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Three lineups of Lynyrd Skynyrd in 1973 (top), 1977 (middle) and 2008 (bottom).

Lynyrd Skynyrd is a Southern rock band from Jacksonville, Florida. Formed in 1964, the group originally included vocalist Ronnie Van Zant, guitarists Gary Rossington and Allen Collins, bassist Larry Junstrom and drummer Bob Burns. The current lineup features Rossington, guitarist and vocalist Rickey Medlocke (from 1971 to 1972, and since 1996), lead vocalist Johnny Van Zant (since 1987), drummer Michael Cartellone (since 1999), guitarist Mark Matejka (since 2006), keyboardist Peter Keys (since 2009) and bassist Keith Christopher (since 2017). The band also tours with two backing vocalists, currently Dale Krantz-Rossington (since 1987) and Carol Chase (since 1996).

Contents

HistoryEdit

1964–1977Edit

Lynyrd Skynyrd was formed under the name My Backyard in 1964, which was later changed to The Noble Five, and again to One Percent.[1] The group originally included vocalist Ronnie Van Zant, guitarists Gary Rossington and Allen Collins, bassist Larry Junstrom and drummer Bob Burns, all of whom were students at Robert E. Lee High School.[2] After performing live for several years, the band recorded for the first time in 1971, when Junstrom and Burns were replaced by Greg T. Walker and Rickey Medlocke, respectively.[3] The following year, Walker was replaced by the band's original choice of bassist Leon Wilkeson, and Medlocke moved to third guitarist as Burns returned on drums.[4] Medlocke had left by the end of the year.[5] Billy Powell had also been added as the group's first keyboardist, having worked as a roadie since 1970.[6]

Shortly before recording began for the band's debut album (Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd), Wilkeson left Lynyrd Skynyrd and was replaced by Ed King.[7] Later during the sessions the bassist returned, with King subsequently taking up the role of third guitarist.[8] Burns remained for 1974's Second Helping, but left in January 1975 due to touring fatigue, with Artimus Pyle taking his place.[9] King left on May 26, 1975, two months after the release of Nuthin' Fancy.[10] He was replaced the following year by Steve Gaines, who was recommended by his sister Cassie Gaines after she had recently joined as one of the band's touring backing vocalists.[11][12]

On October 20, 1977 – three days after the release of the band's fifth studio album Street Survivors – a chartered plane on which the members and crew were travelling crashed in Gillsburg, Mississippi.[13] Six people died in the accident, including band members Ronnie Van Zant, Steve Gaines and Cassie Gaines; many of the other passengers onboard were seriously injured, including Wilkeson who was left in a critical condition and reportedly declared dead three times.[14] The group disbanded after the crash.[13] In 1978, a collection of previously unreleased recordings from 1971 and 1972 was released as Skynyrd's First and... Last.[15] The following year, the surviving members (with the exception of Wilkeson) reunited at Volunteer Jam for a performance of "Free Bird" with Charlie Daniels and his band.[16]

1987 onwardsEdit

In July 1987, Lynyrd Skynyrd announced their reforming for the Lynyrd Skynyrd Tribute Tour,[17] with returning members Rossington, King, Wilkeson, Pyle and Powell joined by new lead vocalist Johnny Van Zant, Ronnie's younger brother.[18] Collins was unable to join the reunited group after a car accident the previous year which left him paralyzed from the waist down, choosing Randall Hall from his own eponymous band to take his place on guitar.[19] After the band's first post-reformation studio album Lynyrd Skynyrd 1991, Pyle left suddenly after a show in August,[20] with Kurt Custer taking his place.[18] Hall left in 1993 after the release of The Last Rebel,[21] later suing the remaining members of the band for $500,000.[22] Custer followed Hall out of the group the next year in order to focus on his solo career.[23]

Hall and Custer were replaced by Mike Estes and Owen Hale, respectively,[24] both of whom performed on the 1994 album Endangered Species.[25] King was forced to leave the band in 1996 due to health problems, with Hughie Thomasson brought in to take his place; Estes left around the same time, with former drummer Medlocke returning to the band on guitar as a result.[24] Hale left in late 1998 after the Twenty Tour;[26] he was replaced first by Jeff McAllister,[27] followed by Kenny Aronoff who played on Edge of Forever,[28] before Michael Cartellone took over in 1999 after the dissolution of the Damn Yankees.[29] On July 27, 2001, longtime bassist Leon Wilkeson died in his sleep of natural causes.[30] He was replaced by Ean Evans, who had earlier substituted for Wilkeson at several shows the previous year.[31]

