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List of Eurovision Song Contest winners

Left: Lys Assia, the first Eurovision winner (1956), and Dima Bilan, winner in 2008. Centre: Johnny Logan, the winning artist in 1980, winning artist and composer in 1987 and the winning composer in 1992. Right: Ell & Nikki celebrating Eurovision Song Contest 2011 victory in Düsseldorf.

Sixty-six songs have won the Eurovision Song Contest, an annual competition organised by member countries of the European Broadcasting Union. The contest, which has been broadcast every year since its debut in 1956, is one of the longest-running television programmes in the world. The contest's winner has been determined using numerous voting techniques throughout its history; centre to these have been the awarding of points to countries by juries or televoters. The country awarded the most points is declared the winner.[1] The first Eurovision Song Contest was not won on points, but by votes (two per country), and only the winner was announced.[2]

There have been 63 contests, with one winner each year except the tied 1969 contest, which had four. Twenty-seven countries have won the contest. Switzerland won the first contest in 1956. The country with the highest number of wins is Ireland, with seven. The only person to have won more than once as performer is Ireland's Johnny Logan, who performed "What's Another Year" in 1980 and "Hold Me Now" in 1987. Logan is also one of only five songwriters to have written more than one winning entry ("Hold Me Now" 1987 and "Why Me?" 1992, performed by Linda Martin).[3] This unique distinction makes Logan the only person to have three Eurovision victories to his/her credit, as either singer, songwriter or both. The other four songwriters with more than one winning entry to their credit are, Willy van Hemert (Netherlands, 1957 and 1959), Yves Dessca (Monaco, 1971 and Luxembourg, 1972), Rolf Løvland (Norway, 1985 and 1995) and Brendan Graham (Ireland, 1994 and 1996).

Winning the Eurovision Song Contest provides a unique opportunity for the winning artist(s) to capitalise on their success and surrounding publicity by launching or furthering their international career during their singing years. However, throughout the history of the contest, relatively few of these artists have gone on to be huge international stars. The most notable winning Eurovision artists whose career was directly launched into the spotlight following their win were the members of ABBA, who won the 1974 contest for Sweden with their song "Waterloo". ABBA went on to be one of the most successful bands of its time.[4] Another notable winner who subsequently achieved international fame and success was Céline Dion, who won the 1988 contest for Switzerland with the song "Ne partez pas sans moi".

