List of Indianapolis 500 winners

The Indianapolis 500 is a 200 lap, 500 mi (800 km) American open-wheel car race that takes place on the weekend of American Memorial Day at the 2.5 mi (4.0 km) Indianapolis Motor Speedway, in Speedway, Indiana, an enclave of Indianapolis.[1] It was first held under the title International 500-Mile Sweepstakes Race between 1911 and 1915 before becoming the 300-Mile Liberty Sweepstakes and then reverting to International 500-Mile Sweepstakes Race from 1920 until 1980.[2] The Indianapolis 500 is considered one of the most traditional and historical races in the world and is also part of the Triple Crown of Motorsport.[3] The American Automobile Association governed the event between its inception until 1955, then United States Auto Club from 1956 to 1997, and the Indy Racing League/IndyCar from 1998 onwards.[1][4] Since 1936, each winning driver and team is presented with a small replica of the art deco sterling silver Borg-Warner Trophy,[5] which sees a bas-relief sculpture of the winning driver's face added to the base. The driver receives a laurel wreath made of 33 ivory-colored Cymbidium orchids featuring burgundy tips and 33 miniature flags interwoven with blue, red and white ribbons in victory lane each year since 1960,[6] and drinks a bottle of milk, a tradition started by Louis Meyer after he won the 1936 race.[5]

The silver Borg-Warner Trophy on display at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway
The winner of the Indianapolis 500 is awarded the Borg-Warner Trophy.

Hélio Castroneves, A. J. Foyt, Rick Mears, and Al Unser all hold the record for the most Indianapolis 500 victories, having won the race four times each.[7] There have been six drivers who have achieved three victories at the event: Dario Franchitti, Meyer, Mauri Rose, Johnny Rutherford, Wilbur Shaw, and Bobby Unser. A total of five drivers have won the race twice in succession but none have claimed three or more consecutive victories.[8] Shaw was the first driver to achieve consecutive wins when he finished first in the 1939 and 1940 races.[9] Castroneves holds the record for the longest period of time between his first Indianapolis 500 victory and his last, a span of two decades. He won his first Indianapolis 500 in the 2001 edition and his last (to date) at the 2021 event.[8] Juan Pablo Montoya had to wait the longest time between his maiden victory at the 2000 race, and his second win followed 15 years later at the 2015 event.[10] Troy Ruttman is the youngest winner of the Indianapolis 500; he was 22 years and 80 days old when he won the 1952 event. Al Unser is the oldest winner of the Indianapolis 500; he was 47 years and 360 days old when he won the 1987 race.[11]

As of the 2021 event, there have been 73 race winners in the 105 editions of the Indianapolis 500. The first winner of the Indianapolis 500 was the American racer Ray Harroun in 1911. The most recent first-time winner of the Indianapolis 500 is the French driver Simon Pagenaud at the 2019 edition. The most recent winner of the Indianapolis 500 is the Brazilian driver Hélio Castroneves at the 2021 edition.[1] There have been two editions, 1924 and 1941, where two drivers sharing a car were named joint winners.[12]

