List of Alaska Routes

Alaska Routes are both numbered and named. There have been only twelve numbers issued (1 through 11 and 98), and the numbering often has no obvious pattern. For example, Alaska Route 4 runs north and south, whereas Alaska Route 2 runs largely east and west, but runs north and south passing through and to the north of Fairbanks. The Klondike Highway, built in 1978, was unnumbered until 1998, when it was given its designation during the centennial of the Klondike Gold Rush. However, many Alaskan highways of greater length than the Klondike Highway remain unnumbered.

AK-1 shield AK-98 shield
Shields for Alaska Routes
Highway names
InterstatesInterstate A-n (A-n)
StateAlaska Route n (AK-n) or Route n
System links
The Sterling Highway is a typical example of what is considered a highway in Alaska; four lane restricted-access routes are not used outside of the largest cities.

Mileposts, frequently used for road markers and official addressing in rural areas, are also more commonly reckoned by landmark names.

Names versus numbersEdit

 
The Denali Highway has only 23 miles (37 km) of pavement, the remaining 123 miles (198 km) is gravel. The road is closed in the winter months

Within Alaska, roads are almost invariably referred to by name or general destination, and not by number(s).

Numbered routes often span multiple highway names. For example, Alaska Route 1 can refer to any of the Glenn Highway, Seward Highway, Sterling Highway, or Tok Cut-Off; meanwhile, portions of the Seward Highway are numbered Alaska Route 1, 9 and Interstate A3.

Interstate highway shields are not posted along highways in Alaska; these designations occur only on paper.

Marine Highway systemEdit

The Alaska Marine Highway and several other Alaska highways or routes are recognized as "highways" eligible for federal funding by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA).[1] The Marine Highway was declared a National Scenic Byway by the FHWA on June 13, 2002;[2] and later declared an All-American Road on September 22, 2005.[3]

The system is divided into different regions of service: Southeast, Cross-Gulf, Prince William Sound, South-Central, and Southwest.[4][5][6]

Highways by route numberEdit

Number Length (mi) Length (km) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Local names Formed Removed Notes
  AK-1 545.92 878.57 Marine Highway in Homer AK-2 (Alaska Highway) in Tok Sterling Highway, Seward Highway, Glenn Highway, Richardson Highway, Tok Cut-Off
  AK-2 456.91 735.33 Dead end in Manley Hot Springs Hwy 1 near Whitehorse, YK Elliott Highway, Steese Highway, Richardson Highway, Alaska Highway
  AK-3 323 520 AK-1 (Glenn Highway) in Gateway AK-2 (Richardson Highway) in Fairbanks George Parks Highway
  AK-4 266 428 Marine Highway in Valdez AK-2 (Alaska Highway) in Delta Junction Richardson Highway
  AK-5 160 257 AK-2 (Alaska Highway) in Tetlin Junction Front Street in Eagle Taylor Highway
  AK-6 161 259 AK-2 (Elliot Highway) in Fox River Road in Circle Steese Highway
  AK-7 150.0 241.4 Dead end in Ketchikan Haines Highway at near Pleasant Camp, BC Tongass Highway, Mitkof Highway, Egan Drive, Haines Highway Segments in Juneau, Petersburg, and Ketchikan, connected by the Marine Highway
  AK-8 135 217 AK-3 (George Parks Highway) in Cantwell AK-4 (Richardson Highway) in Paxson Denali Highway
  AK-9 36.49 58.72 Railway Avenue in Seward AK-1 (Sterling Highway in Moose Pass Seward Highway
  AK-10 49.5 79.7 AK-4 (Richardson Highway) in Copper Center AK-10 Chitina Edgerton Highway
  AK-10 83.5 134.4 Marine Highway in Cordova Dead end in McCarthy Copper River Highway, McCarthy Road
  AK-11 414 666 AK-2 Elliott Highway in Livengood East Lake Colleen Drive in Deadhorse Dalton Highway
  AK-98 13.4 21.6 Marine Highway in Skagway Hwy 2 near Fraser, BC Klondike Highway

Highways by nameEdit

 
Anchor Point claims the distinction of being the most westerly point on the contiguous highway system in North America.
 
Alaska Peninsula Highway approaching "downtown" Naknek.
 
North Tongass Highway passing through a neighborhood of Ketchikan.

Highways listed below are not signed as numbered state routes.

Name Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus
Alaska Peninsula Highway Naknek King Salmon
Chena Hot Springs Road Old Steese Highway north of Fairbanks Chena Hot Springs
Denali Park Road Mile 237 (km 382) Parks Highway (in Denali National Park) Kantishna
Douglas Highway Douglas Island Douglas Island
Hope Highway AK-1 (Seward Highway) near Hope Dead end in Hope
Kenai Spur Highway AK-1 (Sterling Highway) in Soldotna Bay Beach Road in Nikiski
Minnesota Drive Expressway Old Seward Highway in Anchorage West 15th Avenue in Anchorage
Johansen Expressway University Avenue in College, Alaska AK-2 (Steese Expressway) in Fairbanks
Nome-Council Highway Nome Council
Nome-Taylor Highway Nome Taylor
Nome-Teller Highway Nome Teller, also called the Bob Blodgett Highway
Palmer-Wasilla Highway Palmer Wasilla
Portage Glacier Highway AK-1 (Seward Highway) in Portage Marine Highway in Whittier
Salmon River Road Canada–United States border at Stewart, British Columbia Granduc Mine
Top of the World Highway AK-5 (Taylor Highway) near Jack Wade Hwy 9 at the Canada–United States border
Zimovia Highway Wrangell McCormick Creek Road

List of U.S. Highways in AlaskaEdit

At one point, the Alaskan portion of the Alaska Highway was proposed to be designated part of U.S. Highway 97 (US-97), but this was never carried out. Certain prior editions of USGS topographic maps, mostly published during the 1950s, do bear the US-97 highway shield along or near portions of the current AK-2. [7] The Alaska International Rail and Highway Commission lobbied for the designation of US 97 from Fairbanks, Alaska to Mexico City in the late 1950s.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Title 23 Section 218 United States Code" (PDF). U.S. Congress.
  2. ^ "New 2002 National Scenic Byways". Federal Highway Administration.
  3. ^ "New 2005 All-American Roads". Federal Highway Administration.
  4. ^ "AMHS Routes". Alaska Marine Highway System.
  5. ^ "AMHS Running Times". Alaska Marine Highway System.
  6. ^ "AMHS Schedules". Alaska Marine Highway System.
  7. ^ "History". Highway 97 in British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, & California. Summit Solutions Ltd. 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  8. ^ "Alaskan At Highway 97 Meeting". The Seattle Times. November 15, 1959. p. 73.

External linksEdit