List of Gulf War military equipment

List of Gulf War Military Equipment is a summary of the various military weapons and vehicles used by the different nations during the Gulf War of 1990–1991.

Iraqi EE-9 Cascavel armoured car hit by Coalition tank fire in February 1991.
Coalition aircraft inbound during Operation Desert Shield.

CoalitionEdit

United States Army & Marine CorpsEdit

Infantry weaponsEdit

 
M1 Abrams in formation, February 1991.
 
Artillerymen of the US Marine Corps reloading an M198 howitzer during Operation Desert Storm.

AT TanksEdit

Armoured vehicles

  • M2A2 Bradley IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
  • M3A2 Bradley CFV (Cavalry Fighting Vehicle)
  • AAVP7A1 Assault Amphibian Vehicle Personnel (USMC)
  • LAV-25 Light Armored Vehicle (USMC)
  • LAV-AT Light Armored Vehicle (Anti-Tank) (USMC)
  • M113A2/A3 APC (Armored Personnel Carrier)
  • TPz Fuchs APC NBC and EW variants (UOR acquisition from Germany)
  • M901A1 ITV (Improved TOW Vehicle)

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

  • LAV-M Light Armored Vehicle (Mortar) (USMC)
  • M106A2 Self-Propelled Mortar Carrier
  • M109A2/A3/A4 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)
  • M110A2 8 inch SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)
  • M270 MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System

Anti-aircraft

Artillery and mortars

Engineering and recovery vehicles

Command vehicles

  • M577A2 ACP (Armored Command Post) Carrier
  • AACV7A1 (Assault Amphibian Vehicle Command) (USMC)
  • LAV-25C2 Light Armored Vehicle (Command & Control) (USMC)
  • M981 FISTV (Fire Support Team Vehicle)

Other vehicles

AircraftEdit

 
United States Air Force (USAF) F4 Phantom IIs during Operation Desert Shield.
 
USAF F-16s and F-15s over oil fires set by withdrawing Iraqi forces in Kuwait.

Helicopters

Airplanes

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Drones

Spacecraft

ShipsEdit

Command Ships

Aircraft carriers

Battleships

Submarines

Amphibious assault ships

Guided missile cruisers

Destroyer tenders

Destroyers

Guided missile destroyers

Frigates

Amphibious transport docks

Ammunition ships

Dock landing ships

Tank landing ships

Fast sealift ships

Fleet oilers

Combat stores ships

Fast combat support ships

Replenishment oiler ships

Minesweepers

Repair ships

Rescue and salvage ships

Sealift ships

Hospital ships

Amphibious cargo ships

Mine countermeasure ships

Survey ships

Light water craft

United KingdomEdit

 
British Army convoy during Operation Desert Storm.
 
FV432 armoured personnel carrier bypasses a demolished Iraqi BRDM-2.

Land-basedEdit

Infantry weapons

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

Anti-aircraft

Artillery and Mortars

Engineering and recovery vehicles

Command vehicles

Other vehicles

 
Royal Air Force SEPECAT Jaguar on takeoff, January 1991.

AircraftEdit

Rotary-wingEdit
Fixed-wingEdit

ShipsEdit

Aircraft carrier

Frigates

Destroyers

Command ships

Submarines

Fleet support tankers

Fast fleet tankers

Stores ships

Landing Ship Logistics

Mine countermeasure vessels

Primary casualty reception vessels

Fleet repair ships

Kuwait/Free KuwaitEdit

 
Kuwaiti M-84 tank advances during Operation Desert Shield.

Land-basedEdit

Infantry weapons

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

AircraftEdit

Helicopters

Airplanes

FranceEdit

 
French ERC 90 Sagaie during Operation Desert Shield.
 
French VCAC (VAB) Mephisto anti-tank missile system.