By yearEdit

Winners of the Indianapolis 500 by year[8]
Year Date Nat. Driver No. Team Make Tire Distance Time Speed Ref
L M
1911 May 30   USA Ray Harroun (R) 32 Nordyke & Marmon Company Marmon Wasp F 200 500 6:42:08.039 74.602 [13]
1912 May 30   USA Joe Dawson 8 National Motor Vehicle Company National M 200 500 6:21:06.144 78.719 [14]
1913 May 30   FRA Jules Goux (R) 16 Peugeot Peugeot L76 F 200 500 6:35:05.108 75.933 [15]
1914 May 30   FRA René Thomas (R) 16 Louis Delâge Company Delage P 200 500 6:03:45.060 82.474 [16]
1915 May 31   ITA Ralph DePalma 2 E.C. Patterson Mercedes BF 200 500 5:33:55.619 89.840 [17]
1916 May 30   GBR Dario Resta 17 Peugeot Auto Racing Peugeot BF 120 300 3:34:16.990 84.001 [18]
1917–1918
Not held as a result of World War I
[19]
1919 May 31   USA Howdy Wilcox 3 Indianapolis Speedway Team Peugeot G 200 500 5:40:42.930 88.050 [20]
1920 May 31   FRA Gaston Chevrolet   4 William Small Company Frontenac F 200 500 5:38:31.901 88.618 [21]
1921 May 30   USA Tommy Milton   2 Louis Chevrolet Frontenac F 200 500 5:34:44.578 89.621 [22]
1922 May 30   USA Jimmy Murphy   35 Jimmy Murphy Duesenberg-Miller F 200 500 5:17:30.845 94.484 [23]
1923 May 30   USA Tommy Milton 1 H.C.S. Motor Company Miller F 200 500 5:31:19.618 90.545 [24]
1924 May 30   USA Lora L. Corum 15 Duesenberg Duesenberg F 200 500 5:05:23.595 98.234 [25]
  USA Joe Boyer
1925 May 30   USA Peter DePaolo   12 Duesenberg Duesenberg F 200 500 4:56:39.401 101.127 [26]
1926 * May 31   USA Frank Lockhart (R) 15 Peter Kreis Miller F 160 400 5:12:48.768 95.904 [27]
1927 May 30   USA George Souders (R) 32 William S. White Duesenberg F 200 500 5:07:33.022 97.545 [28]
1928 May 30   USA Louis Meyer   14 Alden Sampson II Miller F 200 500 5:01:33.725 99.482 [29]
1929 May 30   USA Ray Keech 2 M. A. Yagle Miller F 200 500 5:07:25.458 97.585 [30]
1930 May 30   USA Billy Arnold   4 Harry Hartz Summers-Miller F 200 500 4:58:39.720 100.448 [31]
1931 May 30   USA Louis Schneider   23 B. L. Schneider Stevens-Miller F 200 500 5:10:27.948 96.629 [32]
1932 May 30   USA Fred Frame 34 Harry Hartz Wetteroth-Miller F 200 500 4:48:03.761 104.144 [33]
1933 May 30   USA Louis Meyer 36 Louis Meyer Miller F 200 500 4:48:00.774 104.162 [34]
1934 May 30   USA Bill Cummings   7 H. C. Henning Miller F 200 500 4:46:05.254 104.863 [35]
1935 May 30   USA Kelly Petillo   5 Kelly Petillo Wetteroth-Offenhauser F 200 500 4:42:22.771 106.240 [36]
1936 May 30   USA Louis Meyer 8 Louis Meyer Stevens-Miller F 200 500 4:35:03.314 109.069 [37]
1937 May 31   USA Wilbur Shaw   6 Wilbur Shaw Shaw-Offenhauser F 200 500 4:24:07.861 113.580 [38]
1938 May 30   USA Floyd Roberts   23 Lou Moore Wetteroth-Miller F 200 500 4:15:58.362 117.200 [39]
1939 May 30   USA Wilbur Shaw   2 Boyle Racing Headquarters Maserati 8CTF F 200 500 4:20:47.412 115.035 [40]
1940 May 30   USA Wilbur Shaw 1 Boyle Racing Headquarters Maserati 8CTF F 200 500 4:22:31.201 114.277 [41]
1941 May 30   USA Floyd Davis 16 Lou Moore Wetteroth-Offenhauser F 200 500 4:20:36.266 115.117 [42]
  USA Mauri Rose
1942–1945
Not held as a result of World War II
[19]
1946 May 30   USA George Robson 16 Thorne Engineering Adams-Sparks F 200 500 4:21:16.711 114.820 [43]
1947 May 30   USA Mauri Rose 27 Lou Moore Deidt-Offenhauser F 200 500 4:17:52.159 116.338 [44]
1948 May 31   USA Mauri Rose 3 Lou Moore Deidt-Offenhauser F 200 500 4:10:23.286 119.814 [45]
1949 May 30   USA Bill Holland 7 Lou Moore Deidt-Offenhauser F 200 500 4:07:15.939 121.327 [46]
1950 * May 30   USA Johnnie Parsons 1 Kurtis Kraft Kurtis-Offenhauser F 138 345 2:46:55.967 124.002 [47]
1951 May 30   USA Lee Wallard 99 Murrell Belanger Kurtis-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:57:38.103 126.244 [48]
1952 May 30   USA Troy Ruttman 98 J. C. Agajanian Kuzma-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:52:41.880 128.922 [49]
1953 May 30   USA Bill Vukovich 14 Howard B. Keck Kurtis KK500A-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:53:01.668 128.740 [50]
