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List of Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States Congress

This is a list of Hispanic and Latino Americans who have served in the United States Congress. Persons included are identified as having a lineage from Spain or Latin America, a definition which includes Brazil but not Portugal.

Entries shaded in gray refer to current members of the U.S. Congress.

Contents

SenateEdit

Picture Senator
(lifespan)
Party State Term start Term end Hispanic Ancestry Notes
  Bouligny, DominiqueDominique Bouligny
(1773–1833)
Adams-Clay Republican Louisiana November 19, 1824 March 4, 1829   Spain Retired
  Yulee, David LevyDavid Levy Yulee
(1810–1886)
Democratic Florida July 1, 1845 March 4, 1851   Spain Lost reelection
March 4, 1855 January 21, 1861 Resigned when Florida seceded from the Union
  Benjamin, Judah P.Judah P. Benjamin
(1811–1884)
Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1853 February 4, 1861   Spain Resigned when Louisiana seceded from the Union
  Larrazolo, OctavianoOctaviano Larrazolo
(1859–1930)
Republican New Mexico December 7, 1928 March 4, 1929   Mexico Retired
  Chávez, DennisDennis Chávez
(1888–1962)
Democratic New Mexico May 11, 1935 November 18, 1962   Spain Died in office
  Montoya, JosephJoseph Montoya
(1915–1978)
Democratic New Mexico November 4, 1964 January 3, 1977   Spain Lost reelection
  Sununu, John E.John E. Sununu
(born 1964)
Republican New Hampshire January 3, 2003 January 3, 2009   Cuba
  El Salvador
Lost reelection
  Martínez, MelMel Martínez[1]
(born 1946)
Republican Florida January 3, 2005 September 9, 2009   Cuba Resigned
  Salazar, KenKen Salazar
(born 1955)
Democratic Colorado January 3, 2005 January 20, 2009   Mexico Resigned to become United States Secretary of the Interior
  Menendez, BobBob Menendez
(born 1954)
Democratic New Jersey January 17, 2006 present   Cuba
  Rubio, MarcoMarco Rubio
(born 1971)
Republican Florida January 3, 2011 present   Cuba
  Cruz, TedTed Cruz
(born 1970)
Republican Texas January 3, 2013 present   Cuba
  Cortez Masto, CatherineCatherine Cortez Masto
(born 1964)
Democratic Nevada January 3, 2017 present   Mexico

Elected, but not seatedEdit

Picture Senator-elect
(lifespan)
Party State Term Hispanic Ancestry Notes
  Gayarré, CharlesCharles Gayarré
(1805–1895)
Jacksonian Democrat Louisiana Elected 1834   Spain Not seated due to ill health

