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Short historyEdit

The daisEdit

Al-Malika al-Sayyida (Hurratul-Malika) was instructed and prepared by Imām Mustansir and following Imāms for the second period of satr. It was going to be on her hands that Imām Taiyab abi al-Qasim would go into seclusion, and she would institute the office of Da'i al-Mutlaq. Syedna Zoeb bin Moosa was first to be instituted to this office, and the line of Taiyabi Dā'ĩs that began in 1132 has passed from one Dā'ī to another, continuing to the present time. One of the sect which follows these Fatimid Dā'īs is the Dawoodi Bohra dawat.

Until the 23rd Dā'ī, the center of the dawat was in Yemen. The 23rd Dā'ī, Syedna Mohammed Ezzuddin designated Syedna Yusuf Najmuddin ibn Sulaiman in Sidhpur, Gujarat, India, as his successor. Upon becoming the 24th Dā'ī, Yusuf Najmuddin ibn Sulaiman stayed in India for a few years before going to Yemen. He died and was buried there. Because of the intense persecutions against the dawat by the Zaydi rulers of Yemen, the 24th Dā'ī designated Syedna Jalal Shamshuddin in India as his successor, and the center of the dawat then moved permanently to India. The 25th Dā'ī also died in 1567 CE, and is buried in Ahmedabad, India, the first Dā'ī to have his mausoleum in India. Even though his time as Dā'ī was short – only a few months – he was Walī al-Hind under the 24th Dā'ī for 20 years.

After breaking with the Fatimid teaching hierarchy, the Tayyibiyah in the Yemen recognized the Sulayhid queen as the hujjah of the concealed imam Al-Tayyib; with her backing they set up an independent teaching hierarchy headed by a daee mutlaq (“unrestricted summoner”) whose spiritual authority since her death in 1138 has been supreme. The second daee mutlaq, Ibrahim Al-Hamidi (1151–1162), became the real founder of the tayyibi esoteric doctrine, which he elaborated especially in his Kitab kanz Al-walad (Book of the child’s treasure). The position remained in his family until 1209, when it passed to Ali ibn Muhammad of the Banu Al-Walid Al-Anf family, which held it for more than three centuries with only two interruptions. The political power of the Yemenite daees reached a peak during the long incumbency of Idris Imad Al-Din ibn Al-Hasan, the nineteenth daee mutlaq (1428–1468). He is also the author of a seven-volume history of the Ismaili imams, Kitab uyun Al-akhbar (Book of choice stories) and of a two-volume history of the Yemenite daees, Kitab nuzhat Al-akhbar (Book of story and entertainment), as well as works of esoteric doctrine and religious controversy. While the Yemenite daees had been able to act relatively freely with the backing or protection of various rulers during the early centuries, they usually faced hostility from the Zaydi imams and in the sixteenth century suffered relentless persecution. In 1539 the twenty-third daee mutlaq appointed an Indian, Yusuf ibn Sulayman, as his successor, evidently in recognition of the growing importance of the Indian tayyii community. Yusuf came to reside in the Yemen, but after his death in 1566 his successor, also Indian, transferred the headquarters to Gujarat in India.

The Tayyibiyah preserved a large portion of the Fatimid religious literature and generally maintained the traditions of Fatimid doctrine more closely than the Nizariyah. Thus the Tayyibi daees always insisted on the equal importance of the z ahir and batin aspects of religion, strict compliance with the religious law and esoteric teaching. Qadi Al-Numan’s Da' a'im Al-Islam has remained the authoritative codex of Tayyibi law and ritual to the present. In the esoteric doctrine, however, there were some innovations which gave the Tayyibi gnosis its distinctive character. The Rasa'il Ikhwan Al-Safa'were accepted as the work of one of the pre-Fatimid hidden imams and were frequently quoted and interpreted.

The cosmological system of Al-Kirmani with its ten higher Intellects replaced that of Al-Nasafi predominant in the Fatimid age. Ibrahim Al-Hamidi changed its abstract rational nature by introducing a myth that Henry Corbin has called the Ismaili “drama in heaven.” According to it, the Second and Third Intellects emanating from the First Intellect became rivals for the second rank. When the Second Intellect attained his rightful position by his superior effort, the Third Intellect failed to recognize his precedence; in punishment for his haughty insubordination he fell from the third rank behind the remaining seven Intellects and, after repenting, became stabilized as the Tenth Intellect and demiurge (mudabbir). The lower world was produced out of the spiritual forms (suwar) that had also refused to recognize the superior rank of the Second Intellect, and out of the darkness generated by this sin. The Tenth Intellect, who is also called the spiritual Adam, strives to regain his original rank by summoning the fallen spiritual forms to repentance.

