List of Hong Kong films before 1950

A list of the earliest films produced in Hong Kong from the first film in 1909 to 1949 in year order.

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
1909
Stealing the Roast Duck Liang Shaobo Liang Shaobo,
Lai Pak-hoi
Comedy short First dramatic film production in Hong Kong, made by Asia Film Company of Shanghai. [1] [2]
1913
Zhuangzi Tests His Wife Lai Pak-hoi Lai Man-Wai, Lai Pak-hoi Comedy short First film made by a Hong Kong studio, but never screened in Hong Kong. [1][3]
1922
Rouge Lai Man-Wai,
Lai Pak-hoi
Lai Man-Wai,
Lim Cho Cho
Drama First feature film produced by a Hong Kong company (China Sun), but shot in Guangzhou.[3]
1925–30
No films were made in Hong Kong as a result of the Great Canton–Hong Kong strike.[4]
1931
Iron Bone and Orchid Heart Kwan Man Ching Yao-yu Sek,
Kit-ching Fung
Romance
The Pain of Separation Lai Pak-hoi Kin-han Lap,
Wah-chi Cheung
Romance First Hong Kong film adapted from a Cantonese folk tale/opera
The Witty Sorcerer Lai Pak-hoi Lai Pak-hoi,
Xu Menghen
Comedy/Drama
1932
Cry of the Cuckoo in the Temple Liang Shaobo Wong Man-lei Fable
Gunshot at Midnight Kwan Man Ching Ng Cho-fan,
Wong Man-lei
Mystery
1933
Conscience Lai Pak-hoi First partial talkie.[5]
Flowers Fall and Catkins Fly Wong Toi Romance Filmed in Vietnam, this was the first HK film shot at an overseas location, but never released in Hong Kong.[citation needed]
The Fool Pays Respects Hou Yao[6] Wong Man-lei Fantasy Based on a Cantonese folk tale
The Shining Pearl Kwan Man Ching Ng Cho-fan,
Wong Man-lei
Action
1934
The Fool's Nuptial Chamber Lai Pak-hoi First full talkie.[5]
The Body Snatchers Wong Toi Ng Cho-fan Horror Hong Kong's first horror film
Mourning of the Chaste Tree Flower Runje Shaw, Runme Shaw, Runde Shaw Pak Kui-Wing, Woo Tip-Ying, Tai Hau-Ho Drama
1935
Life Line Guan Wenqing [7]
The Modern Bride Moon Kwan Man-Ching Lam Kwan-San, Lee Yi-Nin, Yip Yan-Foo Comedy
Opera Stars and Song Girls Kwan Ting-Yam Tse Sing-Nong, Tam Yuk-Lan, Ma Kam-Neong, Tam Siu-Fung Cantonese opera
Scent of Wild Flowers So Yi Ma Sze-Tsang, Tam Lan-Hing, William Ko Wai-Lim, Tam Yuk-Lan, Kwong Shan-Siu, Lam Mui-mui Drama First film directed by So Yi. [8]
Yesterday's Song (aka Voice of the Broken-hearted) Chiu Shu-San Kwan Tak-Hing, Lee Yi-Nin, Wong Man-lei, Lam Mui-mui Drama [9]
1936
House Number 66 (aka The Case of the Dismembered Body) Lee Tit Tong Sing-To, Wu Yung, Cheng Lau-Kuen Drama
New Youth So Yi Ng Cho-Fan, Wong Man-lei, Nancy Chan Drama
Sum Hun Esther Eng
1937
The Light of Women Go Lee-Han Lee Yi-Nin, Leong Tim-Tim, Leung Chui-Mei, Fok Suet-Yee, To Sam-Ku War [10]
The Magnificent Country Chan Tin Ng Cho-Fan, Yin Pak, Lam Lai-Ping War [11]
Producing Citizens Lee Fa Kwong Shan-Siu, Lam Mui-mui, Tai Hau-Ho, Lee Yuet-ching, Fok Suet-Yee Drama [12]
The Sentimental Woman So Yi, Liu Shut Leong Suet-Fei, Lee Yi-Nin, Kwong Shan-Siu, Chu Po-Chuen, Ho Tai-So, Mui Yee Romance
Spring Flower and Autumn Moon Cheung Oi-Man Violet Wong, Lam Mui-mui, Wu Mei-Lun Musical
Sweetie Yeung Kung-Leung Tam Yuk-Lan, Ching Siu-Fung, Chu Ying-Mui Cantonese opera
1938
