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List of Major League Baseball players from Japan

A Japanese man wearing a grey Seattle baseball uniform fielding a ball in the outfield.
Ichiro Suzuki played in NPB before playing in MLB.

A total of 58 Japanese-born[1][2] players have played in at least one Major League Baseball (MLB) game. Of these players, six are currently on MLB rosters.[3] The first instance of a Japanese player playing in MLB occurred in 1964, when the Nankai Hawks, a Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) team, sent three exchange prospects to the United States to gain experience in MLB's minor league system. One of the players, pitcher Masanori Murakami, was named the California League Rookie of the Year while playing for the Fresno Giants (the San Francisco Giants' Class-A team). Giants executives were impressed with his talent and on September 1, 1964 Murakami was promoted, thus becoming the first Japanese player to play in MLB.[4] After Murakami put up good pitching statistics as a reliever, Giants executives sought to exercise a clause in their contract with the Hawks that, they claimed, allowed them to buy up an exchange prospect's contract. NPB officials objected, stating that they had no intention of selling Murakami's contract to the Giants and telling them that Murakami was merely on loan for the 1964 season. After a two-month stalemate the Giants eventually agreed to send Murakami back to the Hawks after the 1965 season. This affair led to the 1967 United States – Japanese Player Contract Agreement, also known as the "Working Agreement", between MLB and NPB, which was basically a hands-off policy.[5][6]

For thirty years Murakami was the only Japanese player to appear in an MLB game. Pitcher Hideo Nomo, with the help of agent Don Nomura, became the second Japanese player to play in MLB in 1995. Nomo, who was not yet eligible for free agency in Japan, was advised by Nomura that a "voluntary retirement" clause in the Working Agreement did not specify that a player wishing to play again after retiring must return to NPB. Nomo utilized this loophole to void his NPB contract with the Kintetsu Buffaloes and play in MLB. He announced his retirement from NPB in late 1994 and signed with the Los Angeles Dodgers in February 1995.[7] Nomo's maneuver and Hideki Irabu's later MLB contractual complications were contributing factors to a major revision of the Working Agreement in 1998 that created the current posting system.[8] Since its inception 16 Japanese players have been signed through the system, however one of these players, Shinji Mori, did not play in a single MLB game due to an injury. NPB players who have nine or more years of playing service with NPB can become international free agents and do not need to enter MLB through the posting system.[9] The remaining Japanese players that have played in MLB have either signed as free agents or signed as amateur players. Mac Suzuki, Kazuhito Tadano, and Junichi Tazawa are the only Japanese players to have debuted in MLB without previously playing in NPB.[10][11][12]

Japanese players have had a range of success in MLB. Twelve players have been selected to participate in the All-Star Game; Ichiro Suzuki has made the most appearances with ten. In addition to these selections, Ichiro has won several prestigious MLB awards including the American League (AL) Rookie of the Year Award and the AL Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award in 2001, the All-Star Game MVP Award in 2007 and multiple Gold Glove and Silver Slugger Awards. Ichiro also holds the MLB record for the recording the most hits in a single season. Hideo Nomo was the only Japanese pitcher to throw a no-hitter until Hisashi Iwakuma accomplished the feat on August 12, 2015. Nomo threw two in total; the first came in 1996 and the last occurred in 2001. Thirteen Japanese players have played in the World Series. Of these players, So Taguchi has won the most with two and Hideki Matsui is the only one to win the World Series MVP Award. The 2007 World Series had the most Japanese players, with Daisuke Matsuzaka and Hideki Okajima pitching for the Boston Red Sox, and Kazuo Matsui playing for the Colorado Rockies.

