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County flags flying in Parliament Square, London

This list includes flags that either have been in use or are currently used by the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories and the Crown dependencies.

The College of Arms is the authority on the flying of flags in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and maintains the only official register of flags for these countries.[1] It was established in 1484 and as part of the Royal Household operates under the authority of the Crown.[1] The Lord Lyon King of Arms holds a similar role within Scotland.[2] A separate private body called the Flag Institute, financed by its own membership, also maintains a registry of United Kingdom flags that it styles 'the UK Flag Registry', though this has no official status under UK law.[3]

Flags recognised by planning lawEdit

Certain classes of flag enjoy a special status within English planning law and can be flown without needing the planning permission normally required for advertisements. These include any country’s national flag, civil ensign or civil air ensign; the flag of the Commonwealth, the European Union, the United Nations or any other international organisation of which the United Kingdom is a member; a flag of any island, county, district, borough, burgh, parish, city, town or village within the United Kingdom; the flag of the Black Country, East Anglia, Wessex, any Part of Lincolnshire, any Riding of Yorkshire or any historic county within the United Kingdom; the flag of St David; the flag of St Patrick; the flag of any administrative area within any country outside the United Kingdom; any flag of Her Majesty’s Forces; and the Armed Forces Day flag.[4]

List of British flags
 
English flags
Northern Irish flags
Scottish flags
Welsh flags
Royal Standards
Former British Empire


Current national flagsEdit

National and subnational flags of the United Kingdom.[5]

United KingdomEdit

Flag Date Use Description Status
  since 1801 The Union Flag, also commonly known as the Union Jack.[6] Used as the flag of the United Kingdom A superimposition of the flags of England and Scotland with the Saint Patrick's Saltire (representing Ireland). National flag used by government and civilian population.
  Vertical national flag used by government and civilian population.

Countries of the United KingdomEdit

Flag Date Use Description Status
  c. 1348[7] Flag of England, also known as the St George's Cross Argent a cross Gules National flag of England also used by the Church of England, sports teams representing England and ordinary citizens.
  1953–1972; unofficial since 1972 Northern Ireland has no official nor universally accepted flag The national flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack.[8] The Ulster Banner portrayed is from the former coat of arms of Northern Ireland and was the flag of the Government of Northern Ireland between 1953–1972. Since 1972 this flag has continued to be used for want of another distinctive flag, almost exclusively amongst the Unionist community.
  c. 1286[9] Flag of Scotland, also known as the St Andrew's Cross, or the Saltire Azure a saltire Argent National flag used by Scottish Government and agencies, sports teams representing Scotland and by ordinary citizens.
  1959 on
(variants first appeared c. 1485)
Flag of Wales, also known as the Red Dragon or Y Ddraig Goch Per fess Argent and Vert, a dragon passant Gules National flag used by the Welsh Government and agencies, sports teams representing Wales and by ordinary citizens.

The flags of England and of Scotland are ancient war flags which became by usage the national flags of the Kingdom of England (which included Wales) and of the Kingdom of Scotland respectively and continued in use until the Act of Union 1707. Thereafter they were as de facto flags of those parts of the United Kingdom. The flag of Wales was devised in 1959. The Flag of Northern Ireland (if any) is argued over endlessly.[citation needed] The coat of arms of the Government of Northern Ireland, a red cross on a white field, defaced with a Red Hand of Ulster within a six pointed star topped with a crown, became used as a local flag, though the end of the province's Government in 1973 ended its official status. This flag has continued to be the internationally recognisable de facto flag of Northern Ireland through its use by international sporting organisations (for example FIFA,[10] UEFA,[11] and the Commonwealth Games)[12] to represent Northern Ireland, though locally it has the allegiance mainly of the Unionist community. The St Patrick's Saltire is also sometimes used by the government[clarification needed] to represent Northern Ireland when a discrete Northern Ireland flag is required.[13][14]

The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man (Crown dependencies)Edit

Flag Date Use Description
  1993 on Flag of Alderney A red cross on a white field (St George's Cross) with an inescutcheon of the island's coat of arms. Alderney is an autonomous Crown Dependency and is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
  Government Ensign of Alderney A blue ensign with the arms of Alderney
  1985 on Flag of Guernsey A golden cross within a red cross on a white field (St George's Cross). Guernsey is an autonomous Crown Dependency and is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
  1985 on Civil Ensign of Guernsey A red ensign with a Gold Cross.
  1985 on State Ensign of Guernsey A blue ensign with a Gold Cross.
  Flag of Herm A red cross on a white field (St George's Cross) with the coat of arms of the island in the canton. Herm is an island which belongs to the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
  1931 on Flag of the Isle of Man A triskelion on a red field
  1971 on Civil Ensign of the Isle of Man A red ensign with a triskelion
  1981 on Flag of Jersey A red saltire on a white field defaced with the island's badge
  2010 on Civil Ensign of Jersey A Red Ensign with the coat of arms of Jersey on
  Government Ensign of Jersey A blue ensign with the arms of Jersey
  1938 on Flag of Sark A red cross on a white field (St George's Cross) with two lions (the arms of the Plantagenet Dukes of Normandy) in the canton. Strictly speaking, this was the personal flag of the Seigneur. Sark is an autonomous Crown Dependency and is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
  Flag of Brecqhou Flag of Sark, defaced with the Brecqhou coat of arms.

British Overseas territoriesEdit

In 1999, the maritime flags of the British Overseas Territories were updated at the request of the Ministry of Defence. The white discs were removed from the field of the flags and each respective coat of arms was increased in size for ease of identification. As the MoD only had authority over sea flags, the Governments of the Overseas Territories were free to continue using the flags with white discs on land. The Overseas Territories' governments did switch to the updated flags over a staggered period of time, however some old-style flags with white discs may still be seen. Such flags have generally been adopted by Order in Council. Civil (Red Ensign) flags are under the control of the United Kingdom Secretary of State for Transport and are split into two categories: Category 1 is to register ships of unlimited tonnage and type. category 2 is to register commercial ships and yachts of up to 150 gross registered tons.[15]

Flag Date Use Description
  1990 on Anguilla A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Anguilla
  Flag used in Akrotiri and Dhekelia The Union Jack is used as no territory flag exists
  2013 on Ascension Island, an island of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Ascension Island
  1999 on Bermuda[16] A red ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Bermuda. Used on land and as the civil ensign. (Government ensign is blue.)
  1963 on British Antarctic Territory A white ensign less the cross of St George defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Antarctic Territory
  1990 on British Indian Ocean Territory A blue ensign with white wavy lines, defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Indian Ocean Territory.
  1960 on British Virgin Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Virgin Islands. Used on land and as the government ensign. The civil ensign is red.
  1999 on Cayman Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Cayman Islands. Used on land and as the government ensign. The civil ensign is red.
  1999 on Falkland Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Falkland Islands. Used on land and as the government ensign. The civil ensign is red.
  1982 on Gibraltar Two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the centre of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centred in the red band. This is the flag commonly used on land.
  1999 on Gibraltar (Government Ensign) A British Blue Ensign with the Union Jack in the canton and the badge of Gibraltar in the fly. This is the ensign for vessels owned by the Government, or in Government service.
  1996 on Gibraltar (Civil Ensign)[17] A British Red Ensign with the Union Jack in the canton and the badge of Gibraltar in the fly; the civil ensign for locally registered vessel.
  1958 on Montserrat A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Montserrat
  1984 on Pitcairn Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands
  1984 on Saint Helena, an island of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Saint Helena
  1985 on South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  2002 on Tristan da Cunha, an island of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Tristan da Cunha
  1968 on Turks and Caicos Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Turks and Caicos Islands

Governors' flagsEdit

Prior to 1999, all Governors' flags had smaller discs and the outer green garland without the gold ring. Therefore, the dates given do not reflect this minor, consistent change.

