List of Italian Nobel laureates

Since 1906, 21 Italians have been awarded the Nobel Prize.


Year Winner Field Contribution
1906 Camillo Golgi Medicine "in recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system"
1906 Giosuè Carducci Literature "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"
1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Peace
1909 Guglielmo Marconi Physics "in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy"
1926 Grazia Deledda Literature "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"
1934 Luigi Pirandello Literature "for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art"
1938 Enrico Fermi Physics "for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons"
1957 Daniel Bovet Medicine "for his discoveries relating to synthetic compounds that inhibit the action of certain body substances, and especially their action on the vascular system and the skeletal muscles"
1959 Emilio Gino Segrè Physics "for their discovery of the antiproton"
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo Literature "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times"
1963 Giulio Natta Chemistry "for their discoveries in the field of the chemistry and technology of high polymers"
1969 Salvador Luria Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the geneticstructure of viruses"
1975 Renato Dulbecco Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the interaction between tumour viruses and the genetic material of the cell"
1975 Eugenio Montale Literature "for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions"
1984 Carlo Rubbia Physics "for their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z,communicators of weak interaction"
1985 Franco Modigliani Economics
1986 Rita Levi-Montalcini Medicine "for their discoveries of growth factors"
1997 Dario Fo Literature "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden"
2002 Riccardo Giacconi Physics "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources"
2007 Mario Capecchi Medicine "for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
2021 Giorgio Parisi Physics "for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales"