List of Ministers of Law and Human Rights

Indonesia's Minister of Law and Human Rights (Menteri Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia) is the head of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights. The first minister was Soepomo, who took office on 19 August 1945.[1] The current minister is Yasonna Laoly, who took office on 27 October 2014.[1] The longest serving was Ismael Saleh, who served ten years from 19 March 1983 to 17 March 1993.[1] The shortest serving was Marsillam Simanjuntak, who served 48 days from 2 June to 20 July 2001.[1]

Minister of Law and Human Rights
Menteri Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia
Incumbent
Yasonna Laoly

since 27 October 2014
AppointerPresident
Term length5 years
Inaugural holderSoepomo
Formation19 August 1945
Websitewww.kemenkumham.go.id
Soepomo was the first Minister of Justice, from 19 August to 14 November 1945.
Abdoel Gaffar Pringgodigdo, Minister of Justice from 21 January to 6 September 1950.
Patrialis Akbar, Minister of Law and Human Rights from 22 October 2009 to 19 October 2011.

HistoryEdit

The position was established, along with the ministry, with the release of Law Number 2 of 1945 under the title Minister of Justice (Menteri Kehakiman).[2] The first minister, Soepomo, was announced on 19 August 1945, 2 days after Indonesia's independence.[1] Soepomo had control over several branches, including the high religious court, civil courts, supreme court, and, after its formation on 1 October 1945, the prosecutor general's office.[2] In 1946, duty over the high religious courts was given to the Minister of Religion.[2]

Through Legal Guideline number 19 of 1964, passed on 31 October 1964, the court system was divided into four: the general courts, the religious courts, the administrative courts, and the military tribunals.[2] In 1965, with the passing of Law Number 13 of 1965, the civil court system was declared to be divided into three levels: the lower courts, the higher courts, and the supreme court.[2]

DutiesEdit

As the head of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, the minister is tasked with overseeing legal and human rights matters as well as providing necessary information to the president.[3]

MinistersEdit

Ministers of Justice of Indonesia
# Name Cabinet Period Notes Ref.
1 Soepomo Presidential 19 August – 14 November 1945 Under the title "Minister of Justice" [1]
2 Soewandi Sjahrir I 14 November 1945 – 12 March 1946   [1]
Sjahrir II 12 March 1946 – 2 October 1946   [1]
3 Susanto Tirtoprodjo Sjahrir III 2 October 1946 – 26 June 1947   [1]
Amir Sjarifuddin I 3 July – 11 November 1947   [1]
Amir Sjarifuddin II 11 November 1947 – 29 January 1948   [1]
Hatta I 29 January 1948 – 4 August 1949   [1]
* Lukman Hakim Emergency 19 December 1948 – 13 July 1949   [1]
(3) Susanto Tirtoprodjo Hatta II 4 August – 20 December 1949   [1]
(1) Supomo Republic of the United
States of Indonesia
20 December 1949 – 6 September 1950   [1]
(3) Susanto Tirtoprodjo Susanto 20 December 1949 – 21 January 1950   [1]
4 A.G. Pringgodigdo Halim 21 January – 6 September 1950   [1]
5 Wongsonegoro Natsir 6 September 1950 – 27 April 1951   [1]
6 Mohammad Yamin Sukiman 27 April 1951 – 3 April 1952   [1]
7 Lukman Wiriadinata Wilopo 3 April 1952 – 30 July 1953   [1]
8 Djodi Gondokusumo Ali Sastroamidjojo I 30 July 1953 – 12 August 1955   [1]
(7) Lukman Wiriadinata Burhanuddin Harahap 12 August 1955 – 24 March 1956   [1]
9 Muljatno Ali Sastroamidjojo II 24 March 1956 – 9 April 1957   [1]
10 Gustaef A. Maengkom Djuanda 9 April 1957 – 10 July 1959   [1]
11 Sahardjo Working I 10 July 1959 – 18 February 1960   [1]
Working II 18 February 1960 – 6 March 1962   [1]
Working III 6 March 1962 – 13 November 1963   [1]
12 Astrawinata Working IV 13 November 1963 – 27 August 1964   [1]
Dwikora I 27 August 1964 – 28 March 1966   [1]
13 Wirjono Prodjodikoro Dwikora II 28 March – 25 July 1966   [1]
14 Umar Seno Aji Ampera I 25 July 1966 – 17 October 1967   [1]
Ampera II 17 October 1967 – 6 June 1968   [1]
Development I 6 June 1968 – 28 March 1973   [1]
15 Mochtar Kusumaatmadja Development II 28 March 1973 – 29 March 1978   [1]
16 Mujono Development III 29 March 1978 – 9 February 1981   [1]
17 Ali Said Development III 9 February 1981 – 19 March 1983   [1]
18 Ismail Saleh Development IV 19 March 1983 – 21 March 1988   [1]
Development V 21 March 1988 – 17 March 1993   [1]
19 Oetojo Oesman Development VI 17 March 1993 – 16 March 1998   [1]
20 Muladi Development VII 16 March – 21 May 1998   [1]
Development Reform 23 May 1998 – 20 October 1999   [1]
21 Yusril Ihza Mahendra National Unity 23 October 1999 – 7 February 2001 Title changed to Minister of Law and Legislation [1]
22 Baharuddin Lopa 9 February – 2 June 2001   [1]
23 Marsilam Simanjuntak 2 June – 20 July 2001   [1]
24 Mohammad Mahfud 20 July – 9 August 2001   [1]
(21) Yusril Ihza Mahendra Mutual Assistance 10 August 2001 – 20 October 2004 Title changed to Minister of Justice and Human Rights [1]
25 Hamid Awaluddin United Indonesia I 21 October 2004 – 7 May 2007 Title changed to Minister of Law and Human Rights [1]
26 Andi Mattalata 7 May 2007 – 20 October 2009   [1]
27 Patrialis Akbar United Indonesia II 22 October 2009 – 19 October 2011   [1]
28 Amir Syamsuddin 19 October 2011 – 20 October 2014   [1]
29 Yasonna Laoly Working 27 October 2014 – present   [1]

ReferencesEdit

Footnotes
Bibliography
  • Lev, Daniel (2000). Legal Evolution and Political Authority in Indonesia : Selected Essays. The London-Leiden series on law, administration and development. 4. Hague: Kluwer Law International. ISBN 978-90-411-1421-1.
  • "Menteri dari Masa ke Masa" [Ministers from Period to Period] (in Indonesian). Ministry of Law and Human Rights. Archived from the original on 30 December 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  • "Sejarah" [History] (in Indonesian). Ministry of Law and Human Rights. Archived from the original on 30 December 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  • "Tugas Pokok dan Fungsi" [Duty and Functions] (in Indonesian). Ministry of Law and Human Rights. Archived from the original on 30 December 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2011.