1954 May 31   USA Bill Vukovich 14 Howard B. Keck Kurtis KK500A-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:49:17.261 130.840 [51]
1955 May 30   USA Bob Sweikert   6 John Zink Kurtis KK500D-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:53:59.576 128.213 [52]
1956 May 30   USA Pat Flaherty 8 John Zink Watson-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:53:28.872 128.490 [53]
1957 May 30   USA Sam Hanks 9 George Salih Salih-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:41:14.238 135.601 [54]
1958 May 30   USA Jimmy Bryan 1 George Salih Salih-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:44:21.064 133.791 [55]
1959 May 30   USA Rodger Ward   5 Leader Cards Watson-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:40:47.470 135.857 [56]
1960 May 30   USA Jim Rathmann 4 Ken-Paul Watson-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:36:11.384 138.767 [57]
1961 May 30   USA A. J. Foyt   1 Bignotti-Bowes Racing Trevis-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:35:37.540 139.130 [58]
1962 May 30   USA Rodger Ward   3 Leader Cards Watson-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:33:50.291 140.293 [59]
1963 May 30   USA Parnelli Jones 98 J. C. Agajanian Watson-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:29:35.365 143.137 [60]
1964 May 30   USA A. J. Foyt   1 Ansted-Thompson Racing Watson-Offenhauser F 200 500 3:23:35.813 147.350 [61]
1965 May 31   GBR Jim Clark 82 Team Lotus Lotus 38-Ford F 200 500 3:19:05.370 150.686 [62]
1966 May 30   GBR Graham Hill (R) 24 Mecom Racing Team Lola T90-Ford F 200 500 3:27:52.543 144.317 [63]
1967 May 30–31   USA A. J. Foyt   14 Ansted-Thompson Racing Coyote-Ford G 200 500 3:18:24.211 151.207 [64]
1968 May 30   USA Bobby Unser   3 Leader Cards Eagle 68-Offenhauser G 200 500 3:16:13.786 152.882 [65]
1969 May 30   USA Mario Andretti   2 STP Corporation Brawner Hawk III-Ford F 200 500 3:11:14.689 156.867 [66]
1970 May 30   USA Al Unser   2 Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing Colt 70-Ford F 200 500 3:12:37.057 155.749 [67]
1971 May 29   USA Al Unser 1 Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing Colt 71-Ford F 200 500 3:10:11.545 157.735 [68]
1972 May 27   USA Mark Donohue 66 Roger Penske Enterprises McLaren M16B-Offenhauser G 200 500 3:04:23.851 162.962 [69]
1973 * May 28–30   USA Gordon Johncock 20 Patrick Racing Team Eagle 73-Offenhauser G 133 333 2:05:25.320 159.036 [70]
1974 May 26   USA Johnny Rutherford 3 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M16C/D-Offenhauser G 200 500 3:09:10.094 158.589 [71]
1975 * May 25   USA Bobby Unser 48 All American Racers Eagle 75-Offenhauser G 174 435 2:54:55.064 149.213 [72]
1976 * May 30   USA Johnny Rutherford 2 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M16E-Offenhauser G 102 255 1:42:52.466 148.725 [73]
1977 May 29   USA A. J. Foyt 14 A. J. Foyt Enterprises Coyote-Foyt G 200 500 3:05:57.186 161.331 [74]
1978 May 28   USA Al Unser 2 Chaparral Racing Lola T500-Cosworth G 200 500 3:05:54.974 161.363 [75]
1979 May 27   USA Rick Mears   9 Penske Racing Penske PC6-Cosworth G 200 500 3:08:47.950 158.899 [76]
1980 May 25   USA Johnny Rutherford   4 Chaparral Racing Chaparral 2K-Cosworth G 200 500 3:29:59.572 142.862 [77]
1981 May 24   USA Bobby Unser 3 Penske Racing Penske PC9B-Cosworth G 200 500 3:35:41.819 139.084 [78]
1982 May 30   USA Gordon Johncock 20 Patrick Racing Team Wildcat Mk8B-Cosworth G 200 500 3:05:09.122 162.029 [79]
1983 May 29   USA Tom Sneva 5 Bignotti-Cotter March 83C-Cosworth G 200 500 3:05:03.092 162.117 [80]
1984 May 27   USA Rick Mears 6 Penske Cars March 84C-Cosworth G 200 500 3:03:21.638 163.612 [81]
1985 May 26   USA Danny Sullivan 5 Penske Cars March 85C-Cosworth G 200 500 3:16:06.090 152.982 [82]
1986 May 31   USA Bobby Rahal   3 Truesports March 86C-Cosworth G 200 500 2:55:43.457 170.722 [83]
1987 May 24   USA Al Unser 25 Penske Racing March 86C-Cosworth G 200 500 3:04:59.121 162.175 [84]
