List of African-American activists

This is a list of African-American activists[1] covering various areas of activism, but primarily focus on those African Americans who historically and currently have been fighting racism and racial injustice against African Americans. The United States of America has a long history of racism against its Black citizens.[2] The names detailed below contains only notable African Americans who are known to be activist (sorted by surname).

List of activists edit

Martin Luther King
Ralph Abernathy
Maya Angelou
James Baldwin
Marion Barry
James Bevel
Ralph Bunche
Shirley Chisholm
Fannie Lou Hamer
Jesse Jackson
Martin Luther King Jr.
John Lewis
Thurgood Marshall
James Meredith
Rosa Parks
Bayard Rustin
Malcolm X
Andrew Young

A edit

B edit

C edit

D edit

E edit

F edit

G edit

H edit

I edit

J edit

K edit

L edit

M edit

N edit

O edit

P edit

R edit

S edit

T edit

V edit

W edit

X edit

Y edit

References edit

  1. ^ Evan F. Moore "In honor of Black History Month, here's a list of Chicagoans you should know", Chicago Sun-Times, February 1, 2019. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  2. ^ Kleinig, John, Handled with Discretion: Ethical Issues in Police Decision Making, Rowman & Littlefield (1996), p. 157, ISBN 9780847681778. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  3. ^ Bio of "Ralph David Abernathy", Frye Gaillard, University of South Alabama, March 14, 2007, (archive)
  4. ^ Smith, Jessie Carney; Phelps, Shirelle, Notable Black American Women, Book 2, VNR AG (1996), p. 11, ISBN 9780810391772.
  5. ^ Henneberg, Susan. James Baldwin: Groundbreaking Author and Civil Rights Activist, The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc (2014), pp. 6–8, 66, ISBN 9781477778975.
  6. ^ Schwartz, Barry (June 2009). "Collective Forgetting and the Symbolic Power of Oneness: The Strange Apotheosis of Rosa Parks". Social Psychology Quarterly. 72 (2): 123–142. doi:10.1177/019027250907200204. JSTOR 25593914. S2CID 3450932.
  7. ^ "Nannie Helen Burroughs papers, 1900–1963 (Library of Congress), Biographical Note (Woman's Auxiliary of the National Baptist Convention of the United States of America)". 2001. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  8. ^ Dickerson, Dennis C., "The Wesleyan Witness in the US Civil Rights Movement: The Allen Legacy against 20th Century American Apartheid", 2007. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  9. ^ Carter, Christine Michel (2019-04-19). "How I Got My Employer to Acknowledge My Nursing Issue". Entrepreneur. Retrieved 2023-06-22.
  10. ^ "Claudette Colvin Biography, Activist, Civil Rights Activist, Medical Professional (1939–)",, A&E Television Networks, April 1, 2014.
  11. ^ Foundations of African-American Sociology Archived 2017-03-06 at the Wayback Machine. Hampton University Department of Sociology. Hampton University. Retrieved 7 March 2017. From Melvin Barber; Leslie Innis; Emmit Hunt, African American Contributions to Sociology.
  12. ^ Goldhill, Olivia (November 15, 2016). "'We can feel sad, hurt, demoralized. But we can't give up': A Black Lives Matter founder on Trump's presidency". Quartz.
  13. ^ Garza, Alicia, "Herstory". Black Lives Matter. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  14. ^ Queerness on the front lines of #BlackLivesMatter. MSNBC. February 19, 2015 (video).
  15. ^ "Angela Davis". CCCB. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  16. ^ Haskins, James, Distinguished African American Political and Governmental Leaders. Oryx Press (1999), p. 67. ISBN 9781573561266,
  17. ^ "Frederick Douglass Biography : Journalist, Civil Rights Activist, Author, Government Official (c. 1818–1895)".
  18. ^ "Later Years and Death", Frederick Douglass Heritage. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  19. ^ "SNCC passes the torch | The CLog". Creative Loafing Charlotte. February 29, 2008. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  20. ^ Rafael, Vicente (11 February 2007). "David Fagen (1875–?)". Black Past.
  21. ^ Wang, Vivian (December 30, 2017), "Erica Garner, Activist and Daughter of Eric Garner, Dies at 27", The New York Times
  22. ^ Shipley, Alberta D.; Shipley, David O. (1976). The History of Black Baptists in Missouri. Missionary Baptist State Convention of Missouri. pp. 24–25, 227.
  23. ^ "Rosa Parks". Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  24. ^ "Booker T. Washington". Retrieved January 4, 2019.