House of RepresentativesEdit

Picture Representative
(lifespan)
Party State Term start Term end Hispanic Ancestry Notes
  la Branche, AlcéeAlcée la Branche
(1806–1881)
Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1843 March 4, 1845   Spain Retired
  Bouligny, JohnJohn Bouligny
(1824–1864)
American (Know-Nothing) Louisiana March 4, 1859 March 4, 1861   Spain Retired[2]
  Pacheco, RomualdoRomualdo Pacheco[3]
(1831–1899)
Republican California March 4, 1877 February 7, 1878   Mexico Lost election contestation
March 4, 1879 March 4, 1883 Retired
  Estopinal, AlbertAlbert Estopinal
(1845–1919)
Democratic Louisiana November 3, 1908 April 28, 1919   Spain Died in office
  Lazaro, LadislasLadislas Lazaro
(1872–1927)
Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1913 March 30, 1927   Spain Died in office
  Hernández, Benigno C.Benigno C. Hernández
(1862–1954)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1915 March 4, 1917   Mexico Lost reelection
March 4, 1919 March 4, 1921 Retired
  Montoya, NéstorNéstor Montoya
(1862–1923)
Republican New Mexico January 4, 1921 January 13, 1923   Mexico Died in office
  Chávez, DennisDennis Chávez
(1888–1962)
Democratic New Mexico March 4, 1931 January 3, 1935   Mexico Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate from New Mexico[4]
  Fernández, Joachim O.Joachim O. Fernández
(1896–1978)
Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1931 January 3, 1941   Spain Lost reelection
  Fernández, Antonio M.Antonio M. Fernández
(1902–1956)
Democratic New Mexico January 3, 1943 November 7, 1956   Mexico Died in office
  Montoya, JosephJoseph Montoya
(1915–1978)
Democratic New Mexico April 9, 1957 November 3, 1964   Spain Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate from New Mexico
  González, Henry B.Henry B. González
(1916–2000)
Democratic Texas November 4, 1961 January 3, 1999   Mexico Retired
  Gill, Thomas PonceThomas Ponce Gill
(1922–2009)
Democratic Hawaii January 3, 1963 January 3, 1965   Cuba Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate from Hawaii
  Roybal, Edward R.Edward R. Roybal
(1916–2005)
Democratic California January 3, 1963 January 3, 1993   Spain Retired
  de la Garza, KikaKika de la Garza
(1927-2017)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1965 January 3, 1997   Mexico Retired
  Lujan, ManuelManuel Lujan
(born 1928)
Republican New Mexico January 3, 1969 January 3, 1989   Mexico Retired[5]
  Badillo, HermanHerman Badillo
(1929–2014)
Democratic[6] New York January 3, 1971 December 31, 1977   Puerto Rico Resigned to become Deputy Mayor of New York City
  Rangel, CharlesCharles Rangel
(born 1930)
Democratic New York January 3, 1971 January 3, 2017   Puerto Rico Retired
  García, RobertRobert García
(1933–2017)
Democratic New York February 21, 1978 January 7, 1990   Puerto Rico Resigned[7]
  Martínez, MatthewMatthew Martínez
(1929–2011)
Democratic (1982–2000) California July 13, 1982 January 3, 2001   Mexico Lost renomination and joined the Republican Party
Republican (2000–2001)
  Ortiz, Solomon P.Solomon P. Ortiz
(born 1937)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1983 January 3, 2011   Mexico Lost reelection
  Richardson, BillBill Richardson
(born 1947)
Democratic New Mexico January 3, 1983 February 13, 1997   Spain
  Mexico
Resigned to become United States Ambassador to the United Nations[8]
  Torres, Esteban E.Esteban E. Torres
(born 1930)
Democratic California January 3, 1983 January 3, 1999   Mexico Retired
  Vucanovich, BarbaraBarbara Vucanovich[9]
(1921–2013)
Republican Nevada January 3, 1983 January 3, 1997   Spain Retired
  Bustamante, AlbertAlbert Bustamante
(born 1935)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1985 January 3, 1993   Mexico Lost reelection[10]
  Ros-Lehtinen, IleanaIleana Ros-Lehtinen
(born 1952)
Republican Florida August 29, 1989 present   Cuba
  Serrano, José E.José E. Serrano
(born 1943)
Democratic New York March 20, 1990 present   Puerto Rico
  Pastor, EdEd Pastor
(born 1943)
Democratic Arizona October 3, 1991 January 3, 2015   Mexico Retired
  Becerra, XavierXavier Becerra
(born 1958)
Democratic California January 3, 1993 January 24, 2017   Mexico Resigned to become Attorney General of California
  Bonilla, HenryHenry Bonilla
(born 1954)
Republican Texas January 3, 1993 January 3, 2007   Mexico Lost reelection
  Díaz-Balart, LincolnLincoln Díaz-Balart
(born 1954)
Republican Florida January 3, 1993 January 3, 2011   Cuba Retired
  Gutiérrez, LuisLuis Gutiérrez
(born 1953)
Democratic Illinois January 3, 1993 present   Puerto Rico
  Menendez, BobBob Menendez
(born 1954)
Democratic New Jersey January 3, 1993 January 16, 2006   Cuba Resigned to accept appointment as U.S. Senator from New Jersey
  Roybal-Allard, LucilleLucille Roybal-Allard
(born 1941)
Democratic California January 3, 1993 present   Spain
  Tejeda, FrankFrank Tejeda
(1945–1997)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1993 January 30, 1997   Mexico Died in office
  Velázquez, NydiaNydia Velázquez
(born 1953)
Democratic New York January 3, 1993 present   Puerto Rico
  Hinojosa, RubénRubén Hinojosa
(born 1940)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1997 January 3, 2017   Mexico Retired