1988 May 29   USA Rick Mears 5 Penske Racing Penske PC-17-Chevrolet G 200 500 3:27:10.167 144.809 [85]
1989 May 28   BRA Emerson Fittipaldi   20 Patrick Racing Penske PC-18-Chevrolet G 200 500 2:59:01.074 167.581 [86]
1990 May 27   NLD Arie Luyendyk 30 Doug Shierson Racing Lola T90/00-Chevrolet G 200 500 2:41:18.404 185.981 [87]
1991 May 26   USA Rick Mears 3 Penske Racing Penske PC-20-Chevrolet G 200 500 2:50:00.791 176.457 [88]
1992 May 24   USA Al Unser Jr. 3 Galles-Kraco Racing Galmer G92-Chevrolet G 200 500 3:43:05.148 134.477 [89]
1993 May 30   BRA Emerson Fittipaldi 4 Penske Racing Penske PC-22-Chevrolet G 200 500 3:10:49.860 157.207 [90]
1994 May 29   USA Al Unser Jr.   31 Penske Racing Penske PC-23-Mercedes-Benz G 200 500 3:06:29.006 160.872 [91]
1995 May 28   CAN Jacques Villeneuve   27 Team Green Reynard 95I-Ford G 200 500 3:15:17.561 153.616 [92]
1996 May 26   USA Buddy Lazier 91 Hemelgarn Racing Reynard 95I-Ford G 200 500 3:22:45.753 147.956 [93]
1997 May 26–27   NLD Arie Luyendyk 5 Treadway Racing G-Force GF01-Oldsmobile Aurora F 200 500 3:25:43.388 145.827 [94]
1998 May 24   USA Eddie Cheever 51 Team Cheever Dallara IR7-Oldsmobile Aurora G 200 500 3:26:40.524 145.155 [95]
1999 May 30   SWE Kenny Bräck 14 A. J. Foyt Enterprises Dallara IR7-Oldsmobile Aurora G 200 500 3:15:51.182 153.176 [96]
2000 May 28   COL Juan Pablo Montoya (R) 9 Chip Ganassi Racing G-Force GF05-Oldsmobile Aurora F 200 500 2:58:59.431 167.607 [97]
2001 May 27   BRA Hélio Castroneves (R) 68 Team Penske Dallara IR-01-Oldsmobile Aurora F 200 500 3:31:54.180 141.574 [98]
2002 May 26   BRA Hélio Castroneves 3 Team Penske Dallara IR-02-Chevrolet F 200 500 3:00:10.871 166.499 [99]
2003 May 25   BRA Gil de Ferran 6 Team Penske Panoz G-Force GF09-Toyota F 200 500 3:11:56.989 156.291 [100]
2004 * May 30   USA Buddy Rice 15 Rahal Letterman Racing Panoz G-Force GF09-Honda F 180 450 3:14:55.2395 138.518 [101]
2005 May 29   GBR Dan Wheldon   26 Andretti Green Racing Dallara IR-03-Honda F 200 500 3:10:21.0769 157.603 [102]
2006 May 28   USA Sam Hornish Jr.   6 Team Penske Dallara IR-03-Honda F 200 500 3:10:58.7590 157.085 [103]
2007 * May 27   GBR Dario Franchitti   27 Andretti Green Racing Dallara IR-05-Honda F 166 415 2:44:03.5608 151.774 [104]
2008 May 25   NZL Scott Dixon   9 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara IR-05-Honda F 200 500 3:28:57.6792 143.567 [105]
2009 May 24   BRA Hélio Castroneves 3 Team Penske Dallara IR-05-Honda F 200 500 3:19:34.6427 150.318 [106]
2010 May 30   GBR Dario Franchitti   10 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara IR-05-Honda F 200 500 3:05:37.0131 161.623 [107]
2011 May 29   GBR Dan Wheldon 98 Bryan Herta Autosport Dallara IR-05-Honda F 200 500 2:56:11.7267 170.265 [108]
2012 May 27   GBR Dario Franchitti 50 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara DW12-Honda F 200 500 2:58:51.2532 167.734 [109]
2013 May 26   BRA Tony Kanaan 11 KV Racing Technology Dallara DW12-Chevrolet F 200 500 2:40:03.4181 187.433 [110]
2014 May 25   USA Ryan Hunter-Reay 28 Andretti Autosport Dallara DW12-Honda F 200 500 2:40:48.2305 186.563 [111]
2015 May 24   COL Juan Pablo Montoya 2 Team Penske Dallara DW12-Chevrolet F 200 500 3:05:56.5286 161.341 [112]
2016 May 29   USA Alexander Rossi (R) 98 Andretti Herta Autosport Dallara DW12-Honda F 200 500 3:00:02.0872 166.634 [113]
2017 May 28   JPN Takuma Sato 26 Andretti Autosport Dallara DW12-Honda F 200 500 3:13:03.3584 155.395 [114]
2018 May 27   AUS Will Power 12 Team Penske Dallara DW12-Chevrolet F 200 500 2:59:42.6365 166.935 [115]
2019 May 26   FRA Simon Pagenaud 22 Team Penske Dallara DW12-Chevrolet F 200 500 2:50:39.2797 175.794 [116]
2020 August 23   JPN Takuma Sato 30 Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing Dallara DW12-Honda F 200 500 3:10.05.0880 157.824 [117]
2021 May 30   BRA Hélio Castroneves 06 Meyer Shank Racing Dallara DW12-Honda F 200 500 2:37:19.3846 190.690 [118]