The first representative of his summons (da'wah) on earth was the first and universal Adam, the owner of the body of the world of origination (sahib Al-juththah Al-ibdaeeyah), or higher spiritual world. He is distinguished from the partial Adam who opened the present age of concealment (satr), in which the truth is hidden under the exterior of the prophetic messages and laws. After his passing the first Adam rose to the horizon of the Tenth Intellect and took his place, while the Tenth Intellect rose in rank. Likewise after the passing of the Qaim of each prophetic cycle, that being rises and takes the place of the Tenth Intellect, who thus gradually reaches the Second Intellect.

Countless cycles of manifestation (kashf) and concealment alternate in succession until the great resurrection (qiyamat Al-qiyamat) that consummates the megacycle (alkawr Al-azam) lasting 360,000 times 360,000 years. The soul of every believer is joined on the initiation to the esoteric truth by a point of light; this is the believer’s spiritual soul, which grows as the believer advances in knowledge. After physical death the light rises to join the soul of the holder of the rank (hadd) above the believer in the hierarchy. Jointly they continue to rise until the souls of all the faithful are gathered in the light temple (haykal nurani) in the shape of a human being which constitutes the form of the Qaim (surah qa'imiyah) of the cycle, which then rises to the horizon of the Tenth Intellect. The souls of the unbelievers remain joined to their bodies, which are dissolved into inorganic matter and further transformed into descending orders of harmful creatures and substances. Depending on the gravity of their sins they may eventually rise again through ascending forms of life and as human beings may accept the summons to repentance or end up in torment lasting the duration of the megacycle.

The Tayyibiyah in India are commonly known as the Bohoras. There are, however, also Sunni and some Hindu Bohoras; they are mostly engaged in agriculture, while the Ismaili Bohoras are generally merchants. The origins of the Tayyibi community in Gujarat go back to the time before the Tayyibi schism. According to the traditional account an Arab daee sent from the Yemen arrived in the region of Cambay with two Indian assistants in 1068. The Ismaili community founded by him, though led by local walis, always maintained close commercial as well as religious ties with the Yemen and was controlled by the Yemenite teaching hierarchy. It naturally followed the Yemenite community at the time of the schism. From Cambay the community spread to other cities, in particular Patan, Sidhpur, and Ahmadabad. In the first half of the fifteenth century the Ismailiyyah were repeatedly exposed to persecution by the Sunni sultans of Gujarat, and after a contested succession to the leadership of the Bohora community, a large section, known as the Jafariyah, seceded and converted to Sunnism.

After its transfer from the Yemen in 1566, the residence of the daee mutlaq remained in India. The succession to the twenty-sixth daee mutlaq, Daud ibn Ajabshah (d. 1591), was disputed. In India Daud Burhan Al-Din ibn Qut bshah was recognized by the great majority as the twenty-seventh daee mutlaq. However, Daud ibn Ajabshah’s deputy in the Yemen, Sulayman ibn Hasan, a grandson of the first Indian daee mutlaq Yusuf ibn Sulayman, also claimed to have been the designated successor and after a few years he came to India to press his case. Although he found little support, the dispute was not resolved and resulted in the permanent split of the Daudi and Sulaymani factions recognizing separate lines of daees.

The leadership of the Sulaymaniyah, whose Indian community was small, reverted back to the Yemen with the succession of the thirtieth daee mutlaq, Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Fahd Al-Makrami, in 1677. Since then the position of daee mutlaq has remained in various branches of the Makrami family except for the time of the forty-sixth daee, an Indian. The Makrami daees usually resided in Badr in Najran. With the backing of the tribe of the Banu Yam they ruled Najran independently and at times extended their sway over other parts of the Yemen and Arabia until the incorporation of Najran into Saudi Arabia in 1934. The peak of their power was in the time of the thirty-third daee mutlaq, Ismail ibn Hibat Allah (1747–1770), who defeated the Wahhabiyah in Najd and invaded hadramawt. He is also known as the author of an esoteric Qur'an commentary, virtually the only religious work of a Sulaymani author published so far. Since Najran came under Saudi rule, the religious activity of the daees and their followers has been severely restricted. In the Yemen the Sulaymaniyah are found chiefly in the region of Manakha and the haraz mountains. In India they live mainly in Baroda, Ahmadabad, and Hyderabad and are guided by a representative (mansub) of the daee mutlaq residing in Baroda.