A Mother's Tears (Chinese: 慈母淚) Chiu Shu-San To Yu, Wong Sau-Nin, Chan Tin-Chung, Wu Tip-Lai, Yuet-ching Lee Drama Released May 25, 1938.[13]
To Lei Chang Chun {New York State Archives Film Scripts Index}}
Ou Sui Sing Chi {New York State Archives Film Scripts Index}}
Mei Yan Kuk {New York State Archives Film Scripts Index}}
Behind the Shanghai Front Line Tang Xiaodan [7]
Great Wall of Blood and Flesh Hou Yao National defence Patriotic film against Japanese invasion[6]
Incident in the Pacific Hou Yao Lee Yi-Nin, Lo Ban-Chiu, Chow Siu-Ying War [14][15]
Last Minute Call Hou Yao National defence Patriotic film against Japanese invasion[6]
Female Soldier [7]
Eighth Heaven Musical [7]
The Purple Cups Hou Yao Leong Suet-Fei, Yung Yuk-Yi, Yung Siu-Yi, Chow Siu-Ying, To Sam-Ku Drama
Rouge Tears Chuk Ching-yin Hu Die Drama Cantonese remake of 1934 silent The Goddess
Rouge Tears Wu Yonggang Hu Die Drama Mandarin remake of 1934 silent The Goddess
Shanghai Under Fire (Chinese: 上海火線後) Chiu Shu-San Yin Pak, Lee Ching War Released June 9, 1938.[16]
1939
It's a Woman's World (aka The Thirty-six Amazons) Esther Ng Gam-Ha, Liu Shut Violet Wong, Tai Hau-Ho, Wu Mei-Lun, Wu Tip-Lai, Ha Bo-Lin, To Sam-Ku, Chan Sin-Yue, Chan Pooi-Choh, Tong Lee-Lee, Mui Yee Drama
Judge Bao Vs. the Eunuch Wan Hoi-Leng, Hung Chung-Ho Tsang Sam-To, Leong Suet-Fei, Ma Kam-Neong Historical Drama
Lone Island Paradise Cai Chusheng Li Lili National defence Mandarin film produced by the Shanghai exiles from the Second Sino-Japanese War.[7]
The Luminescent Cup Go Lee-Han, Yeung Tin-Lok Lee Yi-Nin, Chow Siu-Ying, Yung Siu-Yi Drama
The Radio Station Murder Case Xu Xinyuan Detective The Charlie Chan series.[17]
Rivals in Love So Yi Cheung Ying, Tam Lan-Hing, Violet Wong, Tsi Law-lin Drama [18][19]
The Seductive Empress Now and Then Hung Chung-Ho Kwong Shan-Siu, Ma Kam-Neong Drama
Storm over the Pacific Hou Yao National defence Patriotic film against Japanese invasion[6]
1940
The Boundless Future Cai Chusheng [7]
The Love of a Woman (Chinese: 潘巧雲) Wang Yin Wang Yin Drama
The Red Scarf Sung Gim-Chiu Pak Yin, Kwong Shan-Siu, Fung Fung, Ling Mung, Chao Fei-Fei, To Sam-Ku, Chow Siu-Ying, Ho Lai-Wan Romance Film debut for Star Film Company. [20]
The Seductive Woman Lee Tit Pak Yin, Cheung Ying, Wu Mei-Lun, Tai Hau-Ho, Ha Bo-Lin, To Sam-Ku Romance
White Clouds of Home Situ Huimin [7]
1941
A Mother's Madness (aka Dianpo Xun Zai) Wong Fook-Hing Tam Lan-Hing, Sun-Ma Sze-Tsang, Yung Yuk-Yi, To Sam-Ku Drama [21]
Chaos in the Universe Cheung Oi-Man Yee Chau-Sui, Chu Po-Chuen, Yung Yuk-Yi, Leung Sing-Bor Comedy
Golden Gate Girl Esther Eng Bruce Lee Drama Film debut of Bruce Lee (as an infant).[22]
The Metropolis Lai Ban Lai Cheuk-cheuk, Cheung Ying, Wu Tip-lai, Lee Sun-fung, Yuet-ching Lee Drama
Roar of the People Tang Xiao-Dan Cheung Ying, Fung Fung, Wong Aau, Chan Tin-Chung, Fung Ying-Seung, Ng Wui, Lee Dan-Lo, Leung Miu-Sik, Walter Tso Tat-Wah, Ko Lo-Chuen War [23]
1942
The Rich House Hung Suk-Wan Cheung Wood-Yau, Liu Ming, Yung Yuk-Yi Drama

[24][25]

The Battle of Hong Kong War propaganda The only film made during the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong.
