List of Ford factories

The following is a list of current, former, and confirmed future facilities of Ford Motor Company for manufacturing automobiles and other components. Per regulations, the factory is encoded into each vehicle's VIN as character 11 for North American models, and character 8 for European models.

The River Rouge Complex manufactured most of the components of Ford vehicles, starting with the Model T. Much of the production was devoted to compiling "knock-down kits" that were then shipped in wooden crates to Branch Assembly locations across the United States by railroad and assembled locally, using local supplies as necessary.[1] A few of the original Branch Assembly locations still remain while most have been repurposed or have been demolished and the land reused. Knock-down kits were also shipped internationally until the River Rouge approach was duplicated in Europe and Asia.

For a listing of Ford's proving grounds and test facilities see Ford Proving Grounds.

Current production facilities

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VIN Name City/state Country Opened Employees Products Comments
AutoAlliance Thailand Pluak Daeng district, Rayong Thailand 1998 6,863 Ford Ranger (T6)
Ford Everest
Mazda 2
Mazda 3
Mazda CX-3
Mazda CX-30
Joint venture 50% owned by Ford and 50% owned by Mazda.
Buffalo Stamping Hamburg, New York U.S. 1950 1,100 Body panels
Changan Ford Chongqing Assembly Chongqing China 5,000+ Ford Escape
Ford Escort
Ford Focus
Ford Kuga
Ford Mondeo
Ford Mondeo Sport
Ford Mustang Mach-E
Lincoln Corsair
Lincoln Zephyr
Joint Venture: Chongqing Changan Automobile Co., Ltd. (50%), Ford Motor Company (50%).
Complex includes three assembly plants.
Changan Ford Chongqing Engine Chongqing China 1,310 Ford 1.0 L Ecoboost I3 engine
Ford 1.5 L Sigma I4 engine
Ford 1.5 L EcoBoost I4 engine
Joint Venture: Chongqing Changan Automobile Co., Ltd. (50%), Ford Motor Company (50%).
Changan Ford Chongqing Transmission Chongqing China 1,310 Ford 6F15 transmission
Ford 6F35 transmission
Changan Ford Hangzhou Assembly Hangzhou, Zhejiang China Ford Edge Plus
Ford Explorer
Ford Taurus
Lincoln Aviator
Lincoln Nautilus
Changan Ford Harbin Assembly Harbin, Heilongjiang China Ford Focus Plant formerly belonged to Harbin Hafei Automobile Group Co. Bought by Changan Ford in 2015.
CHI/CH/G (NA) Chicago Assembly Chicago, Illinois U.S. 1924 5,810 Ford Explorer (U625)
Lincoln Aviator (U611)
Located at 12600 S Torrence Avenue.
Replaced the previous location at 3915 Wabash Avenue.
N (NA) Chicago SHO Center Chicago, Illinois U.S. 2021 Ford Explorer
Lincoln Aviator
12429 S Burley Ave in Chicago, about a mile away from the Chicago Assembly Plant.
Chicago Stamping Chicago Heights, Illinois U.S. 1,270 Located at 1000 E Lincoln Hwy, Chicago Heights, IL
Chihuahua Engine Chihuahua, Chihuahua Mexico 1983 690 Ford Duratec 2.0/2.3/2.5 I4
Ford 1.5L Dragon EcoBoost I3
4.4L Diesel V8
6.7L Diesel V8
Cleveland Engine #1 Brook Park, Ohio U.S. 1951 1,180 Ford 2.0/2.3 EcoBoost I4
Ford 3.5 L EcoBoost V6
Ford 3.5/3.7 Cyclone V6 (for RWD vehicles)
A (EU) / E Cologne Body & Assembly Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia Germany 1931 4,141 Ford Fiesta
Cologne Engine Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia Germany 1,008 1.0 litre EcoBoost I3
Aston Martin V12 engine
Previously:
Ford Taunus V4 engine
Ford Cologne V6 engine
Aston Martin 4.3/4.7 V8
Cologne Tool & Die Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia Germany 1,144 Tooling, dies, fixtures, jigs, die repair
Cologne Transmission Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia Germany 1,590 Ford MTX-75 transmission
Ford VXT-75 transmission
Ford VMT6 transmission
Volvo M56/M58/M66 transmission
Ford MMT6 transmission
Formerly part of the Getrag Ford Transmission joint venture. Returned to 100% Ford ownership in 2021.
Cortako Cologne GmbH Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia Germany 1961 410 Forging of steel parts for engines, transmissions, and chassis Originally known as Cologne Forge & Die Cast Plant. Previously known as Tekfor Cologne GmbH from 2003 to 2011, a 50/50 joint venture between Ford and Neumayer Tekfor GmbH. Bought back by Ford in 2011 and now 100% owned by Ford.
Coscharis Motors Assembly Ltd. Lagos Nigeria Ford Ranger Plant owned by Coscharis Motors Assembly Ltd. Built under contract for Ford.
M (NA) Cuautitlán Assembly Cuautitlán Izcalli, Mexico State Mexico 1964 Ford Mustang Mach-E Truck assembly began in 1970 while car production began in 1980.
Dagenham Engine Dagenham England, UK 1931 2,047 Ford DLD engine (Tiger)
Ford EcoBlue engine (Panther)
Ford 2.7/3.0 Lion Diesel V6
W (NA) Ford Rouge Electric Vehicle Center Dearborn, Michigan U.S. 2021 Ford F-150 Lightning EV Part of the River Rouge Complex.
Dearborn Diversified Manufacturing Plant Dearborn, Michigan U.S. Axles, suspension parts. Frames for F-Series trucks. Part of the River Rouge Complex.
Dearborn Engine Dearborn, Michigan U.S. 911 Ford Duratec 20
Ford Duratec 23
Ford Duratec 25
Part of the River Rouge Complex.
Previously: Ford FE engine
Ford CVH engine
Dearborn Stamping Dearborn, Michigan U.S. 1,780 Body stampings Part of the River Rouge Complex.
Dearborn Tool & Die Dearborn, Michigan U.S. Tooling Part of the River Rouge Complex.
F (NA) Dearborn Truck Dearborn, Michigan U.S. 2004 Ford F-150 Part of the River Rouge Complex. Replaced the nearby Dearborn Assembly Plant.
0 (NA) Detroit Chassis LLC Detroit, Michigan U.S. F-53 motorhome chassis
F-59 commercial chassis
Replaced production at IMMSA in Mexico. Plant owned by Detroit Chassis LLC.
Essex Engine Windsor, Ontario Canada 1981 820 Ford Coyote V8
Engine components
Idled in November 2007, reopened February 2010. Previously:
Ford Essex V6 engine (Canadian)
Ford 5.4L 3-valve Modular V8
5 (NA) Flat Rock Assembly Plant Flat Rock, Michigan U.S. 1987 1,800 Ford Mustang Built at site of closed Ford Michigan Casting Center (1972–1981). Opened as a Mazda plant; known as AutoAlliance International from 1992 to 2012.
Ford Lio Ho Assembly Zhongli District, Taoyuan Taiwan 1973 2,332 Ford Focus
Ford Kuga
Ford Focus Active
Joint venture 70% owned by Ford and 30% owned by Lio Ho Group.
Ford Lio Ho Engine Zhongli District, Taoyuan Taiwan 2,332 Ford Zeta engine
Mazda 1.6 ZM-DE I4
Mazda F engine (1.8, 2.0)
Mazda L engine (1.8, 2.0, 2.3)
Suzuki 1.0 I4 (for Ford Pronto)
Ford Motor Company of Southern Africa Silverton Assembly Plant Silverton South Africa 1967 4,310 Ford Ranger
Ford Everest
VW Amarok
Ford Motor Company of Southern Africa Struandale Engine Plant Struandale, Port Elizabeth South Africa 590 Ford EcoBlue engine
Ford 3.0 Lion turbodiesel V6
Ford 2.2/3.2 Puma diesel engine
Machining of engine components
Previously: Ford Kent Crossflow I4 engine
Ford 1.4L CVH-PTE engine
Ford 1.6L EFI Zetec I4
Ford Zetec RoCam engine
Ford Essex V6 engine (UK)
T Ford Otosan Assembly - Gölcük Gölcük, Kocaeli Turkey 2001 7,534 Ford Transit
Ford Transit Custom
Ford Tourneo Custom
Transit Connect started shipping to the US in fall of 2009.
T Ford Otosan Assembly - Yeniköy Gölcük, Kocaeli Turkey 2014 Ford Transit Courier Opened 2014.
Previously: Ford Tourneo Courier
Ford Otosan Engine Inonu, Eskisehir Turkey 1982 1,608 Ford Puma I4/I5 diesel engine
Ford EcoBlue engine
Ford Cargo truck
Ford F-MAX
Ford Ecotorq engine
Ford EcoTorq transmission
Rear axles
Opened 1982.
Previously:
Ford D series
Ford 1.6 Zetec I4
Ford 2.5 DI diesel I4
Ford 6.0/6.2 diesel inline-6
7.3L Ecotorq diesel I6
Ford MT75 transmission for Transit
R (EU) Ford Romania Craiova Romania 2009 6,200 Ford EcoSport (2017)
Ford Puma (2019)
Ford 1.0 Fox EcoBoost I3
Ford 1.5 Sigma EcoBoost I4
Ford Thailand Manufacturing Pluak Daeng district, Rayong Thailand 2012 2,020 Ford Ranger (T6)
Hai Duong Assembly, Ford Vietnam, Ltd. Hai Duong Vietnam 1995 670 Ford Transit
Ford Ranger (T6)
Joint venture 75% owned by Ford and 25% owned by Song Cong Diesel Company.
Halewood Transmission Halewood, Merseyside England, UK 710 Ford MT75 transmission
Ford MT82 transmission
Ford IB5 transmission
Ford iB6 transmission
PTO Transmissions
Formerly part of the Getrag Ford Transmission joint venture. Returned to 100% Ford ownership in 2021.
R (NA) Hermosillo Stamping and Assembly Hermosillo, Sonora Mexico 1986 Ford Bronco Sport
Ford Maverick pickup
Irapuato Transmission Plant Irapuato, Guanajuato Mexico 900 Ford 6F15 transmission
Ford 8F24 transmission
Formerly Getrag Americas, a joint venture between Getrag and the Getrag Ford Transmission joint venture. Became 100% owned by Ford in 2016.
Jiangling Motors Corp., Ltd. (JMC Xiaolan Assembly Plant) Xiaolan Economic Development Zone, Nanchang, Jiangxi China 1997 7,258 Ford Transit Pro
Ford Transit
Ford Tourneo
Ford Everest
Ford Equator
Ford Equator Sport
Ford Territory
Partnership with Jiangling Investment Co., Ltd. Jiangling Motors is 32% owned by Ford.
Jiangling Motors Corp., Ltd. (JMC Xiaolan Engine Plant) Xiaolan Economic Development Zone, Nanchang, Jiangxi China Ford 2.0 L EcoBoost I4
JMC 1.5/1.8 GTDi engines
K (NA) Kansas City Assembly Claycomo, Missouri U.S. 1951 7,250 Ford F-150
Ford Transit
Replaced the original location at 1025 Winchester Ave. Military production (including wings for B-46 bombers) only from 1951 to 1956, when it converted to civilian production.
E (NA)
or
V (NA) for med. & heavy trucks & bus chassis
Kentucky Truck Assembly Louisville, Kentucky U.S. 1969 8,920 Ford Super Duty
Ford Expedition
Lincoln Navigator
Located at 3001 Chamberlain Lane.
Lima Engine Lima, Ohio U.S. 1957 730 Ford 2.7/3.0 Nano EcoBoost V6
Ford 3.3 Cyclone V6
Ford 3.5/3.7 Cyclone V6 (for FWD vehicles)
Livonia Transmission Livonia, Michigan U.S. 1,849 Ford 6R transmission
Ford 10R60/10R80 transmission
Ford 8F35/8F40 transmission
U (NA) Louisville Assembly Plant Louisville, Kentucky U.S. 1955 4,100 Ford Escape
Lincoln Corsair
L (NA) Michigan Assembly Plant Wayne, Michigan U.S. 1957 Ford Ranger (T6)
Ford Bronco (U725)
Located at 38303 Michigan Ave. Formerly called Michigan Truck Plant.
S (NA) New Model Programs Development Center Allen Park, Michigan U.S. 1956 Continental Mark II Commonly known as "Pilot Plant"
Nordex S.A. Montevideo Uruguay Ford Transit Plant owned by Nordex S.A. Built under contract for Ford for South American markets.
B (NA) Oakville Assembly Oakville, Ontario Canada 1953 4,500 None
D (NA) Ohio Assembly Avon Lake, Ohio U.S. 1974 1,821 Ford Econoline
Ford F-650/750
Ford
F-350/450/550/600 Chassis Cab
B (SA) Pacheco Stamping and Assembly General Pacheco, Buenos Aires Province Argentina 1961 2,123 Ford Ranger (T6)
Part of Autolatina venture with VW from 1987 to 1996. Ford kept this side of the Pacheco plant when Autolatina dissolved.
Rawsonville Components Ypsilanti, Michigan U.S. 1956 Integrated Air/Fuel Modules
Air Induction Systems
Transmission Oil Pumps
HEV and PHEV Batteries
Fuel Pumps
Carbon Canisters
Ignition Coils
Transmission components for Van Dyke Transmission Plant
Located at 10300 Textile Road. Spun off as part of Visteon in 2000. Taken back by Ford in 2005 as part of Automotive Components Holdings LLC. Sold to parent Ford in 2009.
RMA Automotive Cambodia Krakor district, Pursat province Cambodia Ford Ranger (T6)
Ford Everest
Plant belongs to RMA Group, Ford's distributor in Cambodia. Builds vehicles under license from Ford.
C (EU) / 4 Saarlouis Body & Assembly Saarlouis, Saarland Germany 1970 1,276 Ford Focus
Sanand Engine Plant Sanand, Gujarat India 2015 Ford EcoBlue/Panther Diesel I4 engine
1.2/1.5 Ti-VCT Dragon I3
Sharonville Transmission Sharonville, Ohio U.S. 1,790 Ford 6R140 transmission
Ford 10R80/10R140 transmission
Gears for 6R80/140, 6F35/50/55, & 8F57 transmissions
Sterling Axle Sterling Heights, Michigan U.S. 1956 Front axles
Rear axles
Rear drive units
Located at 39000 Mound Rd. Spun off as part of Visteon in 2000; taken back by Ford in 2005 as part of Automotive Components Holdings LLC.
J (SA) Valencia Assembly Valencia, Carabobo Venezuela 1962 1,797 Ford Explorer Serves Ford markets in Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela.
P (EU) / 1 Ford Valencia Body and Assembly Almussafes, Valencia Spain 1976 6,180 Ford Kuga
Ford Transit Connect
Ford S-Max
Valencia Engine Almussafes, Valencia Spain 1,000 Ford Duratec HE 1.8/2.0
Ford Ecoboost 2.0L
Ford Ecoboost 2.3L
Van Dyke Electric Powertrain Center Sterling Heights, Michigan U.S. 1,260 Ford 6F35/6F55
Ford HF35/HF45 transmission for hybrids & PHEVs
Ford 8F57 transmission
electric motors (eMotor) for hybrids & EVs
electric vehicle transmissions
Located at 41111 Van Dyke Ave. Formerly known as Van Dyke Transmission Plant.
Originally made suspension parts.
Previously: Ford AX4N transmission
Ford FN transmission
X Volkswagen Poznań Poznań Poland Ford Tourneo Connect
VW Caddy
VW Transporter (T6)
Plant owned by Volkswagen. Production for Ford began in 2022.
WA/W (NA) Wayne Stamping & Assembly Wayne, Michigan U.S. 1952 Located at 37500 Van Born Rd. Integrated into the Michigan Assembly Plant.
Windsor Engine Plant Windsor, Ontario Canada 1923 1,850 Ford Godzilla engine
Woodhaven Forging Woodhaven, Michigan U.S. Crankshaft forgings for V6 engines
Woodhaven Stamping Woodhaven, Michigan U.S. 1,359 Body panels