By driverEdit

Hélio Castroneves (left), A. J. Foyt, Rick Mears, and Al Unser (right) are each four-time winners of the Indianapolis 500.
 
Dario Franchitti is the most recent driver to achieve three victories at the race.
Multiple victories by driver[8]
Driver Wins Years
Hélio Castroneves 4 2001, 2002, 2009, 2021
A. J. Foyt 1961, 1964, 1967, 1977
Rick Mears 1979, 1984, 1988, 1991
Al Unser 1970, 1971, 1978, 1987
Dario Franchitti 3 2007, 2010, 2012
Louis Meyer 1928, 1933, 1936
Mauri Rose 1941, 1947, 1948
Johnny Rutherford 1974, 1976, 1980
Wilbur Shaw 1937, 1939, 1940
Bobby Unser 1968, 1975, 1981
Emerson Fittipaldi 2 1989, 1993
Gordon Johncock 1973, 1982
Arie Luyendyk 1990, 1997
Tommy Milton 1921, 1923
Juan Pablo Montoya 2000, 2015
Takuma Sato 2017, 2020
Al Unser Jr. 1992, 1994
Bill Vukovich 1953, 1954
Rodger Ward 1959, 1962
Dan Wheldon 2005, 2011

By driver nationalityEdit

List of races won, by nationality of driver[8]
Rank Licence Wins Drivers
1   USA 74 52
2   GBR 8 5
3   BRA 8 4
4   FRA 4 4
5   COL 2 1
  JPN 2 1
  NLD 2 1
8   AUS 1 1
  CAN 1 1
  ITA 1 1
  NZL 1 1
  SWE 1 1