1944
1946
The Entangling Ones Chiu Shu-San Wong Hok-Sing, Kwun-Ling Chow, Wong Chiu-Miu Comedy [26]
1947
A Wealthy Family Yam Wu-Fa Ng Cho-Fan, Ng Dan-Fung, Lee Lan, Tsi Po-To, Yee Chau-Sui, Fung Ying-Seung, Ma Siu-Ying, Cheng Kwun-Min, Fung Pak-Wah, To Mei-Mei, Leung Ming, Keung Chung-Ping, Sin Kong Comedy [27]
Cuckoo's Spirit in March Hung Suk-Wan Ng Cho-Fan, Yu Lai-Zhen Drama [28]
The Distressed Lover Cheung Wood-Yau, Yung Siu-Yi, Yung Yuk-Yi, Fung Ying-Seung, Wu Mei-Lun Chinese Opera
The Evil Mind Wu Pang Wong Man-Lei, Siu Yin-Fei, Leung Ying, Ma Siu-Ying, To Sam-Ku Drama [18]
The Fickle Lady Mok Hong-See Ng Cho-Fan, Wong Man-lei, Yung Siu-Yi, To Mei-Mei, Lee Sin-Pan, Lee Yuet-Ching Drama
Happy Wedding Chiang Wai-Kwong Kwun-Ling Chow, Wong Chiu-Miu Comedy, Cantonese opera [29]
Lucky Bride Chiu Shu-San Mak Bing-Wing, Kwun-Ling Chow, Luk Wan-Fei Drama
The Net of Justice Xu Xinyuan Detective The Charlie Chan series.[17]
Prostituting to Raise the Orphan Hung Chung-Ho Cheung Yuet-Yee, Sun-Ma Sze-Tsang, Lau Hak-Suen, Lam Ka-Sing, Ko Lo-Chuen, To Sam-Ku, Lee Sin-Pan, Cheng Bo-Yin Cantonese opera
Romance of the West Chamber Yeung Kung-Leung Pak Yuk-Tong, Lee Suet-Fong, Wong Man-Lei, Kwai Ming-Yang, Cheung Yuet-Yee, Siu Yin-Fei, Kam Yi, Yiu Ping, Ma Siu-Ying, Lau Kwai-Hong, Tsi Hau-Tsat, Lam Ka-Sing, Chao Fei-Fei Historical Drama Cantonese opera [30]
Unforgetable Love So Yi, Chu Kei Ma Sze-Tsang, Hung Sin-Nui, Lau Hak-Suen, Yip Ping, Siu Wong-Ang, Ling Mung, Ko Lo-Chuen, Law Mo-Lan, Wong Sau-Nin, Lai Ming, Ng Tung, Fung Ying-Seung, Tang Mei-Mei Romance The only film produced by Gam Luen (Jinying) Film Company.