Contents

Table keyEdit

Key to symbols in player table
§
Signed with a Major League Baseball team without first playing for a Nippon Professional Baseball team
*
Signed with a Major League Baseball team via the posting system
 
Inducted into the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame

Current playersEdit

Players from Japan that are currently on Major League Baseball rosters
Player Position MLB Debut Games* Team(s) Status Notes
Yu Darvish* SP April 9, 2012 157 Texas Rangers (2012–2017)
Los Angeles Dodgers (2017)
Chicago Cubs (2018–)
Active [13][14]
Masahiro Tanaka* SP April 4, 2014 150 New York Yankees (2014–) Active [15][16]
Kenta Maeda* SP April 6, 2016 126 Los Angeles Dodgers (2016–) Active [17][18]
Shohei Ohtani* DH March 29, 2018 167 Los Angeles Angels (2018–) Active [19][20]
Yoshihisa Hirano RP March 29, 2018 114 Arizona Diamondbacks (2018–) Active [21][22]
Yusei Kikuchi* SP March 21, 2019 19 Seattle Mariners (2019–) Active [23][24]
* Games played through July 7, 2019

Former playersEdit

Players from Japan that formerly appeared on Major League Baseball rosters
Player Position MLB debut Final MLB game Games Former MLB Team(s) Current league/status Current team Notes
Masanori Murakami P September 1, 1964 October 1, 1965 54 San Francisco Giants (1964–1965) Retired [25]
Hideo Nomo  P May 2, 1995 April 18, 2008 324 Los Angeles Dodgers (1995–1998, 2002–2004)
New York Mets (1998)
Milwaukee Brewers (1999)
Detroit Tigers (2000)
Boston Red Sox (2001)
Tampa Bay Devil Rays (2005)
Kansas City Royals (2008)
Retired [26][27]
Mac Suzuki§ P July 7, 1996 June 28, 2002 117 Seattle Mariners (1996, 1998–1999)
Kansas City Royals (1999–2001, 2002)
Colorado Rockies (2001)
Milwaukee Brewers (2001)
Retired [28]
Shigetoshi Hasegawa P April 5, 1997 September 28, 2005 517 Anaheim Angels (1997–2001)
Seattle Mariners (2002–2005)
Retired
(Senior Advisor)
Orix Buffaloes [29]
Takashi Kashiwada P May 1, 1997 September 18, 1997 35 New York Mets (1997) Retired [30]
Hideki Irabu P July 10, 1997 July 12, 2002 126 New York Yankees (1997–1999)
Montreal Expos (2000–2001)
Texas Rangers (2002)
Deceased
(July 27, 2011)
[31]
Masato Yoshii P April 5, 1998 September 11, 2002 162 New York Mets (1998–1999)
Colorado Rockies (2000)
Montreal Expos (2001–2002)
Retired
(Pitching Coach)
Chiba Lotte Marines [32]
Masao Kida P April 5, 1999 August 3, 2005 65 Detroit Tigers (1999–2000)
Los Angeles Dodgers (2003–2004)
Seattle Mariners (2004–2005)
Retired
(Pitching Coach)
Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters [33]
Tomokazu Ohka P July 19, 1999 October 4, 2009 204 Boston Red Sox (1999–2001)
Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals (2001–2005)
Milwaukee Brewers (2005–2006)
Toronto Blue Jays (2007)
Cleveland Indians (2009)
Retired
(Pitching Coach)
Yokohama DeNA BayStars farm team [34]
Kazuhiro Sasaki  P April 5, 2000 September 28, 2003 228 Seattle Mariners (2000–2003) Retired [35][27]