Future production facilities

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VIN Name City/state Country Status Employees Products Comments
Blue Oval City Stanton, Tennessee U.S. Announced ~6,000 Ford F-150 Lightning, batteries Scheduled to start production in 2025. Battery manufacturing would be part of BlueOval SK, a joint venture with SK Innovation.[2]
BlueOval SK Battery Park Glendale, Kentucky U.S. Announced ~5,000 Batteries Scheduled to start production in 2025. Also part of BlueOval SK.[2]

Former production facilities

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VIN Name City/State Country Years Products Comments
Alexandria Assembly Alexandria Egypt 1950–1966 Ford trucks including Thames Trader trucks Opened in 1950.
Ali Automobiles Karachi Pakistan Ford Anglia, Ford Cortina, Ford Kombi, Ford F-Series pickups Ali Automobiles was nationalized in 1972, becoming Awami Autos
N (EU) Amsterdam Assembly Amsterdam Netherlands 1932–1981 Ford Transit, Ford Transcontinental, Ford D-Series, Ford N-Series (EU) Assembled a wide range of Ford products primarily for the local market.
Antwerp Assembly Antwerp Belgium 1922–1964 Ford Model T
Ford Model A
Ford Model Y
1932 Ford
1949 Ford
Ford Taunus P3
Ford Taunus P4
Ford Falcon
Ford Fairlane
Edsel (CKD)
Ford F-Series
Original plant was on Rue Dubois from 1922 to 1926. Ford then moved to the Hoboken District of Antwerp in 1926 until they moved to a plant near the Bassin Canal in 1931. Replaced by the Genk plant that opened in 1964 however tractors were then made at Antwerp for some time after car & truck production ended.
Asnières-sur-Seine Assembly Asnières-sur-Seine France Sold Ford Model T
Ford Model A
Ford Model Y (Ford 6CV)
Ford sold the plant to Société Immobilière Industrielle d'Asnières or SIIDA on April 30, 1941.
G Aston Martin Gaydon Assembly Gaydon, Warwickshire England, UK Aston Martin DB9
Aston Martin V8 Vantage/V12 Vantage
Aston Martin DBS V12
Sold along with Aston Martin.
T (DBS-based V8 & Lagonda sedan)
B (Virage & Vanquish)
Aston Martin Newport Pagnell Assembly Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire England, UK Sold Aston Martin V12 Vanquish
Aston Martin Virage 1st generation
Aston Martin V8
Aston Martin Lagonda sedan
Aston Martin V8 engine
Sold along with Aston Martin.
AT/A Atlanta Assembly Hapeville, Georgia U.S. 1947–2006 Ford Taurus, Mercury Sable Site now occupied by the headquarters of Porsche North America.[3]
Auckland Operations Wiri New Zealand 1973–1997 Ford Laser
Ford Telstar
Ford Falcon
Mazda 323
Mazda 626
Opened in 1973 as Wiri Assembly (also included transmission & chassis component plants), name changed in 1983 to Auckland Operations, became a joint venture with Mazda called Vehicles Assemblers of New Zealand (VANZ) in 1987, closed in 1997.
Automotive Industries, Ltd. (AIL) Nazareth Illit Israel 1968-1985? Ford Escort
Ford Transit
Ford D Series
Ford L-9000
Car production began in 1968 in conjunction with Ford's local distributor, Israeli Automobile Corp. Truck production began in 1973.
Avtotor Kaliningrad Russia Suspended Ford Cargo truck
Ford F-MAX
Produced trucks under contract for Ford Otosan. Production began with the Cargo in 2015; the F-Max was added in 2019.
P (EU) Azambuja Assembly Azambuja Portugal Closed in 2000 Ford Anglia
Ford Cortina
Ford Escort
Ford Granada
Ford P100
Ford Taunus P4 (12M)
Ford Taunus Transit
Ford Thames 400E
Ford Transit
Thames Trader
G (EU) Barcelona Assembly Barcelona Spain 1923–1954 Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model Y, Ford Model C Ten Became Motor Iberica SA after nationalization in 1954. Built Ford's Thames Trader trucks under license which were sold under the Ebro name. Later taken over in stages by Nissan from 1979 to 1987 when it became Nissan Motor Ibérica SA. Under Nissan, the Ford Maverick SUV was built in the Barcelona plant under an OEM agreement.
Barracas Assembly Barracas, Buenos Aires Argentina 1916–1922 Ford Model T First Ford assembly plant in Latin America and the second outside North America after Britain. Replaced by the La Boca plant in 1922.
Basildon Basildon, Essex England, U.K. 1964–1991 Ford tractor range Sold with New Holland tractor business
Batavia Transmission Batavia, Ohio U.S. 1980–2008 Ford CD4E transmission
Ford ATX transmission
CFT23 & CFT30 CVT transmissions produced as part of ZF Batavia joint venture with ZF Friedrichshafen
ZF Batavia joint venture was created in 1999 and was 49% owned by Ford and 51% owned by ZF Friedrichshafen. Jointly developed CVT production began in late 2003. Ford bought out ZF in 2005 and the plant became Batavia Transmissions LLC, owned 100% by Ford.
Berlin Assembly Berlin Germany Closed 1931 Ford Model T
Ford Model TT
Ford Model A
Replaced by Cologne plant.
Ford Aquitaine Industries Bordeaux Automatic Transmission Plant Blanquefort France 1973–2019 Ford C3/A4LD/A4LDE/4R44E/4R55E/5R44E/5R55E/5R55S/5R55W 3-, 4-, & 5-speed automatic transmissions
Ford 6F35 6-speed automatic transmission
Components
Sold to HZ Holding in 2009 but the deal collapsed and Ford bought the plant back in 2011.
K (DB7) Bloxham Assembly Bloxham, Oxfordshire England, U.K. Closed 2003 Aston Martin DB7
Jaguar XJ220
Originally a JaguarSport plant. After XJ220 production ended, plant was transferred to Aston Martin to build the DB7. Closed with the end of DB7 production.
V (NA) Blue Diamond Truck General Escobedo, Nuevo León Mexico Joint venture ended in 2015 Ford F-650
Ford F-750
Ford LCF
Commercial truck joint venture with Navistar until 2015 when Ford production moved back to USA and plant was returned to Navistar.
Bombay Assembly Bombay India 1926–1954 Ford's original Indian plant.
Bordeaux Assembly Bordeaux France Closed 1925 Ford Model T Replaced by Asnières-sur-Seine plant.
Bridgend Engine Bridgend Wales, U.K. Closed September 2020 Ford CVH engine
Ford Sigma engine
Ford 1.5/1.6 Sigma EcoBoost I4
Ford Zeta engine
Ford 1.5L Dragon EcoBoost I3
Jaguar AJ-V8 engine 4.0/4.2/4.4L
Jaguar AJ126 3.0L V6
Jaguar AJ133 5.0L V8
Volvo SI6 engine
JG (AU) / G / 8 Broadmeadows Assembly Plant (Broadmeadows Car Assembly) (Plant 1) Campbellfield, Victoria Australia 1959-2016[4] Ford Falcon
Ford Fairlane
Ford LTD
Ford Territory
JL (AU) / L Broadmeadows Commercial Vehicle Plant (Assembly Plant 2) Campbellfield,Victoria Australia 1971–1992 Ford F-Series
Ford F-Series medium duty
Ford L-Series/Louisville/Aeromax
Ford Transit
Ford Bronco
Cadiz Assembly Cadiz Spain 1920–1923 Ford Model T Replaced by Barcelona plant.
8 Camaçari Plant Camaçari, Bahia Brazil 2001-2021[5][6] Ford Ka
Ford Ka+
Ford EcoSport
Fox 1.0L I3 Engine
Canton Forge Plant Canton, Ohio U.S. Closed 1988 Located on Georgetown Road NE.
Casablanca Automotive Plant Casablanca, Chile Chile 1969-1971[7][8] Ford Falcon Ford F-series, Ford F-600 Nationalized by the Chilean government.[9][10]
Changan Ford Mazda Automobile Co. Nanjing, Jiangsu China -2012 Ford Fiesta
Mazda 2
Mazda 3
Joint venture: Chongqing Changan Automobile Co., Ltd. (50%). Ford Motor Company (35%), Mazda Motor Company (15%). Was divided in 2012 into Changan Ford and Changan Mazda. Changan Mazda took the Nanjing plant while Changan Ford kept the other plants.
Changan Ford Mazda Engine Co. Nanjing, Jiangsu China Ford Sigma engine
Mazda L engine
Mazda BZ series 1.3/1.6 engine
Mazda Skyactiv-G 1.5/2.0/2.5
Joint venture: Chongqing Changan Automobile Co., Ltd. (50%), Ford Motor Company (25%), Mazda Motor Company (25%). Ford sold its stake to Mazda in 2019. Now known as Changan Mazda Engine Co., Ltd. owned 50% by Mazda & 50% by Changan.
Charles McEnearney & Co. Ltd. Tumpuna Road, Arima Trinidad and Tobago Ford Cortina, Ford Laser Closed in the 1990s.
Chennai Engine Plant Maraimalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu India 2010–2022)[11] Ford DLD engine
Ford Sigma engine
Chennai Vehicle Assembly Plant Maraimalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu India Closed (2022)[11] Ford Endeavour
Ford Fiesta 5th & 6th generations
Ford Figo
Ford EcoSport
Ford Ikon
Ford Fusion
Cleveland Aluminum Casting Plant Brook Park, Ohio U.S. Closed (2003) Aluminum engine blocks
Cleveland Casting Brook Park, Ohio U.S. Closed (2010) Iron engine blocks, heads, crankshafts, and bearing caps Construction 1950, operational 1952 to 2010.[12] Demolished 2011[13]
Cleveland Engine #2 Brook Park, Ohio U.S. Closed (2012) Ford 2.5L Duratec V6
Ford 3.0L Duratec V6
Jaguar AJ-V6 engine
Source of the Ford 351 Cleveland V8 & the Cleveland-based 400 V8. Also, Ford Y-block engine & Ford Super Duty engine.
Compañía Colombiana Automotriz (Mazda) Bogota Colombia Ford production ended. Mazda closed the factory in 2014. Ford Laser
Mazda 323
Ford Ranger
Mazda B series
Mazda BT-50
Plant owned by Mazda.
E (EU) Henry Ford & Sons Ltd Marina, Cork Munster, Ireland Closed (1984) Fordson tractor (from 1919) and car assembly, including Ford Escort and Ford Cortina in the 1970s finally ending with the Ford Sierra in 1980s.[14] Also Ford Transit, Ford A series, and Ford D Series. Also Ford Model T, Ford Model A, Ford Model Y, Ford Corsair, Ford Consul, Ford Prefect, and Ford Zephyr. Founded in 1917 with production from 1919 to 1984
Croydon Stamping Croydon England, UK Closed (2003) Parts - Small metal stampings and assemblies Opened in 1949 as Briggs Motor Bodies & purchased by Ford in 1957. Expanded in 1989. Site completely vacated in 2005.
Cuautitlán Engine Cuautitln Izcalli, Mexico State Mexico Closed Opened in 1964. Included a foundry and machining plant.