Unpredictable Tomorrow Yam Wu-Fa Sun-Ma Sze-Tsang, Siu Yin-Fei, Yee Chau-Sui, Wu Mei-Lun, Ma Siu-Ying, Tsi Po-To, Leung Ying, Bai Yang, Sin Kong, Keung Chung-Ping, To Sam-Ku, Cheng Kwun-Min Drama
1948
Charlie Chan Outwits the Black Despot Xu Xinyuan Detective The Charlie Chan series.[17]
The Crazy Match-maker (aka The Crazy Matchmaker, Woman Dismantles White) Lo Duen Wong Chiu-Miu, Tsi Law-Lin, Lo Duen, Chan Yeuk-Ho, Lee Yuet-Ching, Tang Chuk-Kwun, Yip Chuen-Wah, Ho Bik-Kin, Fong Yeung, Fung Ging-Man, Wong Gam, Lau Ming, Hark Yan Drama Debut for Sei Hoi (Sihai) Film Company, a film production company. [31][32]
Four Phoenixes Take Flight Cho Kei Fung Fung, Yung Siu-Yi, Tsi Po-To, Ng Lai-Sheung, Law Mo-Lan, To Sam-Ku Comedy [33]
The Groom and His Double Moon Kwan Man-Ching Cheung Ying, Ng Lai-Sheung, Yee Chau-Sui, Lam Mui-mui, Tang Wai-Zhen, Sun Tsi-Hing, To Sam-Ku, Yip Yan-Foo, Law Sin-Yee, Lisa Mok Wan-Ha, Hui Yee-Wan, Lai Ming Comedy [34]
Hundreds of Children and Thousands of Grandchildren Ng Wui Cheung Ying, Pak Suet-Sin, Yip Ping, Tang Mei-Mei, Fa Bik-Ha, Yeung Sau-Fung Comedy
Joy and Success Chow Sze-Luk Sit Kok-Sin, Pak Yin, Tang Mei-Mei Comedy
Local Scholar Mok Hong-See Liu Hap-Wai, Lo Ban-Chiu, Lee Lan, Wong Kei, Yuet-ching Lee, Gam Lau Drama
The Lusty Thief Girl Moon Kwan Man-Ching Lee Yi-Nin, Chan Sin-Yue, Ng Lai-Sheung, Tai Hau-Ho, Lam Siu-Mui, Cheng Lau-Kuen Crime [35]
Mad Fire Mad Love Esther Eng [36]
Return of the Swallows Fung Chi-Kong, Fung Yat-Wai Sit Kok-Sin, Siu Yin-Fei, Tsi Law-lin, Ma Siu-Ying, To Sam-Ku, Law Mo-Lan, Yeung Sau-Fung, Law Sin-Yee, Ma Siu-Ling, Gam Lau Comedy [37]
The Thirteenth Girl's Adventure in Nengren Temple Hung Chung-Ho Chan Yim-Lung, Luk Fei-Hung, Lam Kar-Yee Martial Arts
Wealth Is Like a Dream Yue Leung Lo Ban-Chiu, Siu Yin-Fei, Lam Ka-Sing, Lam Kar-Yee Drama
Woman's Heart (Chinese: 天下婦人心) Wu Pang Cho Yee-Man, Yung Yuk-Yi, Cho Man-Ngai, To Sam-Ku, Yuet-ching Lee, Gam Lau Drama
1949
Adventure at the Women's House Fung Chi-Kong Sheung Hoi-Mui, Yu Lai-Zhen, Tong Sing-To, Chun Siu-Lei, To Sam-Ku, Ha Bo-Lin, Chan Lap-Ban Chinese opera. [38]
The Ancient Beauty, Meng Lijun Chan Pei Chow Kwun-Ling, Sit Kok-Sin, Leung Siu-Kam, Ha Bo-Lin Historical Drama [39]
The Crazy Duke (aka The Crazy Earl) Yeung Kung-Leung Ma Sze-Tsang, Tsi Law-Lin, Lee Pang-Fei, Tang Mei-Mei, Ko Lo-Chuen, Gam Lau Musical comedy
The Eight Yang Sister Seeks Golden Knife Man Kok-Fei, Chan Yim-Lunh, Ying Lai-Ming, Lam Kar-Yee Martial Arts, Cantonese opera [40]
Sima Fu's Encounter with the Honey Gang Hung Suk-Wan Ng Cho-Fan, Yung Siu-Yi, Yung Yuk-Yi Thriller
Strange Bedfellows Yue Leung Pak Wan, Pak Lei, Ma Siu-Ying, Lam Mui-mui, Lau Kwai-Hong, Tang Mei-Mei Comedy
Tan Kei in the Meat Hill But Fu Man Kok-Fei, Chun Siu-Lei, Lau Hak-Suen, Kam Yi, Piu Wai-Mui Historical Drama Cantonese Opera
To Kill the Love Chu Kei Pak Yin, Cheung Wood-Yau, Tsang Nam-Sze, Lee Ngan, Chan Chui-Bing, Ho Chung-Fong Drama
The True Story of Wong Fei Hung Early Kung Fu film

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Timeline: Hong Kong cinema". hollywoodreporter.com. March 23, 2009. Retrieved November 30, 2020.