Ichiro Suzuki* OF April 2, 2001 March 21, 2019 2,653 Seattle Mariners (2001–2012, 2018–2019)
New York Yankees (2012–2014)
Miami Marlins (2015–2017)
Retired
(Special Assistant to the Chairman)
Seattle Mariners [36]
Tsuyoshi Shinjo OF April 3, 2001 June 27, 2003 303 New York Mets (2001, 2003)
San Francisco Giants (2002)
Retired [37]
Takahito Nomura P April 3, 2002 May 15, 2002 21 Milwaukee Brewers (2002) Retired [38]
Satoru Komiyama P April 4, 2002 September 11, 2002 25 New York Mets (2002) Retired
(Manager)
Waseda University [39]
Kazuhisa Ishii* P April 6, 2002 September 28, 2005 105 Los Angeles Dodgers (2002–2004)
New York Mets (2005)
Retired
(General Manager)
Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles [40]
So Taguchi OF June 10, 2002 October 4, 2009 672 St. Louis Cardinals (2002–2007)
Philadelphia Phillies (2008)
Chicago Cubs (2009)
Retired
(Manager)
Orix Buffaloes farm team [41]
Hideki Matsui  OF March 31, 2003 July 22, 2012 1,236 New York Yankees (2003–2009)
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2010)
Oakland Athletics (2011)
Tampa Bay Rays (2012)
Retired
(Special Advisor to the General Manager)
New York Yankees [42][27]
Kazuo Matsui IF April 6, 2004 May 18, 2010 630 New York Mets (2004–2006)
Colorado Rockies (2006–2007)
Houston Astros (2008–2010)
Retired
(Manager)
Saitama Seibu Lions farm team [43]
Akinori Otsuka* P April 6, 2004 July 1, 2007 236 San Diego Padres (2004–2005)
Texas Rangers (2006–2007)
Retired [44]
Shingo Takatsu P April 9, 2004 October 2, 2005 99 Chicago White Sox (2004–2005)
New York Mets (2005)
Retired
(Manager)
Tokyo Yakult Swallows farm team [45]
Kazuhito Tadano§ P April 27, 2004 July 16, 2005 15 Cleveland Indians (2004–2005) Retired [46]
Tadahito Iguchi IF April 4, 2005 September 28, 2008 493 Chicago White Sox (2005–2007)
Philadelphia Phillies (2007, 2008)
San Diego Padres (2008)
Retired
(Manager)
Chiba Lotte Marines [47]
Keiichi Yabu P April 9, 2005 September 27, 2008 100 Oakland Athletics (2005)
San Francisco Giants (2008)
Retired [48]
Norihiro Nakamura* IF April 10, 2005 May 6, 2005 17 Los Angeles Dodgers (2005) Retired [49]
Kenji Johjima C April 3, 2006 October 3, 2009 462 Seattle Mariners (2006–2009) Retired [50]
Takashi Saito P April 9, 2006 September 30, 2012 338 Los Angeles Dodgers (2006–2008)
Boston Red Sox (2009)
Atlanta Braves (2010)
Milwaukee Brewers (2011)
Arizona Diamondbacks (2012)
Retired [51]
Akinori Iwamura* IF April 2, 2007 September 26, 2010 408 Tampa Bay Devil Rays/Rays (2007–2009)
Pittsburgh Pirates (2010)
Oakland Athletics (2010)
Retired
(Manager)
Fukushima Red Hopes [52]
Hideki Okajima P April 2, 2007 June 13, 2013 266 Boston Red Sox (2007–2011)
Oakland Athletics (2013)
Retired [53]
Daisuke Matsuzaka* P April 5, 2007 September 25, 2014 158 Boston Red Sox (2007–2012)
New York Mets (2013–2014)
NPB/CL Chunichi Dragons [54][55]
Kei Igawa* P April 7, 2007 June 27, 2008 16 New York Yankees (2007–2008) Free agent [56]
