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Earthquakes of magnitude 8.0 and greater from 1900 to 2018. The apparent 3D volumes of the bubbles are linearly proportional to their respective fatalities.[1]
Animated Map of all world earthquakes from 2001-2015

The following is a summary of significant earthquakes during the 21st century. In terms of fatalities, the 2010 Haiti earthquake was the most destructive event, followed by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, 2005 Pakistan earthquake and 2008 Sichuan earthquake.

Contents

List of deadliest earthquakesEdit

Rank Fatalities Magnitude Location Event Date
1 316,000 7.0   Haiti 2010 Haiti earthquake January 12, 2010
2 227,898 9.1-9.3   Indonesia, Indian Ocean 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami December 26, 2004
3 87,587 7.9   China 2008 Sichuan earthquake May 12, 2008
4 87,351 7.6   Pakistan 2005 Kashmir earthquake October 8, 2005
5 26,271 6.6   Iran 2003 Bam earthquake December 26, 2003
6 20,896 9.1   Japan 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami March 11, 2011
7 20,085 7.7   India 2001 Gujarat earthquake January 26, 2001
8 8,964 7.8   Nepal 2015 Nepal earthquake April 25, 2015
9 5,782 6.4   Indonesia 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake May 26, 2006
10 4,340 7.5   Indonesia 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami September 28, 2018
11 2,968 6.9   China 2010 Yushu earthquake April 13, 2010
12 2,266 6.8   Algeria 2003 Boumerdès earthquake May 21, 2003
13 1,313 8.6   Indonesia 2005 Nias-Simeulue earthquake March 28, 2005
14 1,115 7.6   Indonesia 2009 Sumatra earthquake September 30, 2009
15 1,000 7.4   Afghanistan 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes March 3, 2002

List of largest earthquakes by magnitudeEdit

Rank Magnitude Event Location Date
1 9.1-9.3 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake   Indonesia, Sumatra, Indian Ocean, December 26, 2004
2 9.1 2011 Tōhoku earthquake   Japan, Tōhoku, Pacific Ocean March 11, 2011
3 8.8 2010 Chile earthquake   Chile, Maule February 27, 2010
4 8.6 2005 Nias-Simeulue earthquake   Indonesia, Sumatra March 28, 2005
4 8.6 2012 Aceh earthquake   Indonesia, Sumatra April 11, 2012
6 8.5 September 2007 Sumatra earthquake   Indonesia, Sumatra September 12, 2007
  • Note: At least 8.5+ magnitude


Deadliest earthquakes by yearEdit

Year Fatalities Magnitude Location Event Date Death toll
2019 18 6.1   Philippines 2019 Luzon earthquake April 22   93
2018 4,340 7.5   Indonesia 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami September 28   5,239
2017 630 7.3   Iran 2017 Iran-Iraq earthquake November 12   1,232
2016 673 7.8   Ecuador 2016 Ecuador earthquake April 16   1,339
2015 8,964 7.8   Nepal 2015 Nepal earthquake April 25   9,624
2014 729 6.1   China 2014 Ludian earthquake August 3   756
2013 825 7.7   Pakistan 2013 Balochistan earthquakes September 24   1,572
2012 306 6.4   Iran 2012 East Azerbaijan earthquakes August 11   689
2011 20,896 9.1   Japan 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami March 11   21,492
2010 316,000 7.0   Haiti 2010 Haiti earthquake January 12   320,627
2009 1,115 7.6   indonesia 2009 Sumatra earthquake September 30   1,790
2008 87,587 7.9   China 2008 Sichuan earthquake May 12   88,708
2007 519 8.0   Peru 2007 Peru earthquake August 15   708
2006 5,782 6.4   Indonesia 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake May 26   6,605
2005 87,351 7.6   Pakistan 2005 Kashmir earthquake October 8   87,992
2004 227,898 9.1-9.3 Indian Ocean 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami December 26   298,101
2003 26,271 6.6   Iran 2003 Bam earthquake December 26   33,819
2002 1,000 7.4   Afghanistan 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes March 3   1,685
2001 20,085 7.7   India 2001 Gujarat earthquake January 26   21,357

Largest earthquakes by yearEdit

Year Magnitude Fatalities Event Location Date total M7+
2019 8.0 2 2019 Peru earthquake   Peru May 26   10
2018 8.2 0   Fiji August 19   17
2017 8.2 98 2017 Chiapas earthquake   Mexico September 8   7
2016 7.9 0   Papua New Guinea December 17   16
2015 8.3 14 2015 Illapel earthquake   Chile September 16   19
2014 8.2 6 2014 Iquique earthquake   Chile April 1   12
2013 8.3 0 2013 Okhotsk Sea earthquake   Russia May 24   19
2012 8.6 10 2012 Indian Ocean earthquakes   Indonesia, Indian Ocean April 11   17
2011 9.1 20,896 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami   Japan March 11   20
2010 8.8 525 2010 Chile earthquake   Chile February 27   22
2009 8.1 192 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami   Samoa September 29   17
2008 7.9 87,587 2008 Sichuan earthquake   China May 12   12
2007 8.5 23 September 2007 Sumatra earthquake   Indonesia September 12   18
2006 8.3 0 2006 Kuril Islands earthquake   Russia November 15   11
2005 8.6 1,313 2005 Nias–Simeulue earthquake   Indonesia March 28   11
2004 9.2 227,898 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami   Indonesia, Indian Ocean December 26   16
2003 8.3 0 2003 Hokkaidō earthquake   Japan September 25   15
2002 7.9 0 2002 Denali earthquake   United States November 3   13
2001 8.4 145 2001 southern Peru earthquake   Peru June 23   16

Lists of earthquakes by decadeEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "USGS: Magnitude 8 and Greater Earthquakes Since 1900". Archived from the original on November 12, 2009. Retrieved October 1, 2014.

External linksEdit