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As of May 2019, 138 GLONASS navigation satellites have been launched, of which 126 reached the correct orbit and 24 are currently operational.

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SatellitesEdit

GC number (Ground Control number, Russian: системный номер, номер по наземному комплексу управления) is the spacecraft number in almanac.[1] It only has to be unique during life time of each satellite. Numbers are subject to reuse. Some catalogs mistakenly used GC numbers for historical identification. See notes next to GC numbers.

Satellite Launch date/time (UTC) Carrier rocket Launch site Launch block Satellite type GC number Orbital plane[2] Slot[2] Status / Retirement[2]
[a][needs update]
Kosmos 1413 12 October 1982
14:57
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
1 I 711 I 1 12 January 1984
Kosmos 1490 10 August 1983
18:24
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
2 I 712 I 3 5 July 1984
Kosmos 1491 I 713 I 2 27 September 1984
Kosmos 1519 29 December 1983
00:52
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/40
3 I 714 III 18 27 September 1984
Kosmos 1520 I 715 III 17 30 June 1986
Kosmos 1554 19 May 1984
15:11
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/40
4 I 716 III 19 16 August 1985
Kosmos 1555 I 717 III 18 25 October 1985
Kosmos 1593 4 September 1984
15:49
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/40
5 I 718 I 2 28 November 1985
Kosmos 1594 I 719 I 3 4 September 1986
Kosmos 1650 17 May 1985
22:28
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
6 I 720 I 1 8 November 1985
Kosmos 1651 IIa 721 I 1 9 August 1987
Kosmos 1710 24 December 1985
21:43
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
7 IIa 722 III 18 28 February 1987
Kosmos 1711 IIa 723 III 17 16 May 1987
Kosmos 1778 16 September 1986
11:38
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
8 IIa 724 I 2 20 February 1987
Kosmos 1779 IIa 725 I 3 15 July 1988
Kosmos 1780 IIa 726 I 8 15 June 1988
Kosmos 1838 24 April 1987
12:42
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/40
9 IIb 730 N/A Wrong orbit
Kosmos 1839 IIb 731 N/A Wrong orbit
Kosmos 1840 IIb 732 N/A Wrong orbit
Kosmos 1883 16 September 1987
02:53
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/40
10 IIb 733 III - 6 June 1989
Kosmos 1884 IIb 734 III - 30 August 1988
Kosmos 1885 IIb 735 III 17 1 February 1989
Kosmos 1917 17 February 1988
00:23
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
11 IIb 738 N/A Wrong orbit
Kosmos 1918 IIb 737 N/A Wrong orbit
Kosmos 1919 IIb 736 N/A Wrong orbit
Kosmos 1946 21 May 1988
17:57
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
12 IIb 739 I 7 10 May 1990
Kosmos 1947 IIb 740 I 8 19 March 1991
Kosmos 1948 IIb 741 I 1 11 June 1991
Kosmos 1970 16 September 1988
02:00
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
13 IIv 742 III 17 21 May 1990
Kosmos 1971 IIv 743 III 18 31 August 1989
Kosmos 1972 IIv 744 III 19 1 November 1991
Kosmos 1987 10 January 1989
02:05
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
14 IIa 727 I 2 14 March 1993
Kosmos 1988 IIv 745 I 3 16 February 1992
Kosmos 2022 31 May 1989
08:32
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/40
15 IIa 728 III 24 25 January 1990
Kosmos 2023 IIa 729 III 19 18 November 1989
Kosmos 2079 19 May 1990
08:32
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/40
16 IIv 746 III 17 23 April 1994
Kosmos 2080 IIv 751 III 19 27 July 1994
Kosmos 2081 IIv 752 III 20 18 August 1992
Kosmos 2109 8 December 1990
02:43
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/40
17 IIv 747 I 7 17 March 1994
Kosmos 2110 IIv 748 I 4 29 October 1993
Kosmos 2111 IIv 749 I 5 9 June 1996
Kosmos 2139 4 April 1991
10:47