Ford 289 V8
Ford 302 V8
Ford 351 Windsor V8
A (EU) Dagenham Assembly Dagenham England, UK Closed (2002) Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model Y, Ford Model C Ten, Ford CX, Ford 7W, Ford 7Y, Ford Model 91, Ford Pilot, Ford Anglia, Ford Prefect, Ford Popular, Ford Squire, Ford Consul, Ford Zephyr, Ford Zodiac, Ford Consul Classic, Ford Corsair, Ford Cortina, Ford Granada, Ford Fiesta, Ford Sierra, Ford Courier, Mazda 121, Fordson E83W, Ford Thames 300E, Ford Thames 307E, Ford Thames 400E, Thames Trader, Thames Trader NC, Ford K-Series 1931–2002, formerly principal Ford UK plant
Dagenham Stamping & Tooling Dagenham England, UK Closed (2013)[15] Body panels, wheels
DA/F (NA) Dearborn Assembly Plant Dearborn, Michigan U.S. Closed (2004) Ford Model A
Ford Model B
Ford Model 48
1937 Ford
1941 Ford
1949 Ford
1952 Ford
1955 Ford
1957 Ford
Mercury Eight
Ford Fairlane (full-size) (1955–1961)
Ford Thunderbird
Ford Mustang
Mercury Cougar 1967–1973
Mercury Capri
Ford F-Series
Fordson tractors
Part of the River Rouge Complex. Replaced by Dearborn Truck Plant for 2005MY. This plant within the Rouge complex was demolished in 2008.
Dearborn Iron Foundry Dearborn, Michigan U.S. Closed (1974) Cast iron parts including engine blocks. Part of the River Rouge Complex. Replaced by Michigan Casting Center in the early 1970s.
H (AU) Eagle Farm Assembly Plant Eagle Farm (Brisbane), Queensland Australia Closed (1998) Ford Falcon
Ford Falcon Ute (including XY 4x4)
Ford Fairlane
Ford LTD
Ford F-Series trucks
Ford L-Series/Louisville/Aeromax trucks
Ford Cargo
Ford Trader
Opened in 1926. Closed in 1998; demolished
ME/T (NA) Edison Assembly Edison, New Jersey U.S. 1948–2004 Ford Ranger
Ford Ranger EV
Mazda B-Series
Ford Escort
Mercury Lynx
Ford Mustang
Mercury Cougar
Ford Pinto
Mercury Bobcat
Ford Falcon
Mercury Comet
Mercury Custom
Mercury Medalist
Mercury Montclair
Mercury Monterey
Mercury Park Lane
Mercury Turnpike Cruiser
Mercury Meteor
demolished in 2005. Also known as Metuchen Assembly.
Essex Aluminum Windsor, Ontario Canada Closed (2012) 3.8/4.2L V6 cylinder heads
4.6L, 5.4L V8 cylinder heads
6.8L V10 cylinder heads
Pistons
Opened 1981. Sold to Nemak Aluminum (a 25/75 joint venture between Ford & Nemak, which is 75.24% owned by Alfa Group of Mexico) in 2001; shuttered in 2009 except for the melting operation which closed in 2012.
Fairfax Transmission Fairfax, Ohio U.S. Closed (1979) Ford-O-Matic/Merc-O-Matic/Lincoln Turbo-Drive
Cruise-O-Matic (FX transmission)
FMX transmission
Located at 4000 Red Bank Road. Opened in 1950. Original Ford-O-Matic was a licensed design from the Warner Gear division of Borg-Warner. Also produced aircraft engine parts during the Korean War. Closed in 1979. Sold to Red Bank Distribution of Cincinnati in 1987. Transferred to Cincinnati Port Authority in 2006 after Cincinnati agreed not to sue the previous owner for environmental and general negligence. Redeveloped into Red Bank Village, a mixed-use commercial and office space complex, which opened in 2009 and includes a Wal-Mart.
T Fiat Tychy Assembly Tychy Poland Ford production ended in 2016 Ford Ka
Fiat 500
Plant owned by Fiat. Production for Ford began in 2008.
Foden Trucks Sandbach, Cheshire England, UK Ford production ended in 1984. Factory closed in 2000. Ford Transcontinental Foden Trucks plant. Produced for Ford after Ford closed Amsterdam plant. 504 units produced by Foden.
Ford Malaysia Sdn. Bhd Selangor Malaysia Closed Ford Laser
Ford Lynx
Ford Telstar
Ford Escape
Ford Ranger
Ford Econovan
Ford Spectron
Ford Trader
BMW 3-Series E46, E90
BMW 5-Series E60
Land Rover Defender
Land Rover Discovery
Originally known as AMIM (Associated Motor Industries Malaysia) Holdings Sdn. Bhd. which was owned 30% by Ford from the early 1980s. Previously, Associated Motor Industries Malaysia had assembled for various automotive brands including Ford but was not owned by Ford. In 2000, Ford increased its stake to 49% and renamed the company Ford Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. The other 51% was owned by Tractors Malaysia Bhd., a subsidiary of Sime Darby Bhd.
Ford Motor Company Lamp Factory Flat Rock, Michigan U.S. Closed (1950) Automotive lighting Located at 26601 W. Huron River Drive. Opened in 1923. Also produced junction boxes for the B-24 bomber as well as lighting for military vehicles during World War II. Closed in 1950. Sold to Moynahan Bronze Company in 1950. Sold to Stearns Manufacturing in 1972. Leased in 1981 to Flat Rock Metal Inc., which later purchased the building.
Ford Philippines, Inc. Assembly Plant Sucat, Muntinlupa Philippines Closed (August 1984) Ford Cortina
Ford Escort
Ford Taunus
Ford Galaxie
Ford LTD
Ford Laser
Ford Telstar
American Ford trucks
British Ford trucks
Ford Fiera
Plant opened 1968.
Ford Philippines, Inc. Stamping Plant Mariveles, Bataan Philippines Closed (August 1984) Stampings Plant opened 1976.
Ford Motor Co. d’Italia Trieste Italy Closed (1931) Ford Model T
Ford Model A
Fordson tractors
Ford Motor Company of Japan Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture Japan Closed (1941) Ford Model T
Ford Model A
1932-1934 Ford
Ford Model Y
Founded in 1925. Factory was seized by Imperial Japanese Government.
T Ford Motor Company del Peru Lima Peru Closed Ford Mustang (first generation)
Ford Galaxie
Ford Taunus 17M
Ford F-Series
Opened in 1965.[16][17]
Ford Motor Company Philippines Santa Rosa, Laguna Philippines Closed (December 2012) Ford Lynx
Ford Focus
Mazda Protege
Mazda 3
Ford Escape
Mazda Tribute
Ford Ranger
Plant sold to Mitsubishi Motors
Ford Motor Company Caribbean, Inc. Canóvanas, Loíza Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (U.S.) Closed Ball bearings Plant opened in the 1960s. Constructed in land purchased from the Puerto Rico Industrial Development Company.
Ford Motor Co. Rhodesia (Pvt.) Ltd. Willowvale, Salisbury (now Harare) (Southern Rhodesia) / Rhodesia (colony) / Rhodesia (country) (now Zimbabwe) Sold in 1967 to state-owned Industrial Development Corporation Ford Fairlane
Ford Fairlane
Ford Falcon
Ford F-100
Ford Galaxie
Ford Anglia
Ford Consul
Ford Consul Classic
Ford Corsair
Ford Cortina
Ford Zephyr
Ford Zodiac
Ford Thames 400E/800
Thames Trader
Ford Taunus P3
Ford Taunus P5
Ford Taunus Transit
Fordson Dexta tractors
Fordson Super Major
Deutz F1M 414 tractor
Assembly began in 1961. Became Willowvale Motor Industries after the Ford sale. Became Willowvale Mazda Motor Industries from 1989 to 2014. Name went back to Willowvale Motor Industries in 2015.
Ford Motor Co. (Singapore) Bukit Timah Singapore Closed (1980) Ford Anglia
Ford Consul
Ford Custom
Ford Corsair
Ford Cortina
Ford Escort
Ford Falcon
Ford Granada
Ford Prefect
Ford Zephyr
Ford Zodiac
Originally known as Ford Motor Company of Malaya Ltd. & subsequently as Ford Motor Company of Malaysia. Factory was originally on Anson Road, then moved to Prince Edward Road in Jan. 1930 before moving to Bukit Timah Road in April 1941. Factory wa occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945 during World War II. It was then used by British military authorities until April 1947 when it was returned to Ford. Production resumed in December 1947.
Ford Motor Company of South Africa Ltd. Struandale Assembly Plant Struandale, Port Elizabeth South Africa Sold to Delta Motor Corporation (later GM South Africa) in 1994 Ford Model T
Ford Model A
Ford Falcon (North America)
Ford Fairlane (Americas)
Ford Galaxie
Ford Ranchero (American)
Ford Anglia
Ford Prefect
Ford Capri
Ford Cortina
Ford Cortina Pickup/P100/Ford 1-Tonner
Ford Zephyr
Ford Zodiac
Ford Taunus P3
Ford Taunus (P5) 17M
Ford (Taunus P7) 17M/20M
Ford Granada
Ford Fairmont/Fairmont GT (XW, XY)
Ford Ranchero (Falcon Ute-based) (XT, XW, XY, XA, XB)
Ford Fairlane (Australia)
Ford Escort/XR3/XR3i
Ford Bantam
Ford Transit
Ford first began production in South Africa in 1924 in a former wool store on Grahamstown Road in Port Elizabeth. Ford then moved to a larger location on Harrower Road in October 1930. In 1948, Ford moved again to a plant in Neave Township, Port Elizabeth. Struandale Assembly opened in 1974. Ford ended vehicle production in Port Elizabeth in December 1985, moving all vehicle production to SAMCOR's Silverton plant that had come from Sigma Motor Corp., the other partner in the SAMCOR merger.
Ford Sollers Naberezhny Chelny Assembly Plant Naberezhny Chelny Russia Closed (2019), JV with 50% owned by Sollers Ford EcoSport
Ford Fiesta
Ford Sollers St. Petersburg Assembly Plant, previously Ford Motor Company ZAO St. Petersburg Russia Closed (2019), JV with 50% owned by Sollers Ford Focus
Ford Mondeo
Ford Sollers Yelabuga Assembly Plant Yelabuga Russia Sold (2022). Originally a JV with 50% owned by Sollers. Restructured & renamed Sollers Ford in 2020 after Sollers increased its stake to 51% in 2019 with Ford owning 49%. Production suspended in 2022. Ford Transit Previously: Ford Explorer
Ford Galaxy
Ford Kuga
Ford S-Max
Ford Transit Custom
Ford Tourneo Custom
Ford Transit
Ford Sollers Yelabuga Engine Plant Yelabuga Russia Closed (2019), JV with 50% owned by Sollers Ford 1.6L Duratec I4
Ford Union Obchuk Belarus Closed (2000) Ford Escort, Escort Van
Ford Transit
Ford Union was a joint venture which was 51% owned by Ford, 23% owned by distributor Lada-OMC, & 26% owned by the Belarus government. Production began in 1997.
Ford-Vairogs Riga Latvia Closed (1940). Nationalized following Soviet invasion & takeover of Latvia. Ford-Vairogs Junior