Masumi Kuwata P June 10, 2007 August 13, 2007 19 Pittsburgh Pirates (2007) Retired [57]
Kosuke Fukudome OF March 31, 2008 June 3, 2012 596 Chicago Cubs (2008–2011)
Cleveland Indians (2011)
Chicago White Sox (2012)
NPB/CL Hanshin Tigers [58][59]
Kazuo Fukumori P March 31, 2008 April 24, 2008 4 Texas Rangers (2008) Retired [60]
Masahide Kobayashi P April 2, 2008 May 7, 2009 67 Cleveland Indians (2008–2009) Retired [61]
Hiroki Kuroda P April 4, 2008 September 25, 2014 212 Los Angeles Dodgers (2008–2011)
New York Yankees (2012–2014)
Retired [62]
Yasuhiko Yabuta P April 5, 2008 October 4, 2009 43 Kansas City Royals (2008–2009) Retired [63]
Koji Uehara P April 8, 2009 September 2, 2017 436 Baltimore Orioles (2009–2011)
Texas Rangers (2011–2012)
Boston Red Sox (2013–2016)
Chicago Cubs (2017)
Retired [64]
Kenshin Kawakami P April 11, 2009 September 9, 2010 52 Atlanta Braves (2009–2010) Retired [65]
Ken Takahashi P May 2, 2009 September 25, 2009 28 New York Mets (2009) Retired
(Pitching Coach)
Hanshin Tigers farm team [66]
Junichi Tazawa§ P August 7, 2009 September 30, 2018 388 Boston Red Sox (2009–2016)
Miami Marlins (2017–2018)
Los Angeles Angels (2018)
MiLB/PCL Iowa Cubs [67][68]
Hisanori Takahashi P April 7, 2010 April 11, 2013 168 New York Mets (2010)
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2011–2012)
Pittsburgh Pirates (2012)
Chicago Cubs (2013)
Retired [69]
Ryota Igarashi P April 8, 2010 August 12, 2012 83 New York Mets (2010–2011)
Toronto Blue Jays (2012)
New York Yankees (2012)
NPB/CL Tokyo Yakult Swallows [70][71]
Tsuyoshi Nishioka* IF April 1, 2011 August 8, 2012 71 Minnesota Twins (2011–2012) BCL Tochigi Golden Braves [72][73]
Yoshinori Tateyama P May 24, 2011 September 26, 2012 53 Texas Rangers (2011–2012) Retired [74]
Nori Aoki* OF April 6, 2012 October 1, 2017 759 Milwaukee Brewers (2012–2013)
Kansas City Royals (2014)
San Francisco Giants (2015)
Seattle Mariners (2016)
Houston Astros (2017)
Toronto Blue Jays (2017)
New York Mets (2017)
NPB/CL Tokyo Yakult Swallows [75][71]
Munenori Kawasaki IF April 7, 2012 October 2, 2016 276 Seattle Mariners (2012)
Toronto Blue Jays (2013–2015)
Chicago Cubs (2016)
Retired [76]
Hisashi Iwakuma P April 20, 2012 May 3, 2017 150 Seattle Mariners (2012–2017) NPB/CL Yomiuri Giants [77][78]
Kyuji Fujikawa P April 1, 2013 May 15, 2015 29 Chicago Cubs (2013–2014)
Texas Rangers (2015)
NPB/CL Hanshin Tigers [79][59]
Kensuke Tanaka OF July 9, 2013 July 28, 2013 15 San Francisco Giants (2013) NPB/PL Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters [80][81]
Tsuyoshi Wada P July 8, 2014 September 4, 2015 21 Chicago Cubs (2014–2015) NPB/PL Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks [82][83]
Toru Murata P June 28, 2015 June 28, 2015 1 Cleveland Indians (2015) NPB/PL Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters [84][81]
Kazuhisa Makita* P March 30, 2018 September 29, 2018 27 San Diego Padres (2018) MiLB/PCL El Paso Chihuahuas [85][86]