The daees of the Daudiyah, who constitute the great majority of the Tayyibiyah in India, have continued to reside there. All of them have been Indians except the thirtieth daee mutlaq, Ali Shams Al-Din (1621–1631), a descendant of the Yemenite daee Idris EImad Al-Din. The community was generally allowed to develop freely although there was another wave of persecution under the emperor Awrangzib (1635–1707), who put the thirty-second daee mutlaq, Qutb Al-Din ibn Daud, to death in 1646 and imprisoned his successor. The residence of the Daudi daee mutlaq is now in Bombay, where the largest concentration of Bohoras is found. Outside Gujarat, Daudi Bohoras live in Maharashtra, Rajasthan, in many of the big cities of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Burma, and the East Africa. In the Yemen the Daudi community is concentrated in the Haraz mountains.

After the death of the twenty-eighth daee mutlaq, Adam Safi Al-Din, in 1621, a small faction recognized his grandson Ali ibn Ibrahim as his successor and seceded from the majority recognizing Abd Al-Tayyib Zaki Al-Din. The minority became known as Alia Bohoras and have followed a separate line of daees residing in Baroda. Holding that the era of the prophet Muhammad had come to an end, a group of Alias seceded in 1204/1789. Because of their abstention from eating meat they are called Nagoshias (not meat eaters). In 1761 a distinguished Daudi scholar, Hibat Allah ibn Ismail, claimed that he was in contact with the hidden imam, who had appointed him his hujjah and thus made his rank superior to that of daee mutlaq. He and his followers, known as Hibtias, were excommunicated and persecuted by the Daudiyah. Only a few Hibtia families are left in Ujjain. Since the turn of the century a Bohora reform movement has been active. While recognizing the spiritual authority of the daee mutlaq it has sought through court action to restrict his powers of excommunication and his absolute control over community endowments and alms. All of these groups are numerically insignificant.

During testimony of 51st Dai Syedna Taher Saifuddin, he clarified about knowledge classes of 'Zahir', 'Tavil' and, 'Hakikat' present in community. First two are known to many but third one namely 'Hakikat' content some religious truths known to very few. Some of which are known to only 2 or 3 persons in community, and there is also knowledge which is available with Dai only, and he gets it from his predecessor Dai.[1]

The Walī-ul-HindEdit

Up to the 23rd Dā'ī, the center was at Yemen; for India, a "Walī al-Hind" (representative/caretaker for India) was designated by the Dā'ī to run the dawat in India. Moulai Abdullah was the first Walī al-Hind in the era of Imam Mustansir (427–487 AH). Moulai Abadullah (originally named Baalam Nath) and Moulai Nuruddin (originally named Roop Nath) went to Cairo, Egypt, to learn, and went to India in 467 AH. Moulai Ahmed was also their companion.

Dā'ī Zoeb appointed Maulai Yaqoob (after the death of Maulai Abadullah), who was the second Walī al-Hind of the Fatimid dawat. Moulai Yaqoob was the first person of Indian origin to receive this honour under the Dā'ī. He was son of Moulai Bharmal, minister of Hindu Chaulukya king Jayasimha Siddharaja (Anhalwara,Patan) (487–527 AH/1094–1133 CE). With Minister Moulai Tarmal, they had honoured the Fatimid dawat along with their fellow citizens on the call of Moulai Abdullah. Moulai Fakhruddin, son of Moulai Tarmal, was sent to western Rajasthan, India, and Syedi Nuruddin went to the Deccan (death: Jumadi al-Ula 11 at Don Gaum, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India).

One Dā'ī after another continued until the 23rd Dā'ī in Yemen. Persons were appointed to the position of Walī al-Hind one after another up to Walī al-Hind Moulai Jafer, Moulai Abdul Wahab, and Moulai Qasim Khan bin Hasan (the last one being the 11th Walī al-Hind, and who died in 950 AH/1543 CE in Ahmedabad). The Awliya al-Hind were champions of the Fatimid dawat in India, who were instrumental in maintaining & propagating it on instructions of the Dā'ī at Yemen, and it is because of them that the Fatimid dawat was able to survive the persecutions in Cairo and Yemen. A list of them is also given below along with the relevant Dā'īs. The dawat was transferred to India from Yemen when the 23rd Dā'ī Syedna Mohammed Ezzuddin designated as his successor (and, thus the 24th Dā'ī) Syedna Yusuf Najmuddin ibn Sulaiman in Sidhpur, Gujarat, India.

In the generation of Moulai Yaqoob, Moulai Ishaq, Moulai Ali, Syedi Hasan Feer continued one after another as Wali-ul-Hind. Syedi Hasan Feer was fifth Wali in the era of 16th Dai Abadullah (d.809 AH/1406 AD) of Yemen. Names of Wali al-hind are also given along with concerned Dai below.