By teamEdit

Teams by number of Indianapolis 500s won[8]
Teams Wins Year(s)
Team Penske 18 1972, 1979, 1981, 19841985, 19871988, 1991, 19931994, 20012003, 2006, 2009, 2015, 20182019
Andretti Autosport 6 1995, 2005, 2007, 2014, 20162017
Lou Moore 5 1938, 1941, 19471949
Chip Ganassi Racing 4 2000, 2008, 2010, 2012
A. J. Foyt Enterprises 3 1967, 1977, 1999
Leader Cards Racing 1959, 1962, 1968
Patrick Racing 1973, 1982, 1989
Ansted-Thompson Racing 2 1964, 1967
Boyle Racing Headquarters 1939, 1940
Chaparral Cars 1978, 1980
Duesenberg Automobile & Motors Company 1924, 1925
George Salih 1957, 1958
Harry Hartz 1930, 1932
Howard B. Keck 1953, 1954
J. C. Agajanian 1952, 1963
John Zink 1955, 1956
Louis Meyer 1933, 1936
McLaren 1974, 1976
Peugeot Auto Racing Company 1913, 1916
Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing 2004, 2020
Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing 1970, 1971
Alden Sampson II 1 1928
All American Racers 1975
B. L. Schneider 1931
Bignotti-Bowes Racing 1961
Bignotti-Cotter 1983
Doug Shierson Racing 1990
E.C. Patterson 1915
Galles-Kraco Racing 1992
H. C. Henning 1934
H.C.S. Motor Company 1923
Hemelgarn Racing 1996
Indianapolis Speedway Team 1919
Jimmy Murphy 1922
Kelly Petillo 1935
Ken-Paul 1960
Kurtis Kraft 1950
KV Racing Technology 2013
Louis Chevrolet 1921
Louis Delâge Company 1914
M. A. Yagle 1929
Mecom Racing Team 1966
Meyer Shank Racing 2021
Murrell Belanger 1951
National Motor Vehicle Company 1912
Nordyke & Marmon Company 1911
Peter Kreis 1926
STP Corporation 1969
Team Cheever 1998
Team Lotus 1965
Thorne Engineering 1946
Treadway Racing 1997
Truesports 1986
Wilbur Shaw 1937
William S. White 1927
William Small Company 1920

By car makeEdit

Car makes by Indianapolis 500 victories[8]
Make Wins Year(s)
Dallara 21 19982002, 20052021
Penske 7 1979, 1981, 19881989, 1991, 19931994
Miller 6 1923, 1926, 19281929, 19331934
A. J. Watson 1956, 19591960, 19621964
Kurtis Kraft 5 19501951, 19531955
March 19831987
Duesenberg 4 1922, 1924, 1925, 1927
Wetteroth 1932, 1935, 1938, 1941
Panoz 1997, 2000, 20032004
Deidt 3 19471949
Eagle 1968, 1973, 1975
Lola 1966, 1978, 1990
McLaren 1972, 1974, 1976
Colt 2 19701971
Coyote 1967, 1977
Frontenac 19201921
Maserati 19391940
Peugeot 1913, 1916
Reynard 19951996
Salih 19571958
Stevens 1931, 1936
Adams 1 1946
Brawner Hawk 1969
Chaparral 1980
Delage 1914
Galmer 1992
Kuzma 1952
Mercedes 1915
Lotus 1965
Marmon Motor Car Company 1911
National 1912
Premier 1919
Shaw 1937
Summers 1930
Trevis 1961
Wildcat 1982

By engine manufacturerEdit

Engine manufacturers by number of Indianapolis 500s won[8]
Manufacturers Wins Year(s)
Offenhauser 27 1935, 1937, 1941, 19471964, 1968, 19721976
Honda 14 20042012, 2014, 20162017, 20202021
Miller 12 19221923, 1926, 19281934, 1936, 1938
Chevrolet 11 19881993,[a] 2002, 2013, 2015, 20182019
Cosworth 10 19781987
Ford 8 19651967, 19691971, 19951996
Oldsmobile 5 19972001
Duesenberg 3 19241925, 1927
Peugeot 1913, 1916, 1919
Frontenac 2 19201921
Maserati 19391940
Mercedes-Benz 1915, 1994[a]
Foyt 1 1977
Delage 1914
Marmon 1911
National 1912
Sparks 1946
Toyota 2003
  1. ^ a b Built by Ilmor.[119]

By tire makeEdit

Indianapolis 500 victories by tyre manufacturer[8]
Rank Manufacturer Wins Year(s)
1 F Firestone 72 1911, 1913, 19201966, 19691971, 19961997, 20002021
2 G Goodyear 29 1919, 19671968, 19721995, 19981999
3 BF BFGoodrich 2 19151916
4 M Michelin 1 1912
5 P Palmer Cord Tyres 1 1914