Awards, records and notable accomplishmentsEdit

AwardsEdit

HittingEdit

  • Most hits in a single season: Ichiro Suzuki, 262 (2004) MLB Record[96]
  • Most career Interleague hits: Ichiro Suzuki, 367 MLB Record
  • Most consecutive seasons of 200 or more hits: Ichiro Suzuki, 10 (2001–2010) MLB Record
  • Most seasons with 200 or more hits: Ichiro Suzuki, 10 (2001–2010) MLB Record (tie)
  • Most games with five or more hits in a season: Ichiro Suzuki, 4 (2004) MLB Record (tie)
  • Most pinch-hit plate appearances in a season: Ichiro Suzuki, 109 (2017) MLB Record
  • Most pinch-hit at-bats in a season: Ichiro Suzuki, 100 (2017) MLB Record
  • Batting titles: Ichiro Suzuki, 2001 (.350 Avg) and 2004 (.372 Avg)[97]
  • Only Inside-the-park home run in All-Star game history: Ichiro Suzuki, July 10, 2007, AT&T Park, hitting leadoff for the American League
  • Only MLB player to hit a home run in his first plate appearance of his first three seasons: Kazuo Matsui, 2004 (First pitch), 2005, 2006 (Inside-the-park home run)
  • First Japanese player to play in the World Series: Tsuyoshi Shinjo, October 19, 2002, Giants vs. Angels, Edison Field, hitting 9th in the lineup as the Designated hitter
  • First Japanese player to hit a home run: Hideo Nomo, April 28, 1998, Dodgers vs. Brewers, Dodger Stadium
  • First Japanese player to hit a grand slam: Tsuyoshi Shinjo, May 17, 2002, Giants vs. Marlins, AT&T Park
  • First Japanese player to hit a walk-off home run: Hideki Matsui, July 17, 2003, Yankees vs. Indians, Yankee Stadium
  • First Japanese player to hit a home run in the postseason: Hideki Matsui, October 4, 2003, Yankees vs. Twins, Metrodome
  • First Japanese player to hit a home run in the World Series: Hideki Matsui, October 19, 2003, Yankees vs. Marlins, Yankee Stadium
  • First Japanese player to hit cleanup in the lineup: Tsuyoshi Shinjo, August 3, 2001, Mets vs. Diamondbacks, Bank One Ballpark
  • First Japanese player to hit for the cycle: Shohei Ohtani, June 13, 2019, Angels vs. Rays, Tropicana Field (Home run (1st), Double (3rd), Triple (5th), Single (7th))
  • 3,000 hit club: Ichiro Suzuki; entered August 7, 2016

BaserunningEdit

PitchingEdit

  • No-hitters
    • Hideo Nomo: September 17, 1996 at Coors Field in Denver. Pitching for the Los Angeles Dodgers against the Colorado Rockies. Still the only no-hitter at Coors Field, which opened in 1995. Highest paid attendance (50,066) among all the no-hitters in currently used ballparks.
    • Hideo Nomo: April 4, 2001 at Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore. Pitching for the Boston Red Sox against the Baltimore Orioles. Still the only no-hitter at Oriole Park, which opened in 1992. Earliest no-hitter in a season among all the no-hitters in currently used ballparks. Nomo is one of only five players that have ever pitched at least one no-hitter game in both the National League and American League in Major League Baseball history.
    • Hisashi Iwakuma: August 12, 2015 at Safeco Field in Seattle. Pitching for the Seattle Mariners against the Baltimore Orioles. It was the fourth no-hitter at Safeco Field, behind Philip Humber, Kevin Millwood, and Félix Hernández.
  • Strikeout champion: Hideo Nomo, 1995 NL (236 Strikeouts) & 2001 AL (220 Strikeouts); Yu Darvish, 2013 AL (277 Strikeouts, led both leagues)
  • Fastest to reach 1000 career strikeouts in MLB history: Yu Darvish, September 8, 2017 (812 innings)
  • Fastest to reach 500 career strikeouts in MLB history: Yu Darvish, April 6, 2014 (401 2/3 innings)
  • Most consecutive quality starts from debut: Masahiro Tanaka (16) MLB Record (tie)
  • Lowest single-season WHIP in MLB history (at least 50 innings): Koji Uehara, 2013 (0.565)
  • Most saves in the postseason: Koji Uehara, 2013 (7 saves) MLB Record (tie)[100]
  • Strikeouts in a single inning: Kazuhiro Sasaki, April 4, 2003 (4 strikeouts in the 9th Inning) MLB Record (tie)[101]
  • Most consecutive no decisions: Yu Darvish (10), May 4 - June 21, 2019 MLB Record (tie)
  • First Japanese pitcher to be recorded with a win in an All-Star Game: Masahiro Tanaka, AL 2019
  • First Japanese pitcher to be recorded with a save in an All-Star Game: Kazuhiro Sasaki, AL 2001
  • Fastest pitch recorded by a Japanese pitcher: Shohei Ohtani, May 30, 2018, Angels vs. Tigers, Comerica Park. Bottom of 5th, pitching to Jeimer Candelario (101.1mph)