Ford-Vairogs Taunus
Ford-Vairogs V8 Standard
Ford-Vairogs V8 De Luxe
Ford-Vairogs V8 3-ton trucks
Ford-Vairogs buses
Produced vehicles under license from Ford's Copenhagen, Denmark division. Production began in 1937.
Geelong Assembly Norlane, Victoria Australia Closed Ford Model T
Ford Model A
Ford Model Y
Ford Model C Ten
1932-1934 Ford
Ford Model 48/Model 68
1937-1940 Ford
Mercury Eight (through 1948)
Ford Prefect
Ford Anglia
1941-1942 & 1946-1948 Ford
Ford Pilot
Ford Consul
Ford Zephyr
Ford Zodiac
1949-1951 Ford Custom Fordor/Coupe Utility/Deluxe Coupe Utility
1952-1954 Ford Customline sedan/Mainline Coupe Utility
1955-1956 Ford Customline sedan/Mainline Coupe Utility
1957-1959 Ford Custom 300/Fairlane 500/Ranch Wagon
Ford Freighter/F-Series
Production began in 1925 in a former wool storage warehouse in Geelong before moving to a new plant in the Geelong suburb that later became known as Norlane. Vehicle production later moved to Broadmeadows plant that opened in 1959.
Geelong Aluminum Casting Norlane, Victoria Australia Closed 2016 Aluminum cylinder heads, intake manifolds, and structural oil pans Opened 1986.
Geelong Iron Casting Norlane, Victoria Australia Closed 2016 I6 engine blocks, camshafts, crankshafts, exhaust manifolds, bearing caps, disc brake rotors and flywheels Opened 1972.
Geelong Chassis Components Norlane, Victoria Australia Closed 2004 Parts - Machine cylinder heads, suspension arms and brake rotors Opened 1983.
Geelong Engine Norlane, Victoria Australia Closed 2016 Ford 302 & 351 Cleveland V8
Ford Australia Falcon I6
Ford Australia Barra I6
Opened 1926.
Geelong Stamping Norlane, Victoria Australia Closed 2016 Ford Falcon/Futura/Fairmont body panels
Ford Falcon Utility body panels
Ford Territory body panels
Opened 1926. Previously: Ford Fairlane body panels
Ford LTD body panels
Ford Capri body panels
Ford Cortina body panels
Welded subassemblies and steel press tools
B (EU) Genk Body & Assembly Genk Belgium Closed in 2014 Ford Mondeo
Ford S-MAX
Ford Galaxy
Opened in 1964.
Previously: Ford Taunus P4
Ford Taunus P5
Ford Taunus P6
Ford Taunus P7
Ford Taunus TC
Ford Anglia Torino
Ford Escort
Ford Sierra
Ford Transit
GETRAG FORD Transmissions Bordeaux Transaxle Plant Blanquefort France Sold to Getrag/Magna Powertrain in 2021 Ford BC4/BC5 transmission
Ford iB5 transmission (5MTT170/5MTT200)
Ford Durashift-EST(iB5-ASM/5MTT170-ASM)
MX65 transmission
CTX CVT
Opened in 1976. Became a joint venture with Getrag in 2001. Joint Venture: 50% Ford Motor Company / 50% Getrag Transmission. Joint venture dissolved in 2021 and this plant was kept by Getrag, which was taken over by Magna Powertrain in 2015.
Green Island Plant Green Island, New York U.S. Closed (1989) Radiators, springs 1922–1989, demolished in 2004
E (NA) Halewood Body & Assembly Halewood, Merseyside England, UK Sold (2008) Ford Anglia, Ford Corsair, Ford Escort, Ford Capri, Ford Orion, Jaguar X-Type, Land Rover Freelander 2 / LR2 1963–2008. Ford assembly ended 2000, then transferred to Jaguar/Land Rover. Sold to Tata Group with Jaguar/Land Rover business
Hamilton Plant Hamilton, Ohio U.S. Closed (1950) Fordson tractors/tractor components
Wheels for cars like Model T & Model A
Locks and lock parts
Radius rods
Running Boards
Opened in 1920. Factory used hydroelectric power. Switched from tractors to auto parts less than 6 months after production began. Also made parts for bomber engines during World War II. Plant closed in 1950. Sold to Bendix Aviation Corporation in 1951. Bendix closed the plant in 1962 and sold it in 1963 to Ward Manufacturing Co., which made camping trailers there. In 1975, it was sold to Chem-Dyne Corp., which used it for chemical waste storage & disposal. Demolished around 1981 as part of a Federal Superfund cleanup of the site.
Heimdalsgade Assembly Heimdalsgade street, Nørrebro district, Copenhagen Denmark Closed (1924) Ford Model T 1919–1924. Was replaced by, at the time, Europe's most modern Ford-plant, "Sydhavnen Assembly".
HM/H (NA) Highland Park Plant Highland Park, Michigan U.S. Sold (1981) Ford Model T
Ford F-Series
Fordson tractors and tractor components
Model T production from 1910 to 1927. Continued to make automotive trim parts after 1927. One of the first 2 Ford plants to build the F-Series, beginning November 27, 1947 (other was Richmond, California). Ford Motor Company's third American factory. First automobile factory in history to utilize a moving assembly line (implemented October 7, 1913). Also made Sherman M4A3 tanks during World War II.
K (AU) Homebush Assembly Plant Homebush (Sydney), NSW Australia Closed 1994 Ford Escort Mk. 1 & 2
Ford Capri Mk.1
Ford Fairlane (1962–1964)
Ford Galaxie (1965–1968)
Ford Laser
Ford Meteor
Ford Transit
Ford Mustang (conversion to right hand drive)
Opened in 1936, closed in September 1994
H (SA) Horizonte (Troller Veículos Especiais) Horizonte, Ceará Brazil Acquired in 2007; operated until 2021. Closed (2021).[5] Troller T4, Troller Pantanal
Hyundai Ulsan Plant Ulsan South Korea Ford production ended in 1985. Licensing agreement with Ford ended. Ford Cortina Mk2-Mk5
Ford P7
Ford Granada MkII
Ford D-750/D-800
Ford R-182
Hyundai Motor began by producing Ford models under license. Replaced by self developed Hyundai models.
IMMSA Monterrey, Nuevo Leon Mexico Closed (2000). Agreement with Ford ended. Ford M450 motorhome chassis Replaced by Detroit Chassis LLC plant.
Indianapolis Steering Systems Plant Indianapolis, IN U.S. 1957–2011, demolished in 2017 Steering columns, Steering gears Spun off as part of Visteon in 2000. Taken back by Ford in 2005 as part of Automotive Components Holdings LLC. Closed in 2011. Demolished in 2017.
Industrias Chilenas de Automotores SA (Chilemotores) Arica Chile Closed c.1969 Ford Falcon Opened 1964. Was a 50/50 joint venture between Ford and Bolocco & Cia. Replaced by Ford's 100% owned Casablanca, Chile plant.[18]
Inokom Kulim, Kedah Malaysia Ford production ended 2016 Ford Transit Plant owned by Inokom
D Ipiranga Assembly Ipiranga, São Paulo Brazil Closed (2000) CKD, Tractor, Ford F-Series, Ford Galaxie, Ford Landau, Ford LTD, Ford Cargo Trucks, Ford B-1618 & B-1621 bus chassis, Ford B12000 school bus chassis, VW Delivery, VW Worker, VW L80, VW Volksbus 16.180 CO bus chassis Part of Autolatina venture with VW from 1987 to 1996.
Ipiranga Engine Ipiranga, São Paulo Brazil Closed Ford 272 Y-block V8, Ford 292 Y-block V8
Istanbul Assembly Tophane, Istanbul Turkey Production stopped in 1934 as a result of great depression. Then handled spare parts & service for existing cars. Closed entirely in 1944. Ford Model A
1932 Ford
Opened 1929.
Jaguar Browns Lane plant Coventry, West Midlands England, UK Closed (2007) Jaguar XJ
Jaguar XJ-S
Jaguar XK8/XKR (X100)
Daimler six-cylinder sedan (XJ40)
Daimler Six (X300)
Daimler Double Six
Daimler Eight/Super V8 (X308)
Daimler Super Eight (X350/X356)
Jaguar Castle Bromwich Assembly Castle Bromwich, West Midlands England, UK Sold (2008) Jaguar S-Type
Jaguar XF (X250)
Jaguar XJ (X356/X358)
Jaguar XJ (X351)
Jaguar XK (X150)
Daimler Super Eight
Painted bodies for models made at Browns Lane
Sold to Tata Motors in 2008 as part of sale of Jaguar Land Rover.
Jaguar Radford Engine Radford, West Midlands England, UK Closed (1997) Jaguar AJ6 engine
Jaguar V12 engine
Axles
Originally a Daimler site.
K (EU) / M Karmann Rheine Assembly Rheine, North Rhine-Westphalia Germany Closed in 2008 (Ford production ended in 1997) Ford Escort Convertible
Ford Escort RS Cosworth
Merkur XR4Ti
Plant owned by Karmann
Kechnec Transmission (Getrag Ford Transmissions) Kechnec, Košice Region Slovakia Sold to Getrag/Magna Powertrain in 2019 Ford MPS6 transmissions
Ford SPS6 transmissions
Ford/Getrag dual clutch transmission "Powershift", (Getrag Ford Transmissions)
6 Kia Sohari Plant Gwangmyeong South Korea Ford production ended (2000) Ford Festiva
Ford Aspire
Plant owned by Kia.
La Boca Assembly La Boca, Buenos Aires Argentina Closed (1961) Ford Model T
Ford Model A
1932 Ford
1941 Ford
Ford F-Series (Gen 3)
Ford B-600 bus
Ford F-Series (Early Gen 4)
Replaced by the General Pacheco plant in 1961.
F La Villa Assembly La Villa, Mexico City Mexico Closed (1984) 1932 Ford
Ford Anglia
Ford Consul
Ford Taunus
Ford Falcon
Ford Falcon Maverick
Ford Fairmont/Elite II
Ford Galaxie
Ford LTD
Ford Thunderbird
Ford Mustang
Ford Mustang II
Replaced San Lazaro plant. Opened 1932.[19]
A Land Rover Solihull Assembly Solihull, West Midlands England, UK Sold (2008) Land Rover Defender
Land Rover Discovery
Land Rover Freelander
Land Rover LR3
Land Rover LR4
Land Rover Range Rover
Land Rover Range Rover Sport
Sold to Tata Motors in 2008 as part of sale of Jaguar Land Rover.
C (EU) Langley Assembly Langley, Slough England, UK Sold/closed (1986/1997) Ford Transit and Ford A series vans; Ford D-Series and Ford Cargo trucks; Ford R-Series bus/coach chassis 1949–1986. Former Hawker aircraft factory. Sold to Iveco, closed 1997.
Leamington Foundry Leamington Spa, Warwickshire England, UK Closed (2007) Castings including brake drums and discs, differential gear cases, flywheels, hubs and exhaust manifolds Opened in 1940, closed in July 2007. Demolished 2012.
Lincoln Motor Company Plant Detroit, Michigan U.S. Closed (1952); Most buildings demolished in 2002–2003 Lincoln L series
Lincoln K series
Lincoln Custom
Lincoln-Zephyr
Lincoln EL-series
Lincoln Cosmopolitan
Lincoln Capri (1952 only)
Lincoln Continental (retroactively Mark I)