List of Da'i al-Mutlaq of Dawoodi BohraEdit

The following is a list of the Da'i al-Mutlaq.[2]

1.Syedna Zoeb bin Moosa Al-Waadei ذويب بن موسى الواديEdit

Dai period: 530–546 AH/1138–1151 CE
Place: Houth, Yemen
Died: Moharram 10, 546 AH/5th May, 1151 CE
Mawazeen(Associate): Khattab bin Hasan, Ebrahim bin Husain Al Hamidi
 
Mausoleum of 1 st Wali–ul–Hind:Moulai Abdullah, Khambat, Gujarat
 
Mausoleum of Moulai Fakhruddin Shaheed, Galiakot, India

2.Syedna Ibrahim bin Husain Al Hamidi ابراهيم بن حسين الحميديEdit

Dai period: 546–557 AH/ 1151–1162 AD
Place of dai office : BANI HAMID,YEMEN
Death: 16 Shabaan, 557AH
Mawazeen: Ali bin Husain bin Ahmad bin Waleed, Hatim bin Ibrahim Al Hamidi
Mukasir: Mohammad bin Taher Al Haresi

3.Syedna Hatim bin Ibrahim Al Hamidi حاتم بن ابراهيم الحميديEdit

Dai period: 557–596 AH/ 1162–1199 AD
Place of dai office : AL HUTEIB,YEMEN
Death: 16 MOHARRAM, 596
Mawazeen: Mohammad bin Taher, Ali bin Mohammadinil Waleed

4.Syedna Ali Bin Syedna Hatim Al Hamidi علي بن حاتم الحميديEdit

Dai Period: 596–605 AH/ 1199–1209 AD
Place of dai office : SANNA,YEMEN
Death: 25 Zilqad, 605
Mazoon: Ali bin Mohammadinil Waleed

5.Syedna Ali Bin Syedna Mohammed Bin Waleed Al Walid علي بن محمد الوليدEdit

Dai period: 605–612 AH/ 1209–1216 AD
Place of dai office : SANNA,YEMEN
Death: 27 Shaban, 612
Mazoon: Ali bin Hanzala
(3rd Wali-ul-Hind : Moulai Ishaq bin Yaqub, Patan, Gujarat.)

6.Syedna Ali Bin Hanzala Al Waadei علي بن حنظلة الواديEdit

Dai period: 612–626 AH/ 1216–1229 AD
Place of dai office : HAMADAN,YEMEN
Death: 22 Rabi-ul awwal, 626
Mazoon: Ahmad bin Mubaarak
Mukasir: Husain bin Ali

7.Syedna Ahmed ibn Mubarak Al Waadei احمد بن مبارك الواديEdit

Dai period: 626–627 AH/ 1229–1230 AD
Place of dai office : HAMADAN,YEMEN
Death: 28 Jumadil akhir, 627
Mazoon: Husain bin Ali
Mukasir: Al Qazil ajal Ahmad

8.Syedna Al-Husayn ibn Ali (Ibn al-Walid) Sahib Al Waadei حسين بن علي صاحب الواديEdit

Dai period: 627–667 AH/ 1230–1269 AD
Place of dai office : SANAA,YEMEN
Death: 28 Safar, 667
Mawazeen: Al Qazil ajal Ahmad, Ali bin Husain
Mukasir: Syedi Mohammad bin Assad bin Mubaarak
(4th Wali-ul-Hind : Moulai Ali bin Ishaq, Patan, Gujarat)

9.Syedna Ali ibn al-Husayn (Ibn al-Walid) bin Ali bin Muhammad علي بن حسين بن علي بن محمدEdit

Dai period: 667–682 AH/ 1269–1283 AD
Place of dai office : Sanaa,YEMEN
Death: 1 SAFAR, 682
Mawazeen: Syedi Husain bin Ali bin Hanzala, Ali bin Husain
Mukasir: Sheikh Assad Hatim Sanjani

10.Syedna Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn Ali ibn Hanzala Al Walid علي بن حسين الوليدEdit

Dai period: 682–686 AH/ 1283–1287 AD
Place of dai office Sanna,YEMEN
Death: 13 Zilkad, 686
Mazoon: Ibrahim bin Husain

11.Syedna Ibrahim Bin Husain Al Walid ابراهيم بن حسين الوليدEdit

Dai period: 686–728 AH/ 1287–1328 AD
Place of dai office: Hisne Af’ida, Yemen
Death: 10 Shawwal,728AH/ 18th August 1378AD
Mazoon: Mohammad bin Syedi Hatim

12.Syedna Muhammad ibn Hatim Al Walid محمد بن حاتم الوليدEdit

Dai period: 728–729 AH/ 1328–1329 AD
Place of dai office Hamadan,YEMEN
Death: 16 Juma-dil-Ula,729
Mazoon: Ali bin Ibrahim

