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This is a list of Hijri years (Latin: anno Hegirae or AH) with the corresponding common era years where applicable. For Hijri years since 1298 (AD 1880/1881) the Gregorian date of 1 Muharram, the first day of the year in the Islamic calendar, is given.

The first Hijri year (AH 1) was retrospectively considered to have begun on the Julian calendar date 15 July 622 (known as the ‘astronomical’ or ‘Thursday’ epoch, Julian day 1,948,439) or 16 July 622 (the ‘civil’ or ‘Friday’ epoch, Julian day 1,948,440), denoted as "1 Muharram, AH 1". Years prior to this are reckoned in English as BH ("Before the Hijra").[1]

In principle, each Islamic month begins with sighting of the new crescent moon (after a New Moon) at sunset. Because of this, the calendar is dependent on observational conditions and cannot be predicted or reconstructed with certainty, but tabular calendars are in use which determine the dates algorithmically. Because of this, dates may vary by up to two days between traditions or countries.

Contents

MedievalEdit

Early Muslim conquests (Rashidun, Umayyad Caliphate)

AH 1 (15/16 Jul 622 – 3/4 Jul 623), AH 10 (631/632), AH 20 (640/641), AH 30 (650/651), AH 40 (660/661), AH 50 (670/671), AH 60 (679/680), AH 70 (689/690), AH 80 (699/700), AH 90 (708/709), AH 100 (718/719), AH 110 (728/729), AH 120 (737/738), AH 130 (747/748); AH 140 (757/758);

Golden Age of Islam

AH 150 (767/768), AH 200 (815/816), AH 250 (864/865), AH 300 (912/913), AH 350 (961/962), AH 400 (1009/1010), AH 450 (1058/1059), AH 500 (1106/1107), AH 550 (1155/1156), AH 600 (1203/1204), AH 650 (1252/1253);

Ilkhanate, Timurid Empire, Mamluks

AH 700 (1300/1301), AH 750 (1349/1350); AH 800 (1397/1398), AH 850 (1446/1447), AH 900 (1494/1495);

Early ModernEdit

Muslim Empires (Ottoman Empire, Safavids, Mughal Empire)

AH 950 (1543/1544), AH 960 (1552/1553), AH 970 (1562/1563), AH 980 (1572/1573), AH 990 (1582/1583): introduction of the Gregorian calendar, AH 1000 (1591/1592), AH 1010 (1601/1602), AH 1020 (1611/1612), AH 1030 (1620/1621), AH 1040 (1630/1631), AH 1050 (1640/1641), AH 1060 (1649/1650), AH 1070 (1659/1660), AH 1080 (1669/1670), AH 1090 (1679/1680), AH 1100 (1688/1689), AH 1110 (1698/1699), AH 1120 (1708/1709), AH 1130 (1717/1718), AH 1140 (1727/1728), AH 1150 (1737/1738), AH 1160 (1746/1747), AH 1170 (1756/1757), AH 1180 (1766/1767), AH 1190 (1776/1777), AH 1200 (1785/1786), AH 1210 (1795/1796), AH 1220 (1805/1806), AH 1230 (1814/1815), AH 1240 (1824/1825), AH 1250 (1834/1835), AH 1260 (1844/1845), AH 1270 (3/4 Oct 1853– 23/24 Sep 1854).

