List of ecumenical patriarchs of Constantinople

This is a list of the Patriarchs of Constantinople.

Bishops of Byzantium (until 330 AD) edit

Archbishops of Constantinople (330–451 AD) edit

Patriarchs of Constantinople (since 451 AD) edit

451–998 AD edit

This page of the iconodule Chludov Psalter illustrates the line "They gave me gall to eat; and when I was thirsty they gave me vinegar to drink" with a picture of a soldier offering Christ vinegar on a sponge attached to a pole. John VII Grammaticus is depicted rubbing out a painting of Christ with a similar sponge attached to a pole. John is caricatured, here as on other pages, with untidy straight hair sticking out in all directions, which was considered ridiculous by the Byzantines.

999–1453 edit

On May 29, 1453 occurred the Fall of Constantinople, thus marking the end of the Byzantine Empire. The Ecumenical Patriarchate became subject to the Ottoman Empire.

1453–1466 edit

There are different suggestions by scholars for the succession of the Patriarchs from 1462 to 1466. The main positions are the following:

1466–1833 edit

On July 23, 1833, the Church of Greece declared itself autocephalous. It was followed by the Romanian Orthodox Church in 1864, the Bulgarian Exarchate in 1872, and the Serbian Orthodox Church in 1879, thus reducing the territorial extent of the Ecumenical Patriarchate's jurisdiction.

1834–1923 edit

On July 24, 1923, the Ottoman Empire dissolved, replaced by the Republic of Turkey.

1923–present edit

See also edit

Notes edit

A selection of different spellings of certain names as seen on

  • Dimitrios = Demetrios
  • Germanos = Germanus
  • Stephanos = Stephen

Citations edit

  1. ^ Grumel, Venance (1943). "La chronologie des patriarches de Constantinople de 1111 à 1206". Revue des études byzantines. 1: 263. doi:10.3406/rebyz.1943.909. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  2. ^ Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. pp. 30–51. ISBN 978-1-4344-5876-6.
  3. ^ Vitalien, Laurent (1968). "Les premiers patriarches de Constantinople sous la domination turque (1454-1476)" (PDF). Revue des études byzantines (26): 229–263. doi:10.3406/rebyz.1968.1407.
  4. ^ Σαρδεων Γερμανος (1933–38). "Συµβολή εις τους πατριαρχικούς καταλόγους Κωνσταντινουπόλεως από της αλώσεως και εξής". Ορθοδοξια (8–13).(in Greek)
  5. ^ Sometimes not counted among the patriarchs.

External links edit