Thomasson left Lynyrd Skynyrd in 2005 to reform his previous band Outlaws,[32] with his replacement Mark Matejka joining early the next year.[33] The band was forced to change its lineup twice in 2009 due to deaths in the group – first, longtime keyboardist Billy Powell died of a heart attack on January 28;[34] and later, bassist Evans died of cancer on May 6.[35] Peter Keys was later brought in to replace Powell,[36] while Evans was replaced by Robert Kearns.[37] Kearns remained until 2012, when he was replaced by former Black Crowes bassist Johnny Colt.[38] Keith Christopher replaced Colt in mid-2017.[39]

Official membersEdit

Current membersEdit

Image Name Years active Instruments Release contributions
Gary Rossington
  • 1964–1977
  • 1987–present
guitar all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases
Rickey Medlocke
  • 1971–1972
  • 1996–present
  • guitar, vocals (1996–present)
  • drums, vocals (1971–1972)
Johnny Van Zant 1987–present lead vocals all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from Southern by the Grace of God (1988) onwards
Michael Cartellone 1999–present
  • drums
  • percussion
all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from Edge of Forever (1999) onwards
Mark Matejka 2006–present
  • guitar
  • backing vocals
all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from God & Guns (2009) onwards
Peter Keys 2009–present
  • keyboards
  • piano
all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from Last of a Dyin' Breed (2012) onwards
Keith Christopher 2017–present bass none to date

Former membersEdit

Image Name Years active Instruments Release contributions
Ronnie Van Zant 1964–1977
(until his death)
lead vocals all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from (Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd) (1973) to Legend (1987)
Allen Collins 1964–1977
(died 1990)
guitar
Bob Burns
  • 1964–1971
  • 1972–1975
    (died 2015)
drums
  • (Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd) (1973)
  • Second Helping (1974)
  • Skynyrd's First and... Last (1978)
  • Legend (1987)
Larry Junstrom 1964–1971 bass "Need All My Friends" (1968)
Greg T. Walker 1971–1972
  • bass
  • backing vocals
Skynyrd's First and... Last (1978)
Leon Wilkeson
  • 1972

  • 1973–1977
  • 1987–2001
    (until his death)
  • bass
  • backing vocals
  • all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from (Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd) (1973) to Edge of Forever (1999)
  • Vicious Cycle (2003)
Billy Powell
  • 1972–1977
  • 1987–2009
    (until his death)
  • keyboards
  • piano
all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from (Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd) (1973) to Live from Freedom Hall (2010)
Ed King
  • 1972–1975
  • 1987–1996
    (died 2018)
  • guitar
  • bass (1972–1973)
  • backing vocals (1972–1975)
  • (Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd) (1973)
  • Second Helping (1974)
  • Nuthin' Fancy (1975)
  • all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from Skynyrd's First and... Last (1978) to Southern Knights (1996)
Artimus Pyle
  • 1975–1977
  • 1987–1991
  • drums
  • percussion
all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from Nuthin' Fancy (1975) to Lynyrd Skynyrd 1991 (1991), except Skynyrd's First and... Last (1978)
Steve Gaines 1976–1977
(until his death)
  • guitar
  • backing vocals
Randall Hall 1987–1993
  • Southern by the Grace of God (1988)
  • Lynyrd Skynyrd 1991 (1991)
  • The Last Rebel (1993)
Kurt Custer 1991–1994 drums The Last Rebel (1993)
Mike Estes 1993–1996
  • guitar
  • backing vocals
Owen Hale 1994–1998
  • drums
  • percussion
Hughie Thomasson 1996–2005
(died 2007)
  • guitars
  • backing vocals
all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from Twenty (1997) to Lynyrd Skynyrd Lyve: The Vicious Cycle Tour (2003)
Jeff McAllister 1998–1999 drums none
Kenny Aronoff 1999 Edge of Forever (1999)
Ean Evans 2001–2009
(until his death)
  • bass
  • backing vocals
all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from Vicious Cycle (2003) to Live from Freedom Hall (2010)
Robert Kearns 2009–2012 none
Johnny Colt 2012–2017
  • Last of a Dyin' Breed (2012)
  • One More for the Fans (2015)
  • Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd & Second Helping Live from Jacksonville at the Florida Theatre (2015)

Other contributorsEdit

Touring membersEdit

Image Name Years active Instruments Release contributions
Cassie Gaines 1975–1977
(until her death)
backing vocals
  • One More from the Road (1976)
  • Street Survivors (1977)
JoJo Billingsley 1975–1977
(died 2010)
Leslie Hawkins 1975–1977
Dale Krantz-Rossington 1987–present all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from Southern by the Grace of God (1988) onwards
Carol Bristow 1987–1988 Southern by the Grace of God (1988)
Debbie Bailey 1991–1994 none
Debbie Davis-Estes 1994–1996
  • Endangered Species (1994)
  • Southern Knights (1996)
Carol Chase 1996–present all Lynyrd Skynyrd releases from Twenty (1997) onwards

Live substitutesEdit

Image Name Years active Instruments Notes
Tim Lindsey 1993-1994 bass Lindsey substituted for Wilkeson at several shows in 1993 during The Last Rebel Tour.[40]
Rick Wills 1999 Wills substituted for Wilkeson at several shows in July 1999 during the Edge of Forever Tour.
Joey Huffman 2008 keyboards Huffman substituted for Powell at several shows in 2008 during the Rock & Rebels Tour.

