List of Governors-General of New Zealand
The following is a list of the Governors and Governors-General of New Zealand. As the personal representative of the New Zealand monarch, the governor-general performs many of the functions vested in the Crown, such as summoning and dissolving parliament, granting or withholding the Royal Assent, making state visits and receiving ambassadors. These functions are performed on the advice of the head of government, the prime minister.
Since the office was established in 1841, twenty-one individuals have served as Governor or, after 1917, Governor-General. The list does not include Lieutenant-Governors of the provinces of New Ulster and New Munster that existed between 1848 and 1853.[a] Persons listed in light grey are interim administrators who exercised duties between Governors and Governors-General.
|Administrator of the Government|
- For their respective Lieutenant-Governors see New Ulster Province and New Munster Province.
- New Zealand was a dependency of New South Wales 1840–1841. Hobson was appointed by Lt.-Col. Sir George Gipps, Governor of New South Wales 1837–1846, and Governor-in-Chief of New Zealand 1839–1841
- The office was renamed "Governor-in-Chief" in 1848 under the New Zealand Constitution Act 1846
- The office of Governor was renamed Governor-General by Letters Patent of 28 June 1917
- For an explanation of the honours, see Orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom and New Zealand Royal Honours System.
- New Zealand attained responsible government following the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852
- Shortland served as Administrator by virtue of being Colonial Secretary.
- Sir Arthur Porritt was the first New Zealand-born Governor General—although he had been living in Britain for 31 years at the time of his appointment. All Governors-General since Sir Denis Blundell have been New Zealand residents and, with the exception of Sir David Beattie, New Zealand-born, and appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister.
- Beaglehole, Diana (30 October 2012). "Porritt, Arthur Espie". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Governor-General of New Zealand: Former Governors-General". gov-gen.govt.nz. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- James, Colin (22 August 2006). "The huge challenge ahead of the Maori Queen's successor". New Zealand Herald. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012.
- McLean, Gavin (October 2006). "The Governors, New Zealand Governors and Governors-General". Otago University Press. ISBN 978-1-877372-25-4.
- "Republic 'inevitable'–Clark". The Evening Post. 4 March 2002.
- "Patriated – the Governor-General". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2013.