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List of Indian states and territories by Human Development Index

The national average HDI for India in 2008 was 0.467.[1] By 2010, its average HDI had risen to 0.519.[2][3] UNDP, the sponsor of Human Development Index methodology since 1990, reported India's HDI to be 0.554 for 2012,[4] an 18% increase over its 2008 HDI. United Nations Declared India's HDI is 0.586 in 2014,[5] a 5.77% increase over 2012. As for the year 2018, HDI for India stood at 0.640.[6][7][8]

HDI is composite index that takes into consideration (1) Life expectancy, (2) Education and (3) Per capita income.

Contents

ListEdit

 
Map of the Indian states and territories by HDI in 2017 (published in 2018).
Legend:
  0.700 - 0.799
  0.600 - 0.699
  0.500 - 0.599

This is a list of Indian states and union territories by Human Development Index as of 2017.[7]

Rank State/Union Territory HDI (2017) Comparable country
High human development
1 Kerala 0.784   Albania
2 Chandigarh 0.774   Mexico
3 Goa 0.764   Bosnia and Herzegovina
4 Lakshadweep 0.749   Ukraine
5 Delhi 0.744   Saint Lucia
6 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0.742   Fiji
7 Puducherry 0.739   Mongolia
8 Punjab 0.721   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
9 Himachal Pradesh 0.720   Suriname
10 Sikkim 0.716   Botswana
11 Tamil Nadu 0.708   Belize
12 Daman and Diu 0.706   Turkmenistan
13 Haryana 0.704   Paraguay
Medium human development
14 Mizoram 0.697   Egypt
15 Maharashtra 0.695   Indonesia
Manipur 0.695   Indonesia
17 Jammu and Kashmir 0.684   Iraq
18 Karnataka 0.682   Iraq
19 Uttarakhand 0.677   El Salvador
20 Nagaland 0.676   El Salvador
21 Gujarat 0.667   Morocco
22 Telangana 0.664   Morocco
23 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0.661   Nicaragua
24 Arunachal Pradesh 0.658   Nicaragua
25 Tripura 0.655   Cape Verde
26 Meghalaya 0.650   Tajikistan
27 Andhra Pradesh 0.643   Namibia
  India (average) 0.640   Namibia
28 West Bengal 0.637   Namibia
29 Rajasthan 0.621   East Timor
30 Assam 0.605   Republic of the Congo
31 Chhattisgarh 0.600   Laos
32 Odisha 0.597   Laos
33 Madhya Pradesh 0.594   Ghana
34 Jharkhand 0.589   São Tomé and Príncipe
35 Uttar Pradesh 0.583   Cambodia
36 Bihar 0.566   Pakistan

HDI from 1995–2018

Human Development Index (by UN Method) of Indian states since 1995.[7]