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Augustyn, Adam; C. Shepherd, Melinda; Chauhan, Yamini; Levy, Michael; Lotha, Gloria; Tikkanen, Amy. "Indianapolis 500". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on April 17, 2019. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  2. ^ "IMS Hall of Fame Inductees". Indianapolis Motor Speedway Museum. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  3. ^ Bhadra, Akaash (June 9, 2021). "The Brickyard of the Triple Crown: Indy 500 Oval". EVO India. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  4. ^ Cavin, Curt (January 27, 2020). "Track Talk: The Greatest Spectacle in Racing". IndyCar Series. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  5. ^ a b Malsher-Lopez, David (May 25, 2021). "How did the Indy 500's Borg-Warner Trophy become an icon?". Motorsport.com. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  6. ^ "Indinapolis 500 turns 100". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. May 29, 2011. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  7. ^ "Most Indianapolis 500 Wins". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on August 14, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Indianapolis 500 Historical Stats – Driver Stats (1911–2021)". Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Retrieved August 7, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Bodenhamer, David J.; Barrows, Robert G., eds. (1992). "Indianapolis 500-Mile Race". The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Indianapolis, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 779. ISBN 978-0-253-11249-1. Archived from the original on August 14, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ Fryer, Jenna (May 25, 2015). "Montoya wins Indy 500". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  11. ^ Hiaslop, Todd (May 31, 2021). "Indy 500 winners: A complete list of all-time race champions, records, most wins". Sporting News. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  12. ^ "Borg-Warner Trophy heading for Japan". Autoweek. November 28, 2017. Archived from the original on August 12, 2021. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  13. ^ "1911 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1911 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  14. ^ "1912 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1912 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  15. ^ "1913 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1913 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  16. ^ "1914 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1914 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  17. ^ "1915 Indianapolis 500 – Round 9". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1915 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  18. ^ "1916 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1916 International 300". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  19. ^ a b Mitchell, Dawn (March 26, 2020). "Indy 500 delayed: 6 times the Indianapolis 500 was canceled". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  20. ^ "1919 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1919 Liberty 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  21. ^ "1920 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1920 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on May 22, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  22. ^ "1921 Indianapolis 500 – Round 12". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1921 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  23. ^ "1922 Indianapolis 500 – Round 11". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1922 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  24. ^ "1923 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1923 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  25. ^ "1924 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1924 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  26. ^ "1925 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    "1925 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  27. ^ "1926 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1926 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  28. ^ "1927 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1927 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  29. ^ "1928 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1928 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  30. ^ "1929 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1929 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  31. ^ "1930 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1930 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  32. ^ "1931 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1931 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  33. ^ "1932 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1932 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  34. ^ "1933 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1933 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  35. ^ "1934 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1934 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  36. ^ "1935 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1935 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  37. ^ "1936 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1936 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  38. ^ "1937 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1937 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  39. ^ "1938 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1938 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  40. ^ "1939 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1939 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  41. ^ "1940 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1940 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  42. ^ "1941 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1941 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  43. ^ "1946 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1946 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  44. ^ "1947 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1947 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  45. ^ "1948 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1948 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  46. ^ "1949 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1949 International 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 29, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  47. ^ "1950 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1950 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 30, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  48. ^ "1951 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1951 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  49. ^ "1952 Indianapolis 500 – Round 1". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1952 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  50. ^ "1953 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1953 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  51. ^ "1954 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1954 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 29, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  52. ^ "1955 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1955 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  53. ^ "1956 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1956 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  54. ^ "1957 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1957 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  55. ^ "1958 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1958 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  56. ^ "1959 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1959 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  57. ^ "1960 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1960 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  58. ^ "1961 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1961 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on May 30, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  59. ^ "1962 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1962 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  60. ^ "1963 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1963 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  61. ^ "1964 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1964 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on May 31, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  62. ^ "1965 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1965 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  63. ^ "1966 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1966 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  64. ^ "1967 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1967 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  65. ^ "1968 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1968 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  66. ^ "1969 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1969 International 500 Mile Sweepstakes". Champ Car Stats. Archived from the original on March 9, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1969 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  67. ^ "1970 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1970 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  68. ^ "1971 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1971 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  69. ^ "1972 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1972 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  70. ^ "1973 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1973 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  71. ^ "1974 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