All-Star Game selectionsEdit

Players from Japan that have been selected to participate in a Major League Baseball All-Star Game
Player League Selections Year(s) Notes
Ichiro Suzuki AL 10 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 Inside-the-park home run, All-Star Game MVP (2007)[36][102]
Yu Darvish AL 4 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017 Selected as the winner of the Final Vote but did not play (2012)[13][103][104]
Selected but did not play (2013)[105]
Selected but did not play (2017)
Kazuhiro Sasaki AL 2 2001, 2002 Closed and recorded a save (2001)[35][106]
Hideki Matsui AL 2 2003, 2004 Selected as the winner of the Final Vote (2004)[42][107]
Masahiro Tanaka AL 2 2014, 2019 Selected but did not play due to being on the disabled list (2014)[15]
Selected in place of injured Marcus Stroman. First Yankee pitcher to win an All-Star Game in 71 years (2019)[108]
Hideo Nomo NL 1 1995 Starting pitcher[26][109]
Shigetoshi Hasegawa AL 1 2003 [29]
Hideki Okajima AL 1 2007 Selected as the winner of the Final Vote, but did not play[53][102][110]
Takashi Saito NL 1 2007 [51]
Kosuke Fukudome NL 1 2008 [58]
Hisashi Iwakuma AL 1 2013 Selected but did not play[77][111]
Koji Uehara AL 1 2014 Selected in place of the injured Masahiro Tanaka[64]

Bold indicates the player was selected to the starting roster

World Series appearancesEdit

Players from Japan that have been a part of a Major League Baseball World Series
Player World Series
championships
World Series
appearances
Year(s) Notes
So Taguchi 2 3 2004 Cardinals
2006 Cardinals
2008 Phillies
Did not play in the 2008 World Series, despite being on the Phillies' active roster[112][113][114]
Hideki Matsui 1 2 2003 Yankees
2009 Yankees
World Series MVP (2009)[115][116]
Tadahito Iguchi 1 1 2005 White Sox First Japanese player to win a World Series[117]
Hideki Okajima 1 1 2007 Red Sox First Japanese pitcher to appear in a World Series. With Matsuzaka, first Japanese pitcher to win the World Series. The 2007 World Series was the first in which Japanese players appeared for both teams.[118]
Daisuke Matsuzaka 1 1 2007 Red Sox First Japanese pitcher to both start and win a World Series game and first Japanese pitcher to win an MLB playoff game during the 2007 postseason. With Okajima, first Japanese pitcher to win the World Series. The 2007 World Series was the first in which Japanese players appeared for both teams.[118]
Junichi Tazawa 1 1 2013 Red Sox [119]
Koji Uehara 1 1 2013 Red Sox [119]
Kenta Maeda 0 2 2017 Dodgers
2018 Dodgers
First Japanese player to play in consecutive World Series[120]
Tsuyoshi Shinjo 0 1 2002 Giants First Japanese player to play in a World Series game[121]
Kazuo Matsui 0 1 2007 Rockies The 2007 World Series was the first in which Japanese players appeared for both teams.[118]
Akinori Iwamura 0 1 2008 Rays [122]
Nori Aoki 0 1 2014 Royals [123]
Yu Darvish 0 1 2017 Dodgers [124]