Flag Date Use Description
  1990 on Personal flag of the Governor of Anguilla A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Anguilla
  Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Bermuda A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Bermuda
  1962 on Personal flag of the Commissioner of the British Antarctic Territory A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the British Antarctic Territory
  1990 on Flag of the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory A design based on the Blue Ensign with a Union Jack in the union and wavy white lines going horizontally along the field, defaced with the Coat of arms of the British Indian Ocean Territory. This flag is also used as the de facto flag of the Territory.
  1971 on Personal flag of the Governor of the British Virgin Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the British Virgin Islands
  1971 on Personal flag of the Governor of the Cayman Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Cayman Islands
  1948 on Personal flag of the Governor of the Falkland Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Falkland Islands
  Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Gibraltar A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Gibraltar
  Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Montserrat A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Montserrat
  Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of the Pitcairn Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands
  Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A Union Flag defaced with the Coat of arms of Saint Helena
  1999 on Personal flag of the Commissioner for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  2002 on Personal flag of the Administrator of Tristan da Cunha A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Tristan da Cunha. The Administrator is subservient to the Governor of Saint Helena
  Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands A Union jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Turks and Caicos Islands

EnsignsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1801 on Blue Ensign, used by some organisations or territories associated with the UK and also used by Royal Navy Reserve(not for sometime) Captain of Merchant Navy Ship – e.g., RMS Queen Mary A blue field, with a Union Jack in the canton
  1864 on Government Service Ensign (previously the Transport Ensign or Admiralty Ensign) A blue ensign defaced with a horizontal yellow anchor
  1801 on Red Ensign, used by the Merchant Navy A red field, with a Union Jack in the canton
  Civil Jack A Union Jack with a white border
  1931 on Civil Air Ensign, used by civilian aircraft and at civil airports A blue and white cross on a light blue field with the Union Jack in the canton
  Unofficial Cornish ensign[18] Black flag with a white cross. The top left contains the Union Flag
  Another unofficial Cornish ensign flown by the ship 'Sweet Promise' during the 'Brest 2000' festival. The Cornish flag defaced with the Standard of the Duke of Cornwall in the canton.

Naval ServiceEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1801 on White Ensign, Royal Navy, usually ships bearing the prefix HMS (but see blue ensign), and the Royal Yacht Squadron A red cross on a white field with the Union Jack in the canton
  1968 on Ensign of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary A blue ensign defaced with a vertical yellow anchor
  1974–2008 Ensign of the Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service A blue ensign defaced with a horizontal yellow anchor with two wavy yellow lines beneath
  1963 on Ensign of the Royal Naval Auxiliary Service A blue ensign defaced with the shield of the Royal Naval Auxiliary Service
  Combined Cadet Force Naval Section Ensign RNR Blue Ensign with CCF Naval Section badge
  Sea Cadet Corps Ensign RNR Blue Ensign with SCC badge
  Flag of the Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom A fouled anchor on a crimson background
  Flag of the Corps of Her Majesty's Royal Marines A dark blue field with unequal horizontal yellow, green and red stripes, and the crest of the Royal Marines.
Flag of the Commandant General Royal Marines A dark blue field with a fouled anchor, lion and crown.

ArmyEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  Non-Ceremonial Flag of the British Army A red field defaced with the badge of the British Army.
  1838 on Ensign of the Corps of Royal Engineers A blue government ensign defaced with the crest of the coat of arms of the Board of Ordnance.
  Camp Flag of the Royal Engineers
  Ensign of the Royal Logistic Corps for use on vessels commanded by a commissioned officer. A blue government ensign defaced with the British Army badge of a crown and lion in front of crossed swords.
  Ensign of the Royal Logistic Corps for use on vessels under command of a non-commissioned officer. A blue government ensign defaced by British Army crossed swords.

Air ForceEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1921 on Royal Air Force Ensign A RAF light blue field with the Royal Air Force roundel in the fly with a Union Jack in the canton
  1945–1996 Royal Observer Corps Ensign RAF Ensign with RAF roundel replaced by ROC badge
  Air Training Corps Ensign RAF Ensign with RAF roundel replaced by ATC badge

Combined ForcesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1956 on Flag of the Joint Services A dark blue, red and light blue tricolour defaced with the Joint Service badge. A simplified version with the badge in black is also in use. The tricolour is a combination of the colours of the Armed Forces.
  Flag of the Secretary of State for Defence A dark blue, red and light blue horizontal tricolour defaced with a crown and lion. The tricolour is a combination of the colours of the Armed Forces.
  1965 on Flag of the Chief of the Defence Staff A dark blue, red and light blue horizontal tricolour with a Union canton and defaced with the badge of the Chief of the Defence Staff. The tricolour is a combination of the colours of the Armed Forces.
  1971 on Ensign of the Ministry of Defence Police A blue ensign defaced with the badge of the Ministry of Defence Police.

Yacht Club EnsignsEdit

Flag Burgee Use Description
    Ensign of the Royal Yacht Squadron The same as the Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.
    Ensign of the HMS Conway Cruising Association Ensign
    Ensign of the Royal Cornwall Yacht Club Blue Ensign, defaced with the Prince of Wales's feathers heraldic badge.
  Ensign of the Royal Forth Yacht Club The blue ensign defaced by a Cross pattée, surmounted by the Crown of Scotland.
  Ensign of the Royal Harwich Yacht Club. The blue ensign defaced with a yellow rampant lion.
    Ensign of the Royal Southampton Yacht Club The blue ensign with a defaced crown in the middle of the Union Jack.
    Ensign of the Royal Ulster Yacht Club. The blue ensign defaced with the Red Hand of Ulster and St Edward's Crown.
  Ensign of the House of Commons Yacht Club
    Ensign of the Royal Dart Yacht Club. The red ensign defaced with a Royal Crown and a left pointed arrow under the Crown.
    Ensign of the Royal Fowey Yacht Club The red ensign defaced with the Coronet of the Duke of Cornwall over the Shield of the Duchy of Cornwall.
  Ensign of Royal Hamilton Amateur Dinghy Club
    Ensign of the Royal Norfolk and Suffolk Yacht Club
  Ensign of the Royal Victoria Yacht Club The red ensign defaced with a Royal Crown and the letters 'VR' -Victoria Regina.
    Ensign of the Royal Windermere Yacht Club The red ensign defaced with a Royal Crown.
  Ensign of the Royal Yacht Association The red ensign defaced with a Naval Crown.
    Ensign of the West Mersea Yacht Club. The red ensign deface with three swords (Essex symbol).