13.Syedna Ali Shamshuddin Bin Ibrahim علي شمس الدين بن ابراهيمEdit

Dai period: 729–746 AH/ 1329–1345 AD
Place of dai office Hamadan,YEMEN
Death: 18 Rajab,746
Mazoon: Abdul Muttalib Najmuddin

14.Syedna Abdul Muttalib Najmuddin Bin Mohammed عبد المطلب نجم الدينEdit

Dai period: 746–755 AH/ 1345–1354 AD
Place of dai office : Zimarmar,YEMEN
Death: 24 Rajab,755/ 13th Aug, 1354AD
Mazoon: Abbas

15.Syedna Abbas Bin Mohammad عباس بن محمدEdit

Dai period: 755–779 AH/ 1354–1377 AD
Place of dai office : Hamadan,YEMEN
Death: 8 Shawwal,779
Mazoon: Abdullah Fakhruddin bin Ali

16.Syedna Abdullah Fakhruddin bin Ali عبدالله فخر الدين بن عليEdit

Dai period: 779–809 AH/ 1377–1406 AD
Place of dai office : Zimarmar,YEMEN
Death: 9,Ramazan, 809/ 16 Feb, 1407AD
Mawazeen: Ali ash-Shaibani, Husain, Hasan Badruddin
Mukasir: Syedi Abdul Muttalib bin Abdullah
(5th Wali-ul-Hind : Syedi Hasan Feer bin Ali, Denmal, Gujarat)

17.Syedna Hasan Badruddin bin Abdullah حسن بدر الدين بن عبد اللهEdit

Dai period: 809–821 AH/ 1406–1418 AD
Place of dai office : Zimarmar,YEMEN
Death: 6 Shawwal, 821 AH / 5 Nov, 1418AD
Mawazeen: Syedi Abdul Muttalib Najmuddin, Al Maula Mohammad bin Idris
Mukasir: Syedi Ahmad bin Abdullah

18.Syedna Ali Shamshuddin Bin Abdullah علي شمس الدين بن عبد اللهEdit

Dai period: 821–832 AH/ 1418–1429 AD
Place of dai office : Al-Shariqa [2], Yemen
Death: 3 Safar 832
Mazoon: Idris Imaduddin
(6th Wali-ul-Hind : Moulai Adam bin Suleyman, Ahmedabad (Kankariya), Death; 13 Safar,836 AH)

19.Syedna Idris Imaduddin Bin Hasan ادريس عماد الدين بن حسن Edit

Dai period: 832–872 AH/ 1429–1467 AD
Place of dai office : Shibaam, YEMEN
Death: 19 Zilqad 872
Mazoon: Al Maula Masad bin Abdullah
(7th Wali-ul-Hind : Moulai Hasan bin Adam, Ahmedabad, Death; 28 Moharram,883 AH)

20.Syedna Al-Hasan Badr al-Din II bin Idrees Imaduddin حسن بدر الدين بن إدريسEdit

Dai period: 872–918 AH/ 1467–1512 AD
Place of dai office : Massar,YEMEN
Death: 15 Shaban 918
Mazoon: Al Maula Abdullah Fakhruddin
Mukasir: Ali Shamsuddin bin Husain

21.Syedna Husain Husamuddin bin Idris Imaduddin حسين حسام الدين بن إدريسEdit

Dai period: 918–933 AH/ 1512–1527 AD
Place of dai office : Massar, YEMEN
Death: 10 Shawwal 933
Mazoon: Ali Shamsuddin
(8th Wali-ul-Hind : Moulai Raj bin Hasan, Death; 1 Moharram, 925 AH)
(9th Wali-ul-Hind : Moulai Jafer bin Raj, Ahmedabad),
(10th Wali-ul-Hind : Moulai Wahhab bin Firoz),

22.Syedna Ali Shamshuddin II bin Husain علي شمس الدين بن حسينEdit

Dai period: 933–933 AH/ 1527–1527 AD
Place of dai office : Masaar,YEMEN
Death: 21 Zilqad 933AH
Mazoon: Mohammad Ezzuddin
 
Mausoleum Yusuf Najmuddin ibn Sulaiman, Tayba, Dai Yemen era end 1567 AD

23.Syedna Mohammad Ezzuddin bin Hasan محمد عز الدين بن حسنEdit

Dai period: 933–946 AH/ 1527–1539 AD
Place of dai office : Zabeed,YEMEN
Death: 27 Safar 946
Mazoon: Yusuf Najmuddin
(11th Wali-ul-Hind : Moulai Sheikh Qasim bin Hasan, Ahmedabad, Death; 27th Jumadil ula,950 AH)