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
18 IIv 750 III 22 29 September 1994
Kosmos 2140 IIv 753 III 21 6 January 1992
Kosmos 2141 IIv 754 III 24 26 February 1992
Kosmos 2177 29 January 1992
22:19
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/23
19 IIv 768 I 3 9 January 1993
Kosmos 2178 IIv 769 I 8 23 May 1997
Kosmos 2179 IIv 771 I 1 25 October 1996
Kosmos 2204 30 July 1992
01:59
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/23
20 IIv 756 III 18 27 June 1997
Kosmos 2205 IIv 772 III 21 29 June 1994
Kosmos 2206 IIv 774 III 24 18 May 1996
Kosmos 2234 17 February 1993
20:09
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/23
21 IIv 773 I 2 9 March 1994
Kosmos 2235 IIv 759 I 6 30 June 1997
Kosmos 2236 IIv 757 I 3 27 July 1997
Kosmos 2275 11 April 1994
07:49
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/23
22 IIv 758 III 18 5 March 1999
Kosmos 2276 IIv 760 III 17 30 July 1999
Kosmos 2277 IIv 761 III 23 24 July 1997
Kosmos 2287 11 August 1994
15:27
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/23
23 IIv 767 II 12 5 November 1998
Kosmos 2288 IIv 770 II 14 24 August 1999
Kosmos 2289 IIv 775 II 16 13 August 2000
Kosmos 2294 20 November 1994
00:39
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
24 IIv 762 I 4 4 September 1999
Kosmos 2295 IIv 763 I 3 27 July 1999
Kosmos 2296 IIv 764 I 6 27 October 1999
Kosmos 2307 7 March 1995
09:23
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
25 IIv 765 III 20 10 September 1999
Kosmos 2308 IIv 766 III 22 21 November 2000
Kosmos 2309 IIv 777 III 19 17 July 1997
Kosmos 2316 24 July 1995
15:52
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
26 IIv 780 II 15 3 December 1998
Kosmos 2317 IIv 781 II 10 24 January 2001
Kosmos 2318 IIv 785 II 11 3 February 2001
Kosmos 2323 14 December 1995
06:10
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
27 IIv 776 II 9 13 August 2000
Kosmos 2324 IIv 778 II 15 29 January 2001
Kosmos 2325 IIv 782 II 13 23 July 2001
Kosmos 2362 30 December 1998
18:35
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
28 IIv 786 I 7 20 October 2003
Kosmos 2363 IIv 784 I 8 19 December 2003
Kosmos 2364 IIv 779 I 1 8 July 2002
Kosmos 2374 13 October 2000
14:12
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
29 IIv 783 III 18 25 May 2007[3]
Kosmos 2375 IIv 787 III 17 12 September 2006[4]
Kosmos 2376 IIv 788 III 24 14 December 2005[5]
Kosmos 2380 1 December 2001
18:04
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
30 IIv 790 I 6 19 December 2003
Kosmos 2381 IIv 789 I 3 25 August 2007[6]
Kosmos 2382 III 711 I 5 9 July 2006[6]
Kosmos 2394 25 December 2002
07:37
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/23
31 IIv 791 III 22 7 February 2007[3]
Kosmos 2395 IIv 792 III 21 18 November 2007[6]
Kosmos 2396 IIv 793 III 23 23 September 2005[7]
Kosmos 2402 10 December 2003
13:53
Proton-K
Briz-M
Baikonur
81/24
32 IIv 794 I 2 19 April 2007[8]
Kosmos 2403 IIv 795 I 4 30 April 2009
Kosmos 2404 M 701 I 6 18 June 2009
Kosmos 2411 26 December 2004
13:53
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
200/39
33 IIv 796 I 1 4 May 2008[9]
Kosmos 2412 IIv 797 I 8 16 June 2008[9]
Kosmos 2413 M 712 I 7 22 November 2012
Kosmos 2417 25 December 2005
05:07
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
34 IIv 798 III 22 9 July 2007[6]
Kosmos 2418 M 713 III 24 18 February 2010
Kosmos 2419 M 714 III 17 24 February 2016
Kosmos 2424 25 December 2006
20:18
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
35 M 715 II 14 26 June 2017
Kosmos 2425 M 716 II 15 Reserve satellite
Kosmos 2426 M 717 II 10 Operational
Kosmos 2431 26 October 2007
07:35
Proton-K
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
36 M 718 III 17 20 October 2011
Kosmos 2432 M 719 III 20 Operational
