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List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa

  (Redirected from List of African countries)
Africa (orthographic projection).svg

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa. It includes both fully recognised states, states with limited or zero recognition, and dependent territories of both African and non-African states. It lists 54 sovereign states and 10 non-sovereign territories.

Malta and parts of France, Italy, Portugal, and Spain are located on the African continental plate, some considerably closer to the African than European mainland, but politically are generally considered European by convention. Similarly, the island of Socotra is also on the African plate and much closer to Africa, but is politically part of the Asian state of Yemen. Egypt, although extending into Asia through the Sinai Peninsula, is considered an African state.

Sovereign statesEdit

Recognised statesEdit

The following 54 fully recognised states are all members of the United Nations[1] and the African Union.[2][3][4][5]

* = Membership in African Union suspended[n 1]
Flag Map English short and formal names
[6][7][8]
Domestic short and formal names[6][7] Capital
[8][9][10]
Population[a][b]
[11][12]
Area[a][b]
[13]
  Algeria

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Arabic: الجزائر — الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (al-Jazāʼir—al-Jumhūriyya al-Jazāʾiriyya d-Dimuqrāṭiyya al-Šaʾbiyya) Algiers

Arabic: الجزائر (al-Jazā’er)
42,734,474 2,381,740 km2 (919,595 sq mi)
  Angola

Republic of Angola
Portuguese: Angola—República de Angola Luanda

Portuguese: Luanda
31,850,503 1,246,700 km2 (481,354 sq mi)
  Benin

Republic of Benin
French: Bénin—République du Bénin Porto-Novo

French: Porto-Novo
11,822,102 112,622 km2 (43,484 sq mi)
  Botswana

Republic of Botswana
English: Botswana—Republic of Botswana

Tswana: Botswana—Lefatshe la Botswana
Gaborone

English: Gaborone

Tswana: Gaborone
2,378,064 581,726 km2 (224,606 sq mi)
  Burkina Faso French: Burkina Faso Ouagadougou

French: Ouagadougou
20,368,357 274,000 km2 (105,792 sq mi)
  Burundi

Republic of Burundi
Kirundi: Burundi—Republika y'u Burundi

French: Burundi—République du Burundi
Gitega

Kirundi: Gitega

French: Gitega
11,605,933 27,830 km2 (10,745 sq mi)
  Cameroon

Republic of Cameroon
English: Cameroon—Republic of Cameroon

French: Cameroun—République du Cameroun
Yaoundé

English: Yaoundé

French: Yaoundé
25,312,993 475,442 km2 (183,569 sq mi) includes the Cameroonian-administered parts of Southern Cameroons (claimed as the Republic of Ambazonia by the Southern Cameroons Peoples Organisation).
  Cape Verde

Republic of Cabo Verde
Portuguese: Cabo Verde—República de Cabo Verde Praia

Portuguese: Praia
560,928 4,033 km2 (1,557 sq mi)
  Central African Republic Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka

French: République centrafricaine
Bangui

French: Bangui
4,825,711 622,984 km2 (240,535 sq mi)
  Chad

Republic of Chad
Arabic: تشاد — جمهورية تشاد (Tšād—Jumhūriyyat Tšād)

French: Tchad—République du Tchad
N'Djamena

Arabic: نجامينا (Nijāmīnā)

French: Ndjamena
15,814,345 1,284,000 km2 (495,755 sq mi)
  Comoros

Union of the Comoros
Arabic: جزر القمر — جمهورية القمر المتحدة (Juzur al-Qamar—Jumhūriyyat al-Qamar al-Muttaḥida)

Comorian: Komori—Udzima wa Komori

French: Comores—Union des Comores
Moroni

Arabic: موروني (Mūrūnī)

French: Moroni
850,910 2,235 km2 (863 sq mi)
  Democratic Republic of the Congo[n 2] French: République démocratique du Congo Kinshasa

French: Kinshasa
86,727,573 2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)
  Republic of the Congo[n 3] French: République du Congo Brazzaville

French: Brazzaville
5,542,197 342,000 km2 (132,047 sq mi)
  Côte d'Ivoire

Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
French: Côte d'Ivoire—République de Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro

French: Yamoussoukro
25,531,083 322,460 km2 (124,503 sq mi)
  Djibouti

Republic of Djibouti
Arabic: جيبوتي — جمهورية جيبوتي (Jibūti—Jumhūrīyat Jibūti)

French: Djibouti—République de Djibouti
Djibouti City

Arabic: مدينة جيبوتي (Jibūti Madīna)

French: Ville de Djibouti
971,408 23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi)
  Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt[n 4]
Arabic: مصر — جمهورية مصر العربية (Miṣr—Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyya) Cairo

Arabic: القاهرة (al-Qāhirah)
101,168,745 1,001,449 km2 (386,662 sq mi)
  Equatorial Guinea

Republic of Equatorial Guinea
French: Guinée équatoriale—République de Guinée équatoriale

Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial—República da Guiné Equatorial

Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial—República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Malabo[n 5]

French: Malabo

Portuguese: Malabo

Spanish: Malabo
1,360,104 28,051 km2 (10,831 sq mi)
  Eritrea

State of Eritrea
Arabic: إرتريا — دولة إرتريا (ʾIritriyā—Dawlat ʾIritriyā)

English: Eritrea—State of Eritrea

Tigrinya: ኤርትራ — ሃገረ ኤርትራ (ʾErtra—Hagere ʾErtra)
Asmara

Arabic: أسمرة (ʾAsmara)

Tigrinya: ኣስመራ(Asmera)
5,309,659 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi)
  Eswatini

Kingdom of Eswatini
English: Eswatini—Kingdom of Eswatini

Swazi: eSwatini—Umbuso weSwatini
Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative)

English: Lobamba, Mbabane

Swazi: Lobamba, ÉMbábáne
1,415,414 17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi)
  Ethiopia

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Amharic: Iትዮጵያ — የIትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ (Ītyōṗṗyā—Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dēmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk) Addis Ababa

Amharic: አዲስ አበባ (Addis Abäba)
110,135,635 1,104,300 km2 (426,373 sq mi)
  Gabon

Gabonese Republic
French: Gabon—République gabonaise Libreville

French: Libreville
2,109,099 267,668 km2 (103,347 sq mi)
  Gambia

Republic of the Gambia
English: Gambia—Republic of the Gambia Banjul

English: Banjul
2,228,075 10,380 km2 (4,008 sq mi)
  Ghana

Republic of Ghana
English: Ghana—Republic of Ghana Accra

English: Accra
30,096,970 238,534 km2 (92,098 sq mi)
  Guinea[n 6]

Republic of Guinea
French: Guinée—République de Guinée Conakry

French: Conakry
13,398,180 245,857 km2 (94,926 sq mi)
  Guinea-Bissau

Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Portuguese: Guiné-Bissau—República da Guiné-Bissau Bissau

Portuguese: Bissau
1,953,723 36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)
  Kenya

Republic of Kenya
English: Kenya—Republic of Kenya

Swahili: Kenya—Jamhuri ya Kenya
Nairobi

English: Nairobi

Swahili: Nairobi
52,214,791 580,367 km2 (224,081 sq mi)
  Lesotho

Kingdom of Lesotho
English: Lesotho—Kingdom of Lesotho

Sotho: Lesotho—Muso oa Lesotho
Maseru

English: Maseru

Sotho: Maseru
2,292,682 30,355 km2 (11,720 sq mi)
  Liberia

Republic of Liberia
English: Liberia—Republic of Liberia Monrovia

English: Monrovia
4,977,720 111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi)
  Libya

State of Libya
Arabic: ليبيا (Lībiyā)

Berber: ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ (Libya)
Tripoli

Arabic: طرابلس (Ṭarābulus)

Berber: ⵟⵔⴰⴱⵍⴻⵙ (Ṭrables)
6,569,864 1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)
  Madagascar

Republic of Madagascar
French: Madagascar—République de Madagascar

Malagasy:
Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
Antananarivo

French: Antananarivo

Malagasy: Antananarivo
26,969,642 587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi)
  Malawi

Republic of Malawi
Chichewa: Malaŵi—Dziko la Malaŵi

English: Malawi—Republic of Malawi
Lilongwe

Chichewa: Lilongwe

English: Lilongwe
19,718,743 118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi)
  Mali

