List of han

  (Redirected from List of Han)

The list of han or domains in the Tokugawa period (1603–1868) changed from time to time during the Edo period. Han were feudal domains that formed the effective basis of administration in Tokugawa-era Japan. The Han are given according to their domain seat/castle town by modern region (-chihō, roughly comparable to ancient circuits, -dō) and ancient province (kuni/-shū, roughly comparable to modern prefectures, -to/-dō/-fu/-ken). Han usually comprised territories around/near the capital, but were beyond that in many cases disconnected and distributed over several provinces.

Map of Japan, 1855 – The major Sengoku period feudal domains between 1564 and 1573.
A Japanese/Cyrillic 1789 map of Japan showing provincial borders and the castle towns of han and major shogunate castles/cities
Map of Japan, 1855 with provinces.
Map of Japan, 1871 with provinces.

The han system was abolished by the Meiji government in 1871 when all remaining -han were transformed into -ken ("prefectures"). In several waves of mergers, splits and territorial transfers – the first major consolidation followed immediately in 1871/72 – the prefectures were reorganized to encompass contiguous, compact territories, no longer resembling Edo period han, but in many cases territorially identical to provinces which had remained the most important primary geographical subdivision even during feudal times.[1][2]

HokkaidōEdit

  • Matsumae (1590-1871) – Located around modern-day Matsumae town, Matsumae District; held by the Matsumae clan. Only domain in Ezo. Renamed to Tate after the restoration when the domain seat was moved from Matsumae/Fukuyama castle (in present-day Matsumae town) which had been destroyed in the Boshin war to Tate castle (in present-day Asabu town), became Tate-ken ("Tate prefecture") in 1871 and was merged into Aomori-ken ("Aomori prefecture") the same year, finally in 1872, transferred to the settlement/development agency (kaitakushi), the precursor to Hokkaidō ("Hokkai circuit/territory/from 1946: prefecture").[3]

TōhokuEdit

Mutsu Province (Present-day Fukushima, Miyagi, Iwate and Aomori Prefectures)Edit

Dewa Province (Present-day Yamagata and Akita Prefctures)Edit

Kantō regionEdit

Hitachi Province (Present-day Central Ibaraki Prefecture)Edit

Shimotsuke Province (Present-day Tochigi Prefecture)Edit

Kōzuke Province (Present-day Gunma Prefecture)Edit

Shimōsa Province (Present-day Northern Chiba, Southeastern Ibaraki and West portion of the Edogawa River in Saitama Prefectures)Edit

Kazusa Province (Present-day Central Chiba Prefecture)Edit

Awa Province (Present-day Southern Chiba Prefecture)Edit

Musashi Province (Present-day Tokyo, Saitama, Northern Kanagawa and Western Chiba Prefectures)Edit

Sagami Province (Present-day Southwestern Kanagawa Prefecture)Edit

ChūbuEdit

Echigo Province (Present-day Niigita Prefecture)Edit

Shinano Province (Present-day Nagano Prefecture)Edit

Kai Province (Present-day Yamanashi Prefecture)Edit

Etchū Province (Present-day Toyama Prefecture)Edit

Kaga Province (Present-day Southern Ishikawa Prefecture)Edit

Echizen Province (Present-day Northern Fukui Prefecture)Edit

Wakasa Province (Present-day Southern Fukui Prefecture)Edit

TōkaiEdit

Suruga Province (Present-day Central Shizuoka Prefecture around Shizuoka City)Edit

Tōtōmi Province (Present-day Western Shizuoka Prefecture)Edit

Mikawa Province (Present-day Eastern Aichi Prefecture around Toyohashi)Edit

Owari Province (Present-day Western Aichi Prefecture around Nagoya)Edit

Hida Province (Present-day Northern Gifu Prefecture)Edit

Mino Province (Present-day Southern Gifu Prefecture)Edit

KansaiEdit

Ise Province (Present-day Central Mie Prefecture)Edit

Shima Province (Present-day Eastern Mie Prefecture)Edit

  • Toba (1597-1680/1691-1871)

