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This is a list of torch designs used to carry the Olympic flame at the Olympic Games.

Contents

Summer Olympic torch designsEdit

Games Host Design Designer(s) Manufacturer Length
(cm)
Weight
(g)
Numbers produced Image Ref
1936 Berlin, Germany Walter Lemcke and
Peter Wolf
Friedrich Krupp AG 27 450 3,840   [1]
1948 London, Great Britain Ralph Lavers 47 960 1,688[a]   [2]
1952 Helsinki, Finland Aukusti Tuhka Kultakeskus Oy, Hämeenlinna 60 600 22 [3]
1956 Melbourne, Australia Ralph Lavers 47 960 400[a]   [4]
1960 Rome, Italy The torch was designed to bring back the traditions of the antique torches of Ancient Rome. It was made from aluminum and covered with bronze. Weighing a total of 580 grams, it was one of the lightest torches. Pier Luigi Nervi and Amedeo Maiuri Curtisa, Bologna 40 580 c. 1,500   [5]
1964 Tokyo, Japan The minimalistic design of the torch was dedicated to the trends which were in fashion in the sixties. With a handle separated from the 'shaft' of the torch by a round sword, it resembled a fencing sword. Sori Yanagi 64.5 836 5,244   [6][7]
1968 Mexico City, Mexico The torch resembles a potato masher with the words Mexico 68 on the top. The size of this torch was all of 52 cm. James Metcalfe 52.3 780 3,000[b]  
 
[8]
1972 Munich, Germany The Olympic rings with the text "'München 1972 Spiele der XX. Olympiade'" on the handle. The logo on the upper surface of the plate. The entire surface of the torch is completely nickel-plated. It resembles a top and a sword. The logo represents the sun, the moon and the stars. A liquid gas was used for the burning. Hagri Kettwig Friedrich Krupp AG 75 1350 5,917   [9]
1976 Montreal, Quebec, Canada The torch was primarily made of aluminium and weighed 836 grams. It was fuelled by olive oil in part to further strengthen the link to the Greek origins of the events. This torch resembles a microphone. The holes represents the aboriginals of Canada. Red represents Canada and the ethnic groups of the country. Georges Huel and
Michel Daillaire
Queensway Machine Products 66 836 1,250[c]   [10]
1980 Moscow, Soviet Union The Olympic torch resembles a comet. The colors represents the four seasons. White represents the Autumn and Winter. Gold represents Spring and Summer. It has the words Москва-Олимпиада-80 on the white and the logo on the golden protective cover. Eventually the torch was "polished". In the USSR, a patent of invention was registered for the torch with the number 729414. Boris Tutschin Leningrad Department of the Ministry of Aircraft Production 56.5 700 5,000[a]   [11]
1984 Los Angeles, U.S. It resembles a blueprint. Etched on the ring of the torch were the words of the Olympic motto ("Citius, Altius, Fortius") with the Olympic rings between each word. It features the plaque of the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and the Olympic Cauldron. This gives clues to the torchbearers on what the cauldron would look like. Turner Industries 56.5 1,000 4,500   [12]
1988 Seoul, South Korea The design of the torch, engraved with two dragons symbolizing the harmony of East and West. Korean traditions were taken into account in the making of the entire external appearance of the torch. The unique character of the torch is in the leather sheath of the handle. Lee Woo-Sung Korea Explosive Co. Ltd (Hanwha Corp) 50.5 1,000 3,300   [13]
1992 Barcelona, Spain It resembles a flower pot and a cauldron. It has the words XXV Olimpiada Barcelona 1992 and the logo. André Ricard Sala Kromschröder 68 1,200 9,444 [d]   [14]
1996 Atlanta, U.S. It resembles a Greek column. It features 22 aluminum "reeds" intended to represent the number of times that the Games had been held. A gold-plated band towards the base of the torch features the names of all 20 host cities up to and including Atlanta while the logo is etched into another band near the top. The handle, made of Georgia hardwood, is found near the center of the 76 centimetres (30 in) torch. Malcolm Grear 76 1,600 17,000   [15]
2000 Sydney, Australia The design of the Olympic and torch reflected three famed areas of Australian culture: the boomerang, the Sydney Opera House, and the waters of the Indian and the Pacific Oceans. The concept also reflected the elements of earth, fire, and water. Robert Jurgens G.A. & L Harrington Pty Ltd. 72 11,000 13,000 (est.)  
 