Royal StandardsEdit

Queen Elizabeth IIEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1837 on The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (except Scotland) A banner of the Queen's Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
  1837 on The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (only Scotland) A banner of the Queen's Arms used in Scotland, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom used in Scotland
  1952 on Personal Flag of Elizabeth II, used by the Queen in her capacity as Head of the Commonwealth A crowned letter 'E' in gold, surrounded by a garland of gold roses on a blue background

Standards and Banners of the Prince of WalesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  Standard of the Prince of Wales, used in England and Northern Ireland A banner of the Coat of Arms of the Prince of Wales, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom defaced with a label of three points. In the centre on an inescutcheon, ensigned with a representation of the coronet of the Prince of Wales, the Coat of arms of Wales.
  Standard of the Prince of Wales as Duke of Cornwall 15 golden circles (bezants) on a black field
  Standard of the Prince of Wales as Duke of Rothesay. The Royal Banner of Scotland defaced with a label of three points.[19]
  Banner of the Prince of Wales as Duke of Rothesay Banner of the Duke's Arms, 1st and 4th quarters representing the title of Great Steward of Scotland, the 2nd and 3rd quarters representing the title of Lord of the Isles. In the centre on an inescutcheon the arms of the heir apparent to the King of Scots
  1962 on Banner of the Prince of Wales, used in Wales A banner of the Coat of Arms of Wales. In the centre on an inescutcheon the coronet of the Prince of Wales

Other members of the Royal FamilyEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1948 on Standard of The Duke of Edinburgh A banner of the Coat of Arms of the Duke of Edinburgh, 1st quarter representing Denmark, 2nd quarter Greece, 3rd quarter the Mountbatten family, 4th quarter Edinburgh
  2000 on Standard of The Duke of Cambridge Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three-point label, the centre label bearing an Escallop in reference to the arms of Diana, Princess of Wales
  2002 on Standard of The Duke of Sussex Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first, centre and fifth labels bearing an Escallop in reference to the arms of Diana, Princess of Wales
  1978 on Standard of The Duke of York Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three-point label, the centre label bearing a blue anchor
  2006 on Standard of Princess Beatrice of York Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label with three bees in alternating points
  2008 on Standard of Princess Eugenie of York Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label with three thistle heads in alternating points
  Standard of The Earl of Wessex Banner of the Earl's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three-point label, the centre label bearing a Tudor Rose
  Standard of The Princess Royal Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three-point label, the first and third labels bearing a red cross, the centre label bearing a red heart.
  1962 on Standard of The Duke of Gloucester Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first, third and fifth labels bearing a red cross, the second and fourth labels bearing a red lion.
  Standard of The Duke of Kent Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first, third and fifth labels bearing a blue anchor, the second and fourth labels bearing a red cross.
  Standard of Prince Michael of Kent Banner of the Prince's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first, third and fifth labels bearing a red cross, the second and fourth labels bearing a blue anchor.
  1961 on Standard of Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first and fifth labels bearing a red heart, the third label bearing a red cross, the second and fourth labels bearing a blue anchor.

OthersEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1323 on The Royal Banner of Scotland A banner of the ancient Royal Arms of Scotland, now officially used in Scotland by representatives of the sovereign, including the First Minister of Scotland, (as keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland), the Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, the Lord Lyon King of Arms and Lord-Lieutenants within their lieutenancies.[20] This flag is also used at the Royal residences of Holyrood Palace and Balmoral Castle when the sovereign is not present.
  Flag used by the Lord-Lieutenants, the sovereign's representative in the counties of the United Kingdom, except by those in Scotland (see above). The Union Jack, defaced with a sword, crowned.
  Standard of the Duchy of Lancaster The Royal Banner of England, with a three-point label, each containing three fleurs-de-lis
  Standard of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports A banner of the Lord's coat of arms featuring three Lions passant guardant con-joined to these hulls, all in gold

GovernmentEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  Ensign of Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs A Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of HM Customs and Excise
  1998 The flag of the Northern Ireland Assembly.
2008 on Ensign of the UK Border Agency
(predecessor of UK Visas and Immigration)
A Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of the UK Border Agency
  Ensign of Her Majesty's Coastguard A blue ensign defaced with the badge of HM Coastguard
  Ensign of the Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency A blue ensign defaced with the badge of the Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency
  Ensign of the Commissioners of the Northern Lights A blue ensign defaced with a lighthouse
  Northern Lighthouse Board Commissioners Flag A White Ensign with a pre-1801 Union Flag in the canton, defaced with a blue lighthouse in the fly, is the only British flag to still use the pre-1801 Union Flag.[21] This flag is only flown from vessels with the Commissioners aboard and from the Headquarters of the NLB, in Edinburgh.
  Ensign of Trinity House A red ensign defaced with a Trinity House Jack
  Flag of the Metropolitan Police The Badge of the Metropolitan Police on a blue background, with white squares at the edge
  Ensign of the Metropolitan Police The Blue Ensign, defaced with the Badge of the Metropolitan Police.
  1943–1945,
1949–1968
Flag of the Civil Defence Service/Civil Defence Corps A blue and yellow flag defaced with a Tudor Crown and the letters C.D.

ChurchEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  Flag of the Anglican Communion A dark blue background with the symbol of the Anglican Communion (a compass rose surmounted by a bishop's mitre; in the centre is a cross of St George). The Greek motto, Ἡ ἀλήθεια ἐλευθερώσει ὑμᾶς ("The truth will set you free") is a quotation from John 8:32.
  1999 on Flag used by the Church of Ireland The flag of Saint Patrick is one of two flags authorised for use on Church of Ireland buildings and grounds. The other is that of the Anglican Communion above.[22]
  Flag of the Church of Scotland The flag of Scotland with the burning bush in the centre.
  Flag of Westminster Abbey Tudor arms between Tudor roses, above Edward the Confessor's arms.
  Flag of the Church in Wales A navy blue cross with a celtic cross in the centre.

Diplomatic flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  Flag used by British Embassies A Union Jack defaced with the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom
  Flag used by British High Commissions High commissions fly the Union Jack
  Flag used by British Consulates and Consulates-general A Union Jack defaced with the Royal Crown
  Flag used by British consular officials when embarked in small boats; flag displayed at bow A blue ensign with the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom

IslandsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  2017 on Flag of the Isle of Barra Green, with a white Scandinavian Cross showing the ancestry of the people and places names of Barra. The green represents the green of the Barra Isles.[23]
  Flag of the Outer Hebrides
  2007 on Flag of Orkney[24][25] A blue Nordic cross outlined in yellow on a red field.
  14 April 2010 Flag of the Isle of Portland(Registered by the Flag Institute)[26] The colours represent the landscape of the area: Portland stone, grass and the sea. The white tower represents the castles and the naval coronet shows the long connection with the Royal Navy.[27]
  Flag of the Isles of Scilly[24] The Scillonian Cross
  2017 on Flag of South Uist[24][25] A green flag bearing a blue Nordic cross fimbriated in white
  1969 on Flag of Shetland[24][25] A white Nordic cross on a light blue field
  2009 on Flag of the Isle of Wight[24] A pale blue field with a nicked rhombus (a representation of the island's shape) and at the bottom six alternating bars wavy, navy blue and white.

