List of cities in Canada by median household income

For the analysis of income, Statistics Canada distinguishes between the following statistical units:

  • Household: "a person or group of persons who occupy the same dwelling"[1]
  • Economic families: "two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law union, adoption or a foster relationship (a couple may be of opposite or same sex)"[2]
  • Census families: "a married couple and the children, if any, of either and/or both spouses; a couple living common law and the children, if any, of either and/or both partners; or a lone parent of any marital status with at least one child living in the same dwelling and that child or those children (all members of a particular census family live in the same dwelling; a couple may be of opposite or same sex)"[3]

Therefore, a person living alone constitutes a household, but not an economic or census family. Two couples sharing a dwelling constitute a single household, but two economic or census families. A couple living with its children and one spouse's parents constitutes a single household or economic family, but two census families.

Income statistics by census metropolitan area (CMA) are published:

  • every 5 years for households (data from the Census of Population)
  • annually for economic families, for select CMAs (data from the Canadian Income Survey)
  • annually for census families (data from the T1 Family File)

The income concept for this article is total income.[4]

Median Household and Family Income by Census Metropolitan AreaEdit

Census Metropolitan Area Median Income,
Households
2015 (CAD)[5]
Median Income,
Census Families
2017 (CAD)[6]
Median Income,
Economic Families and
Persons not in an Economic Family
2017 (CAD)[7]
Median Income,
Economic Families
2017 (CAD)[8]
Calgary 99583 102060 83700 115500
Edmonton 94447 101190 81300 122200
Oshawa 85697 95510
Regina 84447 99240
Saskatoon 82999 94810
Ottawa-Gatineau 82053 105050 72700 108800
Guelph 81223 98650
Barrie 80788 89090
St. John's 79750 97110
Toronto 78373 83020 77000 99000
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 77229 91580
Hamilton 75464 92090
Lethbridge 75452 90470
Abbotsford-Mission 73598 78660
Vancouver 72662 86140 73800 99600
Greater Sudbury 71687 93860
Kingston 71195 91790
Kelowna 71127 87060
Winnipeg 70795 85660 65800 94300
Victoria 70283 95250
Halifax 69522 89510
Brantford 68756 79480
Thunder Bay 68476 89630
Windsor 65983 83210
Québec 65359 92690 71400 94400
Peterborough 64777 81410
London 64743 83880
Belleville 63902 78670
Saint John 63737 80760
St. Catharines–Niagara 63001 77870
Moncton 62871 79460
Montréal 61790 82000 59700 86200
Saguenay 59243 81870
Sherbrooke 53747 78120
Trois-Rivières 51850 76050

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Statistics Canada (April 16, 2012). "Household". www23.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  2. ^ Statistics Canada (November 16, 2015). "Economic family". www23.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  3. ^ Statistics Canada (November 16, 2015). "Census family". www23.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  4. ^ Statistics Canada (September 13, 2017). "Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016 - Total income". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  5. ^ Statistics Canada (February 20, 2019). "Income Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  6. ^ Statistics Canada (July 11, 2019). "Selected income characteristics of census families by family type". www150.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada (February 26, 2019). "Market income, government transfers, total income, income tax and after-tax income by economic family type". www150.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  8. ^ Statistics Canada (February 26, 2019). "Market income, government transfers, total income, income tax and after-tax income by economic family type". www150.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved July 10, 2019.