[16]
2004 Athens, Greece The torch was inspired by an olive tree leaf. The design was selected to enhance the flame with its upward dynamic shape. Its ergonomic curved design establishes the torch as the continuation of the flame, which in turn rises as a continuation of the torchbearer's hand. It is made of metal (magnesium) and wood (olive tree). It also represents the fire seemed to come straight from the torchbearer's hand. Andreas Varotsos G.A. & L Harrington Pty Ltd. 68 700 14,000 (est)   [17]
2008 Beijing, China It is based on traditional scrolls and uses a traditional Chinese design known as "Lucky Cloud". It designed in reference to the traditional Chinese concept of the five elements that make up the entire universe. Red is the traditional color of China. It references the yin and yang. The top of the torches represents the rivers, lakes, waterfalls, the Four Seas and the ocean of China. The bottom of the torches represents the people, animals, forests, mountains, deserts, buildings, cities, towns and villages of China. The logo is on the center of the torch. The clouds represents the ethnic minorities of the host country. It has the words Beijing 2008 on the red/maroon bottom. A team from Lenovo Group,
public Company, Beijing
Vatti Corporation Ltd 72 980 26,440   [18]
2012 London, United Kingdom The 2012 Olympic Torch ismade of aluminum alloy skin, perforated by 8,000 circles to represent the 8,000 torchbearers who would carry the flame. The circles also helped to dissipate heat without it being conducted down the handle, and provided extra grip. The triangular shape of torches represents the three Olympic values (respect, excellence and friendship), elements of the Olympic motto - faster, higher, stronger, Olympic Games hosted by the United Kingdom (1908, 1948 and 2012), tri-vision of the 2012 Summer Olympics (sport, education and culture). The Olympic torch is gold. Edward Barber and
Jay Osgerby
Premier Group 80 800 without canister
1,090 with canister
8,750   [19]
2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil When the white torch is lit (according to the creators, known as the "kiss"), Its segments will open up. The segments come from the elements of the Brazilian flair and the host city's nature represent with the colors of the host nation's flag. The golden triangle on the top of the torch represents the three Olympic values (respect, excellence and friendship) and the achievement of the games and the sun. The green represents nature surrounding the host city. The aquamarine represents the waters surrounding the host nation and the host city. The blue represents the sea. The light blue and the shape of the segments represents the esplanades (Calçadão in Portuguese) of Copacabana and Ipanema. The axis of the torch expresses unity and diversity. Chelles & Hayashi Recam Laser 69 1,500 12,000  
2020 Tokyo, Japan The torch is made from a single sheet of medal and recycled aluminum and on top is a shape an iconic Japanese cherry blossom (sakura) flower designed to bring the Japanese people together around messages of support, acceptance and encouragement of one another, while also reflecting the Olympic flame's ability to promote peace and hope to the world. The body of the torch features five cylinders that represent petals of the beloved flower. Flames are generated from each “petal”, which are united in the centre of the torch, lighting the way with greater brilliance. A number of technological innovations are deployed in the combustion section that lights the torch, including catalytic reaction. Further building on this spirit of innovation, the torch's unique shape is made possible by utilising the same modern aluminium extrusion technology used in the manufacturing of Japan's renowned bullet trains. The construction of the torch also incorporates sustainability by using aluminium waste from temporary housing that was built in the aftermath of the Great East Japan Earthquake. While the materials were once used to help rebuild lives, they will now be used to spread a message of hope and recovery. In keeping with its vision to celebrate unity in diversity, the torch was designed to ensure ease of use for everyone. It consists of a weight and shape that is simple to grip and features a position mark to help visually impaired torchbearers identify the front of the torch. Tokujin Yoshioka Tokujin Yoshioka Inc. 71.0 1,200 TBA TBA [20]