Local government areasEdit

Flags are often used to represent counties, cities and towns. Where these are based on a council's banner of arms they are technically for the use of the council, but they are often used to represent the wider area,[28] including by official bodies such as the Department for Communities and Local Government.[29] Northumberland and Hertfordshire County Councils have "released" their banners of arms for use as county flags.[30] Since 2012 it has been permitted in planning law in England to fly a flag of any British island, county, district, borough, burgh, parish, city, town or village without planning permission as an advertisement.[31]

CountiesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  Flag of Angus A heraldic flag derived from the arms of Angus Council, consisting of four quarters containing a red crowned lion passant, a gold cinquefoil, a blue-white checked strip crossed with buckled red belt, and a depiction of the heart of Robert the Bruce to represent the four ancient earldoms of Angus.[32]
  2011 on Flag of Buckinghamshire[24] A red and black field bearing a chained swan: a traditional badge of the county
  1974 on Flag of Cambridgeshire[33] Banner of the arms adopted after 1974 with elements from the old Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely CC and Huntingdon and Peterborough CC.
  12th century St Piran's Flag – the Flag of Cornwall[24] A white cross on a black field, formally adopted in 1890
  Flag of Cumbria[29] On the green border are Parnassus flowers (representing Cumberland) interspersed with white roses (Yorkshire) superimposed with red roses (Lancashire). The centre of the shield is made up of segments of blue, white, yellow and green divided by wavy vertical lines and zig-zag horizontal lines. This depicts the new County and from left to right the vertical lines of segments show: blue and white for the sea, blue and yellow (gold) for the lakes and agriculture, green and white for mountains and lakes and green and yellow (gold) for mountains and agriculture.
  2006 on Flag of Derbyshire[24][34] A green cross with a white border on a sky blue field, with a gold Tudor rose in the centre.
  2003 on Flag of DevonSt Petroc's flag[24][35] A white cross with a black border on a green field.
  2008 on Flag of Dorset[36] A white cross with a red border on a gold field.
  1961 on Flag of Durham County Council Local authority flag. A yellow cross on a blue field with lions rampant in each quarter, the centre of the cross is broken with a white rose of York (added in 1974 to represent the area of Yorkshire in Teesdale administered by the council) and black diamonds on each arm (representing coal and industry). Flag modified from the arms of the Bishopric of Durham[37]
  Flag of East Sussex[38] A variation on the arms attributed to the Kingdom of Sussex.
  Possibly 6th century Flag of Essex[24] A red field with three white, gold hilted Saxon swords (Seaxes).
  2008 on Flag of Gloucestershire – the Severn Cross[24][35] The winning entry in a competition to commemorate the county's millennium.
  Flag of Greater Manchester[39] Ten golden castles (arranged in rows of 3-2-3-2) on a red background, fringed by a golden border in the style of a castle battlement.
  Flag of Hampshire[40] The Flag of Hampshire is split horizontally with equal bands of red on top and yellow beneath. There is a red rose of Lancaster in the centre of the yellow band and a crown in the centre of the red band.[41]
  Flag of Herefordshire[42]
  2008 on Flag of Hertfordshire[24] On a waved background, a Hart reclining on a yellow shield – a flag displayed on the crest of the county arms
  2009 on Flag of the Isle of Wight[24] A pale blue field with a nicked rhombus (a representation of the island's shape) and at the bottom six alternating bars wavy, navy blue and white.
  1605 on Flag of Kent[24][43] A red field with the white horse of Kent in the centre.
  Flag of Leicestershire[44] The flag of Leicestershire County Council, adopted in 1930.[45] (There is as yet no flag for whole historic county of Leicestershire, including both the administrative county and the unitary authority of the city of Leicester created in 1997.)
  2005 on Flag of Lincolnshire[24][34] Quarterly Vert and Azure, on a Cross Gules fimbriated Or a Fleur-de-Lis of the last.
  Flag of Merseyside[46]
  Flag of Norfolk[47]
  Flag of Northamptonshire The Flag has one red rose of Lancaster on a white background, on the lower half and two white roses of York on a red background on the upper half. This is because Northampton is known as "The Rose of the Shires", due to battles of the "Wars of the Roses" being fought in this area of England.
  1951 Flag of Northumberland[24]
Local authority flag with use permitted to local people. Based on the St Oswald banner (below).[48]
  2011 on Flag of Nottinghamshire[24][34] A red cross fimbriated white on a green field, with an inescutcheon in the centre showing Robin Hood.
  2007 on Flag of Orkney[24][25] A blue Nordic cross outlined in yellow on a red field.
  2017 on Flag of Oxfordshire The arms of the pre-1974 County Council: blue with a red ox head on a double bend wavy, between a wheatsheaf and an oak. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[49]
  1988 on Flag of Pembrokeshire[24] A yellow cross on a blue field with a variation of the red and white Tudor rose in the centre
  Flag of Rutland
  1969 on Flag of Shetland[24][25] A white Nordic cross on a light blue field
  2012 on Flag of Shropshire[24] Three leopards' faces, referred to as loggerheads locally, are a traditional emblem for Shropshire and its county town, Shrewsbury. The erminois aspect differentiates the county flag with that of Shrewsbury.
  Flag of South Yorkshire[50] The Flag of South Yorkshire has an upper green section and a lower blue section separated by a white wavy line. To the fly there is a Yorkshire rose with the letters S&Y underneath.[51]
  Flag of Staffordshire[52] Banner of arms of the local authority. All the devices on the flag come from arms of various Earls of Stafford. The red chevron on gold was the arms of the de Staffords. It is charged with the family's famous Stafford knot badge.
  2017 on Flag of Suffolk[53] The design is a banner of the arms of Saint Edmund which bears two gold arrows passing through a gold crown on a blue field.
  2014 on Flag of Surrey[54] The flag of Surrey is a blue and gold chequered flag. The county previously used what is now the Banner of arms of Surrey County Council.[55]
  Flag of Tyne and Wear[50] The flag of Tyne and Wear has a blue field with a white turret in the centre. Towards the top of the flag there is a white wavy line.[56]
  1931 on Flag of Warwickshire[57] – the Bear and Ragged Staff[58] A banner based on the County Coat of Arms. A silver bear with red muzzle and gold collar and chain supporting a silver ragged staff on a red shield, with three red crosses (each of which has its arms crossed) on a gold band at the top.[59]
  Flag of the West Midlands[50] Banner of arms of the former county council. The flag has two dancetty barrulets interlaced to form a W and M representing the initials of "West Midlands".
  Flag of West Sussex[60] Banner of arms of the local authority. Blue and gold flag with six golden martlets.
  2009 on Flag of Wiltshire[24] Alternating downward angled stripes of green and white bearing a green disc within six alternating green and white sections, on which stands an image of a great bustard.[61] Accepted by Wiltshire Council in December 2009[62]
  Flag of Worcestershire CC[63] Banner of arms of the local authority.