ModernEdit

Islamic Gregorian date of 1 Muharram
(tabular schemes)
Observed
1298 AH Sat 3/4 Dec 1880
1299 AH Wed Nov 23, 1881
1300 AH Sun Nov 12, 1882
1301 AH Fri Nov 2, 1883
1302 AH Tue Oct 21, 1884
1303 AH Sat Oct 10, 1885
1304 AH Thu Sep 30, 1886
1305 AH Mon Sep 19, 1887
1306 AH Fri Sep 7, 1888
1307 AH Wed Aug 28, 1889
1308 AH Sun Aug 17, 1890
1309 AH Fri Aug 7, 1891
1310 AH Tue Jul 26, 1892
1311 AH Sat Jul 15, 1893
1312 AH Thu Jul 5, 1894
1313 AH Mon Jun 24, 1895
1314 AH Fri Jun 12, 1896
1315 AH Wed Jun 2, 1897
1316 AH Sun May 22, 1898
1317 AH Fri May 12, 1899
1318 AH Tue May 1, 1900
1319 AH Sat Apr 20, 1901
1320 AH Thu Apr 10, 1902
1321 AH Mon Mar 30, 1903
1322 AH Fri Mar 18, 1904
1323 AH Wed Mar 8, 1905
1324 AH Sun Feb 25, 1906
1325 AH Thu Feb 14, 1907
1326 AH Tue Feb 4, 1908
1327 AH Sat Jan 23, 1909
1328 AH Thu Jan 13, 1910
1329 AH Mon Jan 2, 1911
1330 AH Fri Dec 22, 1911
1331 AH Wed Dec 11, 1912
1332 AH Sun Nov 30, 1913
1333 AH Thu Nov 19, 1914
1334 AH Tue Nov 9, 1915
1335 AH Sat Oct 28, 1916
1336 AH Wed Oct 17, 1917
1337 AH Mon Oct 7, 1918
1338 AH Fri Sep 26, 1919
1339 AH Wed Sep 15, 1920
1340 AH Sun Sep 4, 1921
1341 AH Thu Aug 24, 1922
1342 AH Tue Aug 14, 1923
1343 AH Sat Aug 2, 1924
1344 AH Wed Jul 22, 1925
1345 AH Mon Jul 12, 1926
1346 AH Fri Jul 1, 1927
1347 AH Wed Jun 20, 1928
1348 AH Sun Jun 9, 1929
1349 AH Thu May 29, 1930
1350 AH Tue May 19, 1931
1351 AH Sat May 7, 1932
1352 AH Wed Apr 26, 1933
1353 AH Mon Apr 16, 1934
1354 AH Fri Apr 5, 1935
1355 AH Tue Mar 24, 1936
1356 AH Sun Mar 14, 1937
1357 AH Thu Mar 3, 1938
1358 AH Tue Feb 21, 1939
1359 AH Sat Feb 10, 1940
1360 AH Wed Jan 29, 1941
1361 AH Mon Jan 19, 1942
1362 AH Fri Jan 8, 1943
1363 AH Tue Dec 28, 1943
1364 AH Sun Dec 17, 1944
1365 AH Thu Dec 6, 1945
1366 AH Mon Nov 25, 1946
1367 AH Sat Nov 15, 1947
1368 AH Wed Nov 3, 1948
1369 AH Mon Oct 24, 1949
1370 AH Fri Oct 13, 1950
1371 AH Tue Oct 2, 1951
1372 AH Sun Sep 21, 1952
1373 AH Thu Sep 10, 1953
1374 AH Mon Aug 30, 1954
1375 AH Sat Aug 20, 1955
1376 AH Wed Aug 8, 1956
1377 AH Mon Jul 29, 1957
1378 AH Fri Jul 18, 1958
1379 AH Tue Jul 7, 1959
1380 AH Sun Jun 26, 1960
1381 AH Thu Jun 15, 1961
1382 AH Mon Jun 4, 1962
1383 AH Sat May 25, 1963
1384 AH Wed May 13, 1964
1385 AH Sun May 2, 1965
1386 AH Fri Apr 22, 1966
1387 AH Tue Apr 11, 1967
1388 AH Sun Mar 31, 1968
1389 AH Thu Mar 20, 1969
1390 AH Mon Mar 9, 1970
1391 AH Sat Feb 27, 1971
1392 AH Wed Feb 16, 1972
1393 AH Sun Feb 4, 1973
1394 AH Fri Jan 25, 1974
1395 AH Tue Jan 14, 1975
1396 AH Sat Jan 3, 1976
1397 AH Thu Dec 23, 1976
1398 AH Mon Dec 12, 1977
1399 AH Sat Dec 2, 1978
1400 AH Thu/Wed 20[2]/21 Nov 1979
1401 AH Sun Nov 9, 1980
1402 AH Fri Oct 30, 1981
1403 AH Tue Oct 19, 1982
1404 AH Sat Oct 8, 1983
1405 AH Thu Sep 27, 1984
1406 AH Mon Sep 16, 1985
1407 AH Sat Sep 6, 1986
1408 AH Wed Aug 26, 1987
1409 AH Sun Aug 14, 1988
1410 AH Fri Aug 4, 1989
1411 AH Tue Jul 24, 1990
1412 AH Sat Jul 13, 1991
1413 AH Thu Jul 2, 1992
1414 AH Mon Jun 21, 1993
1415 AH Fri Jun 10, 1994
1416 AH Wed May 31, 1995
1417 AH Sun May 19, 1996
1418 AH Fri May 9, 1997
1419 AH Tue Apr 28, 1998
1420 AH Sat Apr 17, 1999
1421 AH Thu Apr 6, 2000
1422 AH Mon Mar 26, 2001
1423 AH Fri Mar 15, 2002
1424 AH Wed Mar 5, 2003
1425 AH Sun Feb 22, 2004
1426 AH Thu Feb 10, 2005
1427 AH Tue Jan 31, 2006
1428 AH Sat Jan 20, 2007 20 January[3]
1429 AH Thu Jan 10, 2008 11 January[4]
1430 AH Sun/Mon/Tue 28/29/30 Dec 2008 28 December[5]
1431 AH Thu/Fri/Sat 17/18/19 Dec 2009 17 December[6]
1432 AH Tue/Wed 7/8 December 2010 6 December[7]
1433 AH Sun Nov 27, 2011 26 November[8]
1434 AH Thu/Fri 14/15 Nov 2012 15 November[9]
1435 AH Mon/Tue 4/5 Nov 2013
1436 AH Fri/Sat 24/25 Oct 2014
1437 AH Tue/Wed/Thu 13/14/15 Oct 2015
1438 AH Sun/Mon 2/3 Oct 2016

