List of ancient Macedonians

  (Redirected from List of Macedonian kings)

This is a list of the ancient Macedonians.



Argead DynastyEdit

Antipatrid DynastyEdit

Antigonid DynastyEdit

Non-Dynastic KingsEdit

Antipatrid DynastyEdit

Antigonid DynastyEdit

Non-Dynastic KingsEdit

Antigonid DynastyEdit

Antigonid Rulers
King Reign (BC) Consort(s) Comments
Antigonus II Gonatas (Macedon) 276–239 BC Phila Son of Demetrius Poliorcetes and Phila, grandson of Antigonus I Monophthalmus. His wife, Phila, was the daughter of his sister, Stratonice. Only one known legitimate child, Demetrius II Aetolicus.
Demetrius II Aetolicus (Macedon) 239–229 BC Stratonice of Macedon
Phthia of Epirus
Nicaea of Corinth
Son of Antigonus II and Phila. Stratonice of Macedon was a daughter of Antiochus I Soter and Stratonice. Phthia of Epirus was a daughter of Alexander II of Epirus and Olympias II of Epirus. Nicaea of Corinth was the widow of Demetrius' cousin, Alexander of Corinth. Chryseis was a former captive of Demetrius.[5] Only known son, Philip by Chryseis, also had a daughter by Stratonice of Macedon, Apama III.
Antigonus III Doson (Macedon) 229–221 BC Chryseis Son of Demetrius the Fair and Olympias of Larissa. Children unknown.
Philip V (Macedon)
221–179 BC Polycratia of Argos Son of Demetrius II and Chryseis.[5] At least four children: Perseus of Macedon, Apame, Demetrius and Philippus.
Perseus (Macedon)
179–168 BC
(died 166 BC)
Laodice V The last king of Macedon. Laodice V was a daughter of the Seleucid king, Seleucus IV Philopator. At least two sons, Philip and Alexander.

Non-Dynastic KingsEdit

Coin of Andriscus. Greek inscription reads ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ (King Philip).

The Macedonian rebel against Rome and last King of Macedonia, Andriscus,(or Pseudo-Philip VI) Ἀνδρίσκος 150-148 BC, claimed to be the son of Perseus.

  • Pseudo-Alexander, 148 BC
  • Pseudo-Philip VII or Pseudo-Perseus, 143/142 BC

Military personnelEdit

High generalsEdit





Taxiarchs of PezhetairoiEdit



Trierarchs of NearchusEdit




Horse race Olympic Victors as recorded in recent discovered epigrams of Posidippus of Pella (c. 3rd century BC)[14]







Naopoios (Temple-builder), an elected Archon by Hieromnemones, responsible for restoring the temple of Apollo in Delphi

  • Philippus Φίλιππος Μακεδών
  • Timanoridas (son of Cordypion) Τιμανορίδας Κορδυπίωνος Μακεδών c. 361–343 BC[23]
  • Leon (son of Hegesander) Λέων Ἡγησάνδρου Μακεδών 331 BC[24]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ As part of the compromise in Babylon after Alexander the Great’s death, it was agreed that Philip would be joint king with Roxanne’s unborn child, should it prove to be male. Hence Philip was sole king for several months until Alexander IV was born, and Alexander too was sole king from Philip’s murder in 317 BC to his own death. Neither had any effective power during this period; Philip was mentally infirm and Alexander was under age.
  2. ^ Perdiccas (And his immediate Regency successors) did not take the title of Regent, (Epitropos) but instead styled himself 'Manager' (Epimelêtês), however his position was that of Regent in all but name.
  3. ^ Demetrius was proclaimed King in 306 BC with his father, but his reign in Macedonia only became effective after he ousted the Antipatrids in 294, and his power there ended after he was in turn expelled by Pyrrhus and Lysimachus in 286. His death in 283 is often given as marking the end of his reign.
  4. ^ Antigonus claimed the kingship upon his father's death in 283, but it was only effective after 276.
  5. ^ a b Eusebius, Chronicle 1.237-8; Syncellus Chronicle 535.19
  6. ^ A History of Macedonia. Volume 2 Review: John Cole
  7. ^ Justin7.2.14. (He contended for the prize in various species of exercises at the Olympics)
  8. ^ Thucydides and Pindar: Historical Narrative and the World of Epinikian Poetry [1] by Simon Hornblower – SEG 30:648
  9. ^ Aspects of Ancient Macedonian Costume [2]-Μακεδόνες και Παναθήναια [3][permanent dead link], [4] -Epigraphical Database SEG 49:842, SEG 45:801
  10. ^ BoeotiaAmphiareion- Epigr. tou Oropou 520.10
  11. ^ a b c d Chronicon (Eusebius)
  12. ^ ArkadiaLykaionIG V,2 550.17
  13. ^ Pausanias a Guide to Greece [5]
  14. ^ Posidippus, Epigrams
  15. ^ Phokis — Delphi Syll.³ 424.42
  16. ^ Boiotia — Oropos: Amphiareion — c. 80–50 BC Epigr. tou Oropou 528.12
  17. ^ Greek and Roman Siege Machinery 399 Bc-Ad 363 By Duncan B. Campbell
  18. ^ Phokis — Delphi FD III 1:477.13
  19. ^ Phokis — Delphi BCH 1928:259.26
  20. ^ Epidauros — c. 365–311 BC IG IV²,1 94 frg b.col I.1 -9
  21. ^ Martial, Buch VI: Ein Kommentar by Farouk Grewing
  22. ^ Macedonian Institutions Under the Kings Page 211 By Miltiadēs V. Chatzopoulos ISBN 960-7094-89-1
  23. ^ Phokis — Delphi — stoichedonFD III 5:19.74
  24. ^ Phokis — Delphi — stoichedonFD III 5:58.29-30