In Scotland, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure officially designated as being of "special architectural or historic interest". Category A structures are those considered to be "buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type". Listing was begun by a provision in the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1947, and the current legislative basis for listing is the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997. The authority for listing rests with Historic Scotland, an executive agency of the Scottish Government, which inherited this role from the Scottish Development Department in 1991. Once listed, severe restrictions are imposed on the modifications allowed to a building's structure or its fittings. Listed building consent must be obtained from local authorities prior to any alteration to such a structure. There are approximately 47,400 listed buildings in Scotland, of which around 8% (some 3,800) are Category A.
The council area of Aberdeen City covers 184.5 square kilometres (71.2 sq mi), and has a population of around 210,400. There are 68 Category A listed buildings in the area. Much of the architecture of Aberdeen is built in the distinctive local granite, leading to the nickname, "The Granite City". During the first half of the 19th century, the most prominent architect in Aberdeen was Archibald Simpson (1790–1847), who completed many of the major public buildings in the city. Older buildings include the medieval Brig o' Balgownie and King's College Chapel, and the oldest town houses in the city: Provost Skene's house (1545), and Provost Ross' house (1593). More recently, Sir Robert Matthew's Crombie Halls of Residence at the University, completed in 1960, were listed at Category A in 2004. Other A-listed structures include a rare surviving locomotive turntable, an early suspension bridge by Samuel Brown, the intact Victorian Tivoli Theatre, and Scotland's oldest iron-framed mill building.
|Name||Location||Date Listed||Grid Ref. [note 1]||Geo-coordinates||Notes||LB Number [note 2]||Image|
|Lidell's Monument||Dyce||16 Apr 1971||17th-century monument to Duncan Lidell (1561–1613)||2230|
|Old Parish Church of Dyce with Churchyard Wall and Watchhouse||Dyce||16 Apr 1971||13th/14th-century church, much altered||2245|
|Culter House (St. Margaret's School for Girls Boarding House)||Peterculter||16 Apr 1971||17th-century country house||15714|
|Grandholm Works, Old Spinning Mill, Wing Mill, Engine and Turbine Houses||Grandholm Drive||25 Nov 1991||18th- and 19th-century textile mill, the largest vertically integrated tweed mill in Scotland||18985|
|Former St Nicholas Congregational Church||Belmont Street||12 Jan 1967||1865 Romanesque chapel||19937|
|Former Triple Kirks (East and Belmont Church and Albion and St Paul's Church)||69-71 Schoolhill||12 Jan 1967||Remains of three conjoined Gothic churches, 1844 by Archibald Simpson||19940|
|Greyfriars Church||Broad Street||12 Jan 1967||Gothic church of 1903 by Alexander Marshall Mackenzie||19941|
|Kings College Chapel||College Bounds, Old Aberdeen||12 Jan 1967||Chapel, begun 1500||19943|
|Aberdeen Arts Centre||King Street||12 Jan 1967||Greek-revival style former church of 1830 by John Smith||19946|
|Queen's Cross Church||Carden Place||12 Jan 1967||Idiosyncratic Victorian Gothic church of 1881 by John Bridgeford Pirie of Pirie and Clyne||19948|
|St. Andrew's (Episcopal) Cathedral||King Street||12 Jan 1967||Gothic cathedral of 1817 by Archibald Simpson||19953|
|St Machar's Cathedral||The Chanonry||12 Jan 1967||14th century with later additions and alterations||19957|
|Episcopal Convent and Chapel of St. Margaret of Scotland||17 Spital||12 Jan 1967||Gothic complex by Ninian Comper, 1898||19961|
|St Mary's Church (Episcopal)||Carden Place||12 Jan 1967||Victorian Gothic church of 1864||19964|
|St. Nicholas' Church||Union Street||12 Jan 1967||Medieval church, extensively rebuilt by James Gibbs in 1755 and Archibald Simpson in 1837||19966|
|St. Nicholas' Church Churchyard||Union Street, 9 Back Wynd, Schoolhill and Correction Wynd||12 Jan 1967||Graveyard dating from the 16th century, with monuments from the 17th century onward||19967|
|Advocates' Hall Concert Court||Broad Street||19 Mar 1984||Classical hall by James Matthews, 1869||19977|
