Lipjan (definite Albanian form: Lipjani) or Lipljan (Serbian Cyrillic: Липљан) is a town and municipality located in the Pristina District of Kosovo.[a] According to the 2011 census, the town of Lipjan has 6,870 inhabitants, while the municipality has 57,605 inhabitants.

Lipjan
Lipjan town park
Lipjan town park
Official logo of Lipjan
Location of the municipality of Lipjan within Kosovo
Location of the municipality of Lipjan within Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°32′N 21°06′E / 42.533°N 21.100°E / 42.533; 21.100
CountryKosovo[a]
DistrictDistrict of Pristina
Government
 • MayorImri Ahmeti (LDK)
 • Municipal338 km2 (131 sq mi)
Elevation
563 m (1,847 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Urban
6,870
 • Municipal
57,605
 • Municipal density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
14000
Area code+383 38
Car plates01
Websitekk.rks-gov.net/lipjan

NameEdit

The town's name derives from Ulpiana,[1][2] the Dardanian and Roman era settlement that preceded Lipjan, possibly due to either a Ul- to Li- shift seen elsewhere in Roman toponyms.[3] Selami Pulaha states that the shift from Ulpiana to Lipjan is in accordance with early Albanian phonetic rules, and must therefore have been inhabited by Albanians to reach its current form.[4] Croatian linguist Petar Skok believed the name Lipljan was derived from the Serbian "lipa", ("linden tree"), to refer to the local foliage, and that the name "lipa" is often used in South Slavic toponyms.[5] It has also been connected with the Albanian term "ujk" ("wolf") (Old and Dialectal Albanian: "ulk") and the name of the city of Ulqin probably delivers from the same variation.[6]

The Roman city of Ulpiana was located near Lipjan and it was named in honor of the Roman Emperor Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus. In the early Middle Ages in was part of the Bulgarian Empire and a diocese of the Bulgarian Patriarchate. The neo-Latin form Lypenion for the city occurs for the first time in a Byzantine text from 1018 AD that confirmed the town as an episcopal seat of the Bulgarian Archbishopric of Ohrid following the Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria in the same year.[7]

GeographyEdit

The Municipality of Lipjan contains 422 km2 of land, and consists of 70 villages. It borders the municipalities of Drenas, Fushë Kosova and Prishtina to the north, Malishevë to the west, Artana and Gjilan to the east and Ferizaj, Theranda and Shtimja to the south.[8]

HistoryEdit

Early PeriodEdit

The ancient predecessor of Lipjan, Ulpiana, was an important city in the Illyrian and Dardanian spheres. By the 2nd century CE, it was the economic, political and culture centre of the province of Dardania.[9] It was situated on a road between ancient Naissus and Lissus. It suffered from barbarian raids, especially the incursion of 517CE, and from a great earthquake that damaged much of Dardania. By the time Justinian I began his restoration of the Byzantine Empire, Ulpiana was in a ruinous condition - after repairing the town, Justinian labelled it Justiniana Secunda. Ulpiana also played an important ecclesiastical role, having had a local bishop present at the Council of Serdica in 347CE and at the Ecumenic Synod of 553CE. Florus and Laurus were said to have settled in Ulpiana. The old Byzantine church in Lipjan serves as a reminder of the ecclesiastical importance the area once held - it continued to hold a bishopric seat in the Bulgarian empire and once again in the Byzantine empire once the region was recaptured.[10]

Middle AgesEdit

Lipjan is the birthplace of the Albanian noble, Lekë Dukagjini,[11] who was born here in 1410. He was a close friend of the Albanian military commander and ruler, Gjergj Kastrioti Skanderbeg, and a participant in the Albanian League of Lezhë. He was a member of the Dukagjini family, whose principality extended from Northern Albania to modern-day Kosovo.[12][13]

Kosovo WarEdit

Lipjan was the sight of war crimes during the Kosovo War. Ethnic Albanians were forced out of the area on April 20 by Serb forces, and Albanian residences were looted and burned by said forces. Serbian paramilitary forces were alleged to have shot more than 50 civilians in 3 surrounding villages.[14]

DemographicsEdit

Municipal historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194829,700—    
195333,132+2.21%
196138,573+1.92%
197147,526+2.11%
198157,705+1.96%
199169,451+1.87%
201157,605−0.93%
2016
est.
56,643−0.34%
Source: Division of Kosovo

According to the last official census done in 2011, the municipality of Lipjan has 57,605 inhabitants. Based on the population estimates from the Kosovo Agency of Statistics in 2016, the municipality has 57,415 inhabitants.

