borough of Reading in Berkshire. The boundaries of the Parliamentary Borough of Oxford were aligned to those of the County Borough.
Representation unchanged by the Representation of the People Act 1948. The boundaries of the Borough Constituency of Oxford were expanded further to match the earlier expansion of the County Borough, primarily into the Henley constituency to include the suburbs of Cowley and Headington.
Under the Second Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies, representation was increased back up to 4 MPs with the creation of the County Constituency of Mid Oxfordshire (formally Mid-Oxon). This was formed largely from the constituency of Banbury, incorporating the Urban and Rural Districts of Witney as well as the village of Kidlington, to the north of Oxford. It also included rural areas to the south of Bicester and the east of Oxford, transferred from Henley. Bicester and areas to the north were transferred from Henley to Banbury.
The Third Periodic Review reflected the changes to the county of Oxfordshire resulting from the Local Government Act 1972 and saw major changes. The bulk of the area comprising the constituency of Abingdon in Berkshire had been moved to Oxfordshire, with the majority of its contents, including Wantage, Wallingford, Didcot and Faringdon being included in the new County Constituency of Wantage. The town of Abingdon-on-Thames itself, together with areas to the west of Oxford, was included in the new County Constituency of Oxford West and Abingdon, along with western parts of the abolished constituency of Oxford, including the city centre. Eastern parts of Oxford (comprising the majority thereof) formed the new Borough Constituency of Oxford East, which also included further suburban areas transferred from Henley and Mid-Oxon.
Mid-Oxon was abolished and largely replaced by the new County Constituency of Witney, which included Witney and Kidlington. Eastern, rural areas transferred to Banbury (parts in the District of Cherwell) and Henley (parts in the District of South Oxfordshire). Woodstock, Chipping Norton and surrounding rural areas transferred from Banbury and added to Witney.
The Fourth Review resulted in relatively few changes, including the transfer of Kidlington from Witney to Oxford West and Abingdon, which in turn lost the South ward of the City of Oxford to Oxford East. Witney gained the two remaining wards of the District of West Oxfordshire which had been retained by Banbury in the previous review.
At the Fifth Review the Boundary Commission for England retained Oxfordshire's 6 constituencies, with minor changes to realign constituency boundaries with the boundaries of current local government wards, and to reduce the electoral disparity between constituencies, including the transfer of Oxford city centre from Oxford West and Abingdon to Oxford East. These changes were implemented at the 2010 United Kingdom general election.
|Name||Pre-2010 Boundaires||Post-2010 Boundaries|
Changes proposed for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
Under the terms of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Sixth Review was based on reducing the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and a strict electoral parity requirement that the electorate of all constituencies should be within a range of 5% either side of the electoral quota. The review was carried out using the official UK electorate figures for 2015 and the electoral quota was set at 74,769, establishing a range of 71,031 to 78,507.
In order to meet these requirements, the Commission was able to treat Oxfordshire as a sub-region of the South East Region and recommended that the county retained six seats, one of which (Witney) was unchanged. Oxford East would gain two further wards (Jericho and Osney, and North) from Oxford West and Abingdon. As Oxford East now comprised all but three (of 24) City of Oxford wards, it was proposed that it be renamed Oxford. Oxford West and Abingdon would be extended both northwards, gaining Kirtlington from Henley, and southwards, gaining Drayton and Marcham from Wantage - and renamed Abingdon and North Oxford. Finally, Henley would gain three further District of Cherwell wards from Banbury, thus surrounding the town of Bicester on three sides. It was proposed that a more appropriate name for this constituency would be East Oxfordshire.
|Current constituencies||Electorate||Proposed constituencies||Electorate|
|Banbury CC||85,398||Banbury CC||78,250|
|Henley CC||72,682||East Oxfordshire CC||78,201|
|Oxford East BC||70,293||Oxford BC||77,269|
|Oxford West and Abingdon CC||73,647||Abingdon and Oxford North CC||72,654|
|Wantage CC||80,859||Wantage CC||76,505|
|Witney CC||78,455||Witney CC||78,455|
Historical representation by partyEdit
A cell marked → (with a different colour background to the preceding cell) indicates that the previous MP continued to sit under a new party name.
1885 to 1918Edit
|Constituency||1885||1886||91||1892||95||1895||1900||1906||Jan 1910||Dec 1910||17||18|
|Banbury||Samuelson||A. Brassey||Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes||R. Brassey||Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes||Rhys-Williams|
|Woodstock||Maclean||→||G. Morrell||Benson||G. Morrell||Bennett||Hamersley|
1918 to 1983Edit
|Constituency||1918||1922||1923||24||1924||1929||1931||32||1935||38||1945||1950||50||1951||1955||1959||1964||1966||1970||Feb 1974||Oct 1974||1979|
|Oxford West and Abingdon||Patten||Harris||Blackwood||Moran|
- BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
- The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, page 4". Office of Public Sector Information. Crown copyright. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- Boundary Commission for England pp. 1004–1007
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (Document type: Electoral data) (24 February 2016). "The electorate of each region subdivided by both local authorities and each existing constituency".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations constituency list (with wards)".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)