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List of Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States Congress

This is a list of Hispanic and Latino Americans who have served in the United States Congress. Persons included are identified as having a lineage from Spain or Latin America, a definition which includes Brazil but not Portugal.

Entries shaded in gray refer to current members of the U.S. Congress.

Contents

SenateEdit

Picture Senator
(lifespan)
Hispanic ancestry Party State Term start Term end Notes
  Dominique Bouligny
(1773–1833)
  Spain Adams-Clay Republican Louisiana November 19, 1824 March 4, 1829 Retired
  David Levy Yulee
(1810–1886)
  Spain Democratic Florida July 1, 1845 March 4, 1851 Lost reelection
March 4, 1855 January 21, 1861 Resigned when Florida seceded from the Union
  Judah P. Benjamin
(1811–1884)
  Spain Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1853 February 4, 1861 Resigned when Louisiana seceded from the Union
  Octaviano Larrazolo
(1859–1930)
  Mexico Republican New Mexico December 7, 1928 March 4, 1929 Retired
  Dennis Chávez
(1888–1962)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico May 11, 1935 November 18, 1962 Died in office
  Joseph Montoya
(1915–1978)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico November 4, 1964 January 3, 1977 Lost reelection
  John E. Sununu
(born 1964)
  El Salvador Republican New Hampshire January 3, 2003 January 3, 2009 Lost reelection
  Mel Martínez[1]
(born 1946)
  Cuba Republican Florida January 3, 2005 September 9, 2009 Resigned
  Ken Salazar
(born 1955)
  Mexico Democratic Colorado January 3, 2005 January 20, 2009 Resigned to become United States Secretary of the Interior
  Bob Menendez
(born 1954)
  Cuba Democratic New Jersey January 17, 2006 present
  Marco Rubio
(born 1971)
  Cuba Republican Florida January 3, 2011 present
  Ted Cruz
(born 1970)
  Cuba Republican Texas January 3, 2013 present
  Catherine Cortez Masto
(born 1964)
  Mexico Democratic Nevada January 3, 2017 present

Elected, but not seatedEdit

Picture Senator-elect
(lifespan)
Hispanic ancestry Party State Term Notes
  Charles Gayarré
(1805–1895)
  Spain Jacksonian Democrat Louisiana Elected 1834 Not seated due to ill health

