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List of Bayreuth Festival productions of Der Ring des Nibelungen


This list gives details of all the performances of Richard Wagner's opera cycle Der Ring Des Nibelungen produced at the Bayreuth Festival, from the festival's inception in 1876, down to 2017. For differing reasons, no festivals were held between 1877 and 1881, 1915 to 1923, and 1943 to 1950. There were a few other years when the festival was "rested", and some in which it was dedicated to other Wagner operas.

Since the revival of the festival after the Second World War, a general principle has developed in which new productions are introduced to the festival at regular intervals, each such production being staged for five years followed by a "rest" year.

Contents

TableEdit

Year Stage director[n 1] Conductor(s) Notes
1876 Richard Wagner Hans Richter 3 cycles performed of Wagner's original production, in first Bayreuth Festival
1896 Cosima Wagner Felix Mottl
Hans Richter
Siegfried Wagner
1897 Cosima Wagner Hans Richter
Siegfried Wagner
1899 Cosima Wagner Siegfried Wagner
1901 Cosima Wagner, Siegfried Wagner (co-directors) Hans Richter
Siegfried Wagner
1902 Cosima Wagner, Siegfried Wagner Hans Richter
Siegfried Wagner
1904 Cosima Wagner, Siegfried Wagner Hans Richter
Franz Beidler
Beidler was Cosima Wagner's son-in-law[1]
1906 Cosima Wagner, Siegfried Wagner Hans Richter
Siegfried Wagner
1908 Cosima Wagner, Siegfried Wagner Hans Richter
1909 Cosima Wagner, Siegfried Wagner Michael Balling
1911 Cosima Wagner, Siegfried Wagner Michael Balling
1912 Cosima Wagner, Siegfried Wagner Michael Balling
1914 Cosima Wagner, Siegfried Wagner Michael Balling 29 cycles performed of this production were performed between 1896–1914, under Cosima and Siegfried Wagner. Cosima's involvement was largely symbolic after 1908
1924 Siegfried Wagner Michael Balling
1925 Siegfried Wagner Michael Balling
1927 Siegfried Wagner Franz von Hoesslin
1928 Siegfried Wagner Franz von Hoesslin
Siegfried Wagner
1930 Siegfried Wagner Karl Elmendorff
1931 Siegfried Wagner Karl Elmendorff 14 cycles of this production were performed under Siegfried Wagner, 1924–1931
1933 Heinz Tietjen Karl Elmendorff First Bayreuth Ring not directed by Wagner family member
1934 Heinz Tietjen Karl Elmendorff
Heinz Tietjen
1936 Heinz Tietjen Heinz Tietjen
Wilhelm Furtwängler
1937 Heinz Tietjen Wilhelm Furtwängler
1938 Heinz Tietjen Heinz Tietjen
1939 Heinz Tietjen Heinz Tietjen
1940 Heinz Tietjen Franz von Hoesslin
1941 Heinz Tietjen Heinz Tietjen
1942 Heinz Tietjen Karl Elmendorff 18 cycles of this production were performed under Tietjen, 1933–1942
1951 Wieland Wagner Hans Knappertsbusch
Herbert von Karajan
1952 Wieland Wagner Joseph Keilberth
1953 Wieland Wagner Joseph Keilberth
Clemens Krauss
1954 Wieland Wagner Joseph Keilberth
1955 Wieland Wagner Joseph Keilberth
1956 Wieland Wagner Joseph Keilberth
Hans Knappertsbusch
1957 Wieland Wagner Hans Knappertsbusch
1958 Wieland Wagner Hans Knappertsbusch 16 cycles of this production were performed under Wieland Wagner, 1951–1958
1960 Wolfgang Wagner Rudolf Kempe
1961 Wolfgang Wagner Rudolf Kempe
1962 Wolfgang Wagner Rudolf Kempe
1963 Wolfgang Wagner Rudolf Kempe
1964 Wolfgang Wagner Berislav Klobučar 11 cycles of this production were performed under Wolfgang Wagner, 1960–1964
