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List of Indus Valley Civilisation sites

As of 2008, over 1000 Indus Valley Civilization sites have been discovered,[1] of which 406 sites are in Pakistan and 616 sites in India,[2] while some sites in Afghanistan are believed to be trading colonies.[3]

List of modern discoveriesEdit

This is a List of Indus Valley Civilization discoveries.

Site District Province/State Country Image Excavations/Findings
Alamgirpur Meerut District Uttar Pradesh India Impression of cloth on trough
Amri, Sindh Dadu District Sindh Pakistan Remains of rhinoceros
Babar Kot Saurashtra Gujarat India A stone fortification wall,[4] plant remains of millets & gram.[4][5]
Balu, Haryana Kaithal Haryana India Earliest evidence of garlic.[6] Several plant remains were found here include various types of barley, wheat, rice, horsegram, green gram, various types of pea, sesamum, melon, watermelon, grapes, dates, garlic etc. (Saraswat and Pokharia - 2001-2)[4] which is comparable to a nearby IVC site Kunal, Haryana revealed remains of rice (probably wild).


Banawali Fatehabad District Haryana India Barley, terracotta figure of plough
Bargaon Saharanpur District[7] Uttar Pradesh India
Baror Sri Ganganagar district Rajasthan India Human skeleton, ornaments, 5 meter long and 3 meter clay oven, a pitcher filled with 8000 pearls[8]
Bet Dwarka Devbhoomi Dwarka district Gujarat India Late Harappan seal, inscribed jar, the mould of coppersmith, a copper fishhook[9][10]
Bhagatrav Bharuch District Gujarat India
Bhirrana Fatehabad District Haryana India Graffiti of a dancing girl on pottery, which resembles dancing girl statue found at Mohenjo-daro
Chanhudaro Nawabshah District Sindh Pakistan Bead making factory, use of lipstick,[11] only Indus site without a citadel
Daimabad Late Harappan Ahmadnagar District Maharashtra India   A sculpture of a bronze chariot, 45 cm long and 16 cm wide, yoked to two oxen, driven by a man 16 cm high standing in it; and three other bronze sculptures.[12] Southernmost IVC site
Desalpur in Nakhtrana Taluka, Kutch District Gujarat India Massive stone fortification, Harappan pottery, two script bearing seals, one of steatite and other of copper were also found; one script bearing terrecotta sealings was also found.[13]
Dholavira Kutch District Gujarat India   Figure of chariot tied to a pair of bullocks and driven by a nude human, Water harvesting and number of reservoirs, use of rocks for constructions
Farmana Rohtak District Haryana India Largest burial site of IVC, with 65 burials, found in India
Ganweriwala Punjab Pakistan Equidistant from both Harappa and Mohenjodaro, it is near a dry bed of the former Ghaggar River. It is site of almost the same size of Mahenjodaro. It may have been the third major centre in the IVC as it is near to the copper rich mines in Rajasthan.
Gola Dhoro near Bagasara Amreli district Gujarat India Production of shell bangles, semi precious beads etc.
Harappa Sahiwal District Punjab Pakistan   Granaries, coffin burial, lot of artefacts, important Indus Valley Civilization town, first town which is excavated and studied in detail
Hisar mound inside Firoz Shah Palace Hisar District Haryana India   Unexcavated site
Hulas Saharanpur District Uttar Pradesh India
Juni Kuran Kutch District Gujarat India fortified citadel, lower town, public gathering area[14]
Jognakhera Kurukshetra Haryana India Copper smelting furnaces with copper slag and pot shards[15]
Kaj Gir Somnath District Gujarat India Ceramic artifacts, including bowls. Ancient port.[16][17]
Kanjetar Gir Somnath District Gujarat India Single phase Harapppan site.[16][17]
Kalibangan Hanumangarh District Rajasthan India Baked/burnt bangles, fire altars, Shiva Lingam, small circular pits containing large urns and accompanied by pottery, bones of camel
Karanpura near Bhadra city Hanumangarh district Rajasthan India   Skeleton of child, terracotta like pottery, bangles, seals similar to other Harappan sites [18]
Khirasara Kutch district Gujarat India Ware House, Industrial area, gold, copper, semi precious stone, shell objects and weight hoards