Winter Olympic torch designsEdit

Games Host Design Designer(s) Manufacturer Length
(cm)
Weight
(g)
Numbers produced Image Ref
1952 Oslo, Norway A map. At the "neck" of the torch, there were five Olympic rings and the inscription "Morgedal-Oslo". This torch is one of the lightest. 22.8 95 [21]
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy The classic design of the torch was meant to emphasize the link with ancient Greek traditions. 47 820 31,18 [22]
1960 Squaw Valley, U.S. John Hench, a Disney imagineer 48.5 1,320 23 [23][24]
1964 Innsbruck, Austria The torch resembles the shape of the torches which existed in the 19th Century. The continuity of the flame burning was provided by a special content known as "Tipizir 120/140". Thanks to this, the flame was able to burn for 22 hours non-stop. 61 22.0
1968 Grenoble, France The torch was made from sheet copper that was covered in bronze. The knob at the end of the torch reliably shielded the torchbearers from accidental burns. It was calculated that during the torch relay, 75 tons of oil were used to maintain the flame. 76 17.0 50,00  
1972 Sapporo, Japan The torch is an obvious departure from the traditions of Japanese minimalism. Sapporo's torch is rather a futuristic creation. It resembles a spaceship. The barrel with the flame with a length of 55 cm is twisted into the massive handle Sori Yanagi Nippon Koki Co. 55 460 16,300
1976 Innsbruck, Austria The torch was decorated by a three-dimensional Olympic emblem with the five rings. There was no basin on this torch; instead, there was a wide ring below, separating the handle from the "stalk". 74.6 900 12,00  
1980 Lake Placid, U.S. The torch was designed to resemble a Calla. The silver represents the United States' skyscrapers, transportation, military and NASA. The gold represents its people, sports, agriculture and the presidents. The orange leather presents its past and the bald eagle. 73 10.80 52  
1984 Sarajevo, Yugoslavia The torch was made in a minimalist style and a simple metallic tube with a handle. It resembles a satellite and a solar panel. The gold represents the Olympic spirit. While the silver represents the snow and the clouds. Mizuno Corporation Mizuno Corporation 57.7 780 16,00  
1988 Calgary, Alberta, Canada Calgary Tower. It bears the motto "Citius, Altius, Fortius" and pictograms of the sports. The handle of the torch was made of maple, a tree symbolizing Canada. 50.0 10.0 20,899  
1992 Albertville, France This torch resembles a horn of a bull or a flame (if turned upside down). It bears the name of the games in French, XVIes Jeux Olympiques D'Hiver Savoie France. This torch is the lightest in Olympic history. It was produced from steel with gold plating. With a height of 41 cm, it became one of the shortest torches in the history of the Games. Philippe Starck 41 13.0 55,000
1994 Lillehammer, Norway The torch is a reminder of man's mastery over fire; a flaming branch is dragged out of the fire, and as it is raised the flame travels up its length. When you run with such a branch, it burns like a flaming flag. Norwegian craftsmanship has been applied to the design of the Olympic torch. Like a sheath knife; it consists of a long wooden handle and a metal blade. The birchwood handle is the product of a long tradition in Norway, and the 'blade' of polished aluminium is a reflection of modern industry and technology. The long supple shape echoes that of the torch-bearer; the torch is more than a burning flame. The proportions are all-important: its length in relation to the human body gives it an elegance and a flow that would be lacking in a shorter torch, and torch and body together form a unit. It features the pictograms inside the metal blade. This torch is the thinnest as well as the longest. Its length was one and a half meters - almost the height of a person. The torch's handle was made from Norwegian birch, and the basin was metal. The creators of this torch came up with the poetic name "Noble" for it. André Marandon and Paal Johan Kahrs Paal J Kahrs Arkitekter AS 18.4 12.0 70,000
