List of Israeli inventions and discoveries

This is a list of inventions and discoveries by Israeli scientists and researchers, working locally or overseas. There are over 6,000 startups currently in Israel.[1][2][3][4][5] There are currently more than 30 technology companies valued over US$1 billion (unicorn startups) in Israel.[6]

Mathematics

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Science

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Chemistry

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Physics

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Optics

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Endoscopic capsule
  • Pillcam by Given Imaging, the first Capsule Endoscopy solution to record images of the digestive tract.[20][21] The capsule is the size and shape of a pill and contains a tiny camera.[22] Created by Israeli engineer Gavriel Iddan[23] who sold the company to Irish medical device maker Covidien for $860 million.[24][25][26] Iddan has expressed regret for the sale due to the companies fulfillment of an ancient Jewish prophecy “The Pillcam was based on military technology... It was a good example of how we shall beat our swords into plowshares", as the Hebrew prophets predicted.[27] Covidien was acquired by Medtronic in 2016, and is now the provider of Pillcam.[28]
  • Line free single power bicentric prismatic spectacle lens for correction of anisometropia. Sydney J. Bush UK patent no. 1539381.

Medicine

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Economics

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Biotechnology

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Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation

Theoretical computer science

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Computing

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Computer hardware

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Computer and mobile software

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Defense, Aviation and Military

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  • Iron Dome – a mobile air defense system in development by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and Israel Aircraft Industries designed to intercept short-range rockets and artillery shells. On April 7, 2011, the system successfully intercepted a Grad rocket launched from Gaza, marking the first time in history a short-range rocket was ever intercepted.[103] The Iron Dome was later utilized more fully in the Israeli-Gaza conflict of 2012, where it displayed a very high rate of efficiency (95%–99%) in intercepting enemy projectiles. The United States has been an essential partner in developing the Iron Dome by providing billions towards its development.[104]

Agriculture and breeding

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Energy

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  • Super iron battery – A new class of a rechargeable electric battery based on a special kind of iron. More environment friendly because the super-iron eventually rusts, it was developed by Stuart Licht.[107] of the University of Massachusetts.[108]

Consumer goods and appliances

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Epilator
  • Wonder Pot – a pot developed for baking on the stovetop rather than in an oven.[109]

Games

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Rummikub

Food and drink

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Shkedei marak (croutons)
  • Ptitim, also called Israeli couscous worldwide, is a wheat-based baked pasta. It was initially invented during the austerity period in Israel when rice and semolina were scarce.
  • Safed cheese or Tzfat cheese is a semi-hard, salty cheese produced in Israel from sheep's milk. It was first produced by the Hameiri dairy in Safed in 1840 and is still produced there by descendants of the original cheese makers.
  • Jerusalem mixed grill is a grilled meat dish considered a specialty of Jerusalem. It consists of chicken hearts, spleens and livers mixed with bits of lamb cooked on a flat grill, seasoned with onion, garlic, juniper berries, black pepper, cumin, turmeric and coriander
  • Sabich is a sandwich, consisting of a pita stuffed with fried eggplant and hard-boiled eggs. Local consumption is said to have stemmed from a tradition among Iraqi Jews, who ate it on Shabbat morning.
  • Shkedei marak is an Israeli food product consisting of crisp mini croutons used as a soup accompaniment.[114]
  • Karat Caviar is a Russian Osetra caviar brand farmed in the Golan and has won several international awards. The Russian Osetra fingerlings were imported from the Caspian Sea.[115][116]
  • Bamba is a peanut butter-flavored snack food manufactured by the Osem corporation in Holon, Israel.[117] In a clinical trial published in the New England Journal of Medicine, infants exposed to Bamba had an overall 86% reduction in the development of a peanut allergy, measured at age 5.[118]
  • Bissli is an Israeli wheat snack produced by Nestle-owned Osem. Bissli is Osem's leading snack brand after Bamba.[119]

Sports

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  • The Penalty shoot-out (association football), a method used to determine the winner of an association football match that ends in a draw, was invented by Israeli Yosef Dagan. Introduced in the 1970s, it has since become a standard tiebreaker in football tournaments worldwide, providing a decisive and dramatic conclusion to tied matches.

Physical exercise

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Other

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See also

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References

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"Ridiculous Dietary Allowance" S.Hickey PhD H. Roberts PhD. pp. 107–111.

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