Kerala-no-dhoro or Padri Saurashtra Gujarat India Salt production centre, by evaporating sea water[19]
Kot Bala (also, Balakot) Lasbela District Balochistan Pakistan Earliest evidence of furnace, seaport
Kot Diji Khairpur District Sindh Pakistan
Kunal, Haryana Fatehabad District Haryana India Earliest Pre-Harappan site, Copper smelting.[20]
Kuntasi Rajkot District Gujarat India Small port
Lakhueen-jo-daro Sukkur District Sindh Pakistan major unexcavated site (greater than 40 hectares)
Larkana Larkana District Sindh Pakistan
Loteshwar Patan District Gujarat India Ancient archaeological site[21]
Lothal Ahmedabad District Gujarat India   Bead making factory, dockyard, button seal, fire altars, painted jar, earliest cultivation of rice (1800 BC)
Manda, Jammu Jammu District Jammu & Kashmir India Northern Most Harappan site in Himalayan foothills[22]
Malwan Surat District Gujarat India Southernmost Harappan site in India[23]
Mandi Muzaffarnagar district Uttar Pradesh India
Mehrgarh Kachi District Balochistan Pakistan Earliest agricultural community
Mitathal Bhiwani District Haryana India
Mohenjo-Daro Larkana District Sindh Pakistan   Great Bath (the biggest bath ghat), Great granary, Bronze dancing girl, Bearded man, terracotta toys, Bull seal, Pashupati seal, three cylindrical seals of the Mesopotamian type, a piece of woven cloth
Mundigak Kandahar Province Kandahar Afghanistan
Navinal Kutch district Gujarat India [24]
Nausharo near Dadhar Kachi District Balochistan Pakistan
Ongar Hyderabad Sindh Pakistan
Pabumath Kutch District Gujarat India A large building complex, unicorn seal, shell bangles, beads, copper bangles, needles, antimony rods, steatite micro beads; pottery include large and medium size jars, beaker, dishes, dish-on-stand, perforated jars etc.; fine red pottery with black painted designs etc.[25]
Pir Shah Jurio Karachi Sindh Pakistan
Pirak Sibi Balochistan Pakistan
Rakhigarhi Hisar District Haryana India Terrecotta wheels, toys, figurines, pottery. Large site, partially excavated.
Rangpur Ahmedabad District Gujarat India Seaport
Rehman Dheri Dera Ismail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan
Rojdi Rajkot District Gujarat India
Rupar Rupnagar District Punjab India
Sanauli[26] Baghpat District Uttar Pradesh India Burial site with 125 burials found
Sheri Khan Tarakai Bannu District Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan pottery, lithic artifact
Shikarpur, Gujarat[27] Kutch District Gujarat India Food habit details of Harappans
Shortugai Takhar Province Afghanistan
Siswal Hisar (district) Haryana India
Sokhta Koh Makran Balochistan Pakistan Pottery
Sothi near Baraut Bagpat district Uttar Pradesh India
Surkotada Kutch District Gujarat India Bones of a horse (only site)
Sutkagan Dor Makran Balochistan Pakistan Bangles of clay, Westernmost known site of IVC[28]
Vejalka Botad district Gujarat India pottery
Kotada Bhadli Kutch District Gujarat India Fortification bastion few houses foundations[29]
Ahladino Karachi district Sindh Pakistan Floor tiles of a house have been discovered at this site[30]
Nageshwar Kutch District Gujarat India Shell working site[31]
Pathani Damb Makran Balochistan Pakistan At 100 hectares, this has the potential to be another city[32]
Chapuwala Cholistan Punjab Pakistan unexcavated 9.6 hectares[33]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ McIntosh 2008, p. 39.
  2. ^ Singh, Upinder (2008). A History of Ancient and Early medieval India : from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. p. 137. ISBN 9788131711200.
  3. ^ Francfort: Fouilles de Shortughai, pl. 75, no. 7
  4. ^ a b c Singh, Upinder (2008). A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India : from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. p. 222. ISBN 9788131711200.
  5. ^ Agnihotri, V.K.(Ed.) (1981). Indian History. Mumbai: Allied Publishers. pp. A–82. ISBN 9788184245684.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Singh, Upinder (2008). A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India : from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. pp. 137, 157. ISBN 9788131711200.
