List of Chola temples in Bangalore

The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India. In Bangalore the Cholas ruled nearly a century. The heartland of the Cholas was the fertile valley of the Kaveri River, but they ruled a significantly larger area at the height of their power, including the present-day Bangalore. During the reign of Rajaraja Chola I—around 1004 AD—the cholas captured Bangalore after defeating the Gangas. During their rule, they built many temples in and around Bangalore with the Chokkanathaswamy temple, Mukthi Natheshwara Temple, Choleswara temple and the Someshwara Temple being prominent ones. The Chokkanathaswamy temple at Domlur, whose earliest inscriptions date back to the 10th century AD,[1] is the oldest temple in the city.[2] Originally built by Raja Raja Chola I,[1] the temple was later renovated by the Hoysalas and Vijayanagara rulers.[3] The temple's deity was Lord Shiva, but later a Vishnu temple was built for the local residents who were mainly Vaishnavas.[1]

A stone sculpture in Chokkanathaswamy temple

The Chola Rule in Karnataka was curtailed with loss of Western Gangavadi in 1117 AD by the Hoysalas, but Eastern Gangavadi (part of Mysore district) was recovered by 1125 AD under Vikrama Chola and Chola territories in Kannada country existed till the rule of Emperor Kulothunga Chola III. However Tamil habitation in Karnataka, especially in Mysore district, precedes the Chola period and continued afterwards as well. Hoysala Kings built Someshwara temples throughout their kingdom. The typical Someshwara temple has a lotus pond or a taverekere included.

The Someshwara temple at Madiwala was built around 1247 AD.[4] The Someshwara Temple at Halasuru, one of the oldest in the city. While the main deity is Nandi, other gods like Brahma and Vishnu are also worshiped here.[5] It was later renovated by Kempegowda who built the Rajagopuram and constructed walls around the temple.[6] The 800 year-old Kaalikaamba Kamatheshwara Temple at Nagarathpet is the second largest temple in the city.[7]

Apart from religious practices, the temples were utilized for scholarly activities thus providing employment for the people.[8]

List of temples Edit

No. Name Locality Period/Earliest inscription Refs.
1 Domlur Chokkanathaswamy temple Domlur 10th century AD [1]
2 Halasuru Someshwara Temple Halasuru [9]
3 Eshwara Temple, Kengeri, Bangalore Kengeri 1050 AD [10]
4 Dharmesvara Temple Kondrahalli 1065 AD [11]
5 Sri Madduramma Temple Huskur 11th century AD [12][13]
6 Old Madiwala Someshwara Temple, Bangalore Madiwala 1247 AD [14]
7 Kaalikaamba Kamatheshwara Temple Nagarathpet 13th century AD [15]
8 Someshwara Temple, Marathahalli Marathahalli 1508 AD [16]

References Edit

  1. ^ a b c d Priyanka S Rao (19 May 2012). "Chokkanatha: The city's oldest temple". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  2. ^ U B, Githa. "A Chola temple in Domlur!". Deccan Herald. Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  3. ^ Priyanka S Rao (16 May 2012). "History on the walls of a temple". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Ancient temple; bustling junction". Deccan Herald. 20 July 2009. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Souvenir of the Chola dynasty". The New Indian Express. 2 January 2010. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  6. ^ S. K. Aruni (11 October 2013). "The kalyani that holds a 1,000-year history". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  7. ^ MK Madhusoodan. "Heritage temple in ruins; govt unmoved". DNA Syndication. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  8. ^ De 2008, p. 7.
  9. ^ Dynamics of Language Maintenance Among Linguistic Minorities: A Sociolinguistic Study of the Tamil Communities in Bangalore. Central Institute of Indian Languages, 1986. 1986. p. 7.
  10. ^ Patrao, Michael (2 February 2009). "A place of historical significance". DeccanHerald. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  11. ^ Saligrama Krishna Ramachandra Rao (1993). Art and architecture of Indian temples. Kalpatharu Research Academy. p. 222.
  12. ^ Mysore & Padmanabha 1973, p. 247.
  13. ^ Rao 1993, p. 214.
  14. ^ "Ancient temple; bustling junction". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  15. ^ Madhusoodan, MK (16 January 2011). "Heritage temple in ruins; Karnataka government unmoved". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  16. ^ S.K. Aruni (11 January 2012). "Of inscriptions and the medieval period". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 August 2014.

Bibliography Edit