Contents

Winners by yearEdit

Year Date Host city Winner Song Performer Language Points Margin Runner-up
1956 24 May   Lugano    Switzerland "Refrain" Lys Assia French
Not announced
1957 3 March   Frankfurt   Netherlands "Net als toen" Corry Brokken Dutch 31 14   France
1958 12 March   Hilversum   France "Dors, mon amour" André Claveau French 27 3    Switzerland
1959 11 March   Cannes   Netherlands "'n Beetje" Teddy Scholten Dutch 21 5   United Kingdom
1960 29 March   London   France "Tom Pillibi" Jacqueline Boyer French 32 7   United Kingdom
1961 18 March   Cannes   Luxembourg "Nous les amoureux" Jean-Claude Pascal French 31 7   United Kingdom
1962 18 March   Luxembourg   France "Un premier amour" Isabelle Aubret French 26 13   Monaco
1963 23 March   London   Denmark "Dansevise" Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann Danish 42 2    Switzerland
1964 21 March   Copenhagen   Italy "Non ho l'età" Gigliola Cinquetti Italian 49 32   United Kingdom
1965 20 March   Naples   Luxembourg "Poupée de cire, poupée de son" France Gall French 32 6   United Kingdom
1966 5 March   Luxembourg   Austria "Merci, Chérie" Udo Jürgens German 31 15   Sweden
1967 8 April   Vienna   United Kingdom "Puppet on a String" Sandie Shaw English 47 25   Ireland
1968 6 April   London   Spain "La, la, la" Massiel Spanish 29 1   United Kingdom
1969 29 March   Madrid   Spain "Vivo cantando" Salomé Spanish 18
No runner-up
  United Kingdom "Boom Bang-a-Bang" Lulu English
  Netherlands "De troubadour" Lenny Kuhr Dutch
  France "Un jour, un enfant" Frida Boccara French
1970 21 March   Amsterdam   Ireland "All Kinds of Everything" Dana English 32 6   United Kingdom
1971 3 April   Dublin   Monaco "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" Séverine French 128 12   Spain
1972 25 March   Edinburgh   Luxembourg "Après toi" Vicky Leandros French 128 14   United Kingdom
1973 7 April   Luxembourg   Luxembourg "Tu te reconnaîtras" Anne-Marie David French 129 4   Spain
1974 6 April   Brighton   Sweden "Waterloo" ABBA English 24 6   Italy
1975 22 March   Stockholm   Netherlands "Ding-a-dong" Teach-In English 152 14   United Kingdom
1976 3 April   The Hague   United Kingdom "Save Your Kisses for Me" Brotherhood of Man English 164 17   France
1977 7 May   London   France "L'oiseau et l'enfant" Marie Myriam French 136 15   United Kingdom
1978 22 April   Paris   Israel "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" (א-ב-ני-בי) Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta Hebrew 157 32   Belgium
1979 31 March   Jerusalem   Israel "Hallelujah" (הללויה) Gali Atari and Milk and Honey Hebrew 125 9   Spain
1980 19 April   The Hague   Ireland "What's Another Year" Johnny Logan English 143 15   Germany
1981 4 April   Dublin   United Kingdom "Making Your Mind Up" Bucks Fizz English 136 4   Germany
1982 24 April   Harrogate   Germany "Ein bißchen Frieden" Nicole German 161 61   Israel
1983 23 April   Munich   Luxembourg "Si la vie est cadeau" Corinne Hermès French 142 6   Israel
1984 5 May   Luxembourg   Sweden "Diggi-Loo Diggi-Ley" Herreys Swedish 145 8   Ireland
1985 4 May   Gothenburg   Norway "La det swinge" Bobbysocks! Norwegian 123 18   Germany
1986 3 May   Bergen   Belgium "J'aime la vie" Sandra Kim French 176 36    Switzerland
1987 9 May   Brussels   Ireland "Hold Me Now" Johnny Logan English 172 31   Germany
1988 30 April   Dublin    Switzerland "Ne partez pas sans moi" Céline Dion French 137 1   United Kingdom
1989 6 May   Lausanne   Yugoslavia "Rock Me" Riva Croatian 137 7   United Kingdom
1990 5 May   Zagreb   Italy "Insieme: 1992" Toto Cutugno Italian 149 17   Ireland
  France
1991 4 May   Rome   Sweden "Fångad av en stormvind" Carola Swedish 146 0   France
1992 9 May   Malmö   Ireland "Why Me?" Linda Martin English 155 16   United Kingdom
1993 15 May   Millstreet   Ireland "In Your Eyes" Niamh Kavanagh English 187 23   United Kingdom
1994 30 April   Dublin   Ireland "Rock 'n' Roll Kids" Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan English 226 60   Poland
1995 13 May   Dublin   Norway "Nocturne" Secret Garden[a] Norwegian 148 29   Spain
1996 18 May   Oslo   Ireland "The Voice" Eimear Quinn English 162 48   Norway
1997 3 May   Dublin   United Kingdom "Love Shine a Light" Katrina and the Waves English 227 70   Ireland
1998 9 May   Birmingham   Israel "Diva" (דיווה) Dana International Hebrew 172 6   United Kingdom
1999 29 May   Jerusalem   Sweden "Take Me to Your Heaven" Charlotte Nilsson English 163 17   Iceland
2000 13 May   Stockholm   Denmark "Fly on the Wings of Love" Olsen Brothers English 195 40   Russia
2001 12 May   Copenhagen   Estonia "Everybody" Tanel Padar, Dave Benton and 2XL English 198 21   Denmark
2002 25 May   Tallinn   Latvia "I Wanna" Marie N English 176 12   Malta
2003 24 May   Riga   Turkey "Everyway That I Can" Sertab Erener English 167 2   Belgium
2004[N 1] 15 May   Istanbul   Ukraine "Wild Dances" Ruslana English[N 2] 280 17   Serbia and Montenegro
2005 21 May   Kiev   Greece "My Number One" Helena Paparizou English 230 38   Malta
2006 20 May   Athens   Finland "Hard Rock Hallelujah" Lordi English 292 44   Russia
2007 12 May   Helsinki   Serbia "Molitva" (Молитва) Marija Šerifović Serbian 268 33   Ukraine
2008[N 3] 24 May   Belgrade   Russia "Believe" Dima Bilan English 272 42   Ukraine
2009 16 May   Moscow   Norway "Fairytale" Alexander Rybak English 387 169   Iceland
2010 29 May   Oslo   Germany "Satellite" Lena English 246 76   Turkey
2011 14 May   Düsseldorf   Azerbaijan "Running Scared" Ell & Nikki English 221 32   Italy
2012 26 May   Baku   Sweden "Euphoria" Loreen English 372 113   Russia
2013 18 May   Malmö   Denmark "Only Teardrops" Emmelie de Forest English 281 47   Azerbaijan
2014 10 May   Copenhagen   Austria "Rise Like a Phoenix" Conchita Wurst English 290 52   Netherlands
2015 23 May   Vienna   Sweden "Heroes" Måns Zelmerlöw English 365 62   Russia
2016 14 May   Stockholm   Ukraine "1944" Jamala English[N 4] 534 23   Australia
2017 13 May   Kiev   Portugal "Amar pelos dois" Salvador Sobral Portuguese 758 143   Bulgaria
2018 12 May   Lisbon   Israel "Toy" Netta English[N 5] 529 93   Cyprus
2019 18 May   Tel Aviv   Netherlands "Arcade" Duncan Laurence English 492 27   Italy