Land-basedEdit

Infantry weapons

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

  • AMX-10RC Armoured Car
  • Panhard AML-90 Armoured Car
  • Panhard ERC-90F4 Sagaie Armoured Car
  • VAB (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé)
  • VAB-VCAC/HOT (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) Launching Vehicle
  • VAB-VTM (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) Mortar Tractor

Artillery and mortars

Command vehicles

  • VAB-PC (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) (Command)

Anti-aircraft

  • GIAT 20 mm 53T2 Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • Mistral SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher

Other vehicles

  • Peugeot P4 4WD car
  • ACMAT VLRA (Véhicule Léger de Reconnaissance et d’Appui) 4WD truck

AircraftEdit

Helicopters

Airplanes

ShipsEdit

Aircraft carriers

QatarEdit

Land-basedEdit

Infantry weapons

Tanks

  • AMX-30S MBT (Main Battle Tank)

Armoured vehicles

  • GIAT VAB (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé)
  • GIAT VAB-VCAC/HOT (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) Launching Vehicle

AircraftEdit

Saudi ArabiaEdit

Land-basedEdit

Infantry weapons

Tank

Armoured vehicles

Anti-aircraft

Engineering and recovery vehicles

Other vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

Artillery and mortars

AircraftEdit

Helicopters

Airplanes

ShipsEdit

EgyptEdit

Land-basedEdit

Infantry weapons

Tank

Armoured vehicles

  • M113A2 APC (Armored Personnel Carrier)

Anti-aircraft

Other vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

  • M109A2 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)

ItalyEdit

Infantry weapons

AircraftEdit

ShipsEdit

CanadaEdit

Infantry weapons

ShipsEdit

BelgiumEdit

Infantry weapons

SwedenEdit

Infantry weapons

SyriaEdit

Infantry weapons

Tank

  • T-62 MBT (Main Battle Tank)

IraqEdit

 
Iraqi G5 155mm howitzer.
 
Iraqi Air Force Mikoyan MiG-29 destroyed on the ground by US Special Forces at the Tallil Airbase near Nasiriyah, southern Iraq.

IraqEdit

List of substantial numbers of various military equipment in Iraq's possession from around 1970 onwards. (Not a guarantee that all were used in combat or in theatre during the war.)

Land-basedEdit

Infantry weapons

Tanks

  • T-72M/M1 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-72 Ural MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • Asad Babil MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-62 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-55A MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-55 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-54 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-55 Enigma MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-55QM MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-55QM2 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • Type 59 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • Type 69-II MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • Type 69-QM MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • Type 69-QM2 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • TR 800 MBT (Main Battle Tank)[8]
  • PT-76 Amphibious Tank

Armoured vehicles

Self-Propelled Artillery/Mortars/Rockets/Missiles

Anti-aircraft

  • ZSU-57-2 SPAAA (Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • ZSU-23-4 Shilka SPAAA (Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • NIIP\Vympel 2K12 "Kub" SA-6a Gainful Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Antey 9K33M Osa-AK SA-8b Gecko Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Nudelman 9K31 "Strela-1" SA-9 Gaskin Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • ZRK-BD 9K35 "Strela-10" SA-13 Gopher Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • AMX-30 Roland 2 Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Lavochkin OKB S-75 Dvina SA-2 Guideline SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Isayev S-125M "Neva-M" SA-3b Goa SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Roland 2 SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • ZPU-1 14.5 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • ZPU-2 14.5 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • ZPU-4 14.5 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • ZU-23-2 23 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • M1939 37 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • S-60 57 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • S-60 Twin 57 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • KS-19 100 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)

Artillery/mortars/rockets

Engineering and recovery vehicles

Command vehicles

  • Type 63 YW-701 CP (Command Post)
  • BTR-50PU Command Vehicle
  • BTR-60PU Command Vehicle

Other vehicles

AircraftEdit

Helicopters

Airplanes

ShipsEdit

Landing ships

Fast attack ships

Minelayers

  • Type 43 Class

Patrol boats

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c Sturtivant, Ballance 1994, p. 413.
  2. ^ a b Sturtivant, Ballance 1994, p. 421.
  3. ^ a b Sturtivant, Ballance 1994, p. 419.
  4. ^ Sturtivant, Ballance 1994, p. 415.
  5. ^ a b Sturtivant, Ballance 1994, p. 416.
  6. ^ a b c d "British Forces involved in Operation Granby". RAF.mod.uk. Royal Air Force. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  7. ^ Rottman, Gordon L. (1993). Armies of the Gulf War. Elite 45. Osprey Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 9781855322776.
  8. ^ Alan K. Russell, Greenhill Books, 1994, Battle Tanks and Support Vehicles, pp. 76-77

BibliographyEdit