Cities, towns and villagesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  Flag of Aberdeen[28] Three White/Grey Castles on a Red Field, taken from the city's coat of arms.
  Flag of Appleby-in-Westmorland A golden heraldic apple tree on blue (Registered by the Flag Institute)[64].
  Flag of Belfast[28] A banner of the City's coat of arms (Registered by the Flag Institute)[65].
  Flag of Birmingham[28] Golden vertical zig-zag offset to hoist dividing blue and red, with a bulls head in the centre. The flag of city as opposed to the banner of the council. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[66].
  Flag of Cardiff A banner of the City's coat of arms (Registered by the Flag Institute)[67].
  Flag of Calne Golden circle over green, blue and white stripes (Registered by the Flag Institute)[68].
  Flag of Craig-y-Dorth (Cwmcarvan) Two golden wyverns combatant on blue and red, over a golden triangle with a red loaf (Registered by the Flag Institute)[69].
  Flag of Digbeth Triband of blue, thinner black and white with counterchanged rings over the black-white division and ripples beneath (Registered by the Flag Institute)[70].
  Flag of Durham[28] A red cross outlined in white on a black field.
  Flag of Edinburgh[28] A heraldic flag derived from the arms of Edinburgh Council.[71] (Registered by the Flag Institute)[72]
  Flag of Evenley Three golden cowslips on a green hoist, with a dragon slain by Saint George on the yellow field (Registered by the Flag Institute)[73].
  Flag of Finchfield Three golden finches with an interlocking pattern of stylised wheat (Registered by the Flag Institute)[74].
  Flag of Flore A white blossom flower on purple and a purple plum on gold divided by a diagonal wavy line (Registered by the Flag Institute)[75].
  Flag of Hampton Poyle A white saltire on red with a black border with golden bezants (Registered by the Flag Institute)[76].
  Flag of Horningsea A potter at his wheel counterchanged across a vertical bisection red and white (Registered by the Flag Institute)[77].
  Flag of Kingswinford A white boar with a gold crown on blue (Registered by the Flag Institute)[78].
  Flag of Lincoln[28] A banner of the City's coat of arms
  Flag of the City of London[28] A red cross on a white field, with a red sword in the canton. A banner of the arms of the City of London Corporation (Registered by the Flag Institute)[79]
  Flag of the City of London (vertical banner) Vertical banner of the arms of the City of London Corporation
  Flag of Nenthead A green triangle with white eight pointed star over black and white hoops (Registered by the Flag Institute)[80].
  Flag of Newbury Red and blue quarters with castle, wheatsheaf, swords and teasel with a wavy hoop across the centre (Registered by the Flag Institute)[81].
  Flag of Penrith A red saltire on white with blue knot/flowers in each quarter (Registered by the Flag Institute)[82].
  Flag of Petersfield Crossed keys on a green field with a plain white and wavy blue hoop (Registered by the Flag Institute)[83].
  Flag of Pewsey A white horse (Pewsey White Horse) on green hills below an oaken crown (Registered by the Flag Institute)[84].
  Flag of Plymouth
(City and Unitary Authority)
Banner of the arms of Plymouth City Council
  Flag of Portsmouth[28] A banner of the City's coat of arms
  Flag of Preston A blue cross with white arm centres on white with a paschal lamb in the centre (Registered by the Flag Institute)[85].
  Flag of St Albans[28] – the Cross of St Alban A golden saltire on sky blue
  Flag of St Anne's on Sea (Lytham St Annes) A white Victorian lifeboat in upper hoist above two golden wavy hoops all over blue (Registered by the Flag Institute)[86].
  Flag of Shrewsbury A banner of the town's coat of arms, featuring three leopard faces known locally as loggerheads.
  Flag of Staining, Lancashire A white windmill and plough on blue divided by a white diagonal series of rectangles with a blue Celtic cross in the centre (Registered by the Flag Institute)[87].
  Flag of the stannary town of Tavistock A white field with a blue bend, defaced with the coat of arms.
  Flag of Tywyn A black raven on gold and a white dolphin on blue divided by a diagonal wavy line (Registered by the Flag Institute)[88].
  Flag of Willenhall Three golden locks on red and a crowned set of golden crossed keys on blue divided by a crenellated vertical line (Registered by the Flag Institute)[89].
  Flag of Wing, Buckinghamshire A golden bird in a golden arch all on blue (Registered by the Flag Institute)[90].
  Flag of Wreay A golden cross on green with a two crossed white pipes and a bell in the first quarter (Registered by the Flag Institute)[91].
  Flag of Wroxton A red cross on blue and fimbriated white with white birds, pick axe, and leaf in the quarters (Registered by the Flag Institute)[92].
  Flag of York[28] A banner of the City's coat of arms.

MiscellaneousEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  Unofficial Cornish ensign The flag of Cornwall (a white cross on a black field), with the Union Jack in the canton.
  Flag of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution A red cross with a blue border on a white field, with the letters RNLI in red in each quarter, defaced with a crowned anchor
  Flag of the St John Ambulance Brigade
  A Branch Standard of the Royal British Legion A blue ensign with a yellow band across the middle with the words Royal British Legion and the name of the branch
  Flag of Saint David A gold cross on a black field. This is flown in Wales especially on St David's Day. This flag and the St Patrick's flag are not considered national flags but may be flown without special consent.[93]
  1878 on Flag of the Salvation Army A maroon flag with a blue border defaced by a yellow star with the Salvation Army's motto "Blood & Fire" written on it
  The Ensign of Trinity House Red Ensign defaced with the shield of the coat of arms (a St George's Cross with a sailing ship in each quarter). The Master and Deputy Master each have their own flags.

Historical and informal areasEdit

It is explicitly permitted to fly the flag of the Black Country, East Anglia, Wessex, any Part of Lincolnshire, any Riding of Yorkshire or any historic county within the United Kingdom without needing any permission or consent.[31]

Historic kingdoms and regionsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  2012 on Flag of the Black Country[24][35] Per pall reversed Sable, Gules and Argent a pall reversed Argent over all an inverted chevron of chain counterchanged Argent, Sable, Argent. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[94]
  1900 on Flag of East Anglia.[24] The arms ascribed to the Wuffingas dynasty of East Anglia, three crowns on a blue shield, superimposed on a St George's cross (Registered by the Flag Institute)[95].
  Flag of Mercia[96] – the Cross of St Alban A gold saltire on a blue field; the traditional flag of the Kingdom of Mercia, still flown on Tamworth Castle.
  1970s Flag of Wessex[24] A gold wyvern on a red field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[97]

