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List of governors of the Habsburg Netherlands

  (Redirected from List of Governors of the Spanish Netherlands)

The Governor (Dutch: Landvoogd) or Governor-General (Gouverneur-Generaal) ruled the Habsburg Netherlands as a representative of the Dukes of Burgundy (until 1506), the Kings of Castile (1506-1598; 1621-1706), and the Archdukes of Austria (1716-1794). They were normally based in Brussels. Frequently, the governor-general was a close relative of the Spanish or Austrian monarch, though at other times Spanish or German noblemen filled the role. The Governor-General was usually based in Brussels.

List of GovernorsEdit

Picture Name Took office Left office Relationship to monarch Monarch
  Engelbert II of Nassau
(1451-1504)
1501 1504 / Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor for Philip I of Castile
  William de Croÿ
(1458-1521)
1504 1507 / Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
  Margaret of Austria
(1480-1530)
1507 1 December 1530
(death)
Aunt
  Mary of Austria
(1505-1558)
January 1531 October 1555 Sister
In 1556, Philip V, Duke of Burgundy, became king of Spain as Philip II, thereby bringing the Habsburg Netherlands under Spanish control.
  Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy
(1528-1580)
1555 1559 Cousin Philip II of Spain
  Margaret of Parma
(1522-1586)
1559 1567 Half-sister
  Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
(1507-1582)
1567 1573 /
  Luis de Requesens y Zúñiga
(1528-1576)
1573 5 March 1576
(death)
/
  John of Austria
(1547-1578)
1576 1 October 1578
(death)
Half-brother
  Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma
(1545-1592)
1578 3 December 1592
(death)
Half-nephew
  Peter Ernst I von Mansfeld-Vorderort
(1517-1604)
1592 1594 /
  Ernest of Austria
(1553-1595)
1594 20 February 1595
(death)
Nephew
  Pedro Henriquez de Acevedo, Count of Fuentes
(1525-1610)
1595 1596 /
  Albert of Austria
(1559-1621)
1596 1598 Nephew
In 1598, Philip II of Spain ceded the Netherlands to his daughter Isabella Clara Eugenia and nephew Albert, who married the next year. They reigned together until his death, when the Netherlands passed to their nephew, Philip IV of Spain, in whose name Isabella Clara Eugenia governed the countries until her death.
  Isabella Clara Eugenia of Austria
(1566-1633)
1621 1 December 1633
(death)
Aunt Philip IV of Spain
  Ferdinand of Austria
(1609/1610-1641)
1633 9 November 1641
(death)
Brother
  Francisco de Melo
(1597-1651)
1641 1644 /
  Manuel de Moura
(1590-1651)
1644 1647 /
  Leopold William of Austria
(1614-1662)
1647 1656 Cousin
  John of Austria the Younger
(1629-1679)
1656 1659 Son
  Luis de Benavides Carrillo
(1608-1668)
1659 1664 /
  Francisco de Moura
(1610-1675)
1664 1668 /
Charles II of Spain
  Íñigo Melchor de Velasco
(1608-1668)
1668 1670 /
  Juan Domingo de Zuñiga y Fonseca
(1640-1716)
1670 1675 /
  Carlos de Aragón de Gurrea
(1634-1692)
1675 1677 /
  Alexander Farnese
(1635-1689)
1678 1682 Distant relative
Ottone Enrico del Caretto
(1629-1685)
1682 1685 /
  Francisco Antonio de Agurto
(1640-1702)
1685 1692 /
  Maximilian II Emanuel of Bavaria
(1662-1726)
1692 1706 Nephew-in-law
Uncle Philip V of Spain
Following the War of the Spanish Succession, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI became ruler of the Austrian Netherlands.
  Eugene of Savoy
(1663-1736)
1716 1724 Distant relative Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
  Wirich Philipp von Daun
(1669-1741)
February 1725 October 1725 /
  Maria Elisabeth of Austria
(1680-1741)
1725 26 August 1741
(death)
Sister
Aunt Maria Theresa of Austria
  Friedrich August von Harrach-Rohrau
(1696-1749)
1741 1744 /
  Maria Anna of Austria
(1718-1744)
1744 16 December 1744
(death)
Sister
  Charles Alexander of Lorraine
(1712-1780)
4 July 1780
(death)
Brother-in-law
  Maria Christina of Austria-Lorraine
(1742-1798)
with
Albert Casimir of Saxony
(1738-1822)
1781 1793 Sister and brother-in-law Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
Aunt and uncle Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
  Charles of Austria-Lorraine
(1771-1847)
1793 1794 Brother


Thereafter, the French revolutionaries occupied the Low Countries until 1815. The Emperor formally recognized the loss of these territories by the Treaty of Lunéville of 1801. At the Congress of Vienna, in 1815, the Low Countries were re-united in a personal union under the House of Orange-Nassau. In 1830, Belgium declared its independence.

See alsoEdit