    "1974 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  72. ^ "1975 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1975 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  73. ^ "1976 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1976 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on May 31, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  74. ^ "1977 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1977 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on May 29, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  75. ^ "1978 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1978 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  76. ^ "1979 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1979 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  77. ^ "1980 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1980 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  78. ^ "1981 Indianapolis 500". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1981 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  79. ^ "1982 Indianapolis 500". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1982 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  80. ^ "1983 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1983 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  81. ^ "1984 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1984 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  82. ^ "1985 Indianapolis 500 – Round 2". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1985 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  83. ^ "1986 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 14, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1986 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  84. ^ "1987 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 14, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1987 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  85. ^ "1988 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1988 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  86. ^ "1989 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 14, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1989 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  87. ^ "1990 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1990 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  88. ^ "1991 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 14, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1991 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  89. ^ "1992 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 14, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1992 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  90. ^ "1993 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1993 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  91. ^ "1994 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1994 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  92. ^ "1995 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1995 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  93. ^ "1996 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1996 Indy Car Series 80th Indianapolis 500-Mile Race". Motorsport Stats. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1996 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  94. ^ "1997 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1997 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  95. ^ "1998 Indianapolis 500 – Round 3". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1998 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  96. ^ "1999 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1999 Indy Car Series 83rd Indianapolis 500-Mile Race". Motorsport Stats. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "1999 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  97. ^ "2000 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2000 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  98. ^ "2001 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "Race result: Indy Racing League 2001: Race 4 in Indianapolis (oval) on 27 May 2001". Speedsport Magazine. Archived from the original on 21 September 2020. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2001 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  99. ^ "2002 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "Race result: Indy Racing League 2002: Race 5 in Indianapolis (oval) on 26 May 2002". Speedsport Magazine. Archived from the original on 20 September 2020. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2002 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  100. ^ "2003 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "Race result: IRL IndyCar Series 2003: Race 4 in Indianapolis (oval) on 25 May 2003". Speedsport Magazine. Archived from the original on 24 October 2020. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2003 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  101. ^ "2004 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2004 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  102. ^ "2005 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2005 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  103. ^ "2006 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2006 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  104. ^ "2007 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "Race result: IRL IndyCar Series 2007: Race 5 in Indianapolis (oval) on 27 May 2007". Speedsport Magazine. Archived from the original on 21 September 2020. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2007 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  105. ^ "2008 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "Race result: IRL IndyCar Series 2008: Race 6 in Indianapolis (oval) on 25 May 2008". Speedsport Magazine. Archived from the original on 25 September 2020. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2008 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  106. ^ "2009 Indianapolis 500 – Round 4". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "Race result: IRL IndyCar Series 2009: Race 4 in Indianapolis (oval) on 24 May 2009". Speedsport Magazine. Archived from the original on 21 September 2020. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2009 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  107. ^ "2010 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "Race result: IRL IndyCar Series 2010: Race 6 in Indianapolis (oval) on 30 May 2010". Speedsport Magazine. Archived from the original on 12 August 2020. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2010 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  108. ^ "2011 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "Race result: IndyCar Series 2011: Race 5 in Indianapolis (oval) on 29 May 2011". Speedsport Magazine. Archived from the original on 10 August 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2011 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  109. ^ "2012 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2012 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  110. ^ "2013 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2013 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  111. ^ "2014 Indianapolis 500 – Round 5". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2014 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  112. ^ "2015 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2015 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  113. ^ "2016 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on March 4, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2016 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  114. ^ "2017 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2017 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  115. ^ "2018 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2018 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  116. ^ "2019 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2019 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  117. ^ "2020 Indianapolis 500 – Round 7". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2020 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on June 3, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  118. ^ "2021 Indianapolis 500 – Round 6". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on June 28, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
    "2021 Indianapolis 500". Racing-Reference. Archived from the original on June 3, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  119. ^ Ambrosini, Véronique; Jenkins, Mark; Mowbray, Nardine, eds. (2016). Advanced Strategic Management: A Multi-Perspective Approach. London, England: Red Globe Press. pp. 69–70. ISBN 978-1-137-37794-4. Archived from the original on 2021-08-10. Retrieved 2021-08-10.

External linksEdit