24.Syedna Yusuf Najmuddin ibn Sulaiman يوسف نجم الدين بن سليمانEdit

Dai period: 946–974 AH/ 1539–1567 AD
Place of dai office : Tayyeba, Yemen
Death: 16 zilhazza 974
Mazoon: Jalal Shamsuddin
Mukasir: Maulai Miya Musaji
(Dawat moved to India) to: (the 12th and last Wali-ul-Hind : Moulai Jalal Shamshuddin bin Hasan

25.Syedna Jalal Shamshuddin bin Hasan جلال شمش الدين بن حسنEdit

Dai period: 974–975 AH/ 1567–1568 AD
Place of dai office : Ahmedabad,India
Death: 16 Rabi-ul-akhir 975 AH
Mazoon: Dawood bin Ajabshah
  • After Dai Yusuf the central headquarter of the Tayyibi dawa transferred from Yemen to India by his successor Jalal Shamsuddin.[3]

26.Syedna Dawood Bin Ajabshah BurhanuddinEdit

Dai period: 975-999 AH/ 1568-1591 AD (23 Years)
Place of dai office : Ahmedabad,India
Death: 27 Rabi ul Aakhir 999 AH/1591 AD
Mazoon: Syedna Dawood Bin Qutubshah
  • After Dai Yusuf the central headquarter of the Tayyibi dawa transferred from Yemen to India by his successor Jalal Shamsuddin.[4]

27. Syedna Dawood Bin Qutubshah Burhanuddin داود بن قطب شاهEdit

Dai period: 999–1021 AH/ 1591–1612 AD
Place of dai office : Ahmedabad,India
Death: 15 Jumadil akhir 1021
Mawazeen: Syedi Qazi Aminshah, Syedi Aminji bin Jalal, Sheikh Adam Safiyuddin
Mukasir: Al Maula Ali Mohammad bin Firoz

28.Syedna Sheikh Aadam SafiuddinEdit

Dai period: 1021–1030 AH/ 1612–1622 AD
Place of dai office : Ahmedabad,India
Death: 7 Rajab 1030 AH
Mazoon: Abdut-tayyeb Zakiuddin
Mukasir: Syedi Alimohammad bin Firoz

29.Syedna Abduttayyeb ZakiuddinEdit

Dai period: 1030–1041 AH/ 1622–1633 AD
Place of dai office : Ahmedabad,India
Death: 2 Rabi-ul-avval 1041 AH
Mazoon: Ali Shamsuddin
Mukasir: Kassimkhan Zainuddin

30.Syedna Ali Shamshuddin Bin Moulai HasanEdit

Dai period: 1041–1042 AH/ 1633–1634 AD
Place of dai office :Hisn Afedah Yemen
Death: 25 Rabi-ul-akhir 1042 AH
Mazoon: Kasimkhan Zainuddin

31.Syedna Kasim Khan Zainuddin Bin FeerkhanEdit

Dai period: 1042–1054 AH/ 1634–1646 AD
Place of dai office : Ahmedabad,India
Death: 9 Shawwal 1054
Mazoon: Qutubkhan Qutbuddin

32.Syedna Qutubkhan Qutubuddin ShaheedEdit

Dai period: 1054–1056 AH/ 1646–1648 AD
Place of dai office : Ahmedabad,India
Death: 27 Jumadil akhir 1056
Mazoon: Feerkhan Shujauddin

33.Syedna Feerkhan Shujauddin Bin Sayedi AhmedjiEdit

Dai period: 1056–1065 AH/ 1648–1657 AD
Place of dai office : Ahmedabad,India
Death: 9 zilkad 1065
Mazoon: Ismail Badruddin

34.Syedna Ismail Badruddin I Bin Sayedi Molai Raj SahebEdit

Dai period: 1065–1085 AH/ 1657–1676 AD
Place of dai office : Jam Nagar,India
Death: 23 Jumadil akhir 1085
Mawazeen: Syedi Najamkhan, Abdultaiyyeb Zakiyuddin
Mukaserin: Al Maula Abdul Waheed, Al Maula Shams Khan

35.Syedna Abduttayyeb Zakiuddin bin Ismail BadruddinEdit

Dai period: 1085–1110 AH/ 1676–1692 AD
Place of dai office : Jam Nagar,India
Death:12 Zilkad 110
Mazoon: Musa Kalimuddin
Mukasir: Al Maula Sheikh Adam Safiyuddin