For information about the winning songwriters of each year, see List of Eurovision Song Contest winning songwriters.

Eleven Eurovision winners (alongside three non-winners) featured at the Congratulations concert in 2005, in which ABBA's "Waterloo" was voted the most popular song of the contest's first fifty years.[5]

Ireland has finished first seven times, more than any other country, Ireland also won the contest for three consecutive years (1992, 1993, 1994), more consecutive years than any other country. Three countries have won twice in a row, Spain (1968 and 1969), Luxembourg (1972 and 1973) and Israel (1978 and 1979). Serbia is the only country to win with its debut entry (in 2007), though Serbia had competed previously as part of Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro. The country achieving the highest position on its first appearance in any form in the Contest is Poland, which came second in 1994 (even Switzerland in 1956 won with its second entry of the night). Under the voting system used between 1975 and 2015, the winner of the contest was decided by the final voting nation on eleven occasions.[N 6]

Changes to the voting system, including a steady growth in the number of countries participating and voting, means that the points earned are not comparable across the decades. Portugal's Salvador Sobral holds the record of the highest number of points in the contest's history, earning 758 with the song "Amar pelos dois". Norway's Alexander Rybak holds the largest margin of victory in absolute points, a 169-point cushion over second place in 2009. Italy's Gigliola Cinquetti holds the record for largest victory by percentage, scoring almost three times as many as second place (49 points compared with 17 by the runner-up) in the 1964 contest. Under the voting system used from 1975 until 2015, the lowest winning score was Norway's Bobbysocks! 123 points earned (of the 216 available from the 18 other countries) when winning Eurovision 1985, while the lowest winning total ever is the 18 points (of the 160 total votes cast by 16 countries) scored by each of the four winning countries in 1969.