1998 Nagano, Japan A taimatsu (a Japanese torch), the silver body's hexagonal form symbolizes snowflakes. It features the Nagano 1998 logo, the word "'Nagano 1998"', and the pictograms of the sports at the bottom. The top features golden Olympic Rings. Akio Haruhara Tokyo Katsura 55.0 15.00 69,01  
2002 Salt Lake City, U.S. An icicle. The top section was glass, and the Olympic flame burned within the glass, echoing the 2002 Olympic theme Light the Fire Within. The glass stood for purity, winter, ice, and nature. Also inside the glass was a geometric copper structure which helped hold the flame. Copper is a very important natural element of Utah, and represented fire, warmth, Utah's History, and mirrored the orange/red colors of the theme Fire and Ice. The center section was made of silver and finished to look old and worn, while the bottom section was made of clean, highly polished silver. The center section represented the silver mining heritage of the American West, while the bottom section represented the future and modern technology. The Torchbearer gripped the torch at the junction of both the aged and polished silver, during which their hand represented a bridge from the past to the present. The two silver sections also mirrored the blue/purple colors of the Fire and Ice theme. It bears the Salt Lake City 2002 logo, the motto of the games on the silver bottom, light the fire within, the Roman numbers for the number 19, XIX and the name of the Olympic Games, Olympic Winter Games Salt Lake City 2002 with the Olympic rings in the middle. Axiom Design Coleman Company 83.5 13.00 12,000  
2006 Torino, Italy A ski pole, alpenstock and a mountain peak. The 12 holes represents the Mole Antonelliana. It features the Torino 2006 logo. The torch was criticized for being too heavy. Pininfarina Pininfarina 76.5 18.50 11,000  
2010 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada The lines of a skier's turns carved in the snow and the undulating beauty of Canada's winter landscape. It bears the red maple leaf in front and the motto of the games at the back, With glowing hearts/Des plus brillants exploits. It is white. The torch also represents the souls of the host city, host province and the host country. Leo Obstbaum Bombardier Inc. 94.5 66.0 12,000  
2014 Sochi, Russia a feather of a firebird. Silver in the design represented ice while the Red is the traditional colour of Russian sport and symbolizes the fire kindling in the mountains that surround the holiday resort. After the torch relays, many torchbearers complained about their weight - the torches weighed more than two kilograms. a team of famous Russian designers and engineers Variant-999 95.0 18.0 15,000  
2018 Pyeongchang, South Korea The torch is exactly 700 mm in length, representing the altitude of Pyeongchang, which is 700 meters above sea level. The white and gold tones of the torch mirror the main colours of the torch relay, while the five-pronged shape of the flame is based on the Korean symbol for the host city, which is also engraved around the bottom half and top of the torch. The color white also drew its cues from white porcelain, and also from snow and ice, two major symbols of the Winter Olympics. The five prongs form the symbol of the city, with the five-angled shape in the middle of the cap and the pentagon at the bottom representing the spirit of sports, which connects races, nations, religions, genders, cultures, as well as the five continents around the world. It will enable one part of the flame to be burning at all times, due to it being sheltered from the South Korea's strong wind and heavy snow, with an air tunnel also included to provide more oxygen to keep the flame lit. Both versions have the motto of the 2018 Olympic Games (Passion Connected) at the bottom. Young Se Kim Korea Explosive Co. Ltd (Hanwha Corp) 70.0 7,500  