House of RepresentativesEdit

Picture Representative
(lifespan)
Hispanic ancestry Party State Term start Term end Notes
  Alcée la Branche
(1806–1881)
  Spain Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1843 March 4, 1845 Retired
  John Bouligny
(1824–1864)
  Spain American (Know-Nothing) Louisiana March 4, 1859 March 4, 1861 Retired[2]
  Romualdo Pacheco[3]
(1831–1899)
  Mexico Republican California March 4, 1877 February 7, 1878 Lost election contestation
March 4, 1879 March 4, 1883 Retired
  Albert Estopinal
(1845–1919)
  Spain Democratic Louisiana November 3, 1908 April 28, 1919 Died in office
  Ladislas Lazaro
(1872–1927)
  Spain Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1913 March 30, 1927 Died in office
  Benigno C. Hernández
(1862–1954)
  Mexico Republican New Mexico March 4, 1915 March 4, 1917 Lost reelection
March 4, 1919 March 4, 1921 Retired
  Néstor Montoya
(1862–1923)
  Mexico Republican New Mexico January 4, 1921 January 13, 1923 Died in office
  Dennis Chávez
(1888–1962)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico March 4, 1931 January 3, 1935 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate from New Mexico[4]
  Joachim O. Fernández
(1896–1978)
  Spain Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1931 January 3, 1941 Lost reelection
  Antonio M. Fernández
(1902–1956)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico January 3, 1943 November 7, 1956 Died in office
  Joseph Montoya
(1915–1978)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico April 9, 1957 November 3, 1964 Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate from New Mexico
  Henry B. González
(1916–2000)
  Mexico Democratic Texas November 4, 1961 January 3, 1999 Retired
  Thomas Ponce Gill
(1922–2009)
  Cuba Democratic Hawaii January 3, 1963 January 3, 1965 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate from Hawaii
  Edward R. Roybal
(1916–2005)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 1963 January 3, 1993 Retired
  Kika de la Garza
(1927-2017)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 1965 January 3, 1997 Retired
  Manuel Lujan
(born 1928)
  Mexico Republican New Mexico January 3, 1969 January 3, 1989 Retired[5]
  Herman Badillo
(1929–2014)
  Puerto Rico Democratic[6] New York January 3, 1971 December 31, 1977 Resigned to become Deputy Mayor of New York City
  Charles Rangel
(born 1930)
  Puerto Rico Democratic New York January 3, 1971 January 3, 2017 Retired
  Robert García
(1933–2017)
  Puerto Rico Democratic New York February 21, 1978 January 7, 1990 Resigned[7]
  Matthew Martínez
(1929–2011)
  Mexico Democratic (1982–2000) California July 13, 1982 January 3, 2001 Lost renomination and joined the Republican Party
Republican (2000–2001)
  Solomon P. Ortiz
(born 1937)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 1983 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
  Bill Richardson
(born 1947)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico January 3, 1983 February 13, 1997 Resigned to become United States Ambassador to the United Nations[8]
  Esteban E. Torres
(born 1930)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 1983 January 3, 1999 Retired
  Barbara Vucanovich[9]
(1921–2013)
  Spain Republican Nevada January 3, 1983 January 3, 1997 Retired
  Albert Bustamante
(born 1935)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 1985 January 3, 1993 Lost reelection[10]
  Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
(born 1952)
  Cuba Republican Florida August 29, 1989 present
  José E. Serrano
(born 1943)
  Puerto Rico Democratic New York March 20, 1990 present
  Ed Pastor
(born 1943)
  Mexico Democratic Arizona October 3, 1991 January 3, 2015 Retired
  Xavier Becerra
(born 1958)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 1993 January 24, 2017 Resigned to become Attorney General of California
  Henry Bonilla
(born 1954)
  Mexico Republican Texas January 3, 1993 January 3, 2007 Lost reelection
  Lincoln Díaz-Balart
(born 1954)
  Cuba Republican Florida January 3, 1993 January 3, 2011 Retired
  Luis Gutiérrez
(born 1953)
  Puerto Rico Democratic Illinois January 3, 1993 present
  Bob Menendez
(born 1954)
  Cuba Democratic New Jersey January 3, 1993 January 16, 2006 Resigned to accept appointment as U.S. Senator from New Jersey
  Lucille Roybal-Allard
(born 1941)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 1993 present
  Frank Tejeda
(1945–1997)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 1993 January 30, 1997 Died in office
  Nydia Velázquez
(born 1953)
  Puerto Rico Democratic New York January 3, 1993 present