Historic countiesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  2014 on Flag of Anglesey Gules between three lions rampant or a chevron of the second: the attributed arms of Hwfa ap Cynddelw, the traditional badge of the county. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[98]
  2014 on Flag of Bedfordshire Based on the arms of Beauchamp, Barons of Bedford (red and gold) and Russell, Dukes of Bedford (black with 3 scallops). Unlike the old county council banner, the bars wavy are counterchanged per pale. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[99]
  2017 on Flag of Berkshire Based on the traditional badge of the county: a stag beneath Hearne's Oak. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[100]
  2011 on Flag of Buckinghamshire A red and black field bearing a chained swan: a traditional badge of the county. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[101](Chosen in a BBC competition)[102]
  2012 on Flag of Caernarfonshire Vert, three eagles displayed in fess Or. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[103]
  2016 on Flag of Caithness A Scandinavian cross flag for the county's Norse heritage, with the civic badge of Caithness, a ship with a raven on its sail, in the upper hoist. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[104](Enrolled by the Lord Lyon)[105]
  2015 on Flag of Cambridgeshire Blue with wavy lines in Cambridge blue, and the three crowns of East Anglia. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[106](Chosen by competition)[107]
  2013 on Flag of Cheshire Azure a Sword erect between three Garbs Or (Registered by the Flag Institute)[108]
  12th century St Piran's Flag – the Flag of Cornwall A white cross on a black field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[109]
  2012 on The Flag of Cumberland Based on a banner of the arms of the former Cumberland County Council.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[110]
  2006 on Flag of Derbyshire A green cross with a white border on a sky blue field, with a gold Tudor rose in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[111](Chosen in a BBC competition)[112]
  2003 on Flag of DevonSt Petroc's flag A white cross with a black border on a green field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[113](Chosen by competition)[114]
  2013 on Flag of County Durham[115] A gold and blue horizontal bicolour with St. Cuthbert's Cross countercharged upon it. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[116](Chosen by competition)[117]
  2008 on Flag of Dorset[118] – the Dorset Cross alias St Wite's Cross A white cross with a red border on a gold field.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[119](Chosen by competition)[120]
  2018 on Flag of East Lothian (Haddingtonshire) A blue field with a gold saltire voided blue; over all a lozenge with a lion rampant. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[121](Chosen by competition)[122]
  Possibly 6th century Flag of Essex A red field with three white, gold hilted Saxon swords (Seaxes). (Registered by the Flag Institute)[123]
  2015 on Flag of Flintshire Argent, between four Cornish choughs sable a cross engrailed flory of the second. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[124]; the arms attributed to Edwin Tegeingl (Edwin ap Gronwy)
  12th century Flag of Glamorgan Gules, three Chevronels Argent. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[125]
  2008 on Flag of Gloucestershire – the Severn Cross The winning entry in a competition to commemorate the county's millennium. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[126](Chosen by competition)[127]
  2019 on Flag of Hampshire A gold Saxon crown on a red field above a Tudor rose on a gold field.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[128]
  2008 on Flag of Hertfordshire On a waved background, a Hart reclining on a yellow shield – a flag displayed on the crest of the county arms(Registered by the Flag Institute)[129]A banner of the council's arms[130]
  2009 on Flag of Huntingdonshire On a green background, a gold, ribboned hunting horn – a flag displayed on the crest of the county arms (Registered by the Flag Institute)[131]
  1605 on Flag of Kent[132] A red field with the white horse of Kent in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[133]
  2016 on Flag of Kirkcudbrightshire A green and white quartered field bearing the Cross of St Cuthbert (from whom the county is named). (Registered by the Flag Institute)[134](Enrolled by the Lord Lyon)[135]
  2008 on Flag of Lancashire The red rose of Lancashire on a yellow field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[136]
  2005 on Flag of Lincolnshire Quarterly Vert and Azure, on a Cross Gules fimbriated Or a Fleur-de-Lis of the last. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[137](Chosen in a BBC competition)[138]
  2015 on Flag of Merionethshire Azure, three goats rampant Argent, armed and unguled Or; from the dexter base the sun in his splendour issuant Or. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[139]
  1910 Flag of Middlesex A red field with three white, gold hilted Saxon swords or Seaxes under a gold Saxon crown. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[140]
  2011 on Flag of Monmouthshire Per pale Azure and Sable three Fleurs-de-lis Or. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[141]
  2014 on Flag of Norfolk Party per pale or and sable, a bend ermine; the attributed arms of Ralph de Gael or Guader, 1st Earl of Norfolk (Registered by the Flag Institute)[142]
  2014 on Flag of Northamptonshire Maroon with a gold cross fimbriated black, and in the centre the county's traditional rose.[143] (Registered by the Flag Institute)[144](Chosen by competition)[145]
  1951 Flag of Northumberland Local authority flag with use permitted to local people. Based on the St Oswald banner (below). (Registered by the Flag Institute)[146]
  2011 on Flag of Nottinghamshire A red cross fimbriated white on a green field, with an inescutcheon in the centre showing Robin Hood. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[147](Chosen in a BBC competition)[148]
  2007 on Flag of Orkney[24][25] A blue Nordic cross outlined in yellow on a red field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[149](Enrolled by the Lord Lyon)[150]
  2017 on Flag of Oxfordshire The arms of the pre-1974 County Council: blue with a red ox head on a double bend wavy, between a wheatsheaf and an oak. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[151]
  1988 on Flag of Pembrokeshire A yellow cross on a blue field with a variation of the red and white Tudor rose in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[152]
  2015 on Flag of Rutland A green field strewn with acorns and a golden horseshoe in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[153]
  1969 on Flag of Shetland A white Nordic cross on a light blue field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[154](Enrolled by the Lord Lyon)[155]
  2012 on Flag of Shropshire Three leopards' faces, referred to as loggerheads locally, are a traditional emblem for Shropshire and its county town, Shrewsbury. The erminois aspect differentiates the county flag with that of Shrewsbury. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[156]A banner of the council's arms[157]
  2013 on Flag of Somerset Or, a Dragon Rampant Gules. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[158](Chosen by competition)[159]
  2016 on Flag of Staffordshire A red chevron on gold, with the Stafford knot.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[160](Chosen by competition)[161]
  2014 on County Flag of Surrey Chequy or and azure (De Warrenne, the first Earls of Surrey) – the traditional emblem of the county.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[162]
  2017 on Flag of Suffolk A Saxon crown pierced with two arrows: the traditional emblem of St Edmund, and of Suffolk.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[163]
  2010 on Flag of Sussex – Saint Richard's Flag[24] Based on the traditional emblem of Sussex; Six gold martlets on a Blue field, first recorded in 1611 and used by many Sussex organisations. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[164]
  December 2018 on Flag of Sutherland White with a black saltire intersecting a black Scandinavian cross, a sun figure in the centre. This design won a local competition, replacing a previous winner (a swooping eagle counterchanged against a vertical bicoloured red and yellow background, with three mullets at the hoist).[165] (Registered by the Flag Institute)[166]
  August 2016 on Flag of Warwickshire A bear and ragged staff, the badge of the Earls of Warwick which has become a symbol the county, white on red. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[167]
  2011 on Flag of Westmorland A golden heraldic apple tree on white and red bars. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[168]
  2009 on Flag of Wiltshire Alternating downward angled stripes of green and white bearing a green disc within six alternating green and white sections, on which stands an image of a great bustard. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[169][61] Accepted by Wiltshire Council in December 2009[62]
  2013 on Flag of Worcestershire Three black pears on a shield charged against a wavy green and blue background. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[170](Chosen in a BBC competition)[171]
  1960s on Flag of Yorkshire A White Rose on a blue field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[172]
  2013 on Flag of the East Riding of Yorkshire[173] Per pale Azure and Vert, an inverted rose Argent. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[174](Chosen by competition)[175]
  2013 on Flag of the North Riding of Yorkshire[176] Vert a cross azure fimbriated or, a rose argent (Registered by the Flag Institute)[177](Chosen by competition)[178]
  2013 on Flag of the West Riding of Yorkshire[179] (Registered by the Flag Institute)[180](Chosen by competition)[181]

Historical flagsEdit

National flags and ensignsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1929–1973 Ensign of the former Northern Ireland government. The blue ensign defaced with the letters GNI. Used on vessels of the Northern Ireland government.
  1953–1972 The Ulster Banner – Flag of the former Government of Northern Ireland between 1953 and 1972 and still used to represent Northern Ireland in some sporting events in which Northern Ireland competes. The flag is particularly associated with the loyalist and unionist communities in Northern Ireland. A red cross on a white field with a red hand, on a six pointed white star, crowned (representing the six counties in Northern Ireland). The Ulster Banner ceased to be officially recognised with the passing of the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973 which dissolved the Parliament of Northern Ireland.
  1606–1801 Flag of the Kingdom of Great Britain (From 1707) First version of the Union Jack used in England from 1606 and Scotland from 1707 – the Flags of England and Scotland superimposed.
  17th century Scottish Union Flag Scottish Union Flag variant[182][183][184][185]
  1783–1922 Saint Patrick's Saltire, also known as St Patrick's Cross, the symbol of The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick, the British order of chivalry associated with Ireland. A red saltire on a white field. Used to represent Ireland in the Union Jack and unofficially to represent Ireland from the Act of Union to the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
  1620–1707 English Red Ensign The Red Ensign of the English Royal Navy
  1620–1707 English White Ensign The White Ensign of the English Royal Navy
  1620–1707 English Blue Ensign The Blue Ensign of the English Royal Navy
  Until 1707 Scottish Red Ensign, used by the Royal Scottish Navy A red ensign with the Flag of Scotland in the canton
  1707–1801 Red Ensign of Great Britain The Red Ensign with the first version of the Union Jack. (This was the flag flown over the Thirteen Colonies before the American Revolution)
  1707–1801 White Ensign of Great Britain The White Ensign with the first version of the Union Jack.
  1707–1801 Blue Ensign of Great Britain The Blue Ensign with the first version of the Union Jack.
  1649–1651 Flag of the Commonwealth of England St George's Cross and an Irish Harp juxtaposed.
  1651–1658 Flag of the Commonwealth of England St George's Cross and St Andrew's cross quartered.
  1658–1660 Flag of The Protectorate The 1606 Union Jack defaced with an Irish Harp.