Located at 6200 West Warren Avenue at corner of Livernois. Built before Lincoln was part of Ford Motor Co. Ford kept some offices here after production ended in 1952. Sold to Detroit Edison in 1955. Eventually replaced by Wixom Assembly plant. Mostly demolished in 2002–2003.
LA Los Angeles Branch Assembly Plant Los Angeles, CA U.S. Operated from 1914 to 1930 Original Los Angeles plant: Ford Model T.
Ford Model A.
Now the headquarters of Warner Music Group.
J Los Angeles Assembly Pico Rivera, California U.S. Operated from 1957 to 1980
L Long Beach Assembly Long Beach, California U.S. Operated from 1930 to 1958
H (NA) Lorain Assembly Lorain, Ohio U.S. Operated from 1958 to 2005 Ford Econoline Operations transferred to Avon Lake.
Previously: Ford Galaxie
Ford Ranchero
Ford Falcon
Mercury Comet
Ford Fairlane
Ford Torino
Mercury Montego
Mercury Cyclone
Ford LTD II
Ford Elite
Ford Thunderbird
Mercury Cougar
Ford F-Series
Mercury Econoline pickup
Mack Avenue Plant Detroit, Michigan U.S. Burned down (1941) Original Model As 1903–1904. Ford Motor Company's first factory (rented). An imprecise replica of the building is located at The Henry Ford.
E Mahwah Assembly Mahwah, New Jersey U.S. Operated from 1955 to 1980 Last vehicles produced: Ford Fairmont
Mercury Zephyr
Ford F-Series
1955 Ford
1957 Ford
Edsel Pacer
Edsel Ranger
Ford Galaxie
Ford LTD
Ford Granada
Mercury Monarch
Lincoln Versailles
Manukau Alloy Wheel Manukau, Auckland New Zealand Sold (2001) Aluminum wheels and cross members Established 1981. Sold in 2001 to Argent Metals Technology
Matford Strasbourg France Closed Mathis cars
Matford V8 cars
Matford trucks
Matford was a joint venture 60% owned by Ford and 40% owned by French automaker Mathis. Replaced by Ford's own Poissy plant after Matford was dissolved.
Maumee Stamping Maumee, Ohio U.S. Closed (2007) body panels Closed in 2007 sold and reopened as independent stamping plant
MAVAG Budapest Hungary Closed (1939) Ford Eifel
Ford V8
Ford G917T
Opened 1938. Produced under license from Ford Germany. MAVAG was nationalized in 1946.
Maywood Assembly Maywood, California U.S. Operated from 1948 to 1957 Mercury Eight, Mercury Custom, Mercury Montclair, Mercury Monterey, Lincoln EL-series, Lincoln Cosmopolitan, Lincoln Premiere, Lincoln Capri Across the street from the Chrysler Los Angeles Assembly plant.
0 Mazda Hiroshima Assembly Hiroshima, Hiroshima Prefecture Japan Ford production ended. Ford no longer owns a stake in Mazda. Ford Courier
Ford Freda
Ford Econovan/Econowagon/Spectron
Ford Raider
Ford Trader
Plant owned by Mazda.
1 Mazda Hofu Assembly Hofu, Yamaguchi Prefecture Japan Ford production ended. Ford no longer owns a stake in Mazda. Ford Laser
Ford Telstar
Plant owned by Mazda.
Metcon Casting (Metalurgica Constitución S.A.) Villa Constitución, Santa Fe Province Argentina Sold to Paraná Metal SA Parts - Iron castings Originally opened in 1957. Bought by Ford in 1967.
Monroe Stamping Plant Monroe, Michigan U.S. Closed as a factory in 2008. Now a Ford warehouse. Coil springs, wheels, stabilizer bars, catalytic converters, headlamp housings, and bumpers. Chrome Plating (1956–1982) Originally built by Newton Steel around 1929 and subsequently owned by Alcoa and Kelsey-Hayes Wheel Co. Bought by Ford in 1949 and opened in 1950. Spun off as part of Visteon in 2000. Taken back by Ford in 2005 as part of Automotive Components Holdings LLC. Closed in 2008. Sold to parent Ford Motor Co. in 2009. Converted into Ford River Raisin Warehouse.
Montevideo Assembly Montevideo Uruguay Closed (1985) Ford Escort
Ford Falcon
Ford F-Series
Ford D series
Plant was on Calle Cuaró. Opened 1920. Ford Uruguay S.A.
H Multimatic Markham Assembly Markham, Ontario Canada Closed with the end of Ford GT production (2022) Ford GT Plant owned by Multimatic
Nissan Motor Australia Clayton, Victoria Australia Closed (1992) Ford Corsair (UA)
Nissan Pintara
Nissan Skyline
Plant owned by Nissan. Ford production was part of the Button Plan.
NK/NR/N Norfolk Assembly Norfolk, Virginia U.S. Operated from 1925 to 2007 Ford F-Series
Ford Valve Plant Northville, Michigan U.S. Closed (1981) Engine valves for cars and tractors Located at 235 East Main Street. Previously a gristmill purchased by Ford in 1919 that was reconfigured to make engine valves from 1920 to 1936. Replaced with a new purpose-built structure designed by Albert Kahn in 1936 which includes a waterwheel. Closed in 1981. Later used as a manufacturing plant by R&D Enterprises from 1994 to 2005 to make heat exchangers. Known today as the Water Wheel Centre, a commercial space that includes design firms and a fitness club. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995.
C (NA) Ontario Truck Oakville, Ontario Canada Closed (2004) Ford F-Series
Ford F-150 Lightning SVT
Opened 1965.
Previously: Mercury M-Series
OSI Turin Italy Closed (1967) Ford Anglia Torino
OSI-Ford 20 M TS
Plant owned by OSI
Ford Otosan Assembly Istanbul Turkey Closed (2001) Ford Consul
Ford Escort
Ford Taunus
Ford Transit
Ford F-600
Ford Cargo
Ford D series
Ford Thames 800
Thames Trader
Otosan P100
Anadol
Opened 1960.
Pacheco Truck Assembly and Painting Plant General Pacheco, Buenos Aires Province Argentina Transferred to VW when Autolatina dissolved (1996) Ford F-100/F-150
Ford F-250/F-350/F-400/F-4000
Ford F-600/F-6000/F-700/F-7000
Opened in 1982. Part of Autolatina venture with VW from 1987 to 1996. VW kept this side of the Pacheco plant when Autolatina dissolved and converted it to car production. VW has since then used this plant for Amarok pickup truck production.
U (EU) Pininfarina Bairo Assembly Bairo Italy Closed (2010) Ford Focus Coupe-Cabriolet
Ford StreetKa
Plant owned by Pininfarina
Piquette Avenue Plant Detroit, Michigan U.S. Sold (1911), reopened as a museum (2001) Models B, C, F, K, N, R, S, and T 1904–1910. Ford Motor Company's second American factory (first owned). Concept of a moving assembly line experimented with and developed here before being fully implemented at Highland Park plant. Birthplace of the Model T (September 27, 1908). Sold to Studebaker in 1911. Sold to 3M in 1936. Sold to Cadillac Overall Company, a work clothes supplier, in 1968. Owned by Heritage Investment Company from 1989 to 2000. Sold to the Model T Automotive Heritage Complex in April 2000. Run as a museum since July 27, 2001. Oldest car factory building on Earth open to the general public. The Piquette Avenue Plant was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2002, designated as a Michigan State Historic Site in 2003, and became a National Historic Landmark in 2006. The building has also been a contributing property for the surrounding Piquette Avenue Industrial Historic District since 2004. The factory's front façade was fully restored to its 1904 appearance and revealed to the public on September 27, 2008, the 100th anniversary of the completion of the first production Model T.
Plonsk Assembly Plonsk Poland Closed (2000) Ford Escort
Ford Transit
Opened in 1995.
Poissy Assembly (now the Stellantis Poissy Plant) Poissy France Sold in 1954 to Simca Ford F-472/F-472A (13CV) & F-998A (22CV)
Ford Vedette
Ford Abeille
Ford Vendôme
Ford Comète
Ford F-198 T/F-598 T/F-698 W/Cargo F798WM/Remorqueur trucks
French Ford based Simca models:
Simca Vedette
Simca Ariane
Simca Miramas
Simca Comète
Ford France including the Poissy plant and all current and upcoming French Ford models was sold to Simca in 1954 and Ford took a 15.2% stake in Simca. In 1958, Ford sold its stake in Simca to Chrysler. In 1963, Chrysler increased their stake in Simca to a controlling 64% by purchasing stock from Fiat, and they subsequently extended that holding further to 77% in 1967. In 1970, Chrysler increased its stake in Simca to 99.3% and renamed it Chrysler France. In 1978, Chrysler sold its entire European operations including Simca to PSA Peugeot-Citroën and Chrysler Europe's models were rebranded as Talbot. Talbot production at Poissy ended in 1986 and the Talbot brand was phased out. Poissy went on to produce Peugeot and Citroën models. Poissy has therefore, over the years, produced vehicles for the following brands: Ford, Simca, Chrysler, Talbot, Peugeot, Citroën, DS Automobiles, Opel, and Vauxhall. Opel and Vauxhall are included due to their takeover by PSA Group in 2017 from General Motors.
Recife Assembly Recife, Pernambuco Brazil Closed Ford Model T
Ford Model A
Opened 1925. Brazilian branch assembly plant.
Renault Australia Heidelberg, Victoria Australia Factory closed in 1981 Ford Cortina wagon Assembled by Renault Australia under a 3-year contract to Ford Australia beginning in 1977.
Ford Română S.A.R. Bucharest Romania Closed Ford Model 48/Model 68 (1935–1936)
Ford Model 74/78/81A/82A/91A/92A/01A/02A (1937–1940)
Mercury Eight (1939–1940)
Production ended in 1940 due to World War II. The factory then did repair work only. The factory was nationalized by the Communist Romanian government in 1948.
Romeo Engine Romeo, Michigan U.S. Closed Ford 6.2 L Boss V8
Ford 5.2 L V8
Made Ford tractors and engines, parts, and farm implements for tractors from 1973 until 1988. Reopened in 1990 making the Modular V8.
San Lazaro Assembly Plant San Lazaro, Mexico City Mexico Operated 1925-c.1932 Ford Model T, Ford Model A First auto plant in Mexico opened in 1925. Replaced by La Villa plant in 1932.
Sanand Vehicle Assembly Plant Sanand, Gujarat India Closed (2021)[11] Sold to Tata Motors in 2022. Ford Figo
Ford Figo Aspire
Ford Freestyle
Opened March 2015[20]
Santiago Exposition Street Plant

