List of African countries by Human Development Index

The Human Development Index is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. It is a standard means of measuring well-being. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. Countries (almost all UN member states and a couple of special territories) fall into four broad categories based on their HDI: very high, high, medium and low human development.

List of African countriesEdit

 
African countries by Human Development Index (2020 report, showing 2019 data)
  ≥ 0.900
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  ≤ 0.399
  Data unavailable

The table below presents the latest Human Development Index (HDI) for countries in Africa as included in the United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report, released on 15 December 2020 and based on data collected in 2019.[1]

List of African countries by Human Development Index
Africa rank Global rank Country HDI value Change in HDI value 2018–19
Very high human development
1 66   Mauritius 0.804   0.003
High human development
2 67   Seychelles 0.796   0.006
3 91   Algeria 0.748   0.002
4 95   Tunisia 0.740   0.002
5 100   Botswana 0.735   0.005
6 105   Libya 0.724   0.003
7 114   South Africa 0.709   0.002
8 116   Egypt 0.707   0.006
9 119   Gabon 0.703   0.006
Medium human development
10 121   Morocco 0.686   0.006
11 126   Cape Verde 0.665   0.002
12 130   Namibia 0.646   0.001
13 135   São Tomé and Príncipe 0.625   0.001
14 138   Eswatini 0.611   0.006
15 138   Ghana 0.611   0.005
16 143   Kenya 0.601   0.006
17 145   Equatorial Guinea 0.592   0.010
18 146   Zambia 0.584   0.002
19 148   Angola 0.581   0.001
20 149   Republic of the Congo 0.574   0.001
21 150   Zimbabwe 0.571   0.002
22 153   Cameroon 0.563   0.003
23 156   Comoros 0.554   0.002
Low human development
24 157   Mauritania 0.546   0.004
25 158   Benin 0.545   0.004
26 159   Uganda 0.544   0.006
27 160   Rwanda 0.543   0.003
28 161   Nigeria 0.539   0.005
29 162   Ivory Coast 0.538   0.004
30 163   Tanzania 0.529   0.005
31 164   Madagascar 0.528   0.001
32 165   Lesotho 0.527   0.005
33 166   Djibouti 0.524   0.006
34 167   Togo 0.515   0.005
35 168   Senegal 0.512   0.004
36 170   Sudan 0.510   0.004
37 172   Gambia 0.496   0.009
38 173   Ethiopia 0.485   0.007
39 174   Malawi 0.483   0.005
40 175   Liberia 0.480   0.000
41 175   Guinea-Bissau 0.480   0.008
42 175   Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.480   0.002
43 178   Guinea 0.477   0.004
44 180   Eritrea 0.459   0.003
45 181   Mozambique 0.456   0.004
46 182   Sierra Leone 0.452   0.005
47 182   Burkina Faso 0.452   0.009
48 184   Mali 0.434   0.003
49 185   Burundi 0.433   0.002
50 185   South Sudan 0.433   0.004
51 187   Chad 0.398   0.001
52 188   Central African Republic 0.397   0.002
53 189   Niger 0.394   0.003

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Human Development Report 2020 (PDF) (Report). Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme. pp. 343–346. Retrieved 27 December 2020.