Republic of Mali
French: Mali—République du Mali Bamako

French: Bamako
19,689,140 1,240,192 km2 (478,841 sq mi)
  Mauritania

Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Arabic: موريتانيا — الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Mūrītānīyya—al-Jumhūriyya al-ʾIslāmiyya al-Mūrītānīyya) Nouakchott

Arabic: نواكشوط (Nuwākshūṭ)
4,661,149 1,030,700 km2 (397,955 sq mi)
  Mauritius

Republic of Mauritius
English: Mauritius—Republic of Mauritius

French: Maurice—République de Maurice

Mauritian Creole Moris—Repiblik Moris
Port Louis

English: Port Louis

French: Port-Louis

Mauritian Creole: Porlwi
1,271,368 2,040 km2 (788 sq mi)
  Morocco

Kingdom of Morocco
Arabic : المغرب — المملكة المغربية (al-Maḡrib—al-Mamlaka al-Maḡribiyya)

Berber: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Tageldit n-Elmaġrib)
Rabat

Arabic: الرباط (ar-Ribaaṭ)

Berber: ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ (Aṛbaṭ)
36,635,156 446,550 km2 (172,414 sq mi) excludes all disputed territories; 710,850 km2 (274,461 sq mi) includes the Moroccan-administered parts of Western Sahara (claimed as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic by the Polisario Front).
  Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique
Portuguese: Moçambique—República de Moçambique Maputo

Portuguese: Maputo
31,408,823 801,590 km2 (309,496 sq mi)
  Namibia

Republic of Namibia
English: Namibia—Republic of Namibia Windhoek

English: Windhoek
2,641,996 825,418 km2 (318,696 sq mi)
  Niger

Republic of the Niger
French: Niger—République du Niger Niamey

French: Niamey
23,176,691 1,267,000 km2 (489,191 sq mi)
  Nigeria

Federal Republic of Nigeria
English: Nigeria—Federal Republic of Nigeria Abuja

English: Abuja
200,962,417 923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi)
  Rwanda

Republic of Rwanda
English: Rwanda—Republic of Rwanda

French: Rwanda—République du Rwanda

Kinyarwanda Rwanda—Repubulika y'u Rwanda
Kigali

English: Kigali

French: Kigali

Kinyarwanda Kigali
12,794,412 26,798 km2 (10,347 sq mi)
  São Tomé and Príncipe

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe—República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe São Tomé

Portuguese: São Tomé
213,379 964 km2 (372 sq mi)
  Senegal

Republic of Senegal
French: Sénégal—République du Sénégal Dakar

French: Dakar
16,743,859 196,723 km2 (75,955 sq mi)
  Seychelles

Republic of Seychelles
English: Seychelles—Republic of Seychelles

French: Seychelles—République des Seychelles

Seychellois Creole: Sesel— Repiblik Sesel
Victoria

English: Victoria

French: Victoria

Seychellois Creole: Victoria
95,702 451 km2 (174 sq mi)
  Sierra Leone

Republic of Sierra Leone
English: Sierra Leone—Republic of Sierra Leone Freetown

English: Freetown
7,883,123 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi)
  Somalia

Federal Republic of Somalia
Arabic: الصومال — جمهورية الصومال الديموقراطية (Aṣ-Ṣomāl—Jumhūriyya aṣ-Ṣomāl al-Fidrāliyya)

Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya
Mogadishu

Somali: Muqdisho

Arabic: مقديشو (Maqadīshū)
15,636,171 637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi)
  South Africa

Republic of South Africa
Afrikaans: Suid-Afrika—Republiek van Suid-Afrika
Bloemfontein (judicial),
Cape Town (legislative),
and Pretoria (executive)
58,065,097 1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi)
  South Sudan

Republic of South Sudan
English: South Sudan—Republic of South Sudan Juba

English: Juba
13,263,184 644,329 km2 (248,777 sq mi)
  Sudan

Republic of Sudan*
Arabic: السودان — جمهورية السودان (As-Sūdān—Jumhūriyya as-Sūdān)

English: Republic of the Sudan
Khartoum

Arabic: الخرطوم (al-Kharṭūm)
42,514,094 1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi)
  Tanzania

United Republic of Tanzania
English: Tanzania—United Republic of Tanzania

Swahili: Tanzania—Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Dodoma (official)
Dar es Salaam (seat of government)

