List of pre-modern Arab scientists and scholars

This is a list of Arab scientists and scholars from the Muslim World, including Al-Andalus (Spain), who lived from antiquity up until the beginning of the modern age, consisting primarily of scholars during the Middle Ages. For a list of contemporary Arab scientists and engineers see List of modern Arab scientists and engineers

Arab scholars at an Abbasid library in Baghdad. Maqamat of al-Hariri Illustration, 1237.

Both the Arabic and Latin names are given. The following Arabic naming articles are not used for indexing:

  • Al - the
  • Ibn, bin, banu - son of
  • abu, abi - father of, the one with

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  • Ja'far al-Sadiq (702–765), theologian and alchemist
  • Jabir ibn Aflah (1100–1150), astronomer and mathematician who invented torquetum
  • Jabir ibn Hayyan (821–915), polymath who is considered the father of chemistry, emphasized systematic experimentation and did much to free alchemy from superstition and turn it into a science
  • Jābir ibn Zayd (8th century), theologian and jurist
  • Al-Jawaliqi (1074–1144), grammarian and philologist
  • Al-Jahiz (776–869), historian, biologist and author
  • Al-Jayyānī (989–1079), mathematician and author
  • Al-Jawbari (fl. 1222), alchemist and writer
  • Al-Jabali (d. 976), physician and mathematician from Al-Andalus
  • Al-Jubba'i (d. 915), Mu'tazili theologian and philosopher
  • Al-Jazari (1136–1206), inventor, engineer, artisan, mathematician
  • Al-Jarmi (d. 840), grammarian of Arabic Language
  • Ibn al-Jazzar (10th century), influential 10th-century physician and author
  • Ibn al-Jawzi (1116–1201), heresiographer, historian, hagiographer and philologist
  • Ibn Juzayy (d. 1357), historian, scholar and writer of poetry
  • Ibn Juljul (c. 944–c. 994), physician and pharmacologist
  • Ibn Jazla (11th century), physician and author of influential treatise on regimen
  • Ibn Jubayr (1145–1217), geographer, traveller and poet, known for his detailed travel journals

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  • Waddah al-Yaman (d. 709), poet, famous for his erotic and romantic poems
  • Wasil ibn Ata (700–748), theologian and founder of the Mutazilite school of Islamic thought
  • Al-Warraq (889–994), scholar and critic of religions
  • Al-Wafa'i (1408–1471), astronomer
  • Ibn al-Wafid (997–1074), pharmacologist and physician
  • Ibn al-Wardi (1292–1342), historian
  • Ibn Wahb (743–813 CE), jurist of Maliki school
  • Ibn Wahshiyya (10th century), Arab alchemist and agriculturalist

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