  Reyes, SilvestreSilvestre Reyes
(born 1944)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1997 January 3, 2013   Mexico Lost renomination
  Sánchez, LorettaLoretta Sánchez
(born 1960)
Democratic California January 3, 1997 January 3, 2017   Mexico Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate from California
  Sununu, John E.John E. Sununu
(born 1964)
Republican New Hampshire January 3, 1997 January 3, 2003   Cuba
  El Salvador
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate from New Hampshire
  Rodríguez, CiroCiro Rodríguez
(born 1946)
Democratic Texas April 12, 1997 January 3, 2005   Mexico Lost renomination
January 3, 2007 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
  González, CharlieCharlie González
(born 1945)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1999 January 3, 2013   Mexico Retired
  Napolitano, GraceGrace Napolitano
(born 1936)
Democratic California January 3, 1999 present   Mexico
  Baca, JoeJoe Baca
(born 1947)
Democratic[11] California November 16, 1999 January 3, 2013   Mexico Lost reelection
  Solis, HildaHilda Solis
(born 1957)
Democratic California January 3, 2001 February 24, 2009   Nicaragua
  Mexico
Resigned to become United States Secretary of Labor
  Díaz-Balart, MarioMario Díaz-Balart
(born 1961)
Republican Florida January 3, 2003 present   Cuba
  Grijalva, RaúlRaúl Grijalva
(born 1948)
Democratic Arizona January 3, 2003 present   Mexico
  Sánchez, LindaLinda Sánchez
(born 1969)
Democratic California January 3, 2003 present   Mexico
  Cuellar, HenryHenry Cuellar
(born 1955)
Democratic Texas January 3, 2005 present   Mexico
  Salazar, JohnJohn Salazar
(born 1953)
Democratic Colorado January 3, 2005 January 3, 2011   Mexico Lost reelection
  Sires, AlbioAlbio Sires
(born 1951)
Democratic New Jersey November 13, 2006 present   Cuba
  Luján, Ben RayBen Ray Luján
(born 1972)
Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2009 present   Mexico
  Garamendi, JohnJohn Garamendi
(born 1945)
Democratic California November 3, 2009 present   Spain
  Canseco, QuicoQuico Canseco
(born 1949)
Republican Texas January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013   Mexico Lost reelection
  Flores, BillBill Flores
(born 1954)
Republican Texas January 3, 2011 present   Spain
  Herrera Beutler, JaimeJaime Herrera Beutler
(born 1978)
Republican Washington January 3, 2011 present   Mexico
  Labrador, RaúlRaúl Labrador
(born 1967)
Republican Idaho January 3, 2011 present   Puerto Rico
  Rivera, DavidDavid Rivera
(born 1965)
Republican Florida January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013   Cuba Lost reelection
  Cárdenas, TonyTony Cárdenas
(born 1963)
Democratic California January 3, 2013 present   Mexico
  Castro, JoaquínJoaquín Castro
(born 1974)
Democratic Texas January 3, 2013 present   Mexico
  Gallego, PetePete Gallego
(born 1961)
Democratic Texas January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015   Mexico Lost reelection
  Garcia, JoeJoe Garcia
(born 1963)
Democratic Florida January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015   Cuba Lost reelection
  Lujan Grisham, MichelleMichelle Lujan Grisham
(born 1959)
Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2013 present   Mexico
  Negrete McLeod, GloriaGloria Negrete McLeod
(born 1941)
Democratic California January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015   Mexico Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Board of Supervisors of San Bernardino County, California
  Ruiz, RaulRaul Ruiz
(born 1972)
Democratic California January 3, 2013 present   Mexico
  Vargas, JuanJuan Vargas
(born 1961)
Democratic California January 3, 2013 present   Mexico
  Vela, FilemónFilemón Vela
(born 1963)
Democratic Texas January 3, 2013 present   Mexico
  Aguilar, PetePete Aguilar
(born 1979)
Democratic California January 3, 2015 present   Mexico
  Curbelo, CarlosCarlos Curbelo
(born 1980)
Republican Florida January 3, 2015 present   Cuba
  Gallego, RubenRuben Gallego
(born 1979)
Democratic Arizona January 3, 2015 present   Colombia
  Mexico
  Mooney, AlexAlex Mooney
(born 1971)
Republican West Virginia January 3, 2015 present   Cuba
  Torres, NormaNorma Torres
(born 1965)
Democratic California January 3, 2015 present   Guatemala
  Barragán, NanetteNanette Barragán
(born 1976)
Democratic California January 3, 2017 present   Mexico
  Carbajal, SaludSalud Carbajal
(born 1964)
Democratic California January 3, 2017 present   Mexico
  Correa, LouLou Correa
(born 1958)
Democratic California January 3, 2017 present   Mexico
  Espaillat, AdrianoAdriano Espaillat
(born 1954)
Democratic New York January 3, 2017 present   Dominican Republic
  González, VicenteVicente González
(born 1967)
Democratic Texas January 3, 2017 present   Mexico
  Kihuen, RubénRubén Kihuen
(born 1980)
Democratic Nevada January 3, 2017 present   Mexico
  Mast, BrianBrian Mast
(born 1980)
Republican Florida January 3, 2017 present   Mexico
  Soto, DarrenDarren Soto
(born 1978)
Democratic Florida January 3, 2017 present   Puerto Rico
  Gomez, JimmyJimmy Gomez
(born 1974)
Democratic California July 11, 2017 present   Mexico

