List of Governors of Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle

The Governor of Edinburgh Castle, also sometimes known as the Keeper or Captain, had overall control of the Royal castle of Edinburgh, Scotland. The Governor was usually assisted by a Deputy-Governor and a Constable, the latter being under the command of the Lord High Constable of Scotland. The Governor had lodgings within the Castle, with a Governor's House being built in 1742. Although the post was never formally abolished, Governors ceased to be appointed after the death in 1876 of Henry Dundas, 3rd Viscount Melville.

The office was revived in 1936 as an honorary title for the General Officer Commanding of Scottish Command.[1] This, however, is no longer the case. In 2015 Major-General Nicholas David Ashmore was appointed as both Military Secretary and General Officer Scotland.[2]

Governors of Edinburgh CastleEdit

 
George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, Governor from 1714 to 1737
 
John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun, Governor from 1763 to 1782
 
Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton, Governor from 1782 to 1796

The castle was in English hands from 1291 to 1314, during the Wars of Scottish Independence.

Following the Castle's recapture by the Scots under Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray in 1314, it was slighted and unused until the English returned in 1333.

The castle was again recaptured by the Scots under Sir William Douglas in 1341.

Modern governorsEdit

 
General Sir Neil Ritchie, Governor from 1945 to 1947

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "No. 34268". The London Gazette. 27 March 1936. p. 1974.
  2. ^ "Senior military appointments", The Times, 24 June 2015, Pg. 55
  3. ^ "The British compendium; or, Rudiments of honour: Containing the origin of the Scots, and succession of their kings for above 2000 years;".
  4. ^ Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 194 – 195.
  5. ^ Inverurie and the Earldom of the Garioch.
  6. ^ The Annual Biography and Obituary for the Year ...
  7. ^ A Picturesque Promenade Round Dorking, in Surrey.
  8. ^ A Short View of the Families of the Scottish Nobility.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Grant, Memorials of the Castle of Edinburgh, p. 280
  10. ^ a b c d e "Appendix: Governors and officers of the Castle | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  11. ^ Gray, p.29
  12. ^ a b c d e f Gray, p. 31
  13. ^ Gray, p. 29
  14. ^ Paul, vol.3: p.10
  15. ^ a b Paul, vol.5: p.38
  16. ^ Balfour Paul, vol VIII, p.263
  17. ^ "His name with these dates appears on the board listing Governors in The Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle".
  18. ^ Cockayne, G.E., edited by the Hon. Vicary Gibbs & H. Arthur Doubleday, The Complete Peerage, vol.iii, London, 1913, p.537-8 & notes.
  19. ^ Cockburn-Hood, Thomas H.,The House of Cockburn of that Ilk and Cadets Thereof,Edinburgh, 1888, pps:257-9.
  20. ^ Paul, vol.2: p.95
  21. ^ Gray, p.34
  22. ^ Gray, p.35
  23. ^ Anderson, pp383-384
  24. ^ James Balfour Paul, Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland: 1546-1551, vol. 9, (Edinburgh, 1911), p. 433.
  25. ^ Paul, vol.5: pp.612–615
  26. ^ a b Gray, p.36
  27. ^ Gray, p.38
  28. ^ Gray, p.47
  29. ^ Paul, vol. 5: pp. 81–82: HMC 60, Mar & Kellie, supplement (London, 1930), p. 32.
  30. ^ a b Gray, p.48
  31. ^ Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 10 (Edinburgh, 1936), p. 671.
  32. ^ Gray, pp.49–50
  33. ^ "Patrick Ruthven".
  34. ^ Paul, vol.5: pp.81–82
  35. ^ Gray, p.50
  36. ^ Gray, p.53
  37. ^ Gray, p.57
  38. ^ a b c Gray, p.58
  39. ^ Paul, vol.3: p.401
  40. ^ "No. 2486". The London Gazette. 9 September 1689. p. 2.
  41. ^ Paul, vol.1: p.372
  42. ^ Gray, p.65
  43. ^ Paul, vol.7: p.261
  44. ^ Gray, p.67
  45. ^ "No. 8453". The London Gazette. 27 July 1745. p. 2.
  46. ^ Gray, p.74
  47. ^ a b Gray, p.75
  48. ^ "No. 13948". The London Gazette. 5 November 1796. p. 1062.
  49. ^ "No. 15400". The London Gazette. 22 August 1801. p. 1035.
  50. ^ "No. 18415". The London Gazette. 16 November 1827. p. 2361.
  51. ^ "No. 19398". The London Gazette. 8 July 1836. p. 1249.
  52. ^ "No. 19467". The London Gazette. 17 February 1837. p. 377.
  53. ^ "No. 20095". The London Gazette. 29 April 1842. p. 1172.
  54. ^ "No. 20711". The London Gazette. 5 March 1847. p. 918.
  55. ^ "Thomas Ernest Napier". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  56. ^ "No. 22349". The London Gazette. 24 January 1860. p. 10.
  57. ^ "Cameron, Sir Archibald Rice (1870–1944), General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  58. ^ "Papers of Gen Sir Charles John Cecil Grant, KCB, KCVO, DSO (1877–1950)". Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  59. ^ "Carrington, Sir (Robert) Harold (1882–1964), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  60. ^ "Christison, Sir (Alexander Frank) Philip (1893–1993), General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  61. ^ "MacMillan of MacMillan, Sir Gordon Holmes Alexander (1897–1986), General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  62. ^ "Barber, Sir Colin Muir (1897–1964), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  63. ^ "Collingwood, Sir (Richard) George (1903–1986), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  64. ^ "Turner, Sir William Francis Robert (1907–1989), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  65. ^ "Lennox, Sir George (Charles) Gordon (1908–1988), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  66. ^ "Lang, Sir Derek (Boileau) (b 1913), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  67. ^ "Leask, Sir Henry (Lowther Ewart Clark) (born 1913), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  68. ^ "Barrett, Sir David (William) Scott- (born 1922), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900–1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  69. ^ "Lt-Gen Sir David Young". Glasgow Herald. 18 January 2000. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  70. ^ "Lt. General Sir Norman Arthur". Frost's Scottish Who's Who. Archived from the original on 19 June 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  71. ^ "Major-General Michael Scott". Buckingham Covers. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  72. ^ "Old soldier takes castle by storm". Glasgow Herald. 29 November 1997. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  73. ^ "Debrett's People of Today". Debrett. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  74. ^ "No. 55778". The London Gazette. 1 March 2000. p. 2333.
  75. ^ "No. 56828". The London Gazette. 24 January 2003. p. 927.
  76. ^ "No. 57442". The London Gazette. 19 October 2004. p. 13163.
  77. ^ "No. 58330". The London Gazette. 18 May 2007. p. 7193.
  78. ^ "Army Officer becomes Governor of Edinburgh Castle". Ministry of Defence. 22 June 2009. Archived from the original on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
  79. ^ "New Scots Army Chief takes up post". STV. 26 October 2009. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  80. ^ "Scotland's Army Head installed as Edinburgh Castle Governor". Ministry of Defence. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  81. ^ "The highest ranking Army Reservist has been installed as Governor of Edinburgh Castle". Ministry of Defence. 20 October 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.

BibliographyEdit