36.Syedna Musa Kalimuddin Bin Syedna Abduttayeb ZakiuddinEdit

Dai period: 1110–1122 AH/ 1692–1711 AD
Place of dai office : Jam Nagar,India
Death: 22 rabi ul akhir 1122
Mawazeen: Syedi Sheikh Adam Safiyuddin, Syedna Noor Mohammad Nooruddin
Mukasir: Syedi Khanji Pheer

37.Syedna Noor Mohammad Nooruddin bin Syedna Musa KalimuddinEdit

Dai period: 1122–1130 AH/ 1711–1719 AD
Place of dai office : Mandvi,India
Death: 4 Rajab 1130
Mawazeen: Syedi Qasimkhan bin Syedi Hamzabhai, Syedna Ismail Badruddin bin Sheikh Adam
Mukaserin: Syedi Hakimuddin bin Bawa Mulla Khan, Syedi Esamkhan, Sheikh Dawoodbhai
 
Mausoleum of Dais of Ujjain, era 1738–1780 AD

38.Syedna Ismail Badruddin II Bin Sayedi Sheikh AadamEdit

Dai period: 1130–1150 AH/ 1719–1738 AD
Place of dai office : Jam Nagar,India
Death:7 Moharram 1150
Mawazeen: Syedi Kassim Khan bin Syedi Hamzabhai, Syedi Abdul Qadir Hakimuddin bin Bawa Mulla Khan
Mukasir: Syedi Shams bin Sheikh Hasan Khan

39.Syedna Ibrahim Wajiuddin Bin Sayedi Abdul QadirEdit

Dai period: 1150–1168 AH/ 1738–1756 AD
Place of dai office : Ujjain,India
Death: 17 Moharram 1168
Mawazeen: Syedi Sheikh Adam bin Nooruddin, Syedna Hebatullah al-Moayyed fid-Deen
Mukasir: Syedi Ali bin Phirji

40.Syedna Hebatullah-il-Moayed Fiddeen bin Syedna Ibrahim VajiuddinEdit

Dai period: 1168–1193 AH/ 1756–1780 AD
Place of dai office : Ujjain,India
Death: 1 Shaban 1193
Mawazeen: Syedi Lukman ji bin Sheikh Dawood, Syedi Khan Bahadur, Sheikh Fazal Abdultaiyyeb, Syedi Hamza
Mukasir: Syedi Abde Musa Kalimuddin
 
Mausoleum Dawoodi Bohra Duwat, Burhanpur era 1780–1787 AD

41.Syedna Abduttayyeb Zakiuddin Bin BadruddinEdit

Dai period: 1193–1200 AH/ 1780–1787 AD
Place of dai office : Burhanpur,India
Death: 4 Safar 1200
Mawazeen: Syedi Sheikh Adam Safiyuddin, Syedna Yusuf Najmuddin
Mukasir: Syedna Abdeali Saifuddin

42.Syedna Yusuf Najmuddin Bin Syedna Abduttayeb ZakiuddinEdit

Dai period: 1200–1213 AH/ 1787–1799 AD
Place of dai office : Surat,India
Death: 18 Jumadil akhir 1213
Mawazeen: Syedi Sheikh Adam Safiyuddin, Syedna Abdeali Saifuddin
Mukaserin: Syedi Qamruddin, Sheikh Adam

43.Syedna Abdeali Saifuddin Bin Syedna Abduttayeb ZakiuddinEdit

Dai period: 1213–1232 AH/ 1799–1817 AD
Place of dai office : Surat,India
Death: 12 Zilkad 1232
Mawazeen: Syedi Sheikh Adam Safiyuddin, Syedna Mohammad Ezzuddin
Mukaserin: Syedi Qamruddin, Sheikh Adam

44.Syedna Mohammed Ezzuddin Bin Sayedi JivanjeeEdit

Dai period: 1232–1236 AH/ 1817–1821 AD
Place of dai office : Surat,India
Death:19 Ramjan 1236
Mazoon: Syedi Sheikh Adam Safiyuddin
Mukasir: Syedna Taiyyeb Zainuddin

45.Syedna Tayyeb Zainuddin Bin Sayedi JivanjeeEdit

Dai period: 1236–1252 AH/ 1821–1836 AD
Place of dai office : Surat,India
Death: 15 Zilkad 1252
Mawazeen: Syedi Sheikh Adam Safiyuddin, Syedi Hebatullah Jamaluddin
Mukasir: Syedna Mohammed Badruddin

46.Syedna Mohammed Badruddin Bin Syedna Abdeali SaifuddinEdit

Dai period: 1252–1256 AH/ 1836–1840 AD
Place of dai office : Surat,India
Death: 29 Jumadil akhir 1256
Mazoon: Syedi Hebtullah Jamaluddin
Mukasir: Syedna Abdulqadir Najmuddin