Ōmi Province (Present-day Shiga Prefecture)Edit

Yamashiro Province (Present-day Southern Kyoto Prefecture)Edit

Yamato Province (Present-day Nara Prefecture)Edit

Kii Province (Present-day Wakayama and Southern Mie Prefecture)Edit

Izumi Province (Present-day Southern Osaka Prefecture)Edit

Kawachi Province (Present-day Eastern Osaka Prefecture)Edit

Settsu Province (Present-day Northern Hyogo and Northern Osaka Prefectures)Edit

Tanba Province (Present-day Northeastern Hyogo and Central Kyoto Prefecture)Edit

Tango Province (Present-day Northern Kyoto Prefecture)Edit

Harima Province (Present-day Southern Hyogo Prefecture)Edit

Tajima Province (Present-day Northern Hyogo Prefecture)Edit

Awaji Province (Present-day City of Hyogo Prefecture)Edit

ChūgokuEdit

Inaba Province (Present-day Eastern Tottori Prefecture)Edit

Hōki Province (Present-day Western Tottori Prefecture)Edit

Izumo Province (Present-day Eastern Shimane Prefecture)Edit

Iwami Province (Present-day Western Shimane Prefecture)Edit

Bizen Province (Present-day Southwestern Okayama Prefecture)Edit

Mimasaka Province (Present-day Northeastern Okayama Prefecture)Edit

Bitchū Province (Present-day Western Okayama Prefecture)Edit

Bingo Province (Present-day Eastern Hiroshima Prefecture)Edit

Aki Province (Present-day Western Hiroshima Prefecture)Edit

Suō Province (Present-day Eastern Yamaguchi Prefecture)Edit

Nagato Province (Present-day Western Yamaguchi Prefecture)Edit

ShikokuEdit

Awa Province (Present-day Tokushima Prefecture)Edit

Sanuki Province (Present-day Kagawa Prefecture)Edit

Iyo Province (Present-day Ehime Prefecture)Edit

Tosa Province (Present-day Kochi Prefecture)Edit

KyūshūEdit

Chikuzen Province (Present-day Northwestern Fukuoka Prefecture)Edit

Chikugo Province (Present-day Southern Fukuoka Prefecture)Edit

Buzen Province (Present-day Northeastern Fukuoka and Northwestern Oita Prefecture)Edit

Bungo Province (Present-day Central Oita Prefecture)Edit

Hizen Province (Present-day Saga and Nagasaki Prefectures)Edit

Tsushima Province (Present-day City of Nagasaki Prefecture)Edit

Higo Province (Present-day Kumamoto Prefecture)Edit

Hyūga Province (Present-day Miyazaki Prefecture)Edit

Satsuma Province and Ōsumi Province (Present-day merged as Kagoshima Prefecture)Edit

  • Satsuma (1602-1871) [6]
  • Ryūkyū (De Facto :1609-1879 / De jure:1872-1879) (Present-day Okinawa Prefecture) [17]

NotesEdit

 
Map of Japan, 1789 -- the Han system affected cartography
  1. ^ Shizuoka prefectural comprehensive education center (for children): Map showing the general division between Tokugawa-controlled territories (shogunate domain + allied domains) and the domains held by other lords (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Ishida Satoshi, 地理データ集 (private website by a high school teacher): List of prefectures (-fu/-ken) and domains (-han) under the 1868 -fu/-han/-ken system, Maps of prefectures after the 1871–1872 consolidation [Note: 12/27 in the Japanese calendar was already in the Gregorian calendar year 1872], after the second 1876 consolidation, in 1889, in 1900 (in Japanese)
  3. ^ Aomori prefectural board of education: Aomori-ken no tanjō ("The birth of Aomori prefecture")
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ravina, Mark. (1998). Land and Lordship in Early Modern Japan, p. 222.
  5. ^ a b Deal, William E. (2005). Handbook to Life in Medieval and Early Modern Japan, p. 81.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Deal, p. 82.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Echigo Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-8.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Shinano Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-8.
  9. ^ "Kai Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-8.
  10. ^ "Etchū Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-9.
  11. ^ "Kaga Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-9.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Echizen Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-9.
  13. ^ "Wakasa Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-9.
  14. ^ a b c d "Suruga Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-4-10.
  15. ^ Deal, pp. 81-82.
  16. ^ Deal, p. 83.
  17. ^ Lin, Man-houng. "The Ryukyus and Taiwan in the East Asian Seas: A Longue Durée Perspective," Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus. October 27, 2006, translated and abridged from Academia Sinica Weekly, No. 1084. 24 August 2006.

ReferencesEdit

  • Bolitho, Harold. (1974). Treasures Among Men: The Fudai Daimyo in Tokugawa Japan. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-01655-0; OCLC 185685588

External linksEdit