House Delegates (non-voting members)Edit

(Note: Delegates are organized first in chronological order according to their first term in office, then second in alphabetical order according to their surname.)

Picture Delegate[12]
(lifespan)
Party Territory Term start Term end Hispanic Ancestry Notes
  Hernández, Joseph MarionJoseph Marion Hernández
(1788–1857)
Whig Florida September 30, 1822 March 4, 1823   Spain Retired
  Yulee, David LevyDavid Levy Yulee
(1810–1886)
Democratic Florida March 4, 1841 March 3, 1845   Spain Office eliminated when Territory of Florida was admitted to the Union as the State of Florida[13]
  Gallegos, JoséJosé Gallegos
(1815–1875)
Democratic New Mexico March 4, 1853 July 23, 1856   Mexico Lost election contestation
March 4, 1871 March 4, 1873 Lost reelection
  Otero, MiguelMiguel Otero
(1829–1882)
Democratic New Mexico July 23, 1856 March 4, 1861   Spain
  Mexico
Retired
  Perea, FranciscoFrancisco Perea
(1830–1913)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1863 March 4, 1865   Mexico Lost reelection
  Chaves, José FranciscoJosé Francisco Chaves
(1833–1904)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1865 March 4, 1867   Mexico Lost reelection
February 20, 1869 March 4, 1871 Lost reelection
  Romero, TrinidadTrinidad Romero
(1835–1918)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1877 March 4, 1879   Mexico Retired
  Otero, Mariano S.Mariano S. Otero
(1844–1904)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1879 March 4, 1881   Mexico Retired
  Luna, TranquilinoTranquilino Luna
(1849–1892)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1881 March 5, 1884   Mexico Lost election contestation
  Manzanares, Francisco AntonioFrancisco Antonio Manzanares
(1843–1904)
Democratic New Mexico March 5, 1884 March 4, 1885   Mexico Retired
  Perea, PedroPedro Perea
(1852–1906)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1899 March 4, 1901   Mexico Retired
  Degetau, FedericoFederico Degetau
(1862–1914)
Republican Puerto Rico March 4, 1901 March 4, 1905   Puerto Rico Retired
  Larrínaga, TulioTulio Larrínaga
(1847–1917)
Unionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1905 March 4, 1911   Puerto Rico Lost reelection
  Legarda, BenitoBenito Legarda
(1853–1915)
Federalist
(Republican)
Philippine Islands November 22, 1907 March 3, 1912   Spain Retired
  Quezón, Manuel L.Manuel L. Quezón[14]
(1878–1944)
Nacionalista Philippine Islands November 23, 1909 October 15, 1916   Spain Retired
  Muñoz-Rivera, LuisLuis Muñoz-Rivera
(1859–1916)
Unionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1911 November 15, 1916   Puerto Rico Died in office
  Córdova-Dávila, FélixFélix Córdova-Dávila
(1878–1938)
Unionist Puerto Rico August 7, 1917 April 11, 1932   Puerto Rico Resigned to accept appointment as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico
  Gabaldón, IsauroIsauro Gabaldón
(1875–1942)
Nacionalista Philippine Islands March 4, 1920 July 16, 1928   Spain Resigned
  Pesquera, José LorenzoJosé Lorenzo Pesquera
(1882–1950)
Independent Puerto Rico April 15, 1932 March 4, 1933   Puerto Rico Retired
  Iglesias, SantiagoSantiago Iglesias
(1872–1939)
Coalitionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1933 December 5, 1939   Spain
  Puerto Rico
Died in office
  Delgado, Francisco A.Francisco A. Delgado
(1886–1964)
Nacionalista Philippine Islands January 3, 1935 February 14, 1936   Spain Retired
  Elizalde, Joaquín MiguelJoaquín Miguel Elizalde
(1896–1965)
Nonpartisan Philippines September 29, 1938 August 9, 1944   Spain Resigned
  Pagán, BolívarBolívar Pagán
(1897–1961)
Coalitionist Puerto Rico December 26, 1939 January 3, 1945   Puerto Rico Lost reelection
  Piñero, Jesús T.Jesús T. Piñero
(1897–1952)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1945 September 2, 1946   Puerto Rico Resigned to accept appointment as Governor of Puerto Rico