Rank State HDI 1995 HDI 2000 HDI 2005 HDI 2010 HDI 2015 HDI 2018 Increase 1995–2018
1 Kerala 0.562 0.610 0.694 0.732 0.770 0.784   0.222
UT1 Chandigarh 0.607 0.642 0.670 0.658 0.739 0.774   0.167
2 Goa 0.579 0.623 0.684 0.751 0.763 0.764   0.185
UT2 Lakshadweep 0.669 0.711 0.739 0.729 0.738 0.749   0.080
UT3 Delhi 0.630 0.673 0.700 0.718 0.734 0.744   0.114
UT4 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0.663 0.704 0.732 0.722 0.731 0.742   0.079
UT5 Puducherry 0.694 0.738 0.767 0.756 0.737 0.739   0.045
3 Punjab 0.547 0.582 0.620 0.664 0.706 0.721   0.174
4 Himachal Pradesh 0.557 0.596 0.653 0.675 0.706 0.720   0.163
5 Sikkim 0.515 0.549 0.598 0.643 0.696 0.716   0.201
6 Tamil Nadu 0.507 0.546 0.605 0.655 0.694 0.708   0.201
UT6 Daman and Diu 0.628 0.669 0.695 0.686 0.695 0.706   0.078
7 Haryana 0.515 0.550 0.594 0.639 0.687 0.704   0.189
8 Mizoram 0.532 0.574 0.637 0.694 0.697 0.697   0.165
9 Maharashtra 0.523 0.561 0.607 0.651 0.683 0.695   0.172
10 Manipur 0.525 0.563 0.603 0.691 0.699 0.695   0.170
11 Jammu and Kashmir 0.493 0.530 0.591 0.646 0.675 0.684   0.191
12 Karnataka 0.481 0.517 0.567 0.610 0.662 0.682   0.201
13 Uttarakhand 0.594 0.627 0.655 0.643 0.662 0.677   0.083
14 Nagaland 0.491 0.524 0.558 0.666 0.681 0.676   0.185
15 Gujarat 0.489 0.526 0.573 0.608 0.651 0.667   0.178
16 Telangana 0.593 0.628 0.655 0.643 0.651 0.664   0.071
UT7 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0.645 0.686 0.714 0.704 0.665 0.661   0.016
17 Arunachal Pradesh 0.471 0.501 0.531 0.639 0.661 0.658   0.187
18 Tripura 0.499 0.532 0.561 0.613 0.645 0.655   0.156
19 Meghalaya 0.435 0.470 0.531 0.621 0.648 0.650   0.215
20 Andhra Pradesh 0.443 0.476 0.529 0.581 0.627 0.643   0.200
21 West Bengal 0.474 0.506 0.540 0.576 0.620 0.637   0.163
22 Rajasthan 0.432 0.462 0.505 0.547 0.601 0.621   0.189
23 Assam 0.453 0.486 0.527 0.565 0.593 0.605   0.152
24 Chhattisgarh 0.525 0.555 0.581 0.570 0.586 0.600   0.075
25 Odisha 0.422 0.452 0.489 0.533 0.580 0.597   0.175
26 Madhya Pradesh 0.419 0.450 0.493 0.533 0.577 0.594   0.175
27 Jharkhand 0.557 0.557 0.583 0.572 0.578 0.589   0.032
28 Uttar Pradesh 0.423 0.454 0.496 0.529 0.566 0.583   0.160
29 Bihar 0.401 0.430 0.464 0.511 0.551 0.566   0.165
  India 0.460 0.493 0.536 0.581 0.624 0.640   0.180

Consumption-based HDIEdit

There are many ways to calculate HDI, and its calculation is sensitive to base data and assumptions. Using another approach, UNDP India and Government of India calculated the HDI nationwide average to be 0.605 in 2006.[9] This data was published by the Indian Government.[1] Note that the 2007-2008 HDI values in the table below is not based on income as is the UNDP standard practice for global comparisons, but on estimated consumption expenditure – an assumption which underestimates the HDI than actual.[10] Further, data was unavailable for the following states and union territories: Chandigarh, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Daman and Diu, Puducherry, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.[11][12]

Rank State/Union Territory consumption
based HDI[13]
(2007–08)
1 Kerala 0.790
2 Delhi 0.750
3 Himachal Pradesh 0.652
4 Goa 0.617
5 Punjab 0.605
6 Northeast India (excluding Assam) 0.573
7 Maharashtra 0.572
8 Tamil Nadu 0.570
9 Haryana 0.552
10 Jammu and Kashmir 0.542
11 Gujarat 0.527
12 Karnataka 0.519
National average 0.513
13 West Bengal 0.492
14 Uttarakhand 0.490
15 Andhra Pradesh 0.473
16 Assam 0.444
17 Rajasthan 0.434
18 Uttar Pradesh 0.380
19 Jharkhand 0.376
20 Madhya Pradesh 0.375
21 Bihar 0.367
22 Odisha 0.362
23 Chhattisgarh 0.358

Trend analysisEdit

Compared with the previous Indian National Human Development Reports and the latest state-level government statistical report, India has significantly improved its HDI in all of its administrative subdivisions:

Legend

Very High/High Human Development Index

  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849

Medium human development index

  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549

Low human development index

  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.299
  ≤0.250
  Lack of information
 
Human Development Index map for Indian states in 2006, as calculated by Government of India and UNDP India.[14]

This is a list of Indian states by their respective Human Development Index (HDI), as of 2008.[1] Kerala stands first in Human Development Index among the states in India.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 257. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Selected Socio-Economic Statistics India, 2011" (PDF). Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India. October 2011. Table 11.1, page 165. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  3. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2013 UNDP, page 64, Tabel 3.1
  5. ^ "Human Development Report 2014 – Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  6. ^ "India slips in human development index". thehindu.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b c "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Human Development Reports". hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  9. ^ Gendering Human Development Indices, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Govt of India with UNDP India (2009)
  10. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  11. ^ "Meghalaya Human Development Report 2008" (PDF). p. 23.
  12. ^ "General Reports: Planning Commission, Government of India". planningcommission.nic.in. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  13. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion) – Summary" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  14. ^ "Gendering Human Development Indices" (PDF). Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India with UNDP India. March 2009.