|Aberdeen Art Gallery, War Memorial and Cowdray Hall, (Robert Gordon's Institute Of Technology)||78 Schoolhill||12 Jan 1967||Renaissance-style gallery by Alexander Marshall Mackenzie 1885, war memorial added 1925||19978|
|Custom House||35 Regent Quay||26 May 1977||18th-century Georgian townhouse||19982|
|Medico-Chirurgical Hall and County Record Office||27, 29, 31 King Street||26 May 1977||Three conjoined buildings comprising Medico-Chirurgical Hall by Archibald Simpson (1820), County Record Office by John Smith (1823), and house of 1840||19983|
|Town House, including Municipal Offices, Court Houses and Tolbooth||Castle Street||12 Jan 1967||17th-century tolbooth, with 19th-century offices by Peddie & Kinnear||19990|
|Music Hall||174-194 Union Street||28 Feb 1962||Greek-revival hall by Archibald Simpson, 1820||19991|
|Old Aberdeen Town House||High Street, Old Aberdeen||12 Jan 1967||18th-century town hall||19992|
|Woolmanhill Hospital||Woolmanhill||25 May 1977||Neoclassical hospital of 1840 by Archibald Simpson, later 19th-century additions||19995|
|Mercat Cross||Castle Street||12 Jan 1967||17th-century mercat cross, since moved and repaired||19999|
|Bishop Elphinstone Memorial||King's College Grounds, College Bounds, Old Aberdeen||12 Jan 1967||1926 memorial to William Elphinstone (1431–1514)||20005|
|Fountain, Victoria Park||Westburn Road and Argyll Place, Rosemount||19 Mar 1984||Granite fountain with Greek Revival details (1878) by John Bridgeford Pirie of Pirie and Clyne||20065|
|Brig o' Balgownie (Old Bridge Of Don)||Bridge of Don||12 Jan 1967||14th-century bridge, attributed to Richard Cementarius||20067|
|Bridge of Dee||Stonehaven Road and Anderson Drive South, Ruthrieston||12 Jan 1967||Early-16th-century bridge over the River Dee||20068|
|Wellington Suspension Bridge||Over River Dee, at Craiglug||12 Jan 1967||Important example of an early suspension bridge, 1829 by Samuel Brown and John Smith||20073|
|Girdleness Lighthouse||Greyhope Road||12 Jan 1967||1833 lighthouse by Robert Stevenson, and late-19th-century fog signal||20078|
|Former Old Town School||Little Belmont Street||12 Jan 1967||Greek revival school of 1841 by John Smith||20082|
|Robert Gordon's College||Schoolhill||1 Jun 1966||1732 school by William Adam||20088|
|Marischal College||Broad Street||12 Jan 1967||Tudor-Gothic granite college by Archibald Simpson, 1844, Aberdeen's largest granite building||20096|
|Devanha House||12, 14 Devanha Gardens, Ferryhill||12 Jan 1967||Early-19th-century Regency house, extended by Archibald Simpson in 1840||20098|
|Westburn House||Westburn Park, Westburn Road and Cornhill Road||12 Jan 1967||Brick house by Archibald Simpson, 1839||20108|
|Provost Skene's House||Broad Street||12 Jan 1967||Largely 17th-century house of George Skene, Provost of Aberdeen||20156|
|Former Clydesdale Bank||5 Castle Street||12 Jan 1967||Built as North of Scotland Bank in 1842, by Archibald Simpson||20162|
|Sheriff Court Annex and High Court of Justiciary (formerly Bank of Scotland)||53 Castle Street||12 Jan 1967||Classical-style former bank, built 1801, the first fully dressed granite ashlar building to be built in Aberdeen||20174|
|Mitchell Hospital||9 The Chanonry, Old Aberdeen||12 Jan 1967||Courtyard of alms houses, 1801||20186|
|Bede House||20, 22 Don Street, Old Aberdeen||12 Jan 1967||17th-century town house||20288|
|The Chapter House (Cruickshanks Lodgings)||245, 247 Don Street, Balgownie||12 Jan 1967||17th-century town house||20299|
|The Northern Hotel||1 Great Northern Road||23 Apr 1987||Art Deco hotel of 1938, by A.G.R. Mackenzie||20331|
|Tivoli Theatre||34 - 48 Guild Street||12 Jan 1967||Rare example of a nearly intact Victorian theatre, Charles J. Phipps 1872, alterations by Frank Matcham 1909||20333|
|62, 62a and 62b Hamilton Place||19 Mar 1984||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, 1885||20334|
|64, 64a, 66, 66a and 66b Hamilton Place||19 Mar 1984||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, 1885||20335|
|68, 68a and 70 Hamilton Place||19 Mar 1984||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, 1886||20336|
|72 Hamilton Place||19 Mar 1984||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, 1890, with Provost's lamp||20337|
|74 and 76 Hamilton Place||19 Mar 1984||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, 1887||20338|
