List of Foundings of the Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos

This table summarizes the history of foundations and relocations of the Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos.[1][2]

Settlement[nb 1] Founded, Relocated (reason) Founders Indians Comments
San José de Chiquitos 1698 Felipe Suárez, Fr. Dionisio Ávila Penoquis
San Rafael de Velasco 1695, 1701 (epidemic), 1705 (epidemic), 1719 (fire), 1750 Juan Bautista Zea, Francisco Hervás
San Javier 1691, 1696 (incursion of Paulistas; relocated to the river San Miguel), 1698 (Paulistas; relocated closer to Santa Cruz), 1708 (Spanish from Santa Cruz capturing Indians; relocated away from Santa Cruz) José de Arce, (Antonio de Rivas?) Piñocas
San Miguel de Velasco 1721 Felipe Suárez, (Francisco Hervás) Founded because San Rafael was growing too big
Concepción 1699, 1707, 1708, 1722 Francisco Lucas Caballero, Francisco Hervás Chiquitanos
Santa Ana de Velasco 1755 Julian Knogler Covarecas and Curuminacas
San Ignacio de Velasco 1748 Diego Contreras, Michael Streicher (also known as Areijer) Ugaraños Partially settled by inhabitants of former San Ignacio de Zamucos
San Juan Bautista 1699, 1705 (epidemic)-closed,[nb 2] reopened in 1713 in a new spot Juan Batista Zea, Juan Patricio Fernández Suberecas, Petas, Piñocas Founded because San José had grown too big
San Ignacio de Zamucos 1716 (attempts of founding), 1723; abandoned in 1745 (fights between Zamucos and Ugarone) Felipe Suárez, Juan Bautista Zea, Agustín Castañares
Santo Corazón 1760, 1788 Antonio Gaspar, José Chueca Otukes
Santiago de Chiquitos 1754, 1764 Gaspar Troncoso, Gaspar Campos

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Missions that are part of the World Heritage site are in bold.
  2. ^ The reduction would have needed to be relocated, but the Indians refused so the mission was closed.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lasso Varela, Isidro José (2008-06-26). "Influencias del cristianismo entre los Chiquitanos desde la llegada de los Españoles hasta la expulsión de los Jesuitas" (in Spanish). Departamento de Historia Moderna, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia UNED. Retrieved 2009-02-03. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Groesbeck, Geoffrey A. P. (2008). "A Brief History of the Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos (eastern Bolivia)". Colonialvoyage. Archived from the original on 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2009-01-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)