English: Dodoma

Swahili: Dodoma
60,913,557 945,203 km2 (364,945 sq mi)
  Togo

Togolese Republic
French: Togo—République Togolaise Lomé

French: Lomé
8,186,384 56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi)
  Tunisia

Tunisian Republic
Arabic: تونس — الجمهورية التونسية (Tūnis—al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisīyya) Tunis

Arabic: تونس (Tūnis)
11,783,168 163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi)
  Uganda

Republic of Uganda
English: Uganda—Republic of Uganda

Swahili: Uganda—Jamhuri ya Uganda
Kampala

English: Kampala

Swahili: Kampala
45,711,874 236,040 km2 (91,136 sq mi)
  Zambia

Republic of Zambia
English: Zambia—Republic of Zambia Lusaka

English: Lusaka
18,137,369 752,614 km2 (290,586 sq mi)
  Zimbabwe

Republic of Zimbabwe
English: Zimbabwe—Republic of Zimbabwe Harare

English: Harare
17,297,495 390,757 km2 (150,872 sq mi)

Partially recognised stateEdit

The following state has established itself in Africa as a sovereign state, but has official recognition from roughly a quarter of states worldwide and its participation in international organizations is limited. It is not a member of the United Nations, but it is a member of the African Union. Furthermore, it only controls a sliver of Western Sahara and its seat of government is in Tifariti and government in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area
  Sahrawi Republic

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[n 7]
Claimed as the southernmost provinces of Morocco. Recognized by the African Union and 47 UN members as the representative government of Western Sahara. Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية (al-Jumhūrīyah al-‘Arabīyah aṣ-Ṣaḥrāwīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah)

Spanish: República Árabe Saharaui Democrática
El Aaiún (proclaimed)[n 8]

Arabic: العيون (al-ʿuyūn)

Spanish: El Aaiún
582,478 267,405 km2 (103,246 sq mi)

De facto state with no international recognitionEdit

The following de facto state has declared itself to be independent and has de facto control over the territory over which it claims sovereignty, thus satisfying the declarative theory and the Montevideo Conventions, but has not been recognized as a sovereign country by any other country and is neither a member of the United Nations nor a member of the African Union.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area
  Somaliland

Republic of Somaliland[14][15]
State within the Federal regions of Somalia.[16] Recognized by no UN member.[17][18] Arabic: جمهورية أرض الصومال — أرض الصومال (Jumhūrīyat Arḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl)

Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland
Hargeisa

Arabic: هرجيسا

Somali: Hargeysa
4,000,000 137,600 km2 (53,128 sq mi)

Non-sovereign territoriesEdit

There are currently ten non-sovereign territories in Africa. All of them are either islands, or are on the continent's coast.

Dependent territoriesEdit

This list contains territories that are politically administered as external dependencies of other nations.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status[19] Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[13]
  French Southern and Antarctic Lands[n 9] French overseas territory Saint-Pierre[n 10] No permanent population[20] 38.60 km2 (15 sq mi)
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha British overseas territory Jamestown 5,633 420 km2 (162 sq mi)

Other areasEdit

This list contains territories that are administered as incorporated parts of a primarily non-African state.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status[19] Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[13]
  Canary Islands Spanish autonomous community Spanish: Islas Canarias Santa Cruz and Las Palmas[21]

Spanish: Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
2,207,225 7,447 km2 (2,875 sq mi)
  Ceuta

Autonomous City of Ceuta
Spanish autonomous city Spanish: Ceuta—Ciudad autónoma de Ceuta Ceuta

Spanish: Ceuta
84,843 28 km2 (11 sq mi)
  Madeira

Autonomous Region of Madeira
Portuguese autonomous region Portuguese: Madeira—Região Autónoma da Madeira Funchal

Portuguese: Funchal
267,785 828 km2 (320 sq mi)
  Mayotte

Department of Mayotte
French overseas department French: Mayotte—Département de Mayotte Dzaoudzi (official)
Mamoudzou (seat of prefect and departmental council)

French: Mamoudzou
266,380 374 km2 (144 sq mi)
  Melilla

Autonomous City of Melilla
Spanish autonomous city Spanish: Melilla—Ciudad autónoma de Melilla Melilla