Under the voting system used from 1975 until 2015, in which each country gives maximum points to its first place choice, Sweden's Loreen won Eurovision 2012 with the most ever first place votes earned, receiving first place votes from 18 of 41 countries (excluding themselves). The 1976 United Kingdom entrant, Brotherhood of Man with the song "Save Your Kisses For Me" holds the record of the highest average score per participating country, with an average of 9.65 points received per country. 2011 winner Azerbaijan Ell & Nikki, hold the lowest average score for a winning song under that system, receiving 5.14 points per country.

The United Kingdom has finished second fifteen times at Eurovision (most recently in 1998), more than any other country. The most successful country never to have won the Contest is Malta, having finished second in 2002 and 2005 and third in 1992 and 1998. Another island nation Iceland has also finished second twice, in 1999 and 2009.

There is no official runner-up for two of the contests – 1956 and 1969. In 1956 only the winner, Switzerland, was announced, whilst there were speculative reports that Germany ended up in second place with "Im Wartesaal zum großen Glück" by Walter Andreas Schwarz, given that Germany was chosen to host the 1957 contest. In 1969 four songs shared first place by achieving the same number of points; fifth place was achieved by Switzerland, which is not considered an official runner-up, because of the draw for first place.

Winners by countryEdit

 
Map showing each country's number of Eurovision wins up to and including 2019.[N 7]
Wins Country Years
7   Ireland 1970, 1980, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996
6   Sweden 1974, 1984, 1991, 1999, 2012, 2015
5   France 1958, 1960, 1962, 1969, 1977
  Luxembourg 1961, 1965, 1972, 1973, 1983
  United Kingdom 1967, 1969, 1976, 1981, 1997
  Netherlands 1957, 1959, 1969, 1975, 2019
4
  Israel 1978, 1979, 1998, 2018
3   Norway 1985, 1995, 2009
  Denmark 1963, 2000, 2013
2   Spain 1968, 1969
   Switzerland 1956, 1988
  Italy 1964, 1990
  Germany[N 8] 1982, 2010
  Austria 1966, 2014
  Ukraine 2004, 2016
1   Monaco 1971
  Belgium 1986
  Yugoslavia 1989
  Estonia 2001
  Latvia 2002
  Turkey 2003
  Greece 2005
  Finland 2006
  Serbia 2007
  Russia 2008
  Azerbaijan 2011
  Portugal 2017

Year 1969 is in italics to indicate joint (4-way) win.

Ranking (top 3 placements)Edit

Rank Country Winner Runner up Third place Best place
1   Ireland 7 4 1
2   Sweden 6 1 6
3   United Kingdom 5 15 3
4   France 5 4 7
5   Netherlands 5 1 1
6   Luxembourg 5 0 2
7   Israel 4 2 1
8   Denmark 3 1 3
9   Norway 3 1 1
10   Germany 2 4 5
11   Spain 2 4 1
12   Italy 2 3 5
13    Switzerland 2 3 3
14   Ukraine 2 2 1
15   Austria 2 0 1
16   Russia 1 4 4
17   Belgium 1 2 0
18   Monaco 1 1 3
19   Turkey 1 1 1
20   Azerbaijan 1 1 1
21   Greece 1 0 3
22   Estonia 1 0 1
23   Latvia 1 0 1
24   Serbia 1 0 1
25   Yugoslavia 1 0 0
26   Finland 1 0 0
27   Portugal 1 0 0
28   Iceland 0 2 0
29   Malta 0 2 2
30   Bulgaria 0 1 0
31   Cyprus 0 1 0
32   Australia 0 1 0
33   Poland 0 1 0
34   Serbia and Montenegro 0 1 0
35   Romania 0 0 2
36   Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 1
37   Moldova 0 0 1
38   Croatia 0 0 0 4
39   Hungary 0 0 0 4
40   Armenia 0 0 0 4
41   Albania 0 0 0 5
42   Lithuania 0 0 0 6
43   Belarus 0 0 0 6
44   Czech Republic 0 0 0 6
45   Slovenia 0 0 0 7
46   North Macedonia[N 9] 0 0 0 8
47   Georgia 0 0 0 9
48   Montenegro 0 0 0 13
49   Slovakia 0 0 0 18
50   Morocco 0 0 0 18
51   San Marino 0 0 0 20
52   Andorra 0 0 0 12 (semifinal)