  Fernós-Isern, AntonioAntonio Fernós-Isern
(1895–1974)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico September 11, 1946 January 3, 1965   Puerto Rico Retired to run successfully for the Puerto Rico Senate
  Polanco-Abreu, SantiagoSantiago Polanco-Abreu
(1920–1988)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1965 January 3, 1969   Puerto Rico Lost reelection
  Córdova, Jorge LuisJorge Luis Córdova
(1907–1994)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1969 January 3, 1973   Puerto Rico Lost reelection
  Benítez, JaimeJaime Benítez
(1908–2001)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1973 January 3, 1977   Puerto Rico Lost reelection
  de Lugo, RonRon de Lugo
(born 1930)
Democratic Virgin Islands January 3, 1973 January 3, 1979   Puerto Rico Retired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of the United States Virgin Islands
January 3, 1981 January 3, 1995 Retired
  Corrada del Río, BaltasarBaltasar Corrada del Río
(born 1935)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1977 January 3, 1985   Puerto Rico Retired to run successfully for Mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico
  Fuster, JaimeJaime Fuster
(1941–2007)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1985 March 4, 1992   Puerto Rico Resigned to accept appointment as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico
  Colorado, AntonioAntonio Colorado
(born 1939)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico March 4, 1992 January 3, 1993   Puerto Rico Lost reelection
  Romero-Barceló, CarlosCarlos Romero-Barceló[15]
(born 1932)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1993 January 3, 2001   Puerto Rico Lost reelection
  Acevedo-Vilá, AníbalAníbal Acevedo-Vilá
(born 1962)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 2001 January 2, 2005   Puerto Rico Retired to run successfully for Governor of Puerto Rico
  Fortuño, LuisLuis Fortuño
(born 1960)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2005 January 2, 2009   Puerto Rico Retired to run successfully for Governor of Puerto Rico
  Pierluisi, PedroPedro Pierluisi
(born 1959)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2009 January 3, 2017   Puerto Rico Retired to run unsuccessfully for the nomination for Governor of Puerto Rico
  González, JennifferJenniffer González
(born 1976)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2017 present   Puerto Rico

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Martinez previously served as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
  2. ^ Bouligny was the only congressman from Louisiana not to resign when the state seceded from the Union.
  3. ^ Pacheco previously served as the first (and only to date) Hispanic Governor of the State of California.
  4. ^ Chávez later was appointed as United States Senator from New Mexico.
  5. ^ Lujan later served as United States Secretary of the Interior.
  6. ^ Badillo joined the Republican Party in the late 1990s.
  7. ^ Garcia later was jailed due to the Wedtech scandal, but his conviction ultimately was reversed by an appellate court.
  8. ^ Richardson later served as United States Secretary of Energy and Governor of New Mexico.
  9. ^ Though Ileana Ros-Lehtinen is widely credited as the first Hispanic woman in Congress, Vucanovich's mother was of partial Hispanic heritage.
  10. ^ Bustamante later was jailed for bribery.
  11. ^ Baca joined the Republican Party in 2015.
  12. ^ Delegates from Puerto Rico (since 1901) and from the Philippines (from 1907 to 1946) officially are known as Resident Commissioners.
  13. ^ Yulee later was elected as United States Senator from Florida.
  14. ^ Quezón later served as President of the Philippines.
  15. ^ Romero-Barceló previously served as Governor of Puerto Rico.