Open main menu

List of films by the Hollywood Ten

This is a list of films by the Hollywood Ten, who were cited for contempt of Congress and blacklisted after refusing to answer questions about their alleged involvement with the Communist Party USA.[1] The Hollywood films of this period that were scrutinized by the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) included spy and private eye thrillers, political melodrama and film noir.[2]

HUAC echoed fears that movies could shape attitudes and affect both foreign and domestic politics. Investigators were especially focused on the screenwriter's guild.[3] Screenwriters, in particular, were targeted by interest groups who sought to purge Hollywood of subversive and "Un-American" sentiments. Nine of the Hollywood Ten were screenwriters and several had worked on wartime films that contained explicitly "instructional" anti-fascist sentiment. They had been successful "planting messages" into officially sanctioned projects like Tender Comrade (1943), Sahara (1943), Action in the North Atlantic (1943), The Cross of Lorraine (1943), None Shall Escape (1944) and The Master Race (1944) and thus, it stood to reason, they could also add "subversive sentiments" into postwar films.[4] The prevailing belief was that the screenwriter's guild was infiltrated by Communists who were trying to use propaganda to "subvert the American way."[5] Films deemed "suspicious" by HUAC were rejected by film goers - some were pulled from circulation.[6]

In a preliminary FBI report from 1943, the Los Angeles FBI identified seven released films that contained "Communist propaganda" and nine other films "that have been made or are now in the process of being made but have not yet been released" that contained "propaganda." The LA office stated that the screenwriters who write "propaganda material [are] known to be Communists or followers of the Communist party line."[7] In reaction to the initial hearings of the Hollywood Ten, film studios released the Waldorf Statement where they agreed to create the blacklist barring the employment of Communists.[8]

Some blacklisted filmmakers continued to make films. Salt of the Earth was written by Herbert Biberman, one of the Hollywood Ten, and made outside Hollywood with support from the International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers.[9]

Alvah BessieEdit

Alvah Bessie's filmography can be found here.[10]

Herbert BibermanEdit

Herbert Biberman's filmography can be found at IMDB.[11]

Lester ColeEdit

Lester Cole's filmography can be found at IMDB.[12]

Edward DmytrykEdit

Edward Dmytryk's filmography can be found at IMDB.[13]

Ring Lardner Jr.Edit

Ring Lardner Jr.'s filmography can be found at IMDB.[14]

John Howard LawsonEdit

John Howard Lawson's filmography can be found at IMDB.[15]

Albert MaltzEdit

Albert Maltz's filmography can be found at IMDB.[16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hollywood Ten". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
  2. ^ Sheen, Erica (2007). 'Un-American' Hollywood: Politics and Film in the Blacklist Era. Rutgers.
  3. ^ Kelley, N. Megan (2016). Projections of Passing: Postwar Anxieties and Hollywood Films: 1947-1960. University Press of Mississippi.
  4. ^ Krutnik, Frank, ed. (2007). 'Un-American' Hollywood: Politics and Film in the Blacklist Era. Rutgers.
  5. ^ Kelley, N. Megan (2016). Projections of Passing: Postwar Anxieties and Hollywood Films: 1947-1960. University Press of Mississippi.
  6. ^ Fox, Darrul (1989). "Crossfire and Huac: Surviving the Slings and Arrows of the Committee". Film History. 3 (1): 2–-37. JSTOR 3815077.
  7. ^ Theoharis, Athan G. (1999). "A Lawless Agency: The FBI and the "Hollywood Ten"". Rhetoric and Public Affairs. 2 (3): 415–430.
  8. ^ Kelley, N. Megan (2016). Projections of Passing: Postwar Anxieties and Hollywood Films: 1947-1960. University Press of Mississippi.
  9. ^ Kelley, N. Megan (2016). Projections of Passing: Postwar Anxieties and Hollywood Films: 1947-1960. University Press of Mississippi.
  10. ^ Alvah Bessie on IMDb
  11. ^ Herbert J. Biberman on IMDb
  12. ^ Lester Cole on IMDb
  13. ^ Edward Dmytryk on IMDb
  14. ^ Ring Lardner Jr. on IMDb
  15. ^ John Howard Lawson on IMDb
  16. ^ Albert Matz on IMDb