TimelineEdit

 

LineupsEdit

Period Members Releases
Summer 1964 – 1971
1971–1972
  • Ronnie Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Allen Collins – guitar
  • Greg T. Walker – bass, backing vocals
  • Rickey Medlocke – drums, vocals
1972
  • Ronnie Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Allen Collins – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Bob Burns – drums
none
Late 1972 – early 1973
  • Ronnie Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Allen Collins – guitar
  • Ed King – bass, backing vocals
  • Bob Burns – drums
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
Early 1973 – January 1975
  • Ronnie Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Allen Collins – guitar
  • Ed King – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Bob Burns – drums
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
January – May 1975
  • Ronnie Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Allen Collins – guitar
  • Ed King – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Artimus Pyle – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
May 1975 – June 1976
  • Ronnie Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Allen Collins – guitar
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Artimus Pyle – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
June 1976 – October 1977
  • Ronnie Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Allen Collins – guitar
  • Steve Gaines – guitar, vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Artimus Pyle – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
Band inactive October 1977 – July 1987
July 1987 – early 1991
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Ed King – guitar
  • Randall Hall – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Artimus Pyle – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
Early – August 1991
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Ed King – guitar
  • Randall Hall – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Artimus Pyle – drums, percussion
  • Kurt Custer – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
none
August 1991 – 1993
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Ed King – guitar
  • Randall Hall – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Kurt Custer – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
1993–1994
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Ed King – guitar
  • Mike Estes – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Kurt Custer – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
none
1994 – May 1996
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Ed King – guitar
  • Mike Estes – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Owen Hale – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
May 1996 – late 1998
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Hughie Thomasson – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Owen Hale – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
Late 1998 – early 1999
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Hughie Thomasson – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Jeff McAllister – drums
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
none
Early – mid-1999
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Hughie Thomasson – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Kenny Aronoff – drums
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
Mid-1999 – July 2001
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Hughie Thomasson – guitar, backing vocals
  • Leon Wilkeson – bass, backing vocals
  • Michael Cartellone – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
August 2001 – April 2005
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Hughie Thomasson – guitar, backing vocals
  • Ean Evans – bass, backing vocals
  • Michael Cartellone – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
April 2005 – early 2006
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Ean Evans – bass, backing vocals
  • Michael Cartellone – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
none
Early 2006 – January 2009
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Mark Matejka – guitar, backing vocals
  • Ean Evans – bass, backing vocals
  • Michael Cartellone – drums, percussion
  • Billy Powell – keyboards, piano
February – May 2009
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Mark Matejka – guitar, backing vocals
  • Ean Evans – bass, backing vocals
  • Michael Cartellone – drums, percussion
  • Peter Keys – keyboards, piano
none
June 2009 – May 2012
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Mark Matejka – guitar, backing vocals
  • Robert Kearns – bass, backing vocals
  • Michael Cartellone – drums, percussion
  • Peter Keys – keyboards, piano
none
May 2012 – mid-2017
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Mark Matejka – guitar, backing vocals
  • Johnny Colt – bass, backing vocals
  • Michael Cartellone – drums, percussion
  • Peter Keys – keyboards, piano
  • Last of a Dyin' Breed (2012)
  • One More for the Fans (2015)
  • Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd &
    Second Helping Live from Jacksonville at
    the Florida Theatre
    (2015)
Mid-2017 – present
  • Johnny Van Zant – lead vocals
  • Gary Rossington – guitar
  • Rickey Medlocke – guitar, backing vocals
  • Mark Matejka – guitar, backing vocals
  • Keith Christopher – bass
  • Michael Cartellone – drums, percussion
  • Peter Keys – keyboards, piano
none to date

BibliographyEdit

  • Ribowsky, Mark (April 1, 2015), Whiskey Bottles and Brand-New Cars: The Fast Life and Sudden Death of Lynyrd Skynyrd, Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Review Press, ISBN 978-1569761465, retrieved November 13, 2017

ReferencesEdit

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  4. ^ Ribowsky 2015, p. 56
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External linksEdit