Kosmos 2433 M 720 III 19 Operational
Kosmos 2434 25 December 2007
19:32
Proton-M
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
37 M 721 II 13 Operational
Kosmos 2435 M 722 II 14 12 October 2011
Kosmos 2436 M 723 II 12 Reserve satellite
Kosmos 2442 25 September 2008
08:49
Proton-M
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
38 M 724 III 18 12 February 2014
Kosmos 2443 M 725 III 21 8 July 2016
Kosmos 2444 M 726 III 22 28 November 2012
Kosmos 2447 25 December 2008
10:43
Proton-M
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
39 M 727 I 3 28 November 2012
Kosmos 2448 M 728 I 2 16 October 2013
Kosmos 2449 M 729 I 8 9 September 2012
Kosmos 2456 14 December 2009
10:38
Proton-M
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
40 M 730 I 1 Operational
Kosmos 2457 M 733 I 6 Operational - No L2 Signal[10]
Kosmos 2458 M 734 I 5 6 August 2018[11]
Kosmos 2459 1 March 2010
21:19
Proton-M
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
41 M 731 III 22 Operational
Kosmos 2460 M 732 III 23 Operational
Kosmos 2461 M 735 III 24 Operational
Kosmos 2464 2 September 2010
00:53
Proton-M
DM-2
Baikonur
81/24
42 M 736 II 16 Operational
Kosmos 2465 M 737 II 12 21 November 2016[12]
Kosmos 2466 M 738 II 16 15 February 2016[13]
N/A 5 December 2010
10:25
Proton-M
DM-03
Baikonur
81/24
43 M 739 N/A Failed to orbit
N/A M 740 N/A Failed to orbit
N/A M 741 N/A Failed to orbit
Kosmos 2471 26 February 2011
03:07
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
K1S K1 701[b] III 20 Flight testing[c]
Kosmos 2474 2 October 2011
20:15
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
45S M 742 I 4 Operational
Kosmos 2475 4 November 2011
12:51
Proton-M
Briz-M
Baikonur
81/24
44 M 743 I 8 Operational
Kosmos 2476 M 744 I 3 Operational
Kosmos 2477 M 745 I 7 Operational
Kosmos 2478 28 November 2011
08:25
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
46S M 746 III 17 13 April 2015[15][d]
Kosmos 2485 26 April 2013
05:23
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
47S M 747 I 2 Operational
N/A 2 July 2013
02:38
Proton-M
DM-03
Baikonur
81/24
47 M 748 N/A Failed to orbit
N/A M 749 N/A Failed to orbit
N/A M 750 N/A Failed to orbit
Kosmos 2494 23 March 2014
22:54
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
48S M 754 III 18 Operational
Kosmos 2500 14 June 2014
17:16
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
49S M 755 III 21 Operational
Kosmos 2501 30 November 2014
21:52
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
K2S K1 702[e] II 9 Operational[f]
Kosmos 2514 7 February 2016
00:21
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
50S M 751 III 17 Operational
Kosmos 2516 29 May 2016
08:44
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
51S M 753 II 11 Operational
Kosmos 2522 22 September 2017
00:02
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
52S M 752 II 14 Operational
Kosmos 2527 17 June 2018
21:46
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
53S M 756 I 5 Operational
Kosmos 2529 3 November 2018
20:17
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
54S M 757 II 15 Operational
Kosmos 2534 27 May 2019
06:23
Soyuz-2.1b
Fregat-M
Plesetsk
43/4
55S M 758 II 12 Operational
  1. ^ Some dates are abandonment dates, some dates are known non-service dates prior to abandonment
  2. ^ Known is some catalogs as 701K
  3. ^ Kosmos 2471, the first GLONASS-K1, operates in test mode only, with its signal flagged as "unhealthy". In addition the satellite provides active Cospas-Sarsat search and rescue service.[14]
  4. ^ Restored the system to fully operational for the first time since late 1995
  5. ^ Known is some catalogs as 702K
  6. ^ Kosmos 2501, second GLONASS-K1, also provides Cospas-Sarsat search and rescue service.[14]

