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Krak des Chevaliers was built during the 12th and 13th centuries by the Knights Hospitaller with later additions by Mamluks. It is a World Heritage Site.[1]

This is a list of castles in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, founded or occupied during the Crusades. For crusader castles in Poland and the Baltic states, see Ordensburg.

Sidon's Sea Castle built by the crusaders as a fortress of the holy land in Sidon, Lebanon.

Contents

Crusader statesEdit

Geographic location on today's mapEdit

Crusader castles by modern statesEdit

CyprusEdit

 
Kyrenia Castle


EgyptEdit



GreeceEdit



IsraelEdit

 
The remains of Belvoir Castle
 
Monfort castle

Discarded proposalsEdit

  • Nimrod Fortress, Arabic names Qal'at Nimrud and Qal'at as-Subayba; Ayyubid castle expanded by Baibars, built to protect the road to Damascus from Crusaders and Muslim rivals; wrongly believed to be a Crusader castle; now a national park

JordanEdit

 
Montreal (Shaubak)

Doubtful proposalsEdit

Discarded proposalsEdit

  • Jarash: the Temple of Artemis was reused as a castle by the Damascenes and destroyed by Baldwin II of Jerusalem, was therefore not used by the Crusaders.[4]

LebanonEdit

 
Crusader castle in the village of Toron, Lebanon

SyriaEdit

 
The remains of Margat

TurkeyEdit

 
The ruins of Bagras Castle, viewed from the southeast

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din, UNESCO, retrieved 2010-11-08
  2. ^ Husseini, Rana (December 18, 2016). "Death toll in Karak attacks rises to 14, including four terrorists". Jordan Times. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  3. ^ Denys Pringle, "denys+pringle"&source=bl&ots=7l301KM9Np&sig=CSN-FUOwWwWsqzQoFlmt-SflixQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjW44iR7pjbAhUpP5oKHYNODlYQ6AEwAHoECAkQAQ#v=snippet&q=taphila&f=true Secular Buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: An Archaeological Gazetteer, 1997, p. 98, "Tafila" (#214). Quotation: Cr[usader names]: Taphila, Traphilia, Traphyla. Probable remains of castle below rectangular Ottoman fort. Martin, lord of Taphilia, mentioned in 1177...."
  4. ^ Denys Pringle, "denys+pringle"&source=bl&ots=7l301KM9Np&sig=CSN-FUOwWwWsqzQoFlmt-SflixQ&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Jarash&f=true Secular Buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: An Archaeological Gazetteer, 1997, p. 2
  5. ^ Qalaat Areimeh قلعة العريمة