Open main menu
For pre-1919 Prussian Ministers of War, see Prussian Ministry of War.

The Federal Minister of Defence (German: Bundesminister der Verteidigung) is the head of the Federal Ministry of Defence and a member of the Federal Cabinet.

Federal Minister of Defence
Bundesminister der Verteidigung
Bundesadler Bundesorgane.svg
Flag of Germany (state).svg
Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer 2016 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer

since 17 July 2019
Federal Ministry of Defence
Reports toThe Federal Chancellor
AppointerThe President, upon advice of the Federal Chancellor
Formation13 February 1919
First holderGustav Noske
Websitebmvg.de

According to Article 65a of the German Constitution (German: Grundgesetz), the Federal Minister of Defence is Commander-in-chief (German: Inhaber der Befehls- und Kommandogewalt) of the Bundeswehr, the German armed forces.[1] Article 115b decrees that in the state of defence, declared by the Bundestag with consent of the Bundesrat, the command in chief passes to the Federal Chancellor.[2] The highest-ranking military officer in the Bundeswehr is the Inspector General of the Bundeswehr (German: Generalinspekteur der Bundeswehr).

The current Federal Minister of Defence is Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer.

Contents

List of officeholdersEdit

Ministers of Defence, 1919–1935Edit

Minister of Defence Took office Left office Time in office Party Cabinet
1Noske, GustavGustav Noske
(1868–1946)
13 February 191922 March 19201 year, 38 daysSPDScheidemann
Bauer
2Gessler, OttoOtto Gessler
(1875–1955)
27 March 192019 January 19287 years, 298 daysDDPMüller I
Fehrenbach
Wirth III
Cuno
Stresemann III
Marx III
Luther III
Marx IIIIV
3Groener, WilhelmWilhelm Groener
(1867–1939)
19 January 192830 May 19324 years, 132 daysIndependentMarx IV
Müller II
Brüning III
4Schleicher, KurtKurt von Schleicher
(1882–1934)
1 June 193228 January 1933243 daysIndependentvon Papen
von Schleicher
5Blomberg, WernerWerner von Blomberg
(1878–1946)
28 January 193321 May 19352 years, 113 daysIndependentvon Schleicher
Hitler

Minister of War, 1935–1938Edit

Minister of War Took office Left office Time in office Party Cabinet
1Blomberg, WernerWerner von Blomberg
(1878–1946)
21 May 193527 January 19382 years, 251 daysIndependentHitler

In 1938 the Ministry of War was abolished and replaced by the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW), as a result of the Blomberg–Fritsch affair.

Chief of the OKW (de facto Minister of War, 1938–1945)Edit

Chief of the OKW Took office Left office Time in office Party Cabinet
1Keitel, WilhelmWilhelm Keitel
(1882–1946)
4 February 19388 May 19457 years, 93 daysIndependentHitler
Flensburg

Minister of War, 1945Edit

Minister of War Took office Left office Time in office Party Cabinet
1Dönitz, KarlKarl Dönitz
(1891–1980)
30 April 194523 May 194523 daysNSDAPGoebbels
Flensburg

Ministers of Defence of the GDR, 1956–1990Edit

Minister of War Took office Left office Time in office Party Chairman
1Stoph, WilliWilli Stoph
(1914–1999)
1 March 195614 July 19604 years, 135 daysSEDGrotewohl
2Hoffmann, HeinzHeinz Hoffmann
(1910–1985)
14 July 19602 December 1985 †25 years, 141 daysSEDOtto Grotewohl
Willi Stoph
Horst Sindermann
Willi Stoph
3Kessler, HeinzHeinz Kessler
(1920–2017)
3 December 198518 November 19893 years, 351 daysSEDWilli Stoph
Hans Modrow
4Hoffmann, TheodorTheodor Hoffmann
(1935–2018)
18 November 198912 April 1990145 daysSEDHans Modrow
5Eppelmann, RainerRainer Eppelmann
(born 1943)
12 April 19902 October 1990173 daysDALothar de Maizière

Ministers of Defence (Bundesminister der Verteidigung), since 1955Edit

Name Took office Left office Time in office Party Cabinet
Federal Minister for Defence
1Blank, TheodorTheodor Blank
(1905–1972)
7 June 195516 October 19561 year, 131 daysCDUAdenauer II
2Strauß, FranzFranz Josef Strauß
(1915–1988)
16 October 195629 December 19615 years, 74 daysCSUAdenauer IIIII
Federal Minister of Defence
(2)Strauß, FranzFranz Josef Strauß
(1915–1988)
30 December 19619 January 19631 year, 10 daysCSUAdenauer IVV
3Hassel, Kai-UweKai-Uwe von Hassel
(1913–1997)
9 January 19631 December 19663 years, 326 daysCDUErhard III
4Schröder, GerhardGerhard Schröder
(1910–1989)
1 December 196621 October 19692 years, 324 daysCDUKiesinger I
5Schmidt, HelmutHelmut Schmidt
(1918–2015)
22 October 19697 July 19722 years, 259 daysSPDBrandt I
6Leber, GeorgGeorg Leber
(1920–2012)
7 July 197216 February 19785 years, 224 daysSPDBrandt III
Schmidt III
7Apel, HansHans Apel
(1932–2011)
17 February 19781 October 19824 years, 226 daysSPDSchmidt IIIII
8Wörner, ManfredManfred Wörner
(1934–1994)
4 October 198218 May 19885 years, 227 daysCDUKohl IIIIII
9Scholz, RupertRupert Scholz
(born 1937)
18 May 198821 April 1989338 daysCDUKohl III
10Stoltenberg, GerhardGerhard Stoltenberg
(1928–2001)
21 April 198931 March 19922 years, 345 daysCDUKohl IIIIV
11Rühe, VolkerVolker Rühe
(born 1942)
1 April 199226 October 19986 years, 188 daysCDUKohl IVV
12Scharping, RudolfRudolf Scharping
(born 1947)
27 October 199819 July 20023 years, 265 daysSPDSchröder I
13Struck, PeterPeter Struck
(1943–2012)
19 July 200222 November 20053 years, 126 daysSPDSchröder II
14Jung, FranzFranz Josef Jung
(born 1949)
22 November 200528 October 20093 years, 340 daysCDUMerkel I
15Guttenberg, Karl-TheodorKarl-Theodor zu Guttenberg
(born 1971)
28 October 20093 March 20111 year, 126 daysCSUMerkel II
16Maizière, ThomasThomas de Maizière
(born 1954)
3 March 201117 December 20132 years, 289 daysCDUMerkel II
17Leyen, UrsulaUrsula von der Leyen
(born 1958)
17 December 201317 July 20195 years, 212 daysCDUMerkel IIIIV
18Kramp, AnnegretAnnegret Kramp-Karrenbauer
(born 1962)
17 July 2019Incumbent33 daysCDUMerkel IV

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Art 65a Basic Law". Gesetze-im-internet.de. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  2. ^ "Art 115b Basic Law". Gesetze-im-internet.de. Retrieved 9 June 2013.

External linksEdit