  Rubén Hinojosa
(born 1940)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 1997 January 3, 2017 Retired
  Silvestre Reyes
(born 1944)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 1997 January 3, 2013 Lost renomination
  Loretta Sánchez
(born 1960)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 1997 January 3, 2017 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate from California
  John E. Sununu
(born 1964)
  El Salvador Republican New Hampshire January 3, 1997 January 3, 2003 Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate from New Hampshire
  Ciro Rodríguez
(born 1946)
  Mexico Democratic Texas April 12, 1997 January 3, 2005 Lost renomination
January 3, 2007 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
  Charlie González
(born 1945)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 1999 January 3, 2013 Retired
  Grace Napolitano
(born 1936)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 1999 present
  Joe Baca
(born 1947)
  Mexico Democratic[11] California November 16, 1999 January 3, 2013 Lost reelection
  Hilda Solis
(born 1957)
  Nicaragua
  Mexico
Democratic California January 3, 2001 February 24, 2009 Resigned to become United States Secretary of Labor
  Mario Díaz-Balart
(born 1961)
  Cuba Republican Florida January 3, 2003 present
  Raúl Grijalva
(born 1948)
  Mexico Democratic Arizona January 3, 2003 present
  Linda Sánchez
(born 1969)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 2003 present
  Henry Cuellar
(born 1955)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 2005 present
  John Salazar
(born 1953)
  Mexico Democratic Colorado January 3, 2005 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
  Albio Sires
(born 1951)
  Cuba Democratic New Jersey November 13, 2006 present
  Ben Ray Luján
(born 1972)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2009 present
  John Garamendi
(born 1945)
  Spain Democratic California November 3, 2009 present
  Quico Canseco
(born 1949)
  Mexico Republican Texas January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013 Lost reelection
  Bill Flores
(born 1954)
  Spain Republican Texas January 3, 2011 present
  Jaime Herrera Beutler
(born 1978)
  Mexico Republican Washington January 3, 2011 present
  Raúl Labrador
(born 1967)
  Puerto Rico Republican Idaho January 3, 2011 present
  David Rivera
(born 1965)
  Cuba Republican Florida January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013 Lost reelection
  Tony Cárdenas
(born 1963)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 2013 present
  Joaquín Castro
(born 1974)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 2013 present
  Pete Gallego
(born 1961)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015 Lost reelection
  Joe Garcia
(born 1963)
  Cuba Democratic Florida January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015 Lost reelection
  Michelle Lujan Grisham
(born 1959)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2013 present
  Gloria Negrete McLeod
(born 1941)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Board of Supervisors of San Bernardino County, California
  Raul Ruiz
(born 1972)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 2013 present
  Juan Vargas
(born 1961)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 2013 present
  Filemón Vela
(born 1963)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 2013 present
  Pete Aguilar
(born 1979)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 2015 present
  Carlos Curbelo
(born 1980)
  Cuba Republican Florida January 3, 2015 present
  Ruben Gallego
(born 1979)
  Colombia
  Mexico
Democratic Arizona January 3, 2015 present
  Alex Mooney
(born 1971)
  Cuba Republican West Virginia January 3, 2015 present
  Norma Torres
(born 1965)
  Guatemala Democratic California January 3, 2015 present
  Nanette Barragán
(born 1976)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 2017 present
  Salud Carbajal
(born 1964)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 2017 present
  Lou Correa
(born 1958)
  Mexico Democratic California January 3, 2017 present
  Adriano Espaillat
(born 1954)
  Dominican Republic Democratic New York January 3, 2017 present
  Vicente González
(born 1967)
  Mexico Democratic Texas January 3, 2017 present
  Rubén Kihuen
(born 1980)
  Mexico Democratic Nevada January 3, 2017 present
  Brian Mast
(born 1980)
  Mexico Republican Florida January 3, 2017 present
  Darren Soto
(born 1978)
  Puerto Rico Democratic Florida January 3, 2017 present
  Jimmy Gomez
(born 1974)
  Mexico Democratic California July 11, 2017 present