Lord Protector's standardEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1653–1658 Standard of the Lord Protector, used by Oliver Cromwell The cross of St. George quartered with the cross of St. Andrew and the Irish Harp, and surmounted by an escutcheon with Cromwell's personal coat of arms.

Royal standardsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1198–1340 Royal Banner of King Richard I Gules, three lions passant regardant in pale or.
  1340–1406 Royal Banner of King Edward III The Coat of Arms of England quartered with the Royal Standard of France, the Fleur-de-lis representing the English claim to the French throne.
  1406–1603 Royal Banner of King Henry IV The French quartering has been altered to three fleurs-de-lys.
  1603 – 1649,
1660 – 1689,
1702 – 1707
Royal Standard of the House of Stuart, used first by James VI and I A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of James I, first and fourth quarters representing England and the English claim to the French throne, second quarter representing Scotland, third quarter representing Ireland (This is the first time that Ireland has been represented on the Royal Standard).
  1689–1702 Royal Standard of King William III and II A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of William III, first and fourth quarters representing England and the English claim to the French throne, second quarter representing Scotland, third quarter representing Ireland, with an inescutcheon for the House of Nassau.
  1707–1714 Royal Standard of the House of Stuart, under Queen Anne after the Acts of Union A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of Queen Anne, first and fourth quarters representing (newly unified) England and Scotland, second quarter representing the (English) claim to the French throne, third quarter representing Ireland.
  1714–1800 Royal Standard of Great Britain under the House of Hanover from 1714 to 1800.
  1801–1816 Royal Standard of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1814. A banner of the Royal Arms from the creation of the United Kingdom on 1 January 1801; first and fourth quarters for England and Wales, second Scotland, third Ireland, with an inescutcheon for the Electorate of Hanover.
  1816–1837 Royal Standard of the House of Hanover from 1814 to 1837 The Royal Arms after Hanover had become a kingdom.

Members of the Royal FamilyEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1936–2002 Standard of Queen Elizabeth, consort of George VI The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom impaled with the Arms of the Earl of Strathmore: ("bows" and "lions")
  1910–1953 Standard of Queen Mary, consort of George V The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom impaled with the Arms of Prince Francis, Duke of Teck (the Queen's father) and Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (the Queen's maternal grandfather)
  1901–1928 Standard of Queen Alexandra, consort of Edward VII The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom impaled with the Arms of the King of Denmark.
  1944–2002 Standard of Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three-point label, first and third labels bearing a Tudor rose, the second label bearing a thistle proper.
  1917–1981 Standard of Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first, second, fourth and fifth labels bearing a red heart, the third label bearing a red cross.

Welsh Royal StandardsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1401–1416 Banner adopted by Owain Glyndŵr and thought to be derived from the counter-charged arms of the princely Houses of Mathrafal and Dinefwr. It is in use by the National Eisteddfod for Wales, Cymdeithas yr iaith and widely amongst independentist groups Quarterly Or and Gules, four Lions rampant counter-charged
  c. 1195 – 1378 Banner of the princely House of Aberffraw and the Kingdom of Gwynedd famously used by Llywelyn the Great, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd and Owain Lawgoch. The Prince of Wales uses a version of this flag today emblazoned with a Crown on a green shield Quarterly Or and Gules, four Lions passant guardant counter-charged langued and armed Azur
  c. 1100 – c. 1400 Banner of the princely House of Mathrafal used during the early Middle Ages by the rulers of Powys, Powys Wenwynwyn and later by their heirs the de la Pole (Powysian) dynasty. Modern use is rare Or a Lion rampant Gules langued and armed Azure
  c. 1100 – c. 1300 Banner of the princely House of Dinefwr and the Kingdom of Deheubarth, a realm which covered much of south Wales. The banner would have been used during the early Middle Ages and later by the Talbot dynasty who inherited the arms. Modern use is rare Gules a Lion rampant Or, a border engrailed of the last
  c. 1240 – 1282 Banner of the personal arms of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd Argent three Lions passant Gules
  c. 1160 – c. 1350 Banner of Madog ap Gruffudd Maelor, and later the Banner of Powys Fadog Argent a Lion rampant Sable langued and armed Gules

Battle flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  c. 1400–1416 Banner known as the Y Ddraig Aur or "Golden Dragon" which has ancient origins. It was famously raised over Caernarfon during the Battle of Tuthill in 1401 by Owain Glyndŵr Argent a dragon rampant Or
  c. 1854 Eureka Jack, reportedly flown by the besieged rebels at the Eureka Stockade as a second battle flag on 3 December 1854, in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. Undefaced Union Jack.
  13th century Banner known as Y Groes Nawdd or "The Cross of Neith" said to have been the battle flag of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (d. 1282) Purpure a celtic cross Or