Spanish: Melilla
84,714 20 km2 (8 sq mi)
  Plazas de soberanía Spanish overseas territory Spanish: Plazas de soberanía N/A 74
    Réunion

Réunion Island
French overseas region French: Réunion—Îles Réunion Saint-Denis

French: Saint-Denis
889,918 2,512 km2 (970 sq mi)
  Pelagie Islands Italian territory Italian: Isole Pelagie

Sicilian: Ìsuli Pilaggî
Lampedusa e Linosa[n 11]

Italian: Lampedusa e Linosa

Sicilian: Lampidusa e Linusa
6,304 21.4 km2 (8 sq mi)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Sudan was recently suspended due to ongoing political issues.
  2. ^ Also known as Congo-Kinshasa and formerly as Zaire.
  3. ^ Also known as Congo-Brazzaville.
  4. ^ Some territory could be argued to be a part of Asia or Africa.
  5. ^ Oyala is to be the future capital of Equatorial Guinea; currently under construction.
  6. ^ Also known as Guinea-Conakry to distinguish it from neighboring Guinea-Bissau.
  7. ^ Occupies part of the territory of Western Sahara, disputed with Morocco.
  8. ^ Currently under Moroccan administration. Tifariti is the factual temporary capital, but Tindouf located in Algeria is the place of some government and military facilities.
  9. ^ Only the Îles Éparses are considered part of the African continent. The remaining four districts lie outside the continental shelf in the Indian Ocean or Antarctica.
  10. ^ The main station on the Îles Éparses is on Tromelin. The headquarters of the district chief, however, is Saint-Pierre, in Réunion.
  11. ^ Geographically part of the archipelago (Lampedusa and Lampione) belongs to the African continent; politically and administratively, the islands fall within the Province of Agrigento in Sicily

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Member States". United Nations. Archived from the original on 2011-02-07. Retrieved 28 July 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ "Member States". African Union. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ "African Union Welcomes South Sudan as the 54th Member State of the Union". StarAfrica.com. 27 July 2011. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ "African Union suspends Central African Republic after coup". Los Angeles Times. 25 March 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-12-31. Retrieved 14 March 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  5. ^ "Africa Population (LIVE)". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Field Listing :: Names". CIA. Archived from the original on 2017-07-01. Retrieved 28 July 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ a b "UNGEGN List of Country Names" (PDF). United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2011-07-28. Retrieved 28 July 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  8. ^ a b "List of countries, territories and currencies". Europa. 9 August 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-07-16. Retrieved 10 August 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  9. ^ "Field Listing :: Capital". CIA. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 3 August 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  10. ^ "UNGEGN World Geographical Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 29 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-08-01. Retrieved 3 August 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  11. ^ "Country Comparison :: Population". CIA. July 2012. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2 September 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  12. ^ "Africa Population (LIVE)". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  13. ^ a b c "Field Listing :: Area". CIA. Archived from the original on 2012-07-28. Retrieved 7 August 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  14. ^ Name used in The Constitution of the Republic of Somaliland Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Susan M. Hassig, Zawiah Abdul Latif, Somalia, (Marshall Cavendish: 2007), p.10.
  16. ^ "The Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic" (PDF). University of Pretoria. 1 February 2004. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008. Retrieved 2 February 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: unfit url (link) "The Somali Republic shall have the following boundaries. (a) North; Gulf of Aden. (b) North West; Djibouti. (c) West; Ethiopia. (d) South south-west; Kenya. (e) East; Indian Ocean."
  17. ^ Lacey, Marc (5 June 2006). The Signs Say Somaliland, but the World Says Somalia Archived 2011-05-30 at WebCite. The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  18. ^ "UN in Action: Reforming Somaliland's Judiciary" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2012-01-21. Retrieved 2012-05-29. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  19. ^ a b "Field Listing :: Dependency Status". CIA. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 8 August 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  20. ^ "French Southern and Antarctic Lands". Archived from the original on 2007-08-14. Retrieved 5 October 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  21. ^ "Estatuto de Autonomía de Canarias en la Página Web Oficial del Gobierno de Canarias". .gobiernodecanarias.org. Archived from the original on 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2010-09-20. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)