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List of Hindu gurus and sants

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A guru is defined as a "teacher, spiritual guide, [or] godman,"[1] by author David Smith in his works in "Religions in the Modern World: Traditions and Transformations." To obtain the title of guru, one must go through a standard initiation process referred to as Diksha, in which they receive a mantra, or sacred Sanskrit phrase. [2]

This is a list of Religious people in Hinduism, including gurus, sant, monks, yogis and spiritual masters.


  • Narayanprasaddasji Swami (14 January 1921 – 30 January 2018) also known as Tapomurti Shastri Swami (Gujarati: તપોમૂર્તિ શાસ્ત્રી સ્વામી) and Guruji by his devotees, was one of the most noted Swami of the Swaminarayan Sampraday [44]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Smith, David (2016). Religions in the Modern World: Traditions and Transformations. New York, New York: Routledge. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-415-85881-6.
  2. ^ Smith, David (2016). Religions in the Modern World: Traditions and Transformations. New York, New York: Routledge. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-415-85881-6.
  3. ^ G.K. Gurtu, "Khatkhate Baba - The Savior of Etawah". Ikashmir.net
  4. ^ Dasa Goswami, Satsvarupa (2002). Srila Prabhupada Lilamrta Vol 1-2. Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. vol.1 1133 pages vol.2 1191 pages. ISBN 0-89213-357-0.
  5. ^ Namboodiripad, E.M.S. (1989). "Adi Sankara and His Philosophy: A Marxist View". Social Scientist. 17 (1): 3–12. doi:10.2307/3520108. JSTOR 3520108.
  6. ^ http://www.freepressjournal.in/ujjain/asaram-bapu-stresses-on-relevance-of-guru-mantra/5656
  7. ^ http://murugan.org/bhaktas/agastyar.htm
  8. ^ Curran, J.A.; Nayar, N.D. (1979). Militant Hinduism in Indian Politics: A Study of the RSS. All India Quami Ekta Sammelan.
  9. ^ White, C.S.J. (1974). "Swami Muktananda and the Enlightenment Through Sakti-pat". History of Religions. 13 (4): 306. doi:10.1086/462708. JSTOR 1062089.
  10. ^ Sherbow, P.H. (2004). "Ac Bhaktivedanta Swam Is Preaching In The Context Of Gaudiya Vaishnavism". The Hare Krishna Movement: the Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant.
  11. ^ "TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM Part One: Is TM a Religion?" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-07-02.[dead link]
  12. ^ Rosen, S.J. (2004). "Who Is Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu". The Hare Krishna Movement: the Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant.
  13. ^ "Athletic Spiritual Leader, Dies at 76". New York Times. 1997-10-13. Retrieved 2013-04-01.
  14. ^ Abbas, K.A. "Sant Dnyaneshwar—His Miracles and Manushya Dharma". Bombay Chronicle: 33–35.
  15. ^ Dr. T.M.P MahaDevan; M.P. Pandit (1979). Sadguru Gnanananda, His life, Personality and teaching. S.Ramakrishan / Sudarsan Graphics. pp. xxi / 308.
  16. ^ Matane, P.; Ahuja, M.L. (2004). India: A Splendour in Cultural Diversity. Anmol Publications Pvt Ltd.
  17. ^ a b "Siddha Yoga". Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  18. ^ Dimock, Jr, E.C. (1963). "Doctrine and Practice among the Vaisnavas of Bengal". History of Religions. 3 (1): 106. doi:10.1086/462474. JSTOR 1062079.
  19. ^ O'Connell, J.T. (1973). "The Word'Hindu'in Gaudiya Vaisnava Texts". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 93 (3): 340–344. doi:10.2307/599467. JSTOR 599467.
  20. ^ Uban, S.S. (1978). The Gurus of India. Sterling.
  21. ^ Sarma, D. (2007). "Madhva Vedanta and Krishna". Krishna: A Sourcebook. ISBN 978-0-19-514892-3. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  22. ^ "Journal of Religious Culture" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  23. ^ Key, P.S. (2004). The Journey to Radiant Health. Celestial Arts.
  24. ^ Warrier, M. (2003). "Processes of Secularization in Contemporary India: Guru Faith in the Mata Amritanandamayi Mission". Modern Asian Studies. 37 (1): 213–253. doi:10.1017/S0026749X03001070.
  25. ^ Ross, C. (1997). "Experiencing Mother Meera". Canadian Woman Studies. 17: 78–82. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  26. ^ Thomas, D. (1965). Sree Narayana Guru. Bangalore: The Christian Institute for the Religion and Society.
  27. ^ Sen, N. (1945). Bengal's forgotten warriors. People's Pub. House.
  28. ^ Bhide, R.G. (1933). "Shri Narayan Maharaj". Marathi, Published by DL Lele, Wai.
  29. ^ Dass, Ram (1979). Miracle of love: stories about Neem Karoli Baba. New York: E. P. Dutton.
  30. ^ Paramahamsa Prajnanananda (15 August 2006). My Time with the Master. Sai Towers Publishing. pp. 25–. ISBN 978-81-7899-055-2. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
  31. ^ Khurana, G.R. (1990). The theology of Nimbārka : a translation of Nimbārka's Daśaślokī with Giridhara Prapanna's Laghumañjūsā. Vantage. ISBN 978-0-533-08705-1.
  32. ^ Maharaj, N.; Powell, R. (1987). The Nectar of the Lord's Feet: Final Teachings of Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj: Discourses January–November 1980. Element Books.
  33. ^ Yogananda, P. (2005). Autobiography of a Yogi. Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd.
  34. ^ "Spiritual Leader of Bochansanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha...", Calgary Herald, 18 July 2012, available at http://www.calgaryherald.com/life/story.html?id=6952731[permanent dead link]
  35. ^ Kalarthi, S.M. "Idol of Inspiration--Pramukh Swami Maharaj". Ahmedabad: Swaminarayan Aksharpith.
  36. ^ Narayanan, V. (2006). "Religious Vows at the Shrine of Shahul Hamid". Dealing with Deities: the Ritual Vow in South Asia. ISBN 978-0-7914-6707-7. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  37. ^ "Vadtal, the delinquent in Swaminarayan family". Times of India. 2003-02-17. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
  38. ^ Kripal, J.J. (1998). "Mystical Homoeroticism, Reductionism, and the Reality of Censorship: A Response to Gerald James Larson". Journal of the American Academy of Religion. 66 (3): 627–635. doi:10.1093/jaarel/66.3.627. JSTOR 1466137.
  39. ^ Osis, K. (1970). "Informal methods of research in psychic phenomena for religious believers" (PDF). Pastoral Psychology. 21 (7): 35–40. doi:10.1007/BF01797827. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  40. ^ A Balakrishnan Nair. (1989). Reflections On Hinduism-Translation. Sree Ramadasa Mission.
  41. ^ Rochford, E. Burke (2007). Hare Krishna transformed. New York: New York University Press. p. 224. ISBN 0-8147-7579-9.
  42. ^ Feuerstein, G. (2002). The Yoga Tradition: Its History, Literature, Philosophy and Practice. Motilal Banarsidass.
  43. ^ Barz, R. (1992). The Bhakti sect of Vallabhacarya. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal.
  44. ^ "Wikipedia Article of Narayanprasaddasji Swami".