|78 and 80 Hamilton Place||19 Mar 1984||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, c.1886||20339|
|82, 82a and 84 Hamilton Place||19 Mar 1984||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, c.1886||20340|
|86, 86a, 88 and 88a Hamilton Place||19 Mar 1984||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, 1885||20341|
|90 and 92 Hamilton Place||19 Mar 1984||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, c.1886||20342|
|94, 94a and 96 Hamilton Place||19 Mar 1984||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, c.1886||20343|
|81 High Street||Old Aberdeen||12 Jan 1967||Late-18th-century town house||20360|
|96 High Street||Old Aberdeen||12 Jan 1967||Early-17th-century town house||20374|
|50, 50a and 50b Queen's Road||12 Jan 1967||Gothic villa by Pirie and Clyne, 1887||20459|
|1-13 Rosemount Square||Rosemount||23 Apr 1987||Local authority housing designed in the 1930s and completed 1948, the last granite tenement block to be built in Aberdeen||20471|
|Provost Ross's House||48 and 50 Shiprow||12 Jan 1967||Pair of late-16th-century town houses, once occupied by Provost John Ross, now houses part of the Aberdeen Maritime Museum||20484|
|1, 2, 3 Union Terrace and 146 Union Street||12 Jan 1967||Renaissance-style office building by Alexander Marshall Mackenzie, 1885||20573|
|His Majesty's Theatre||Rosemount Viaduct||8 Nov 1973||Free Renaissance style theatre by Frank Matcham, 1906||20605|
|79 Hamilton Place||26 May 1977||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, 1894||20628|
|98 Hamilton Place||26 May 1977||Villa by Pirie and Clyne, 1891||20629|
|Aberdeen Station||Guild Street||2 Mar 1990||Railway station completed 1920, the last major station to be built in Scotland, and mid-19th-century road bridge||20673|
|Turntable, Ferryhill Motive Power Depot||Polmuir Avenue, Ferryhill||17 May 1996||Early-20th-century locomotive turntable, one of very few surviving in Scotland||43378|
|Broadford Works||Maberly Street||12 Jan 1967||Early-19th-century mill, the oldest iron-framed mill in Scotland, and the fourth oldest known to survive in the world, with 19th- and early-20th-century extensions||43908|
|Crombie Halls of Residence||Meston Walk||11 Nov 2004||Modernist student residence by Sir Robert Matthew, completed 1960||50016|
- Sometimes known as OSGB36, the grid reference (where provided) is based on the British national grid reference system used by the Ordnance Survey.
• "Guide to National Grid". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 12 December 2007.
• "Get-a-map". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
- Historic Environment Scotland assign a unique alphanumeric identifier to each designated site in Scotland, for listed buildings this always begins with "LB", for example "LB12345".
- Guide to the Protection of Scotland's Listed Buildings (PDF). Historic Scotland. 2009. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-84917-013-0. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- "What is Listing?: Categories of listed building". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Scottish Historic Environment Policy (PDF). Historic Scotland. October 2008. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-1-84917-002-4. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- Guide to the Protection of Scotland's Listed Buildings, p. 17.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Broad Street, Provost Skene's House, including Archway and South Building (LB20156)". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "48 and 50 Shiprow (including Former House of Provost Ross) (LB20484)". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Crombie Halls of Residence, Meston Walk (LB50016)". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Polmuir Avenue, Ferryhill Motive Power Depot, Locomotive Turntable (LB43378)". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Wellington Suspension Bridge over River Dee, at Craiglug (LB20073)". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Guild Street and 1 Trinity Street, Tivoli Theatre (LB20333)". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Maberly Street, Broadford Works with Returns to Ann Street and Hutcheon Street (LB43908)". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
Media related to Category A listed buildings in Aberdeen at Wikimedia Commons