Bold indicates that the team won the World Series that year

NotesEdit

General
  • "Players by birthplace : Japan Baseball Stats and Info". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
Inline citations
  1. ^ "Players by birthplace : Japan Baseball Stats and Info". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  2. ^ This list does not include the nine players that were born in Japan to American parents or players with Japanese ancestry who grew up abroad (such as Dave Roberts and Micheal Nakamura).
  3. ^ Does not include Yusei Kikuchi who has yet to have played in an official MLB game
  4. ^ Kleinberg, Alexander (December 24, 2001). "Where have you gone, Masanori Murakami?". Major League Baseball. Archived from the original on August 18, 2002. Retrieved November 13, 2008.
  5. ^ Whiting 2004, pp. 75–80
  6. ^ Singer, Tom (November 14, 2006). "Matsuzaka posting system's latest gem". Major League Baseball. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  7. ^ Whiting 2004, pp. 102–112
  8. ^ Price, S.L. (July 8, 2002). "The Ichiro Paradox". Time. Retrieved April 9, 2008.
  9. ^ "NPB, players to revise free-agency system". The Japan Times. Kyodo News. June 26, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
  10. ^ Allen, Jim (September 12, 2008). "Amateur Tazawa bypassing Japan leagues for MLB". ESPN.com. Retrieved November 25, 2008.
  11. ^ Schwarz, Alan (November 19, 2008). "Japanese Are Irked by U.S. Interest in Pitcher". The New York Times. Retrieved November 25, 2008.
  12. ^ Browne, Ian (December 4, 2008). "Tazawa officially in fold for Red Sox". Major League Baseball. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
  13. ^ a b "Yu Darvish Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  14. ^ "Yu Darvish Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  15. ^ a b "Masahiro Tanaka Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  16. ^ "Masahiro Tanaka Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  17. ^ "Kenta Maeda Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  18. ^ "Kenta Maeda Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  19. ^ "Shohei Ohtani Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  20. ^ "Shohei Ohtani Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  21. ^ "Yoshihisa Hirano Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  22. ^ "Yoshihisa Hirano Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  23. ^ "Yusei Kikuchi Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  24. ^ "Yusei Kikuchi Stats, Fantasy & News". MLB.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  25. ^ "Masanori Murakami Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  26. ^ a b "Hideo Nomo Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  27. ^ a b c "Hall of Famers List". The Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  28. ^ "Mac Suzuki Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  29. ^ a b "Shigetoshi Hasegawa Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  30. ^ "Takashi Kashiwada Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  31. ^ "Hideki Irabu Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  32. ^ "Masato Yoshii Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  33. ^ "Masao Kida Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  34. ^ "Tomo Ohka Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  35. ^ a b "Kazuhiro Sasaki Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  36. ^ a b "Ichiro Suzuki Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  37. ^ "Tsuyoshi Shinjo Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  38. ^ "Takahito Nomura Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  39. ^ "Satoru Komiyama Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  40. ^ "Kazuhisa Ishii Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  41. ^ "So Taguchi Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  42. ^ a b "Hideki Matsui Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  43. ^ "Kazuo Matsui Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  44. ^ "Akinori Otsuka Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  45. ^ "Shingo Takatsu Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  46. ^ "Kazuhito Tadano Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  47. ^ "Tadahito Iguchi Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  48. ^ "Keiichi Yabu Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  49. ^ "Norihiro Nakamura Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  50. ^ "Kenji Johjima Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  51. ^ a b "Takashi Saito Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  52. ^ "Akinori Iwamura Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  53. ^ a b "Hideki Okajima Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  54. ^ "Daisuke Matsuzaka Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  55. ^ "Chunichi Dragons : 2019 Roster". Nippon Professional Baseball. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  56. ^ "Kei Igawa Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  57. ^ "Masumi Kuwata Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  58. ^ a b "Kosuke Fukudome Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  59. ^ a b "Hanshin Tigers : 2019 Roster". Nippon Professional Baseball. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  60. ^ "Kazuo Fukumori Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  61. ^ "Masahide Kobayashi Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  62. ^ "Hiroki Kuroda Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  63. ^ "Yasuhiko Yabuta Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  64. ^ a b "Koji Uehara Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  65. ^ "Kenshin Kawakami Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  66. ^ "Ken Takahashi Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  67. ^ "Junichi Tazawa Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  68. ^ "Iowa Cubs Roster". MiLB.com. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  69. ^ "Hisanori Takahashi Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  70. ^ "Ryota Igarashi Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
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ReferencesEdit

  • Rains, Rob. Baseball Samurais: Ichiro Suzuki and the Asian Invasion. New York: St. Martin's Paperbacks, 2001. ISBN 0-312-98257-7.
  • Whiting, Robert (April 2004). The Meaning of Ichiro: The New Wave from Japan and the Transformation of Our National Pastime. Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-53192-8.