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "About Us". College of Arms. Retrieved 22 December 2012. The College is also the authority for matters relating to the flying of flags, and holds the only official registers of flags for the UK and much of the Commonwealth.
  2. ^ "Scottish Heraldic Flags". The Court of the Lord Lyon. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  3. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flag Institute. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  4. ^ "Plain English guide to flying flags" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ "The Union Flags and flags of the United Kingdom" (PDF). Parliament.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ "Union Jack". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. ^ Flag Institute – England
  8. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Lords, Westminster. "Lords Hansard text for 18 Jan 200718 Jan 2007 (pt 0002)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 14 November 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ Flag Institute – Scotland
  10. ^ "Northern Ireland on". FIFA.com. 15 October 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  11. ^ "Member associations –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  12. ^ "Commonwealth Games Federation – Commonwealth Countries – Introduction". Thecgf.com. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  13. ^ Hansard, House of Commons, Westminster. "HC Deb 22 July 1986 vol 102 c111W: Northern Ireland Flag".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ Hansard, House of Commons, Westminster. "HC Deb 25 July 1986 vol 102 c571W: Flag of St. Patrick".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ Red Ensign Group
  16. ^ Red Ensign Group
  17. ^ Red Ensign Group – Gibraltar
  18. ^ Flags of the World Archived 2007-01-17 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Royal banners, Order of the Thistle | Flickr – Photo Sharing!". Flickr. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  20. ^ "The Court of the Lord Lyon – The Lion Rampant Flag". Lyon-court.com. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  21. ^ [1] Archived 24 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Church of Ireland – A province of the Anglican Communion". Ireland.anglican.org. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  23. ^ "Barra flag wins official recognition after long campaign". 23 November 2017.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Registered in the UK Flags Registry
  25. ^ a b c d e f Granted by the Lord Lyon
  26. ^ "Isle_of_Portland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  27. ^ of Isle of Portland
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bartram, Graham (2004). British Flags and Emblems. Tuckwell Press. pp. 64–65. ISBN 186232297X.
  29. ^ a b "Cumbria flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  30. ^ "CABINET 19 NOVEMBER 2008 MINUTES". Hertfordshire County Council. 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  31. ^ a b "The Town and Country Planning (Control of Advertisements) (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2012". UK legislation. The National Archives. 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  32. ^ "Council flag plan causes flutter". BBC News. 26 September 2007.
  33. ^ "Cambridgeshire County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  34. ^ a b c Chosen in a BBC competition
  35. ^ a b c Chosen in a local competition
  36. ^ "Flag Calls Rejected By Council". Dorset Echo. 2008. Retrieved 17 September 2008.
  37. ^ "County Durham, England". Flags of the World. 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  38. ^ "East Sussex County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  39. ^ "Greater Manchester". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  40. ^ "Hampshire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  41. ^ "Hampshire". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  42. ^ "Herefordshire flag". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  43. ^ "Kent Invicta Flag". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  44. ^ "Leicestershire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  45. ^ "Leicestershire (England)". 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  46. ^ "Merseyside County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  47. ^ "Norfolk flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  48. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flaginstitute.org. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  49. ^ "Oxfordshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  50. ^ a b c "County Durham flag with St Cuthbert's cross wins vote". BBC News. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
  51. ^ "South Yorkshire". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  52. ^ "Staffordshire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  53. ^ "Suffolk Flag". Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  54. ^ "Surrey Flag". Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  55. ^ "Flag of Surrey", Wikipedia, 14 October 2017, retrieved 14 February 2019
  56. ^ "Tyne & Wear". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  57. ^ "Warwickshire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  58. ^ "The Bear and Ragged Staff". Warwickshire County Record Office. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  59. ^ "County Record Office – Bear and Ragged Staff – Warwickshire Web". Warwickshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  60. ^ "West Sussex County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  61. ^ a b "Flying the flag for Wiltshire". Wiltshire Flag. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  62. ^ a b "Latest News | Wiltshire Council". Wiltshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  63. ^ "Worcestershire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  64. ^ "Appleby". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  65. ^ "Belfast". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  66. ^ "Birmingham". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  67. ^ "Cardiff". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  68. ^ "Calne". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  69. ^ "Craig-y-Dorth". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  70. ^ "Digbeth". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  71. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flaginstitute.org. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  72. ^ "Edinburgh". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  73. ^ "Evenley". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  74. ^ "Finchfield". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  75. ^ "Flore". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  76. ^ "Hampton Poyle". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  77. ^ "Horningsea". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  78. ^ "Kingswinford". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  79. ^ "London". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  80. ^ "Nenthead". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  81. ^ "Newbury". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  82. ^ "Penrith". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  83. ^ "Petersfield". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  84. ^ "Pewsey". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  85. ^ "Preston". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  86. ^ "St Anne's". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  87. ^ "Staining". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  88. ^ "Tywyn". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  89. ^ "Willenhall". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  90. ^ "Wing". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  91. ^ "Wreay". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  92. ^ "Wroxton". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  93. ^ "Plain English guide to flying flags" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  94. ^ "Black Country". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  95. ^ "East Anglia". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  96. ^ Welcome to Tamworth
  97. ^ "Wessex". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  98. ^ "Anglesey". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  99. ^ "Bedfordshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  100. ^ "Berkshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  101. ^ "Buckinghamshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  102. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  103. ^ "Caernarfonshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  104. ^ "Caithness". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  105. ^ Enrolled by the Lord Lyon on the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland
  106. ^ "Cambridgeshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  107. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  108. ^ "Cheshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  109. ^ "Cornwall". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  110. ^ "Cumberland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  111. ^ "Derbyshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  112. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  113. ^ "Devon". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  114. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  115. ^ "County Durham flag with St Cuthbert's cross wins vote". BBC News. 21 November 2013.
  116. ^ "County Durham". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  117. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  118. ^ Dorset flag flying outside Eland House
  119. ^ "Dorset". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  120. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  121. ^ "East Lothian". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  122. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  123. ^ "Essex". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  124. ^ "Flintshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  125. ^ "Glamorgan". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  126. ^ "Gloucestershire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  127. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  128. ^ "Hampshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  129. ^ "Derbyshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  130. ^ A banner of the Council's arms
  131. ^ "Huntingdonshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  132. ^ "Kent Invicta Flag". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  133. ^ "Kent". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  134. ^ "Kirkcudbrightshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  135. ^ Enrolled by the Lord Lyon on the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland
  136. ^ "Lancashire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  137. ^ "Lincolnshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  138. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  139. ^ "Merioneth". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  140. ^ "Middlesex". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  141. ^ "Monmouthshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  142. ^ "Norfolk". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  143. ^ Northamptonshire – designed by Brady Ells.
  144. ^ "Northamptonshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  145. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  146. ^ "Northumberland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  147. ^ "Nottinghamshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  148. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  149. ^ "Orkney". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  150. ^ Enrolled by the Lord Lyon on the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland
  151. ^ "Oxfordshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  152. ^ "Pembrokeshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  153. ^ "Rutland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  154. ^ "Shetland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  155. ^ Enrolled by the Lord Lyon on the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland
  156. ^ "Shropshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  157. ^ A banner of the Council's arms
  158. ^ "Somerset". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  159. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  160. ^ "Staffordshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  161. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  162. ^ "Surrey". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  163. ^ "Suffolk". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  164. ^ "Sussex". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  165. ^ 'Controversay over initial choice for the Sutherland flag': Michelle Henderson in The Press and Journal, Saturday, December 15th 2018
  166. ^ "Sutherland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  167. ^ "Warwickshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  168. ^ "Westmorland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  169. ^ "Wiltshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  170. ^ "Worcestershire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  171. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  172. ^ "Yorkshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  173. ^ New white rose East Riding flag unveiled at Beverley Minster Archived 1 December 2013 at Archive.today – Hull Daily Mail
  174. ^ "East Riding". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  175. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  176. ^ Flying the flag for the North Riding of Yorkshire – The Northern Echo
  177. ^ "North Riding". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  178. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  179. ^ West Riding Flag – Winning Design – Yorkshire Boundary Society
  180. ^ "West Riding". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  181. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  182. ^ Portrayed flying over Edinburgh Castle c. 1693 in a print by John Slezer in Theatrum Scotiae
  183. ^ Described in 1707 by Henry St George as the Scotts union flagg as said to be used by the Scotts: de Burton, Simon (9 November 1999). "How Scots lost battle of the standard". The Scotsman. Johnston Press plc. Retrieved 30 June 2009.Partial view at Encyclopedia.com
  184. ^ William McMillan & John Alexander Stewart (1925). The story of the Scottish flag. H. Hopkins. p. 112. Google books: "This flag had official recognition"
  185. ^ Bartram, Graham (2005). British Flags & Emblems. Flag Institute/Tuckwell. p. 122. Google books: "Unofficial 1606 Scottish Union Flag"

External linksEdit