Summer Paralympic torch designsEdit

Games Host Design Designer(s) Manufacturer Length
(cm)
Weight
(g)
Numbers produced Image Ref
1988 Seoul, South Korea The design is similar to the 1972 Olympic torch. Hagri Kettwig Friedrich Krupp AG 75 1350 [25]
1992 Barcelona, Spain It resembles a flower pot and a cauldron. It has the words Paralímpics Barcelona 1992 and the logo. André Ricard Sala Kromschröder 68 1,200 [26]
1996 Atlanta, U.S. The Paralympic torch resembles a Native American arrow. It features the logos of the Paralympics on silver top and the Paralympic taeguks on the silver arrowhead. It was the words 1996 NationsBank Paralympic Torch Relay on the wooden center. [27]
2000 Sydney, Australia The design of the Paralympic torch reflected the history, nature, cities, states and people of the host country. The colours are from the Flag of Australia. Robert Jurgens G.A. & L Harrington Pty Ltd.   [28]
2004 Athens, Greece The torch was inspired by an olive tree leaf. The design was selected to enhance the flame with its upward dynamic shape. Its ergonomic curved design establishes the torch as the continuation of the flame, which in turn rises as a continuation of the torchbearer's hand. It is made of metal (magnesium) and wood (olive tree). It also represents the fire seemed to come straight from the torchbearer's hand. This torch has the 2004 Paralympics logo. Andreas Varotsos G.A. & L Harrington Pty Ltd. 68 700 [29]
2008 Beijing, China It is based on traditional scrolls and uses a traditional Chinese design known as "Lucky Cloud". It designed in reference to the traditional Chinese concept of the five elements that make up the entire universe. The torch is maroon. It references the yin and yang. The top of the torches represents the rivers, lakes, waterfalls, the Four Seas and the ocean of China. The bottom of the torches represents the people, animals, forests, mountains, deserts, buildings, cities, towns and villages of China. The logo is on the center of the torch. The clouds represents the ethnic minorities of the host country. It has the words Beijing 2008 on the red/maroon bottom. A team from Lenovo Group,
public Company, Beijing
Vatti Corporation Ltd 72 980
2012 London, United Kingdom The Paralympic Torch are made of aluminum alloy skin, perforated by 8,000 circles to represent the 8,000 torchbearers who would carry the flame. The circles also helped to dissipate heat without it being conducted down the handle, and provided extra grip. The triangular shape of torches represents the three Paralympic values (respect, excellence and friendship), tri-vision of the Paralympics (sport, education and culture) and the Paralympic agitos. The Paralympic torch is silver. Edward Barber and
Jay Osgerby
Premier Group 80 800 without canister
1,090 with canister
2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil When the white torch is lit (according to the creators, known as the "kiss"), Its segments will open up. The segments come from the elements of the Brazilian flair and the host city's nature represent with the colors of the sun. The golden triangle on the top of the torch represents the three Paralympic values (respect, excellence and friendship), the achievement of the games, the Paralympic agitos and the sun. The gold represents nature surrounding the host city. The orange represents the waters surrounding the host nation and the host city. The red represents the sea during sunset and sunrise. The pink and the shape of the segments represents the esplanades (Calçadão in Portuguese) of Copacabana and Ipanema. The axis of the torch expresses unity and diversity. The four Paralympic values (courage, determination, inspiration and equality) are written in Braille on the Paralympic torch. Chelles & Hayashi Recam Laser 69 1,500
2020 Tokyo, Japan The torch is made from a single sheet of medal and recycled aluminum and on top is a shape an iconic Japanese cherry blossom (sakura) flower designed to bring the Japanese people together around messages of support, acceptance and encouragement of one another, while also reflecting the Paralympic flame's ability to promote peace and hope to the world. The body of the torch features five cylinders that represent petals of the beloved flower. Flames are generated from each “petal”, which are united in the centre of the torch, lighting the way with greater brilliance. A number of technological innovations are deployed in the combustion section that lights the torch, including catalytic reaction. Further building on this spirit of innovation, the torch's unique shape is made possible by utilising the same modern aluminium extrusion technology used in the manufacturing of Japan's renowned bullet trains. The construction of the torch also incorporates sustainability by using aluminium waste from temporary housing that was built in the aftermath of the Great East Japan Earthquake. While the materials were once used to help rebuild lives, they will now be used to spread a message of hope and recovery. In keeping with its vision to celebrate unity in diversity, the torch was designed to ensure ease of use for everyone. It consists of a weight and shape that is simple to grip and features a position mark to help visually impaired torchbearers identify the front of the torch. It is also the same design as the Olympic torch. The difference is the torch is in sakura pink. Tokujin Yoshioka Tokujin Yoshioka Inc. 71.0 1,200 TBA TBA