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ http://www.sharjah.ae/registration-locations.aspx?Val=111 |contribution-url= missing title (help), Official site, Government of Sharjah, retrieved 21 January 2017 .
  2. ^ Middle East Economic Digest (MEED), volume 23, Issues 27-39, 1979, p. 14
  3. ^ ""Islamic New Year Observed Today; President Airs Wish for Peace on Amon Jadid Exhorts Muslims to Assist in Nat'l Resurgence" - Manila Bulletin, January 20, 2007 | Questia, Your Online Research Library". Questia.com. Retrieved 2013-05-22. 
  4. ^ "Islamic New year to be observed on 11th January | AAJ News". Aaj.tv. 2008-01-10. Retrieved 2013-05-22. 
  5. ^ Islamic Crescents' Observation Project, Visibility of Muharram Crescent 1430 AH
  6. ^ Islamic Crescents' Observation Project, Visibility of Muharram Crescent 1431 AH. Not seen in Saudi Arabia; "The sky was cloudy which could be the reason of not seeing the crescent. Anyway, it was officially announced that Friday [18th Dec] is the first day of Muharram."
  7. ^ Islamic Crescents' Observation Project, Visibility of Muharram Crescent 1432 AH; seen in Algeria, Iran, Saudi Arabia, South Africa.
  8. ^ Islamic Crescents' Observation Project, Visibility of Muharram Crescent 1433 AH
  9. ^ "Praying, fasting to herald in Islamic New Year". Guyanatimesinternational.com. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2013-05-22. 

BibliographyEdit

  • Caetani, Leone, Chronographia Islamica, ossia riassunto cronologico della storia di tutti i popoli musulmani dall’anno 1 all’anno 922 della Higrah (622-1517 dell’Èra Volgare), corredato della bibliografia di tutte le principali fonti stampate e manoscritte, (Paris: Librairie Paul Geuthner, [1912/22])[only 5 fascicles, covering the period 1 to 132 AH (622/23 to 749/50 CE), were published].

External linksEdit