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Christianity has through Church history produced a number of Christian creeds, confessions and statements of faith. The following lists are provided.

In many cases, individual churches will address further doctrinal questions in a set of bylaws. Smaller churches see this as a formality, while churches of a larger size build this to be a large document describing the practical functioning of the church.

Contents

Biblical creedsEdit

  • Jesus is Lord (Romans 10:9; 1 Corinthians 12:3)
  • Pre-New Testament Creeds in the New Testament (1 Timothy 2:5, Phil 2:6-11, 1 Timothy 3:16)[1]

Ecumenical and historic Christian creedsEdit

Creed Date Accepted by Original name Notes Link to text
Apostles' Creed 120-250 Western Church Lat.: Symbolum Apostolorum or Symbolum Apostolicum Product of the Roman Christians around A.D.180, who developed an early form of the Apostles' Creed, possibly to critique Marcion.   "Apostles' Creed".
Creed of Nicaea 325 Ecumenical Church Product of the first ecumenical council in Nicaea which tried to solve the Arian controversy.[2]
Nicene Creed (Nicaea-Constantinopolitan Creed) 381 Ecumenical Church Expansion and revision of the 325 Creed of Nicaea (includes new section on Holy Spirit). It is the most widely accepted Christian creed.

It critiques apollinarism and a later addition, the Filioque clause, resulted in disagreement between Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity.

  "Nicene Creed".
Chalcedonian Creed 451 Council of Chalcedon Nearly all Christian denominations (except Oriental Orthodoxy, the Assyrian Church of the East, and much of Restorationism)
Athanasian Creed 500 Western Christian denominations Lat.: Quicumque vult The origin of this creed is uncertain, but it is widely used in various Christian denominations.   "Athanasian Creed".

Creeds of the early churchEdit

  • The Didache (60-150)
  • The Creed of Aristides of Athens (100s)
  • The Old Roman Symbol or Old Roman Creed (c. 215)
  • The Creed of Cyprian of Carthage (250)
  • The Der Balyzeh Papyrus (200-350)
  • The Creeds of Arius and Euzoius (320/327)
  • The Creed of Alexander of Alexandria (321-324)
  • The First Synod of Antioch (325)
  • The Second Dedication of Antioch (341)
  • The Baptismal Creed of Jerusalem (350)
  • The Apostolic Constitutions (350-380)

Interdenominational creedsEdit

Ecumenical creedsEdit

  • The Call to Unity, Lausanne (1927)
  • The Scheme of Union of the Church of South India (1929/1942)
  • The Grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, Edinburgh (1937)
  • Affirmation of Union, Edinburgh (1937)
  • The Constitution of the Church in South India (1947)
  • Message of the First Assembly of the World Council of Churches (1948)
  • The Unity We Have and Seek (1952)
  • A Message from the Second Assembly of the World Council of Churches (1954)
  • The Unity of the Church, St. Andrews (1960)
  • The Church's Unity, World Council of Churches, New Delhi (1961)
  • The Holy Spirit and the Catholicity of the Church, Uppsala (1968)
  • What Unity Requires, Nairobi (1975)
  • Baptism, Eucharist, and Ministry, Lima (1982)
  • Uniatism, Method of Union of the Past, and the Present Search for Full Communion (1993)

Denominational creedsEdit

AdventistEdit

Anabaptist/MennoniteEdit

  • Hans Denchk's confession Before the Council of Nuremberg (1525)
  • The Schleitheim Confession (1527)
  • The Mennonite Concept of Cologne (1591)
  • The Dordrecht Confession (1632)

AnglicanEdit

ArminianEdit

Five Articles of Remonstrance (1610)

Assemblies of GodEdit

BaptistEdit

  • Thomas Helwys Confession of Faith (1611)
  • Baptist Confession of Faith (1644)
  • Baptist Confession of Faith (1677/1689)
  • The Orthodox Creed of the General Baptists (1678)
  • The Philadelphia Confession (1688)
  • New Hampshire Confession of Faith (1833)
  • The Free-will Baptist Confession (1868)
  • Abstract Principles for Southern Baptist Seminary (1858)
  • The Doctrinal Basis of the New Zealand Baptist Union (1882)
  • Doctrinal Basis of the Baptist Union of Victoria, Australia (1888)
  • The Statement of the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland (1888)
  • The Statement of Faith of the American Baptist Association (1905)
  • Johann Kargel's Confession (1913)
  • Baptist Faith and Message, Southern Baptist Convention (1925)
  • The Doctrinal Statement of the North American Baptist Association (1950)
  • Baptist Faith and Message, Southern Baptist Convention (1964)
  • Baptist Affirmation of Faith, Strict Baptist Assembly (1966)
  • Romanian Baptist Confession (1974)
  • The Statement of Beliefs of the North American Baptist Conference (1982)
  • Baptist Faith and Message, Southern Baptist Convention (2000)

Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)Edit

  • Mission, Vision and Confession[3]
  • Christian Church: The Design for the Christian Church (1968)

CongregationalEdit

  • The Cambridge Platform (1648)
  • Savoy Declaration (1658)
  • The Declaration of the Congregational Union of England (1833)
  • The Declaration of the Boston National Council (1865)
  • The Declaration of the Oberlin National Council (1871)
  • The "Commission" Creed of the Congregational Church (1883/1913)

Eastern OrthodoxEdit

  • Doctrine of the African Orthodox Church (1921)

HuguenotEdit

LutheranEdit

MethodistEdit

PentecostalEdit

PresbyterianEdit

  • Scots Confession (1560)
  • Westminster Confession of Faith (1646)
  • The Confession of the Waldenses (1655)
  • The Confession of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church (1814/1883)
  • The Confession of the Free Evangelical Church of Geneva (1848)
  • The Confession of the Free Italian Church (1870)
  • The Auburn Declaration (1837)
  • Auburn Affirmation (PCUSA) (1924)
  • Book of Confessions (PCUSA)[part 1; Second Edition 1970]
  • The Creed of the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Chile (1983)
  • Living Faith: A statement of Christian Belief, Presbyterian Church in Canada[6] (1984)

Puritan/CongregationalEdit

QuakerEdit

ReformedEdit

Roman CatholicEdit

  • The Edict of Michael Cerularius and of the Synod of Constantinople of 1054 (1054)
  • The Dictatus Papae of Pope Gregory VII (1075)
  • The Synod of Constantinople (1341)
  • The Synod of Constantinople (1347)
  • The Synod of Constantinople (1351)
  • The Synod of Constantinople (1691)
  • The Synod of Constantinople (1838)
  • The Council of Constance (1414-18)
  • Confutatio Augustana (1530)
  • Decrees of the Council of Trent (1563)
  • Tridentine Creed - Profession of Faith of Pius IV (1564)
  • Cum Occasione of Pope Innocent X (1653)
  • The Dogma of the Immaculate Conception (1854)
  • The Vatican Council-First Dogmatic Constitution of the Church of Christ (1870)
  • The Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary (1950)
  • Maasai Creed, Holy Ghost Fathers (1960)
  • Vatican II Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (1964)
  • Credo of the People of God Profession of Faith of Paul VI (1968)
  • Common Declaration of Pope John Paul II and [Armenian] Catholicos Karekin I (1996)
  • Ad Tuendam Fidem of Pope John Paul II (1998)

Salvation ArmyEdit

1. We believe that the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments were given by inspiration of God, and that they only constitute the Divine rule of Christian faith and practice. 2. We believe that there is only one God, who is infinitely perfect, the Creator, Preserver, and Governor of all things, and who is the only proper object of religious worship. 3. We believe that there are three persons in the Godhead – the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost, undivided in essence and co-equal in power and glory. 4. We believe that in the person of Jesus Christ the Divine and human natures are united, so that He is truly and properly God and truly and properly man. 5. We believe that our first parents were created in a state of innocency, but by their disobedience they lost their purity and happiness, and that in consequence of their fall all men have become sinners, totally depraved, and as such are justly exposed to the wrath of God. 6. We believe that the Lord Jesus Christ has by His suffering and death made an atonement for the whole world so that whosoever will may be saved. 7. We believe that repentance towards God, faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, and regeneration by the Holy Spirit, are necessary to salvation. 8. We believe that we are justified by grace through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ and that he that believeth hath the witness in himself. 9. We believe that continuance in a state of salvation depends upon continued obedient faith in Christ. 10. We believe that it is the privilege of all believers to be wholly sanctified, and that their whole spirit and soul and body may be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 11. We believe in the immortality of the soul; in the resurrection of the body; in the general judgment at the end of the world; in the eternal happiness of the righteous; and in the endless punishment of the wicked.

[8]

United Church of CanadaEdit

United Church of ChristEdit

WaldensianEdit

  • Waldensian Confession (1655) [9]

Creeds of specific movementsEdit

American Fundamentalist EvangelicalEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pelikan, Jaroslav (2003). Credo. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 133. ISBN 0300109741. 
  2. ^ The Council of Nicaea: Purposes and Themes
  3. ^ "Mission, Vision, and Confession". 
  4. ^ "ELCA Constitution, Chapter 2" (PDF). 
  5. ^ Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). "Scripture, Creeds, Confessions". Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). 
  6. ^ Presbyterian Church in Canada. "Living Faith: A statement of Christian Belief". 
  7. ^ "Richmond Declaration". 
  8. ^ https://www.salvationarmy.org/doctrine/doctrines
  9. ^ "Waldensian Confession". 

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