Winter Paralympic torch designsEdit

Games Host Design Designer(s) Manufacturer Length
(cm)
Weight
(g)
Numbers produced Image Ref
1992 Albertville, France This torch resembles a horn of a bull or a flame (if turned upside down). It bears the name of the games in French, Ve Jeux Paralympiques D'Hiver Savoie France. This torch is the lightest in Paralympic history. It was produced from steel with gold plating. With a height of 41 cm, it became one of the shortest torches in the history of the Games. Philippe Starck 41 13.0
1994 Lillehammer, Norway The torch is a reminder of man's mastery over fire; a flaming branch is dragged out of the fire, and as it is raised the flame travels up its length. When you run with such a branch, it burns like a flaming flag. Norwegian craftsmanship has been applied to the design of the Paralympic torch. Like a sheath knife; it consists of a long wooden handle and a metal blade. The birchwood handle is the product of a long tradition in Norway, and the 'blade' of polished aluminium is a reflection of modern industry and technology. The long supple shape echoes that of the torch-bearer; the torch is more than a burning flame. The proportions are all-important: its length in relation to the human body gives it an elegance and a flow that would be lacking in a shorter torch, and torch and body together form a unit. It features the pictograms inside the metal blade. This torch is the thinnest as well as the longest. Its length was one and a half meters - almost the height of a person. The torch's handle was made from Norwegian birch, and the basin was metal. The creators of this torch came up with the poetic name "Noble" for it. André Marandon and Paal Johan Kahrs Paal J Kahrs Arkitekter AS 18.4 12.0
1998 Nagano, Japan The Paralympic torch has blue, red, yellow rings. The colors represent the colors of the taegueks. It resembles a bonshō (a Japanese bell). (if turned upside down) Akio Haruhara image
2002 Salt Lake City, U.S. An icicle. The top section was glass, and the Paralympic flame burned within the glass, echoing the 2002 Paralympic theme Mind, Body, Spirit. The glass stood for purity, winter, ice, and nature. Also inside the glass was a geometric copper structure which helped hold the flame. Copper is a very important natural element of Utah, and represented fire, warmth, Utah's History, and mirrored the orange/red colors of the theme Fire and Ice. The center section was made of silver and finished to look old and worn, while the bottom section was made of clean, highly polished silver. The center section represented the silver mining heritage of the American West, while the bottom section represented the future and modern technology. The Torchbearer gripped the torch at the junction of both the aged and polished silver, during which their hand represented a bridge from the past to the present. The two silver sections also mirrored the blue/purple colors of the Fire and Ice theme. It bears the Salt Lake City 2002 logo, the motto of the games on the silver bottom, light the fire within, the Roman numbers for the number 8, VIII and the name of the Paralympic Games, Paralympic Winter Games Salt Lake City 2002 with the Paralympic taegeuks in the middle. Axiom Design Coleman Company 83.5 13.00
2006 Torino, Italy A ski pole, alpenstock and a mountain peak. The 12 holes represents the Mole Antonelliana. It features the Torino 2006 Paralympic logo. The torch was criticized for being too heavy. Pininfarina Pininfarina 76.5 18.50
2010 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada A grey curved cloud and the mountains surrounding Vancouver. It bears the red maple leaf in front and the motto of the games at the back, With glowing hearts/Des plus brillants exploits. A grey version of the torch is for the Paralympic torch. The torch also represents the souls of the host city, host province and the host country. Leo Obstbaum Bombardier Inc. 94.5 66.0
2014 Sochi, Russia A feather of a firebird. Silver in the design represented ice while the Sky Blue symbolizes the strength and spirit of the Paralympic Movement, the water kindling in the sea that surround the host city and the harmony, commitment and energy of the Paralympic athletes. After the torch relays, many torchbearers complained about their weight - the torches weighed more than two kilograms. A team of famous Russian designers and engineers Variant-999 95.0 18.0
2018 Pyeongchang, South Korea The torch is exactly 700 mm in length, representing the altitude of Pyeongchang, which is 700 meters above sea level. The white and bronze tones of the torch mirror the main colours of the torch relay, while the five-pronged shape of the flame is based on the Korean symbol for the host city, which is also engraved around the bottom half and top of the torch. The color white also drew its cues from white porcelain, and also from snow and ice, two major symbols of the Winter Paralympics. The five prongs form the symbol of the city, with the five-angled shape in the middle of the cap and the pentagon at the bottom representing the spirit of sports, which connects races, nations, religions, genders, cultures, as well as the five continents around the world. It will enable one part of the flame to be burning at all times, due to it being sheltered from the South Korea's strong wind and heavy snow, with an air tunnel also included to provide more oxygen to keep the flame lit. Both versions have the motto of the 2018 Paralympic Games (Passion Connected) at the bottom. The Paralympic version is bronze instead of gold and has Korean and Braille of the motto at the bottom. Young Se Kim Korea Explosive Co. Ltd (Hanwha Corp) 70.0