(Planta Calle Exposición 1258)

Calle Exposición, Santiago, Chile Chile Operated 1924-c.1962

[21][10]

Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1941 Ford, 1949 Ford, Ford F-Series First plant opened in Chile in 1924.[18]
B (SA) São Bernardo Assembly São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo (state) Brazil Closed Oct. 30, 2019 & Sold 2020 [22] Ford Fiesta
Ford Cargo Trucks
Ford F-Series
Originally the Willys-Overland do Brazil plant. Bought by Ford in 1967. Part of Autolatina venture with VW from 1987 to 1996. No more Cargo Trucks produced in Brazil since 2019. Sold to Construtora São José Desenvolvimento Imobiliária.
Previously:
Ford Aero
Ford Belina
Ford Corcel
Ford Del Rey
Ford Itamaraty
Ford Jeep
Ford Rural
Ford F-75
Ford Maverick
Ford Pampa
Ford Courier
Ford Ka (BE146 & B402)
Ford Escort
Ford Orion
Ford Verona
Volkswagen Apollo
Volkswagen Logus
Volkswagen Pointer
Ford tractors
São Paulo city assembly plants São Paulo, São Paulo (state) Brazil Closed Ford Model T
Ford Model A
1932 Ford
Ford tractors
First plant opened in 1919 on Rua Florêncio de Abreu, in São Paulo. Moved to a larger plant in Praça da República in São Paulo in 1920. Then moved to an even larger plant on Rua Solon, in the Bom Retiro neighborhood of São Paulo in 1921. Replaced by Ipiranga plant in 1953.
L (NZ) Seaview Assembly Plant Lower Hutt New Zealand Closed (1988) Ford Model 68
1937 Ford Model 78
Ford Model Y
Ford Model C Ten
Ford 7W
Ford Anglia
Ford Prefect
Ford Consul Classic 315
Ford Consul
Ford Zephyr
Ford Zodiac
Ford Pilot
Ford Custom V8 Fordor
Ford Escort
Ford Cortina
Ford Sierra wagon
Ford Telstar
Ford Falcon
Ford Thames 400E
Ford Transit
Fordson Major tractors
Opened in 1936, closed in 1988
S (EU) Autoeuropa Setúbal Portugal Sold to Volkswagen in 1999 Ford Galaxy (1995–2006)
Volkswagen Sharan
SEAT Alhambra
Sheffield Aluminum Casting Plant Sheffield, Alabama U.S. Closed (1983) Die cast parts
pistons
transmission cases
Opened in 1958, closed in December 1983. Demolished 2008.
Southampton Body & Assembly Southampton England, UK Closed (2013)[15] Ford Transit van Former Supermarine aircraft factory, acquired 1953. Built Ford vans 1972 – July 2013
Z St. Louis Assembly Hazelwood, MO U.S. 1948–2006 Ford Explorer
Mercury Mountaineer
Lincoln Aviator
Demolished in 2009.
X (NA) St. Thomas Assembly Talbotville, Ontario Canada Closed (2011)[23] Ford Crown Victoria
Lincoln Town Car (2008–2011)
Mercury Grand Marquis
Mercury Marauder
Opened in 1967.
Previously:
Ford Falcon
Ford Maverick
Ford Pinto
Mercury Bobcat
Ford Fairmont
Mercury Zephyr
Ford Escort
Mercury Lynx
Ford EXP
Mercury LN7
Stockholm Assembly Free Port area (Frihamnen in Swedish), Stockholm Sweden Closed (1957) Ford Consul
Ford Prefect
Ford Vedette
Ford trucks
5 Swedish Motor Assemblies Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Sold 2010 Volvo S40
Volvo V40
Volvo V50
Volvo S60
Volvo S70
Volvo S80
Volvo V70
Volvo XC90
Land Rover Defender
Land Rover Discovery
Land Rover Freelander
Also built Volvo trucks and buses. Used to do contract assembly for other automakers including Suzuki and Daihatsu. Volvo Cars was sold to Geely Holding Group in 2010.
Sydhavnen Assembly Sydhavnen district, Copenhagen Denmark Closed (1966) Ford Model T
Ford Model A
1932 Ford
Ford Junior
Ford Junior De Luxe
Ford Eifel
Ford Taunus
Ford Anglia
Ford Thames 400E
1924–1966. 325,482 vehicles were built. Plant was then converted into a tractor assembly plant for Ford Industrial Equipment Co. Tractor plant closed in the mid-1970's. Administration & depot building next to assembly plant was used until 1991 when depot for remote storage closed & offices moved to Glostrup. Assembly plant building stood until 2006 when it was demolished.
Taubate Engine & Transmission & Chassis Plant Taubaté, São Paulo, Av. Charles Schnneider, 2222 Brazil Closed 2021[5] & Sold 05.18.2022 Ford Pinto/Lima 2.3L I4
Ford Zetec RoCam engine
Ford Sigma engine
1.5L Ti-VCT Dragon 3-cyl.
iB5 5-speed manual transmission
MX65 5-speed manual transmission
aluminum casting
Chassis components
Opened in 1974. Sold to Construtora São José Desenvolvimento Imobiliária https://construtorasaojose.com[24]
Thai Motor Co. ? Thailand Closed Ford Capri | Ford Cortina
Factory was a joint venture between Ford UK & Ford's Thai distributor, Anglo-Thai Motors Company. Taken over by Ford in 1973 when it was renamed Ford Thailand, closed in 1976 when Ford left Thailand.
4 Thai-Swedish Assembly Co. Ltd. Samutprakarn Thailand Plant no longer used by Volvo Cars. Sold to Volvo AB in 2011. Production consolidated to Malaysia plant. Volvo 200 Series
Volvo 940
Volvo S40/V40
Volvo S70
Volvo S60
Volvo S80
Volvo V70
Volvo XC90
Land Rover Freelander
Volvo Trucks
Volvo Buses
Was 56% owned by Volvo and 44% owned by Swedish Motor. Volvo Cars was sold in 2010.
J (NA) TH!NK Nordic AS Aurskog Norway Sold (2003) Ford Think City Sold to Kamkorp Microelectronics as of February 1, 2003
Tlalnepantla Tool & Die Tlalnepantla, Mexico State Mexico Closed 1985 Tooling for vehicle production Was previously a Studebaker-Packard assembly plant. Bought by Ford in 1962 and converted into a tool & die plant. Operations transferred to Cuautitlan at the end of 1985.
Ford Trafford Park Factory Trafford Park England, UK Closed Ford Model T, Ford Model A 1911–1931, formerly principal Ford UK plant. Produced Rolls-Royce Merlin aircraft engines during World War II.
Transax, S.A. Córdoba, Córdoba Province Argentina Transferred to VW when Autolatina dissolved (1996) Transmissions
Axles
Bought by Ford in 1967 from IKA. Part of Autolatina venture with VW from 1987 to 1996. VW kept this plant when Autolatina dissolved. VW has since then used this plant for transmission production.
P Twin Cities Assembly Plant St. Paul, MN U.S. Operated from 1925 to 2011 Ford Ranger
Mazda B-Series
Volkswagen São Bernardo Assembly (Anchieta) São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo (state) Brazil Returned to VW do Brazil when Autolatina dissolved in 1996 Ford Versailles/Ford Galaxy (Argentina)
Ford Royale
Volkswagen Santana
Volkswagen Quantum
Part of Autolatina venture between Ford and VW from 1987 to 1996.
J Volvo AutoNova Plant Uddevalla Sweden Sold to Pininfarina Sverige AB Volvo C70 AutoNova was originally a 49/51 joint venture between Volvo & TWR. Restructured into Pininfarina Sverige AB, a new joint venture with Pininfarina to build the 2nd generation C70.
2 Volvo Ghent Plant Ghent Belgium Sold Volvo C30
Volvo S40
Volvo S60
Volvo S70
Volvo V40
Volvo V50
Volvo V70
Volvo XC70
Volvo XC60
Sold as part of sale of Volvo Cars to Geely
F Volvo Nedcar Plant Born Netherlands Sold (2001) Volvo S40
Volvo V40
Mitsubishi Carisma
Mitsubishi Space Star
Taken over by Mitsubishi Motors in 2001, and later by VDL Groep in 2012, when it became VDL Nedcar. Volvo production ended in 2004.
J Volvo Pininfarina Sverige Plant Uddevalla Sweden Closed by Volvo after the Geely takeover Volvo C70 Pininfarina Sverige was a 40/60 joint venture between Volvo & Pininfarina. Sold by Ford as part of sale of Volvo Cars to Geely in 2010. Volvo bought back Pininfarina's shares in 2013 and closed the Uddevalla plant after C70 production ended later in 2013.
Volvo Skövde Engine Plant Skövde Sweden Sold Volvo Modular engine
Volvo D5 engine
PSA/Ford-based 2.0/2.2 diesel I4
Sold as part of sale of Volvo Cars to Geely
1 Volvo Torslanda Plant Torslanda Sweden Sold Volvo S60
Volvo S70
Volvo S80
Volvo V60
Volvo V70
Volvo XC70
Volvo XC90
Sold as part of sale of Volvo Cars to Geely
Vulcan Forge Dearborn, Michigan U.S. Closed (2003) Connecting rods and rod cap forgings
H (NA) Walkerville Plant Windsor, Ontario (Walkerville was taken over by Windsor in Sept. 1929) Canada Closed (1953) and vacant land next to Detroit River (Fleming Channel). Replaced by Oakville Assembly. Ford Model C
Ford Model N
Ford Model K
Ford Model T
Ford Model A
1932 Ford
Ford Model 48
1937 Ford
1941 Ford
1946-1947 Mercury trucks
1949 Ford
1952 Ford
Meteor
Monarch
Ford F-Series
Mercury M-Series
1904–1953. First factory to produce Ford cars outside the USA (via Ford Motor Company of Canada, a separate company from Ford at the time).
Walton Hills Stamping Walton Hills, Ohio U.S. Closed Winter 2014 Body panels
Willowvale Motor Industries Willowvale, Harare Zimbabwe Ford production ended. Ford Laser
Mazda 323
Mazda Rustler
Mazda B series
Mazda T3500
Assembly began in 1961 as Ford of Rhodesia. Became Willowvale Motor Industries after the Ford sale to the state-owned Industrial Development Corporation. Became Willowvale Mazda Motor Industries from 1989 to 2014. Name went back to Willowvale Motor Industries in 2015.
Windsor Aluminum Windsor, Ontario Canada Sold Duratec V6 engine blocks
Ford 3.9L V8 engine blocks
Ford Modular engine blocks
Opened 1992. Sold to Nemak Aluminum (a 25/75 joint venture between Ford & Nemak, which is 75.24% owned by Alfa Group of Mexico) in 2001. Subsequently produced engine blocks for GM. Production ended in September 2020.
Windsor Casting Windsor, Ontario Canada Closed (2007) Engine parts: Cylinder blocks, crankshafts Opened 1934.
Y (NA) Wixom Assembly Plant Wixom, Michigan U.S. Idle (2007); torn down (2013) Lincoln Continental
Lincoln Mark series (Mark III - Mark VIII)
Lincoln Town Car
Lincoln LS
Ford GT
Ford Thunderbird
Ford GT40 MKIV
Lincoln Capri
1960 Lincoln
Lincoln Premiere
Lincoln Continental Mark III/IV/V
Demolished in 2012.
Ypsilanti Plant Ypsilanti, Michigan U.S. Sold Starters
Starter Assemblies
Alternators
ignition coils
distributors
horns
struts
air conditioner clutches
bumper shock devices
Located at 128 Spring St. Originally owned by Ford Motor Company, it then became a Visteon Plant when Visteon was spun off in 2000, and later turned into an Automotive Components Holdings Plant in 2005. It is said that Henry Ford used to walk this factory when he acquired it in 1932. The Ypsilanti Plant was closed in 2009. Demolished in 2010. The UAW Local was Local 849.