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs
Year/Population Albanians  % Serbs  % Croats  % Others  % Total
1961 census 24,433 60.98 10,902 27.21 3,304 8.25 1,431 3.57 40,070
1991 census 53,730 77.36 9,713 13.99 2,914 4.20 3,094 4.45 69,451
January 1999 (OSCE est.) 62,706 81.3 9,985 13.0 N/A N/A 5,834 7.6 77,087
2000 (OSCE est.) 63,478 83.3 9,300 12.2 363 0.5 1,890 2.6 76,143

MunicipalityEdit

  • Akllap/Oklap
  • Babush i Muhaxherëve/Muhadžer Babuš
  • Baicë/Banjica
  • Banullë/Bandulić
  • Breg i Zi/Crni Breg
  • Brus
  • Bujan/Bujance
  • Bukovicë/Bukovica
  • Divlakë/Divljaka
  • Dobrajë e Madhe/Velika Dobranja
  • Dobrajë e Vogël/Mala Dobranja
  • Gadime e Epërme/Gornje Gadimlje
  • Gadime e Ulët/Donje Gadimlje
  • Gllanicë/Glanica
  • Gllavicë/Glavica
  • Gllogoc/Glogovce
  • Grackë e Vjetër/Staro Gracko
  • Grackë e Vogël/Malo Gracko
  • Gumnasellë/Guvno Selo
  • Hallaç i Madh/Veliki Alaš
  • Hallaç i Vogël/Mali Alaš
  • Hanroc/Androvac
  • Janjevo/Janjevë
  • Kleçkë/Klečka
  • Kojskë/Konjsko
  • Konjuh
  • Kraishtë/Krajište
  • Krojmir/Krajmirovce
  • Leletiq/Laletić
  • Lipovica
  • Livađe/Livagjë
  • Llugaxhi/Lugadžija
  • Llugë/Lug
  • Magura
  • Marec/Marevce
  • Medvec/Medvece
  • Mirenë/Mirena
  • Okosnicë/Okosnica
  • Plitkoviq/Plitković
  • Poturoc/Poturovce
  • Qellapek/Čelopek
  • Qyqylagë/Čučuljaga
  • Resinoc/Rusinovce
  • Ribar i Madh/Veliko Ribare
  • Ribar i Vogël/Malo Ribare
  • Ruboc/Rabovce
  • Rufc i Ri/Novo Rujce
  • Rufc i Vjetër/Staro Rujce
  • Shalë, Lipjan/Sedlare
  • Shisharkë/Šišarka
  • Sllovi/Slovinje
  • Smallushë/Smoluša
  • Teqë/Teća
  • Topličane
  • Torina/Torinë
  • Trbovce/Tërbuc
  • Varigoc/Varigovce
  • Vërshec/Vrševce
  • Vogaçicë/Vogačica
  • Vrelo
  • Vrellë e Goleshit/Goleško Vrelo
  • Zlokućane

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ a b The political status of Kosovo is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008, Kosovo is formally recognised as an independent state by 100 UN member states (with another 13 states recognising it at some point but then withdrawing their recognition) and 93 states not recognizing it, while Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory.
References
  1. ^ Illyés, Elemér (1988). Ethnic Continuity in the Carpatho-Danubian Area. East European Monographs. p. 172. ISBN 9780880331463.
  2. ^ Du Nay, André (1977). The Early History of the Rumanian Language. Jupiter Press. p. 17. ISBN 9780933104037.
  3. ^ Lafe, Emil (1976). "Toponymes latino-romans sur le territoire de l'albanais". Iliria. Page 116
  4. ^ Pulaha, Selami (1984). Popullsia shqiptare e Kosovës gjatë shek: studime dhe dokumente. XV-XVI. 8 Nëntori. p. 11.
  5. ^ Skok, Petar (1988) [1971]. Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian). Vol. 2. Zagreb: Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti. pp. 305–306. ISBN 86-407-0064-8.
  6. ^ Namenforschung : ein internationales Handbuch zur Onomastik. 1. Teilband. Ernst Eichler. Berlin: De Gruyter. 1995. ISBN 978-3-11-020342-4. OCLC 435630850.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. ^ Collective (1965). Greek Sources about Bulgarian History (GIBI), volume VI (in Bulgarian and Greek). Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Press. p. 44.
  8. ^ Elsie, Robert (15 Nov 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. p. 178. ISBN 9780810874831.
  9. ^ Warrander, Gail; Knaus, Verena (2010). Kosovo: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 139. ISBN 9781841623313.
  10. ^ Evans, John (1885). "Antiquarian Researches in Illyricum". Archaeologia, or, Miscellaneous Tracts Relating to Antiquity. 49 (1): 62–64.
  11. ^ Nogueira, Adeilson (31 Mar 2018). Moedas De Kosovo. Clube de Autores. p. 16.
  12. ^ Sellers, Mortimer; Tomaszewski, Tadeusz (23 July 2010). The Rule of Law in Comparative Perspective. ISBN 9789048137497.
  13. ^ Warrander, Gail; Knaus, Verena (2007). Kosovo. ISBN 9781841621999.
  14. ^ Erasing History: Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo. Department of State. 1999. p. 18. ISBN 9780160500657.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 42°31′48″N 21°08′19″E / 42.53000°N 21.13861°E / 42.53000; 21.13861