  7. ^ Archaeological Survey of India Publication:Indian Archaeology 1963-64 A Review [1]
  8. ^ "Baror near Ramsinghpur". Rajasthan patrika newspaper. 19 June 2006. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  9. ^ Rao, S. R.; Gaur, A. S. (July 1992). "Excavations at Bet Dwarka" (PDF). Marine Archaeology. Marine Archaeological Centre, Goa. 3: 42–. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  10. ^ Gaur, A. S. (25 February 2004). "A unique Late Bronze Age copper fish-hook from Bet Dwarka Island, Gujarat, west coast of India: Evidence on the advance fishing technology in ancient India" (PDF). Current Science. IISc. 86 (4): 512–514. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Indus Valley Civilization". Archived from the original on 20 June 2012.
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ Ghosh, A., ed. (1967). "Explorations and excavations: Gujarat: 19. Excavation at Desalpur (Gunthli), District Kutch" (PDF). Indian Archaeology 1963-64, A Review. Indian Archaeology (1963–64): 10–12. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  14. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263580655_Was_the_Rann_of_Kachchh_navigable_during_the_Harappan_times_Mid-Holocene_An_archaeological_perspective
  15. ^ Sabharwal, Vijay (11 July 2010). "Indus Valley site ravaged by floods". The Times Of India.
  16. ^ a b Farooqui, Anjum; Gaur, A.S.; Prasad, Vandana (2013). "Climate, vegetation and ecology during Harappan period: excavations at Kanjetar and Kaj, mid-Saurashtra coast, Gujarat". Journal of Archaeological Science. Elsevier BV. 40 (6): 2631–2647. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2013.02.005. ISSN 0305-4403.
  17. ^ a b Gaur, A.S.; Sundaresh; Abhayan, G.S.; Joglekar, P.P. "Excavations at Kanjetar and Kaj on the Saurashtra Coast, Gujarat". AGRIS: International Information System for the Agricultural Science and Technology. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  18. ^ "seals found at Karanpura". dainik bhaskar Hindi newspaper.
  19. ^ McIntosh 2008, p. 221.
  20. ^ McIntosh 2008, p. 68,80,82,105,113.
  21. ^ McIntosh 2008, p. 62,74,412.
  22. ^ India Archaeology 1976-77, A Review. Archaeological Survey of India.Page 19.
  23. ^ Singh, Upinder (2008). A history of ancient and early medieval India : from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. p. 137. ISBN 9788131711200.
  24. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315796119_Fish_Otoliths_from_Navinal_Kachchh_Gujarat_Identification_of_Taxa_and_Its_Implications
  25. ^ Mittra, Debala, ed. (1983). "Indian Archaeology 1980-81 A Review" (PDF). Indian Archaeology 1980-81 a Review. Calcutta: Government of India, Archaeological Survey of India: 14.
  26. ^ Archaeological Survey of India
  27. ^ Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Maharaja Sayyajirao University, Baroda. Excavations at Shikarpur, Gujarat 2008-2009."Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ Possehl, Gregory L. (2003). The Indus Civilization : A Contemporary perspective ([3rd printing]. ed.). New Delhi: Vistaar Publications. pp. 79–80. ISBN 978-8178292915.
  29. ^ SHIRVALKAR, PRABODH (2012). "A PRELIMINARY REPORT OF EXCAVATIONS AT KOTADA BHADLI, GUJARAT: 2010-11". Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute. 72/73: 55–68. JSTOR 43610688.
  30. ^ Indian History. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. ISBN 9781259063237.
  31. ^ "Nageswara: a Mature Harappan Shell Working Site on the Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat". www.harappa.com. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  32. ^ "What have been the most interesting findings about the Harappan Civilization during the last two decades?". www.harappa.com. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  33. ^ "Hidden agenda testing models of the social and political organisation of the Indus Valley tradition" (PDF).

BibliographyEdit