Former branch assembly plants

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VIN Name City/state Country Status Former Address Products Comments
A/AA Atlanta Assembly Plant (Poncey-Highland) Poncey-Highland, Georgia U.S. Operated 1915–1942 Originally 465 Ponce de Leon Ave. but was renumbered as 699 Ponce de Leon Ave. in 1926. Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1937 Ford, 1941 Ford Southeast USA headquarters and assembly operations from 1915 to 1942. Assembly ceased in 1932 but resumed in 1937. Sold to US War Dept. in 1942. Replaced by new plant in Atlanta suburb of Hapeville (Atlanta Assembly), which opened in 1947. Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. Sold in 1979 and redeveloped into mixed retail/residential complex called Ford Factory Square/Ford Factory Lofts.
BO/BF/B Buffalo Branch Assembly Plant Buffalo, NY U.S. Original location operated from 1913 - 1915. 2nd location operated from 1915 – 1931. 3rd location operated from 1931 - 1958. Originally located at Kensington Ave. and Eire Railroad. Moved to 2495 Main St. at Rodney in December 1915. Moved to 901 Fuhmann Boulevard in 1931. Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1937 Ford, 1941 Ford, 1949 Ford, 1952 Ford, 1955 Ford, 1957 Ford, Ford F-Series Assembly ceased in January 1933 but resumed in 1934. Operations moved to Lorain, Ohio. 2495 Main St. is now the Tri-Main Center. Previously made diesel engines for the Navy and Bell Aircraft Corporation, was used by Bell Aircraft to design and construct America's first jet engine warplane, and made windshield wipers for Trico Products Co. 901 Fuhmann Boulevard used as a port terminal by Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority after Ford sold the property.
Burnaby Assembly Plant Burnaby, BC Canada Operated from 1938 to 1960 Was located at 4600 Kingsway 1937 Ford, 1941 Ford, 1949 Ford, 1952 Ford, 1955 Ford, 1957 Ford Building demolished in 1988 to build Station Square
Cambridge Branch Assembly Plant Cambridge, MA U.S. Operated from 1914 to 1926 640 Memorial Dr. and Cottage Farm Bridge Ford Model T Had the first vertically integrated assembly line in the world. Replaced by Somerville plant in 1926. Renovated, currently home to Boston Biomedical.
CE Charlotte Branch Assembly Plant Charlotte, NC U.S. Operated 1914–1933 222 North Tryon then moved to 210 E. Sixth St. in 1916 and again to 1920 Statesville Ave in 1924 Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Closed in March 1933, Used by Douglas Aircraft to assemble missiles for the U.S. Army between 1955 and 1964, sold to Atco Properties in 2017[25]
Chicago Branch Assembly Plant Chicago, Illinois U.S. Opened in 1914
Moved to current location on 12600 S Torrence Ave. in 1924
3915 Wabash Avenue Ford Model T Replaced by current Chicago Assembly Plant on Torrence Ave. in 1924.
CI Cincinnati Branch Assembly Plant Cincinnati, OH U.S. Operated 1915–1938 660 Lincoln Ave Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1937 Ford Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1989, renovated 2002, currently owned by Cincinnati Children's Hospital.
CL/CLE/CLEV Cleveland Branch Assembly Plant[26] Cleveland, OH U.S. Operated 1915–1932 11610 Euclid Ave. Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, renovated, currently home to Cleveland Institute of Art.
G Columbus Branch Assembly Plant[27] Columbus, OH U.S. Operated from 1914 – 1932 427 Cleveland Avenue Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Assembly ended March 1932. Factory closed 1939. Was the Kroger Co. Columbus Bakery until February 2019.
JE (JK) Commodore Point Jacksonville, Florida U.S. Produced from 1924 to 1932. Closed (1968) 1900 Wambolt Street. At the Foot of Wambolt St. on the St. John's River next to the Mathews Bridge. Ford Model T, Ford Model A cars and trucks, 1932 Ford 1924–1932, production years. Parts warehouse until 1968. Planned to be demolished in 2023.
DS/DL/D Dallas Branch Assembly Plant Dallas, TX U.S. Operated from 1914 to 1970 2700 Canton St then moved in 1925 to 5200 E. Grand Ave. near Fair Park Ford Model T
Ford Model A
1932 Ford
Ford Model 48
1937 Ford
1941 Ford
Ford GPW
1949 Ford
1952 Ford
1955 Ford
1957 Ford
Ford F-Series
Assembly stopped February 1933 but resumed in 1934. Ford continued to use 2700 Canton St. for display and storage until 1939. In 1942, sold to Peaslee-Gaulbert Corporation, which had already been using the building since 1939. Sold to Adam Hats in 1959. Redeveloped in 1997 into Adam Hats Lofts, a loft-style apartment complex. 5200 E. Grand Ave. is now a warehouse.
T Danforth Avenue Assembly Toronto, Ontario Canada Sold (1946) 2951-2991 Danforth Ave. Ford Model T
Ford Model A
and other cars
Replaced by Oakville Assembly. Sold to Nash Motors in 1946 which then merged with Hudson Motor Car Company to form American Motors Corporation, which then used the plant until it was closed in 1957. Converted to a mall in 1962, Shoppers World Danforth. The main building of the mall ( now a Lowe's) is still the original structure of the factory.
DR Denver Branch Assembly Plant Denver, CO U.S. Operated from 1914 to 1933 900 South Broadway Ford Model T, Ford Model TT, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Sold to Gates Rubber Co. in 1945. Gates sold the building in 1995. Now used as office space. Partly used as a data center by Hosting.com, now known as Ntirety, from 2009.
DM Des Moines Assembly Plant Des Moines, IA U.S. Operated from April 1920–December 1932 1800 Grand Avenue Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Sold in 1943. Renovated in the 1980s into Des Moines School District's technical high school and central campus.
Dothan Branch Assembly Plant Dothan, AL U.S. 1923–1927? 193 South Saint Andrews Street and corner of E. Crawford Street Ford Model T Later became an auto dealership called Malone Motor Company and was St. Andrews Market, an indoor market and event space, from 2013-2015 until a partial roof collapse during a severe storm. Since 2020, being redeveloped into an apartment complex. The curved assembly line anchored into the ceiling is still intact and is being left there. Sometimes called the Ford Malone Building.
Dupont St Branch Assembly Plant Toronto, ON Canada Operated from 1915 to 1925 672 Dupont St Ford Model T Production moved to Danforth Assembly Plant. Building roof was used as a test track for the Model T. Used by several food processing companies. Became Planters Peanuts Canada from 1948 till 1987. The building currently is used for commercial and retail space. Included on the Inventory of Heritage Properties.
E/EG/E Edgewater Assembly Edgewater, New Jersey U.S. Operated from 1930 to 1955 309 River Road Ford Model A
1932 Ford
Ford Model 48
1937 Ford
1941 Ford
Ford GPW
1949 Ford
1952 Ford
1955 Ford
Ford F-Series
Replaced with the Mahwah Assembly Plant. Added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 15, 1983. The building was torn down in 2006 and replaced with a residential development.
Fargo Branch Assembly Plant Fargo, ND U.S. Operated from 1915 to 1917 505 N. Broadway Ford Model T After assembly ended, Ford used it as a sales office, sales and service branch, and a parts depot. Ford sold the building in 1956. Now called the Ford Building, a mixed commercial/residential property.
Fort Worth Assembly Plant Fort Worth, TX U.S. Operated for about 6 months around 1916 Ford Model T Briefly supplemented Dallas plant but production was then reconsolidated into the Dallas plant and Fort Worth plant was closed.
H Houston Branch Assembly Plant Houston, TX U.S. Operated from 1914 to 1932 3906 Harrisburg Boulevard Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, aircraft parts during WWII Divested during World War II; later acquired by General Foods in 1946 (later the Houston facility for Maxwell House) until 2006 when the plant was sold to Maximus and rebranded as the Atlantic Coffee Solutions facility. Atlantic Coffee Solutions shut down the plant in 2018 when they went out of business. Leased by Elemental Processing in 2019 for hemp processing with plans to begin operations in 2020.
I Indianapolis Branch Assembly Plant Indianapolis, IN U.S. 1914–1932 1315 East Washington Street Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Vehicle production ended in December 1932. Used as a Ford parts service and automotive sales branch and for administrative purposes until 1942. Sold in 1942.
KC/K Kansas City Assembly Kansas City, Missouri U.S. 1912–1956 Original location from 1912 to 1956 at 1025 Winchester Avenue & corner of E. 12th Street Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1937 Ford, 1941 Ford, 1949 Ford, 1952 Ford, 1955 Ford, 1957 Ford, Ford F-Series First Ford factory in the USA built outside the Detroit area. Location of first UAW strike against Ford and where the 20 millionth Ford vehicle was assembled. Last vehicle produced was a 1957 Ford Fairlane Custom 300 on December 28, 1956. 2,337,863 vehicles were produced at the Winchester Ave. plant. Replaced by Claycomo plant in 1957.
KY Kearny Assembly Kearny, New Jersey U.S. Operated from 1918 to 1930 135 Central Ave., corner of Ford Lane Ford Model T, Ford Model A Replaced by the Edgewater Assembly Plant.
Long Island City Branch Assembly Plant Long Island City, Queens, NY U.S. Operated from 1912 to 1917 564 Jackson Ave. (now known as 33-00 Northern Boulevard) and corner of Honeywell St. Ford Model T Replaced by the Kearny Assembly Plant. Plant taken over by U.S. Government. Later occupied by E.R. Squibb & Son. Now called The Center Building.
LE/LU/U Louisville Branch Assembly Plant Louisville, Kentucky U.S. 1913–1916, 1916–1925, 1925–1955, 1955–present 931 South Third Street then
2400 South Third Street then
1400 Southwestern Parkway then
2000 Fern Valley Rd.
Original location opened in 1913. Ford then moved in 1916 and again in 1925. First 2 plants made the Ford Model T. The third plant made the Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1937 Ford, 1941 Ford, 1949 Ford, 1952 Ford, Ford F-Series as well as Jeeps (Ford GPW), military trucks, and V8 engines during World War II. Current location at 2000 Fern Valley Rd. first opened in 1955.
The South Third Street location was sold to Reynolds Metals Company and has since been converted into residential space called Reynolds Lofts under lease from current owner, University of Louisville.
MEM/MP/M Memphis Branch Assembly Plant Memphis, TN U.S. Operated from 1913-June 1958 495 Union Ave. (1913–1924) then 1429 Riverside Blvd. and South Parkway West (1924–1933, 1935–1958) Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1937 Ford, 1941 Ford, 1949 Ford, 1952 Ford, 1955 Ford, 1957 Ford, Ford F-Series Both plants have been demolished.
Milwaukee Branch Assembly Plant Milwaukee, WI U.S. Operated from 1916 to 1932 2185 N. Prospect Ave. Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Building is still standing as a mixed use development.
TC/SP Minneapolis Branch Assembly Plant Minneapolis, MN and St. Paul, MN U.S. Operated from 1912 to 2011 616 S. Third St in Minneapolis (1912–1914) then 420 N. Fifth St. in Minneapolis (1914–1925) and 117 University Ave. West in St. Paul (1914–1920) Ford Ranger
Mazda B-Series
420 N. Fifth St. is now called Ford Center, an office building. Was the tallest automotive assembly plant at 10 stories.
University Ave. plant in St. Paul is now called the Ford Building. After production ended, was used as a Ford sales and service center, an auto mechanics school, a warehouse, and Federal government offices. Bought by the State of Minnesota in 1952 and used by the state government until 2004.
M Montreal Assembly Plant Montreal, QC Canada 119-139 Laurier Avenue East
NO New Orleans Arabi, Louisiana U.S. Operated from 1923–December 1932 7200 North Peters Street, Arabi, St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana Ford Model T, Ford Model TT, Ford Model A Later used by Ford as a parts and vehicle dist. center. Used by the US Army as a warehouse during WWII. After the war, was used as a parts and vehicle dist. center by a Ford dealer, Capital City Ford of Baton Rouge. Used by Southern Service Co. to prepare Toyotas and Mazdas prior to their delivery into Midwestern markets from 1971 to 1977. Became a freight storage facility for items like coffee, twine, rubber, hardwood, burlap and cotton from 1977 to 2005. Flooded during Hurricane Katrina. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2018.
OC Oklahoma City Branch Assembly Plant Oklahoma City, OK U.S. Operated from 1916 to 1932 900 West Main St. Ford Model T
Ford Model A
1932 Ford
Had extensive access to rail via the Rock Island railroad. Production ended with the 1932 models. The plant was converted to a Ford Regional Parts Depot (1 of 3 designated “slow-moving parts branches") and remained so until 1967, when the plant closed, and was then sold in 1968 to The Fred Jones Companies, an authorized re-manufacturer of Ford and later on, also GM Parts. It remained the headquarters for operations of Fred Jones Enterprises (a subsidiary of The Fred Jones Companies) until Hall Capital, the parent of The Fred Jones Companies, entered into a partnership with 21c Hotels to open a location in the building. The 21c Museum Hotel officially opened its hotel, restaurant and art museum in June, 2016 following an extensive remodel of the property. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014.
Omaha Ford Motor Company Assembly Plant Omaha, NE U.S. Operated from 1916 to 1932 1502-24 Cuming St. Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Used as a warehouse by Western Electric Company from 1956 to 1959. It was then vacant until 1963, when it was used for manufacturing hair accessories and other plastic goods by Tip Top Plastic Products from 1963 to 1986. After being vacant again for several years, it was then used by Good and More Enterprises, a tire warehouse and retail outlet. After another period of vacancy, it was redeveloped into Tip Top Apartments, a mixed-use building with office space on the first floor and loft-style apartments on the upper levels which opened in 2005. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.
CR/CS/C Philadelphia Branch Assembly Plant (Chester Assembly) Philadelphia, PA
Chester, Pennsylvania
U.S. Operated from 1914 to 1961 Philadelphia: 2700 N. Broad St., corner of W. Lehigh Ave. (November 1914-June 1927) then in Chester: Front Street from Fulton to Pennell streets along the Delaware River (800 W. Front St.) (March 1928-February 1961) Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1937 Ford, 1941 Ford, Ford GPW, 1949 Ford, 1952 Ford, 1955 Ford, 1957 Ford, Ford F-Series (first generation), Ford F-Series (second generation), Ford F-Series (third generation) November 1914-June 1927 in Philadelphia then March 1928-February 1961 in Chester. Broad St. plant made equipment for US Army in WWI including helmets and machine gun trucks. Sold in 1927. Later used as a Sears warehouse and then to manufacture men's clothing by Joseph H. Cohen & Sons, which later took over Botany 500, whose suits were then also made at Broad St., giving rise to the nickname, Botany 500 Building. Cohen & Sons sold the building in 1989 which seems to be empty now. Chester plant also handled exporting to overseas plants.
P Pittsburgh Branch Assembly Plant Pittsburgh, PA U.S. Operated from 1915 to 1932 5000 Baum Blvd and Morewood Ave. Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Became a Ford sales, parts, and service branch until Ford sold the building in 1953. The building then went through a variety of light industrial uses before being purchased by the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) in 2006. It was subsequently purchased by the University of Pittsburgh in 2018 to house the UPMC Immune Transplant and Therapy Center, a collaboration between the university and UPMC. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2018.
PO Portland Branch Assembly Plant Portland, OR U.S. Operated 1914–1917, 1923–1932 2505 SE 11th Avenue Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Called the Ford Building and is occupied by various businesses. .
SFA/SFAA (San Francisco)
RH/R (Richmond)
R (San Jose)
San Francisco Branch Assembly Plant
Richmond Plant
San Jose Assembly Plant
San Francisco, CA
Richmond, California
Milpitas, California
U.S. 1914–1983 2905 21st Street and Harrison St. (San Francisco) then 1414 Harbour Way S (at Richmond, CA) then near S. Main near Montague Expressway (at Milpitas) San Francisco Plant (1914–1931): Ford Model T
Richmond Plant (1931–1955): Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1937 Ford, 1941 Ford, Ford GPW, Ford F-Series, 1949 Ford, 1952 Ford, 1955 Ford
San Jose Assembly (1955–1983): Ford F-Series, Edsel Pacer, Edsel Ranger, Ford Pinto, Mercury Bobcat, Ford Escort, Ford EXP, Mercury Lynx, Mercury LN7, Ford Falcon, Ford Maverick, Mercury Comet, Ford Fairlane, Ford Torino, Mercury Montego, Ford Mustang, Mercury Cougar, & Mercury Capri.
San Francisco Plant was demolished after the 1989 earthquake. Richmond was one of the first 2 Ford plants to build the F-Series, beginning November 27, 1947 (other was Highland Park, Michigan). Richmond location is now part of Rosie the Riveter National Historical Park, Milpitas is now Great Mall of the Bay Area.
SR/S Somerville Assembly Somerville, Massachusetts U.S. Operated from 1926 to 1958 183 Middlesex Ave. Ford Model T
Ford Model A
1932 Ford
1941 Ford
1949 Ford
1952 Ford
1955 Ford
Ford F-Series
Built Edsel Corsair & Edsel Citation July–October 1957, Built Fords November 1957 – March 1958
The only Edsel-only assembly line. Operations moved to Lorain, OH. Converted to Assembly Square Mall in 1980
AS Seattle Branch Assembly Plant #1 South Lake Union, Seattle, WA U.S. Operated from 1914 to 1932 1155 Valley Street & corner of 700 Fairview Ave. N. Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford Now a Public Storage site.
AS Seattle Branch Assembly Plant #2 Georgetown, Seattle, WA U.S. Operated from May 1932–December 1932 4730 East Marginal Way 1932 Ford Still a Ford sales and service site through 1941. As early as 1940, the U.S. Army occupied a portion of the facility which had become known as the "Seattle General Depot". Sold to US Government in 1942 for WWII-related use. Used as a staging site for supplies headed for the Pacific Front. The U.S. Army continued to occupy the facility until 1956. In 1956, the U.S. Air Force acquired control of the property and leased the facility to the Boeing Company. A year later, in 1957, the Boeing Company purchased the property. Known as the Boeing Airplane Company Missile Production Center, the facility provided support functions for several aerospace and defense related development programs, including the organizational and management facilities for the Minuteman-1 missile program, deployed in 1960, and the Minuteman-II missile program, deployed in 1969. These nuclear missile systems, featuring solid rocket boosters (providing faster lift-offs) and the first digital flight computer, were developed in response to the Cold War between the U.S. and the Soviet Union in the 1960s and 1970s. The Boeing Aerospace Group also used the former Ford plant for several other development and manufacturing uses, such as developing aspects of the Lunar Orbiter Program, producing unstaffed spacecraft to photograph the moon in 1966–1967, the BOMARC defensive missile system, and hydrofoil boats. After 1970, Boeing phased out its operations at the former Ford plant, moving them to the Boeing Space Center in the city of Kent and the company's other Seattle plant complex. Owned by the General Services Administration since 1973, it's known as the "Federal Center South Complex", housing various government offices. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013.
STL/SL St. Louis Branch Assembly Plant St. Louis, MO U.S. 1914–1942 4100 Forest Park Ave.
V Vancouver Assembly Plant Vancouver, BC Canada Operated from 1920 to 1938 1188 Hamilton St Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1937 Ford Production moved to Burnaby plant in 1938. Still standing; used as commercial space.
W Winnipeg Assembly Plant Winnipeg, MB Canada Operated from 1915 to 1941 1181 Portage Avenue (corner of Wall St.) Ford Model T, Ford Model A, 1932 Ford, Ford Model 48, 1937 Ford, 1941 Ford, military trucks Bought by Manitoba provincial government in 1942. Became Manitoba Technical Institute. Now known as the Robert Fletcher Building