Satellites by versionEdit

Version Launched Operational Not used Retired Lost
at launch
Remarks
Uragan Block I 10 0 0 10 0
Uragan Block IIa 9 0 0 9 0
Uragan Block IIb 12 0 0 6 6
Uragan Block IIv 56 0 0 56 0
Uragan Block III 1 0 0 1 0
Uragan-M 48 23 2 17 6 3 satellites left to launch
Uragan-K1 2 1 1 0 0 Launches continuing
Total 138 24 3 99 12

Orbital slotsEdit

GC numbers refer to currently active satellites. GC numbers in parentheses refer to non-operational satellites under testing or in reserve.

Slot Plane
I II III
1/9/17 730 702 751
2/10/18 747 717 754
3/11/19 744 753 720
4/12/20 742 758 (723) 719 (701)
5/13/21 756 721 755
6/14/22 733 752 731
7/15/23 745 757 (716) 732
8/16/24 743 736 735

Planned launchesEdit

Date[16][17] Rocket Launch site Satellite type GC # Manufacturer # Remarks
Q2, 2019 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-M 759 №50 Part of the reserve GLONASS-M models, to be launched as needed in case of on-orbit failures prior to planned replacement.[18]
Q3, 2019 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K №15[19]
Q4, 2019 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K2 №13L[20]
Q4, 2019 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-M 760 №51 Part of the reserve GLONASS-M models[18]
Q1, 2020 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K №17
Q1, 2020 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K2 №14L Second GLONASS-K2 test satellite.[18]
Q2, 2020 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-M 761 №52 Part of the reserve GLONASS-M models[18]
Q3, 2020 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K №16 After the initial two prototypes launched in 2011 and 2014, only nine more GLONASS-K1 models will be produced. They will be launched as needed to replace end-of-life GLONASS-M variants.[18]
Q4, 2020 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K №18
Q1, 2021 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K №19
Q2, 2021 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K №20
Q3, 2021 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K №21
Q3, 2022 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K №22
Q4, 2022 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K2 №24L
Q1, 2023 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K №23
Q1, 2023 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk or Vostochny GLONASS-V №11L First of six initial satellites in highly elliptical orbits.[21][22]
Q4, 2023 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K2 №25L
Q1, 2024 Angara A5 Plesetsk or Vostochny GLONASS-K2 × 2 №26, №27
Q1, 2024 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk or Vostochny GLONASS-V №12L
Q3, 2024 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K2 №28
Q4, 2024 Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk GLONASS-K2 №29
Q1, 2025 Angara A5 Plesetsk or Vostochny GLONASS-V №13L, №14L
Q4, 2025 Angara A5 Plesetsk or Vostochny GLONASS-V №15L, №16L
2025–2033 Soyuz-2.1b and Angara A5 Plesetsk and Vostochny GLONASS-K2 × 1-2 №30-№54

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ГЛОНАССовские страдания" [GLONASS pains] (PDF). Novosti Kosmonavtiki (in Russian). 1999. p. 24. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "Satellite-specific info for GPS/GLONASS/GEO/LEO/SLR, BSW5.2". Bernese GNSS Software. University of Bern, Astronomy Institute (AIUB). 7 September 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 1 November 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 1 April 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 25 December 2005. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 1 January 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 1 April 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 1 May 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 1 August 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  10. ^ "GLONASS Constellation Status".
  11. ^ "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 14 August 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 25 November 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  13. ^ "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 16 February 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  14. ^ a b "COSPAS-SARSAT". ESA. June 2015. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Daily constellation status". TsNIIMash. 14 April 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  16. ^ Pietrobon, Steven (17 May 2019). "Russian Launch Manifest". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  17. ^ "В ближайшие 15 лет запустят 46 спутников системы ГЛОНАСС" [46 GLONASS satellites will be launched in the next 15 years] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  18. ^ a b c d e Peslyak, Alexey (1 November 2017). "Производитель "Глонасс": в 2021 году создадим импортонезависимый спутник" [GLONASS designer: we will create a completely Russian satellite by 2021] (in Russian). TASS. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  19. ^ "Идет сборка нового спутника «Глонасс-К»" [A GLONASS-K is being assembled] (in Russian). 9 March 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  20. ^ "ЗАКУПКА №31807072240" [Purchase №31807072240] (in Russian). The Russian Federation Treasury. 26 October 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  21. ^ "Directions 2019: High-orbit GLONASS and CDMA signal". 12 December 2018. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  22. ^ "Систему ГЛОНАСС пополнят повышающие точность спутники "Глонасс-В"" [Glonass-V satellites will increase GLONASS accuracy] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.


External linksEdit