  2. ^ Fonoroff 1988, p. 293.
  3. ^ a b Fonoroff 1988, p. 294.
  4. ^ Fonoroff 1988, p. 295.
  5. ^ a b Fonoroff 1988, p. 298.
  6. ^ a b c d Ye & Zhu 2012, p. 77.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Fonoroff 1988, p. 299.
  8. ^ "Scent of Wild Flowers". hkmdb.com. February 8, 1935. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  9. ^ "Yesterday's Song". hkmdb.com. February 1, 1935. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
  10. ^ "Film Screenings - The Light of Women". filmarchive.gov.hk. April 14, 2019. Retrieved November 29, 2020.
  11. ^ "The Magnificent Country". hkmdb.com. April 30, 1937. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  12. ^ "Producing Citizens". hkmdb.com. June 17, 1937. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  13. ^ "A Mother's Tears". hkmdb.com. May 25, 1938. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  14. ^ Chan, Kelly Kar Yue (May 11, 2020). Chinese Culture in the 21st Century and its Global Dimensions: Comparative and Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Springer Nature. p. 132. ISBN 978-9811527432. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  15. ^ "Incident in the Pacific". hkmdb.com. April 7, 1938. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
  16. ^ "Shanghai Under Fire". hkmdb.com. June 9, 1938. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  17. ^ a b c Fonoroff 1988, p. 301.
  18. ^ a b "Early Cinematic Treasures". bcmagazine.net. December 2016. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  19. ^ "Film Screenings - Rivals in Love". lcsd.gov.hk. February 11, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  20. ^ "The Red Scarf". hkmdb.com. June 29, 1940. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  21. ^ "A Mother's Madness". hkmdb.com. November 7, 1941. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  22. ^ "Golden Gate Girl (1941)". bfi.org.uk. 1941. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
  23. ^ "Press Releases - HK Film Archive's "100 Must-See Hong Kong Movies" to screen historically significant films in February and March (with photos)". info.gov.hk. January 24, 2014. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  24. ^ "Press Releases - HK Film Archives "Early Cinematic Treasures Rediscovered" to present long-lost cinematic gems". January 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2020.
  25. ^ "Film Screenings - The Rich House". lcsd.gov.hk. May 30, 2015. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  26. ^ "The Entangling Ones". hkmdb.com. 1946. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
  27. ^ "A Wealthy Family". hkmdb.com. November 2, 1947. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  28. ^ Stokes, Lisa Odham (2020). Historical Dictionary of Hong Kong Cinema. Scarecrow Press. pp. 563–564. ISBN 9781538120620. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
  29. ^ "Happy Wedding". hkmdb.com. 1947. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
  30. ^ "Romance of the West Chamber". hkmdb.com. August 10, 1947. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  31. ^ "Film Screenings - The Crazy Matchmaker". filmarchive.gov.hk. May 18, 2019. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
  32. ^ "The Crazy Match-maker". hkmdb.com. November 3, 1948. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
  33. ^ "Four Phoenixes Take Flight". hkmdb.com. May 16, 1948. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
  34. ^ "The Groom and His Double". hkmdb.com. March 22, 1948. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  35. ^ "The Lusty Thief Girl". hkmdb.com. April 25, 1948. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  36. ^ "Mad Fire Mad Love (1948)". bfi.org.uk. 1948. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
  37. ^ "Press Releases - HK Film Archive's "Early Cinematic Treasures Rediscovered 3" to feature pre- and post-war productions (with photos)". info.gov.hk. December 11, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  38. ^ "Adventure at the Women's House". hkmdb.com. December 24, 1949. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
  39. ^ "Film Screenings - The Ancient Beauty, Mang Lai-kwun". lcsd.gov.hk. April 10, 2020. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
  40. ^ "The Eight Yang Sister Seeks Golden Knife". hkmdb.com. November 27, 1952. Retrieved January 13, 2021.

BibliographyEdit