See also

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References

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  1. ^ Ford, Henry; Crowther, Samuel (1922). My Life and Work. Garden City Publishing. pp. 81, 167. Retrieved June 8, 2010. Ford 1922 My Life and Work
  2. ^ a b Grzelewski, Jordyn; Beggin, Riley (September 27, 2021). "Ford, partner to spend $11.4B on four new plants in Tennessee, Kentucky to support EVs". The Detroit News. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  3. ^ "Porsche breaks ground in Hapeville on new North American HQ". CBS Atlanta.
  4. ^ "Ford Australia to close Broadmeadows and Geelong plants, 1,200 jobs to go". abc.net.au. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "Ford Advances South America Restructuring; Will Cease Manufacturing in Brazil, Serve Customers With New Lineup | Ford Media Center". media.ford.com. January 11, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  6. ^ "Rui diz que negociação para atrair nova montadora de veículos para Camaçari está avançada". destaque1.com. May 24, 2022. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  7. ^ U, Juan Ignacio Alamos (December 6, 2011). "AUTOS CHILENOS: PLANTA FORD CASABLANCA (1971)". AUTOS CHILENOS. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  8. ^ "Reuters Archive Licensing". Reuters Archive Licensing. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  9. ^ Trowbridge, Alexander B. (February 1968). Overseas Business Reports, US Department of Commerce (OBR 68-3 ed.). Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office. p. 18.
  10. ^ a b "EyN: Henry Ford II regresa a Chile". www.economiaynegocios.cl. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  11. ^ a b c "Ford to stop making cars in India". Reuters. September 9, 2021. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  12. ^ "Ford foundry in Brook Park to close after 58 years of service". Cleveland.com. October 23, 2010. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  13. ^ "Ford begins plans to demolish shuttered Cleveland Casting Plant". Cleveland Business. June 27, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  14. ^ "The history of Ford in Ireland". Ford. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  15. ^ a b "End of an era". BBC News. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
  16. ^ "Ford to Assemble Cars In Big New Plant in Peru". The New York Times. July 28, 1964. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 5, 2022.
  17. ^ "Ford del Perú". Archivo de autos (in Spanish). June 22, 2017. Retrieved November 5, 2022.
  18. ^ a b S.A.P, El Mercurio (April 15, 2020). "Infografía: Conoce la historia de la otrora productiva industria automotriz chilena | Emol.com". Emol (in Spanish). Retrieved November 5, 2022.
  19. ^ "History of Ford Motor Company, S.A. de C.V. – FundingUniverse". www.fundinguniverse.com.
  20. ^ "News". www.at.ford.com.
  21. ^ U, Juan Ignacio Alamos (April 10, 2013). "AUTOS CHILENOS: PLANTA FORD CALLE EXPOSICIÓN (1924 - c.1962)". AUTOS CHILENOS. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  22. ^ "Ford to close oldest Brazil plant, exit South America truck biz". Reuters. February 20, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  23. ^ "Markets". The Globe and Mail.
  24. ^ "Ford sold Factory in Taubaté to Buildings Development Constructor" (in Portuguese). May 18, 2022. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  25. ^ "From Model Ts to missiles to Millennials, new lives for old factory | UNC Charlotte Urban Institute". ui.uncc.edu.
  26. ^ Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. OH-11-E, "Ford Motor Company, Cleveland Branch Assembly Plant, Euclid Avenue & East 116th Street, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH", 6 photos, 10 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  27. ^ "Ford Motor Company – Columbus Plant (Photo and History)", Columbus Metropolitan Library Digital Collections

Sources

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