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List of English prepositions

This is a list of English prepositions. Many English prepositions are compounds of bare roots and affixes such as a-, be-, -side, and -st, giving English a relatively high number of morphemically distinct prepositions. However, these processes are no longer productive, and many of these prepositions have fallen out of use or become limited to a certain dialect. English prepositions generally remain a closed class.

Contents

Single wordsEdit

  1. aboard
  2. about
  3. above
  4. absent (law)
  5. across
  6. after
  7. against
  8. along
  9. alongside
  10. amid
  11. among
  12. apropos (rare for apropos of)
  13. apud (formal)
  14. around
  15. as
  16. astride
  17. at
    • @ (abbreviation)
  18. atop, ontop
  19. bar
  20. before
  21. behind
    • ahind (dialectal or archaic)
  22. below
  23. beneath
  24. beside
  25. besides
  26. between
    • atween (dialectal or archaic)
  27. beyond
    • ayond (dialectal or archaic)
  28. but
  29. by
  30. chez (rare)
  31. circa
  32. come
  33. despite
  34. down
  35. during
  36. except
  37. for
    • 4 (abbreviation)
  38. from
  39. in
  40. inside
  41. into
  42. less
  43. like
  44. minus
  45. near
  46. notwithstanding (also postpositional)
  47. of
    • o' (poetic or eye-dialect)
  48. off
  49. on
  50. onto
  51. opposite
  52. out
    • outen (archaic or dialectal)
  53. outside
  54. over
  55. pace (formal)
  56. past
  57. per
  58. post (often hyphenated)
  59. pre (often hyphenated)
  60. pro (often hyphenated)
  61. qua (formal)
  62. re (often used with colon)
  63. sans (formal)
  64. save
  65. short
  66. since
  67. than
  68. through
    • thru (abbreviation)
  69. throughout
  70. to
    • 2 (abbreviation)
  71. toward, towards
  72. under
  73. underneath
  74. unlike
  75. until
  76. up
  77. upon
  78. upside
  79. versus
  80. via
  81. vice (formal)
  82. vis-à-vis (formal)
  83. with
  84. within
    • w/i (abbreviation)
  85. without
    • w/o (abbreviation)
  86. worth

Multiple wordsEdit

Two wordsEdit

Three wordsEdit

  1. as far as is one example of the many expressions which can be analyzed as as+adjective+as rather than a multiword preposition
  2. as opposed to
  3. as soon as
  4. as well as

Preposition + (article) + noun + prepositionEdit

English has many idiomatic expressions that act as prepositions that can be analyzed as a preposition followed by a noun (sometimes preceded by the definite or, occasionally, indefinite article) followed by another preposition.[1] Common examples include:

Archaic or dialectalEdit

See also archaic forms of modern prepositions listed above.

  1. abaft (nautical or archaic)
  2. abeam (nautical)
  3. aboon, abun, abune (dialectal)
  4. afront (dialectal or archaic)
  5. ajax (Polari)
  6. alongst
  7. aloof
  8. anenst, anent (rare, U.K. dialectal)
  9. athwart (nautical or archaic)
  10. atop, ontop
  11. behither
  12. ben (dialectal)
  13. betwixt, atwix (dialectal or archaic)
  14. bewest (dialectal or archaic)
  15. benorth (dialectal or archaic)
  16. emforth
  17. ere (poetic or archaic)
  18. forby (dialectal or archaic)
  19. foreanent, forenenst (dialectal or archaic)
  20. foregain, foregainst (dialectal or archaic)
  21. forth
  22. fromward, froward, fromwards
  23. furth (Scotland)
  24. gainward
  25. imell (dialectal or archaic)
  26. inmid, inmiddes
  27. mang (Devon)
  28. mauger, maugre
  29. nearhand (archaic or dialectal)
  30. next (archaic for next to; originally superlative of nigh)
  31. nigh, anigh, anighst (poetic or archaic)
  32. outwith (dialectal)
  33. overthwart (archaic or dialectal)
  34. quoad (formal)
  35. umbe, umb, um (archaic or dialectal)
  36. unto (archaic or poetic)
  37. uptill

PostpositionsEdit

  1. ago
  2. apart
  3. aside
  4. away
  5. hence
  6. notwithstanding (also prepositional)
  7. on
  8. short (also prepositional)
  9. through
  10. withal (archaic)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. Pullum; et al. (2002). "chapter 7 §3.1". The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 618–620. ISBN 0-521-43146-8. 

External linksEdit