Summer Youth Olympic torch designsEdit

Games Host Design Designer(s) Manufacturer Length
(cm)
Weight
(g)
Numbers produced Image Ref
2010 Singapore Red on the top of the torch represented youths' passion and "burning desire to learn and excel, blazing the trail in life" (Blazing the Trial was the tagline of the games). White represents the sky. Water in the bottom represented Singapore, which is an island country surrounded entirely by water bodies and which had its origins as a seaport; it also reflected the "vibrant and dynamic nature" of the city-state. Vatti Corporation Ltd 60 560 2,400  
2014 Nanjing, China Nicknamed the Door of Happiness. The main body of the torch is covered in the metallic luster. And the torch is extremely light. The silver-colored part is designed into the shape of letter “n”, which is the initial of the city's name, Nanjing, and is also in the shape of the city gate of the Ming Dynasty, symbolizing Nanjing's hope to present its grandeur and brilliance to the world through the games. The blue part represents the Yangtze River, the water of which passes through the gate. The gray strips at the bottom of the torch are the symbol of ripples, rendering the torch more dynamic. Ji Ziyi Vatti Corporation Ltd 50 560 2,400  
2018 Buenos Aires, Argentina According to the organizing committee, the torch is dressed in the miscellanies of the Buenos Aires 2018 emblem, inspired by the corners, icons, neighborhoods and culture of the city of Buenos Aires. In the seed of the logo burn three flames that, interlaced, give life to the Olympic flame of Youth, three, like the Olympic values of friendship, respect and excellence. Vatti Corporation Ltd 60 560  

Winter Youth Olympic torch designsEdit

Games Host Design Designer(s) Manufacturer Length
(cm)
Weight
(g)
Numbers produced Image Ref
2012 Innsbruck, Austria White represents snow and world peace. The pixels represents the soul of the countries, athletes and the people. The colors of the pixels represents each colors from the flags of the NOCs' countries. Vatti Corporation Ltd 60 560 2,012  
2016 Lillehammer, Norway The blue triangles represents the ice and white represents snow. Vatti Corporation Ltd 60 560

FootnotesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Last runner used a different torch design.
  2. ^ Two torch designs were used.
  3. ^ A golden torch design was used for high dignitaries.
  4. ^ A special torch design was used to light the flame.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Olympic-museum 1936 torch". Archived from the original on 2012-07-24. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  2. ^ "Olympic-museum 1948 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  3. ^ "Olympic-museum 1952 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  4. ^ "Olympic-museum 1956 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  5. ^ "Olympic-museum 1960 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  6. ^ "Olympic-museum 1964 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  7. ^ "1952 Summer Olympics Torch – Tokyo". Retrieved 2013-11-08.
  8. ^ "Olympic-museum 1968 torch". Archived from the original on 2012-07-27. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  9. ^ "Olympic-museum 1972 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  10. ^ "Olympic-museum 1976 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  11. ^ "Olympic-museum 1980 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  12. ^ "Olympic-museum 1984 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-09-23. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  13. ^ "Olympic-museum 1988 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  14. ^ "Olympic-museum 1992 torch". Archived from the original on 2015-12-04. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  15. ^ "Olympic-museum 1996 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-23. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  16. ^ "Olympic-museum 2000 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  17. ^ "Olympic-museum 2004 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  18. ^ "Olympic-museum 2008 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  19. ^ "Olympic-museum 2012 torch". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  20. ^ "The Torch and Emblem to be Used for the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Torch Relay". Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. 2019-03-20. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  21. ^ "1952 Winter Olympics Torch – Oslo". Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  22. ^ "1956 Winter Olympics Torch – Cortina d'Ampezzo". Retrieved 2013-11-22.
  23. ^ "1960 Winter Olympics Torch – Squaw Valley". Retrieved 2013-11-22.
  24. ^ "1960 Winter Olympics Torch – Squaw Valley". Retrieved 2018-06-27.
  25. ^ http://ehistory.go.kr/page/view/photo.jsp?photo_PhotoID=11883&photo_PhotoSrcGBN=PT
  26. ^ https://www.olympicgr.com/paralympic-torches
  27. ^ https://delta.pastperfectonline.com/webobject/CE65BA44-D3A8-431E-B492-411109492926
  28. ^ https://collection.maas.museum/object/10763
  29. ^ https://www.olympicgr.com/paralympic-torches