1965 Wieland Wagner Karl Böhm
1966 Wieland Wagner Karl Böhm
Otmar Suitner
Wieland died in October 1966; his production continued under Wolfgang until 1969[2]
1967 Wolfgang Wagner Karl Böhm
Otmar Suitner
1968 Wolfgang Wagner Lorin Maazel
1969 Wolfgang Wagner Lorin Maazel 12 cycles of this production were performed, 1965–1969.
1970 Wolfgang Wagner Horst Stein
1971 Wolfgang Wagner Horst Stein
1972 Wolfgang Wagner Horst Stein
1973 Wolfgang Wagner Horst Stein
1974 Wolfgang Wagner Horst Stein
1975 Wolfgang Wagner Horst Stein 16 cycles of this production were performed under Wolfgang Wagner, 1970–1975
1976 Patrice Chéreau Pierre Boulez Centenary Ring production
1977 Patrice Chéreau Pierre Boulez
1978 Patrice Chéreau Pierre Boulez
1979 Patrice Chéreau Pierre Boulez
1980 Patrice Chéreau Pierre Boulez 16 cycles of this production were performed under Chéreau, 1976–1980
1983 Peter Hall Georg Solti
1984 Peter Hall Peter Schneider
1985 Peter Hall Peter Schneider
1986 Peter Hall Peter Schneider 12 cycles of this production were performed under Hall, 1983–1986
1988 Harry Kupfer Daniel Barenboim
1989 Harry Kupfer Daniel Barenboim
1990 Harry Kupfer Daniel Barenboim
1991 Harry Kupfer Daniel Barenboim
1992 Harry Kupfer Daniel Barenboim 15 cycles of this production were performed under Kupfer, 1988–1992
1994 Alfred Kirchner James Levine
1995 Alfred Kirchner James Levine
1996 Alfred Kirchner James Levine
1997 Alfred Kirchner James Levine
1998 Alfred Kirchner James Levine 15 cycles of this production were performed under Levine, 1994–1998
2000 Jürgen Flimm Giuseppe Sinopoli
2001 Jürgen Flimm Ádám Fischer
2002 Jürgen Flimm Ádám Fischer
2003 Jürgen Flimm Ádám Fischer
2004 Jürgen Flimm Ádám Fischer 15 cycles of this production were performed under Flimm, 2000–2004
2006 Tancred Dorst Christian Thielemann
2007 Tancred Dorst Christian Thielemann
2008 Tancred Dorst Christian Thielemann
2009 Tancred Dorst Christian Thielemann
2010 Tancred Dorst Christian Thielemann 15 cycles of this production were performed under Dorst, 2007–2010
2013 Frank Castorf Kirill Petrenko
2014 Frank Castorf Kirill Petrenko
2015 Frank Castorf Kirill Petrenko
2016 Frank Castorf Marek Janowski
2017 Frank Castorf Marek Janowski 15 cycles of this production were performed under Castorf, 2013–2017

Total number of Ring cycles performed at Bayreuth, 1876 to 2017: 222

Notes and referencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Apart from the stage direction of the various productions, the festival has since 1876 been under the overall control of a member of the Wagner family: Richard Wagner until his death in 1883; Cosima from 1883 until 1908; her son Siegfried from 1909 until 1930; his wife Winifred from 1930 to 1945; her sons Wieland and Wolfgang from 1951 to 1966; Wolfgang alone from 1967 until 2008; his daughters Eva Wagner-Pasquier and Katharina Wagner since 2009.

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Spotts 1994, p. 122.
  2. ^ Spotts 1994, pp. 246–248.

SourcesEdit

  • Spotts, Frederic (1994). Bayreuth: A History of the Wagner Festival. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-05777-6.
  • "Der Ring des Nibelungen at the Bayreuth Festival - all the productions". Wagneropera.net. Retrieved 22 July 2018.