Best places by non-winning countriesEdit

By languageEdit

  English (46.42%)
  French (20.32%)
  Hebrew (5.82%)
  Dutch (4.32%)
  German (2.92%)
  Norwegian (2.92%)
  Swedish (2.92%)
  Italian (2.92%)
  Spanish (2.92%)
  Danish (1.42%)
  Ukrainian (1.42%)
  Croatian (1.42%)
  Serbian (1.42%)
  Crimean Tatar (1.42%)
  Portuguese (1.42%)

Between 1966 and 1973, and again between 1977 and 1998, countries were only permitted to perform in their own language; see the main Eurovision Song Contest article.

Wins Language Years Countries
33 English 1967, 1969, 1970, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,[N 10] 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016,[N 11] 2018, [N 5] 2019 United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, Netherlands, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Turkey, Ukraine,[N 10][N 11] Greece, Finland, Russia, Norway, Germany, Azerbaijan, Austria, Israel
14 French 1956, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1977, 1983, 1986, 1988 Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Monaco, Belgium
4 Hebrew 1978, 1979, 1998, 2018[N 5] Israel
3 Dutch 1957, 1959, 1969 Netherlands
2 Italian 1964, 1990 Italy
German 1966, 1982 Austria, Germany
Spanish 1968, 1969 Spain
Swedish 1984, 1991 Sweden
Norwegian 1985, 1995 Norway
1 Danish 1963 Denmark
Croatian[N 12] 1989 Yugoslavia
Ukrainian 2004[N 10] Ukraine[N 10]
Serbian[N 12] 2007 Serbia
Crimean Tatar 2016[N 11] Ukraine[N 11]
Portuguese 2017 Portugal

PhotogalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Since 2004, the contest has included a televised semi-final::— In 2004 held on the Wednesday before the final:— Between 2005 and 2007 held on the Thursday of "Eurovision Week"
  2. ^ This song was partially sung in Ukrainian.
  3. ^ Since 2008 the contest has included two semi-finals, held on the Tuesday and Thursday before the final.
  4. ^ This song was partially sung in Crimean Tatar.
  5. ^ a b c This song was partially sung in Hebrew.
  6. ^ 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1998, 2002 and 2003.
  7. ^ the Federal Republic of Germany has two wins, one before and one after German reunification. The map depicts the outline of Germany during both of their wins.
  8. ^ the Federal Republic of Germany has two wins, one before and one after German reunification
  9. ^ a b The country used to participate under the name F.Y.R. Macedonia (The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia).
  10. ^ a b c d This song was partially sung in Ukrainian.
  11. ^ a b c d This song was partially sung in Crimean Tatar.
  12. ^ a b Croatian (the language of the 1989 winning song) and Serbian (the language of the 2007 winning song) are fully mutually intelligible and often considered varieties of a single language, Serbo-Croatian. However, they are listed separately in Eurovision statistics.
  1. ^ "Nocturne" features unaccredited vocals from Norwegian singer Gunnhild Tvinnereim.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Extract from the rules for the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest. Eurovision.tv. Retrieved on 22 August 2007. Archived May 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Eurovision 1956. Eurovision.tv. Retrieved on 24 May 2008. Archived May 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007 ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  4. ^ BBC News (6 December 2005). ABBA's Bjorn says no to reunion. Retrieved on 15 March 2008.
  5. ^ ABBA win 'Eurovision 50th' vote. BBC News (23 October 2005). Retrieved on 22 August 2007.

BibliographyEdit