47.Syedna Abdul Qadir Najmuddin bin Syedna Tayyeb ZainuddinEdit

Dai period: 1256–1302 AH/ 1840–1885 AD
Place of dai office : Ujjain,India
Death: 26 Rajab 1302
Mawazeen: Syedi Hebtullah Jamaluddin, Syedna Abdulhusain Husamuddin
Mukaserin: Syedi Abdeali Imaduddin, Syedi Ismail Badruddin

48.Syedna Abdul Husain Husamuddin bin Syedna Abdul Qadir NajmuddinEdit

Dai period: 1302–1308 AH/ 1885–1891 AD
Place of dai office : Ahmedabad, India
Death: 27 Zilhaj 1308
Mazoon: Syedi Ismail Badruddin
Mukasir: Syedna Mohammad Burhanuddin

49.Syedna Mohammad Burhanuddin bin Syedna Abdul Qadir NajmuddinEdit

Dai period: 1308–1323 AH/ 1891–1906 AD
Place of dai office : Surat,India
Death: 27 Zilhaj 1323
Mazoon: Syedi Ismail Badruddin
Mukasir: Syedi Hasan

50.Syedna Abdullah Badruddin Bin Syedna Abdul Husain HusamuddinEdit

Dai period: 1323–1333 AH/ 1906–1915 AD
Place of dai office : Surat, India
Death: 10 Rajab 1333 AH
Mawazeen: Syedi Ismail Badruddin, Syedi Dawood Shehabuddin
Mukaserin: Syedi Ibrahim Vajihuddin, Syedi Taiyyeb Zainuddin

51.Syedna Taher Saifuddin bin Syedna Mohammad BurhanuddinEdit

Dai period: 1333–1385 AH/ 1915–1965 AD
Place of dai office : Mumbai,India
Death: 19 Rajab,1385 AH
Mawazeen: Syedi Dawood Shahabuddin, Syedi Fazal Qutbuddin, Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin
Mukaserin: Syedi Ishaq Jamaluddin, Syedi Saleh Safiyuddin

52.Syedna Mohammad Burhanuddin bin Syedna Taher SaifuddinEdit

Dai period: 1385 AH - 1435 AH / 1965 AD - Jan 2014 AD
Place of Dai office: Mumbai, India
Death: 16 Rabiul Awwal, 1435 AH, Jan 17, 2014
Mukaserin: Syedi SalehBhai saheb Safiyuddin, Syedi Husain Husamuddin

53.Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin TUS bin Syedna Mohammad BurhanuddinEdit

Dai period: 1435 AH- / 2014 AD-
Place of Dai office : Mumbai, India
Mawazeen : Syedi Husain Husamuddin QR, Syedi Qasim Hakimuddin QR, Syedi Ali Asger Kalimuddin
Mukasir: Syedi Qasim Hakimuddin QR, Syedi Ali Asger Kalimuddin, Syedi Qaidjoher Ezzuddin

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ >[1]; Record No. 52; Syedna Taher Saifuddin’s RA Testimony in the Chandabhoy Galla Case 1920, pp. 280-284
  2. ^ Archived 2012-07-16 at the Wayback Machine (according to Dawoodi Bohras)
  3. ^ Ismaili their history and doctrine p.303; Farhad Daftary - 1992 - Quote: "... Yusuf's learning soon attracted the attention of the twenty-third dai, who nominated him as his successor... Yusuf ... When Yusuf died in 974 AH 1567 AD, the central headquarters of the Tayyibi da'wa were transferred from Yaman to Gujarat by his Indian successor, Jalal b.hasan.."
  4. ^ Ismaili their history and doctrine p.303; Farhad Daftary - 1992 - Quote: "... Yusuf's learning soon attracted the attention of the twenty-third dai, who nominated him as his successor... Yusuf ... When Yusuf died in 974 AH 1567 AD, the central headquarters of the Tayyibi da'wa were transferred from Yaman to Gujarat by his Indian successor, Jalal b.hasan.."

Further readingEdit

  • Lathan, Young, Religion, Learning and Science
  • Bacharach, Joseph W. Meri, Medieval Islamic Civilisation
  • Bin Hasan, Idris, Uyun al-akhbar (Bin Hasan was the 19th Da'i of the Dawoodi Bohra. This volume is a history of the Ismaili community from its origins up to the 12th century CE, the period of the Fatimid caliphs al-Mustansir (d. 487/1094), the time of Musta‘lian rulers including al-Musta‘li (d. 495/1101) and al-Amir (d. 524/1130), and then the Tayyibi Ismaili community in Yemen.)

External linksEdit