House Delegates (non-voting members)Edit

(Note: Delegates are organized first in chronological order according to their first term in office, then second in alphabetical order according to their surname.)

Picture Delegate[12]
(lifespan)
Hispanic ancestry Party Territory Term start Term end Notes
  Joseph Marion Hernández
(1788–1857)
  Spain Whig Florida September 30, 1822 March 4, 1823 Retired
  David Levy Yulee
(1810–1886)
  Spain Democratic Florida March 4, 1841 March 3, 1845 Office eliminated when Territory of Florida was admitted to the Union as the State of Florida[13]
  José Gallegos
(1815–1875)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico March 4, 1853 July 23, 1856 Lost election contestation
March 4, 1871 March 4, 1873 Lost reelection
  Miguel Otero
(1829–1882)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico July 23, 1856 March 4, 1861 Retired
  Francisco Perea
(1830–1913)
  Mexico Republican New Mexico March 4, 1863 March 4, 1865 Lost reelection
  José Francisco Chaves
(1833–1904)
  Mexico Republican New Mexico March 4, 1865 March 4, 1867 Lost reelection
February 20, 1869 March 4, 1871 Lost reelection
  Trinidad Romero
(1835–1918)
  Mexico Republican New Mexico March 4, 1877 March 4, 1879 Retired
  Mariano S. Otero
(1844–1904)
  Mexico Republican New Mexico March 4, 1879 March 4, 1881 Retired
  Tranquilino Luna
(1849–1892)
  Mexico Republican New Mexico March 4, 1881 March 5, 1884 Lost election contestation
  Francisco Antonio Manzanares
(1843–1904)
  Mexico Democratic New Mexico March 5, 1884 March 4, 1885 Retired
  Pedro Perea
(1852–1906)
  Mexico Republican New Mexico March 4, 1899 March 4, 1901 Retired
  Federico Degetau
(1862–1914)
  Puerto Rico Republican Puerto Rico March 4, 1901 March 4, 1905 Retired
  Tulio Larrínaga
(1847–1917)
  Puerto Rico Unionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1905 March 4, 1911 Lost reelection
  Benito Legarda
(1853–1915)
  Spain Federalist
(Republican)
Philippine Islands November 22, 1907 March 3, 1912 Retired
  Manuel L. Quezón[14]
(1878–1944)
  Spain Nacionalista Philippine Islands November 23, 1909 October 15, 1916 Retired
  Luis Muñoz-Rivera
(1859–1916)
  Puerto Rico Unionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1911 November 15, 1916 Died in office
  Félix Córdova-Dávila
(1878–1938)
  Puerto Rico Unionist Puerto Rico August 7, 1917 April 11, 1932 Resigned to accept appointment as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico
  Isauro Gabaldón
(1875–1942)
  Spain Nacionalista Philippine Islands March 4, 1920 July 16, 1928 Resigned
  José Lorenzo Pesquera
(1882–1950)
  Puerto Rico Independent Puerto Rico April 15, 1932 March 4, 1933 Retired
  Santiago Iglesias
(1872–1939)
  Spain
  Puerto Rico
Coalitionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1933 December 5, 1939 Died in office
  Francisco A. Delgado
(1886–1964)
  Spain Nacionalista Philippine Islands January 3, 1935 February 14, 1936 Retired
  Joaquín Miguel Elizalde
(1896–1965)
  Spain Nonpartisan Philippines September 29, 1938 August 9, 1944 Resigned
  Bolívar Pagán
(1897–1961)
  Puerto Rico Coalitionist Puerto Rico December 26, 1939 January 3, 1945 Lost reelection
  Jesús T. Piñero
(1897–1952)
  Puerto Rico Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1945 September 2, 1946 Resigned to accept appointment as Governor of Puerto Rico
  Antonio Fernós-Isern
(1895–1974)
  Puerto Rico Popular Democratic Puerto Rico September 11, 1946 January 3, 1965 Retired to run successfully for the Puerto Rico Senate
  Santiago Polanco-Abreu
(1920–1988)
  Puerto Rico Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1965 January 3, 1969 Lost reelection
  Jorge Luis Córdova
(1907–1994)
  Puerto Rico New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1969 January 3, 1973 Lost reelection
  Jaime Benítez
(1908–2001)
  Puerto Rico Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1973 January 3, 1977 Lost reelection
  Ron de Lugo
(born 1930)
  Puerto Rico Democratic Virgin Islands January 3, 1973 January 3, 1979 Retired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of the United States Virgin Islands
January 3, 1981 January 3, 1995 Retired
  Baltasar Corrada del Río
(born 1935)
  Puerto Rico New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1977 January 3, 1985 Retired to run successfully for Mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico
  Jaime Fuster
(1941–2007)
  Puerto Rico Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1985 March 4, 1992 Resigned to accept appointment as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico
  Antonio Colorado
(born 1939)
  Puerto Rico Popular Democratic Puerto Rico March 4, 1992 January 3, 1993 Lost reelection
  Carlos Romero-Barceló[15]
(born 1932)
  Puerto Rico New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1993 January 3, 2001 Lost reelection
  Aníbal Acevedo-Vilá
(born 1962)
  Puerto Rico Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 2001 January 2, 2005 Retired to run successfully for Governor of Puerto Rico
  Luis Fortuño
(born 1960)
  Puerto Rico New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2005 January 2, 2009 Retired to run successfully for Governor of Puerto Rico
  Pedro Pierluisi
(born 1959)
  Puerto Rico New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2009 January 3, 2017 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the nomination for Governor of Puerto Rico
  Jenniffer González
(born 1976)
  Puerto Rico New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2017 present

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Martinez previously served as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
  2. ^ Bouligny was the only congressman from Louisiana not to resign when the state seceded from the Union.
  3. ^ Pacheco previously served as the first (and only to date) Hispanic Governor of the State of California.
  4. ^ Chávez later was appointed as United States Senator from New Mexico.
  5. ^ Lujan later served as United States Secretary of the Interior.
  6. ^ Badillo joined the Republican Party in the late 1990s.
  7. ^ Garcia later was jailed due to the Wedtech scandal, but his conviction ultimately was reversed by an appellate court.
  8. ^ Richardson later served as United States Secretary of Energy and Governor of New Mexico.
  9. ^ Though Ileana Ros-Lehtinen is widely credited as the first Hispanic woman in Congress, Vucanovich's mother was of partial Hispanic heritage.
  10. ^ Bustamante later was jailed for bribery.
  11. ^ Baca joined the Republican Party in 2015.
  12. ^ Delegates from Puerto Rico (since 1901) and from the Philippines (from 1907 to 1946) officially are known as Resident Commissioners.
  13. ^ Yulee later was elected as United States Senator from Florida.
  14. ^ Quezón later served as President of the Philippines.
  15. ^ Romero-Barceló previously served as Governor of Puerto Rico.