Lipman Emanuel "Lip" Pike (May 25, 1845 – October 10, 1893) the "Iron Batter", was one of the stars of 19th-century baseball in the United States. He was one of the first professional players, as well as the first Jewish one. His brother, Israel Pike, played briefly for the Hartford Dark Blues during the 1877 season.
|Born: May 25, 1845|
New York City, New York
|Died: October 10, 1893 (aged 48)|
Brooklyn, New York
|May 9, 1871, for the Troy Haymakers|
|Last MLB appearance|
|July 28, 1887, for the New York Metropolitans|
|Runs batted in||332|
|Career highlights and awards|
Pike was one of the premier players of his day. He was a great slugger and one of the best home run hitters, so much so that stories about balls he hit were told for quite some time after he stopped playing.
Early and personal lifeEdit
Pike was born in New York into a Jewish Dutch family, and grew up in Brooklyn. His father Emanuel was a haberdasher. His mother was Jane, his brothers were Boaz, Israel, and Jacob, and he had a sister Julia. His family moved to Brooklyn when he was very young.
Pike began in baseball when he was 13. Pike first rose to prominence playing for the Philadelphia Athletics (1860–76), whom he joined in 1866. He brought an impressive blend of power and speed to the team, hitting many home runs as well as being one of the fastest players around. On one occasion he hit 6 home runs in one game.
However, it was soon brought to light that he and two other Philadelphia players were being given $20 ($340 in current dollar terms) a week to play. Since all baseball players were ostensibly amateurs (though many were, like Pike, accepting money under the table), a hearing was set up by the sport's governing body, the National Association of Base Ball Players. In the end, no one showed up to the hearing, and the matter was dropped. By 1869, the Cincinnati Red Stockings became the first openly professional team, and Pike's hearing, farcical as it seems to have been, paved the way for Harry Wright's professionalization of baseball. The Athletics were very successful, but Pike was dropped from the team in 1867, because he was from New York, and thus a 'foreigner,' calling his loyalty into question.
He moved on to the Irvington, New Jersey club and later in 1867 to the New York Mutuals, always a leading team, where he returned for 1868, having caught the eye of Boss Tweed. In 1869 he moved to the Brooklyn Atlantics, another perennial leader, where he hit .610. In 1870, the Atlantics, with Pike manning second base, finally ended Cincinnati's 93-game winning streak.
In 1871, the National Association was formed as the first professional baseball league, and Pike joined the Troy Haymakers for its inaugural season. He was their star and for 4 games was the captain and manager, batting .377 (6th best in the league) and hitting a league-leading 4 home runs. He also led the league in extra base hits (21), and was 2nd in slugging percentage (.654) and doubles (10), 4th in RBIs (39), 5th in triples (7), 6th in on-base percentage (.400), 9th in hits (49), and 10th in runs (43). The Haymakers only finished 6th, though, and the team's captaincy switched to Bill Craver.
The Haymakers revamped their roster for the 1872 season, and Pike headed for Baltimore, where he played for the Baltimore Canaries. Pike had another excellent season, leading the league in home runs again (with 6), RBIs (60), and games (56), and coming in 2nd in total bases (127) and extra base hits (26), 3rd in at bats (288), 5th in doubles (15) and triples (5), 9th in slugging percentage (.441) and stolen bases (8), and 10th in hits (84).
In 1873, Pike led the league in home runs for the 3rd consecutive season, hitting 4, and was 2nd in triples (8), 4th in total bases (132), stolen bases (8), and extra base hits (26), 7th in slugging percentage (.462), 8th in doubles (14), RBIs (50), and at bats (286), 9th in hits (90), and 10th in games (56).
Pike was also one of the fastest players in the league. He would occasionally race any challenger for a cash prize, routinely coming out the winner. On August 16, 1873, he raced a fast trotting horse named "Clarence" in a 100-yard sprint at Baltimore's Newington Park, and won by four yards with a time of 10 seconds flat, earning $250 ($5,200 today).
Baltimore went bankrupt after the season, so Pike headed off to captain the Hartford Dark Blues for the 1874 season. The Dark Blues were a poor team, but Pike had another fine season, slugging .574 to lead the league, and coming in 2nd with an on-base percentage of .368.
Pike abandoned the weak Hartford team after a single season, switching to the St. Louis Brown Stockings. For the first time in his professional career, Pike failed to hit a home run, although he stole 25 bases. He also hit 12 triples and 22 doubles (leading the league) in what was probably his finest offensive season.
In all, Lip Pike has the National Association career home run (15) and extra base hits (135) records.
In 1876, when the National League replaced the National Association, Pike stuck with St. Louis. The Brown Stockings turned in a very good season, finishing a solid 2nd to the Chicago White Stockings. Pike continued to produce offensively, notching totals of 133 total bases (5th in the league) and 34 extra-base hits (2nd).
Seemingly never content to stay with a team very long, Pike headed to the Cincinnati Reds for the 1877 season. The Reds finished last. Pike was still a top-quality player, leading the league in home runs for the 4th time in the 1870s. However, age was starting to catch up with the 32-year-old Pike. He began the season as the 8th-oldest player in the league, and was the 4th-oldest player of the 1878 season. The 1878 Reds played very well, though. They finished 2nd, but Pike was replaced by Buttercup Dickerson halfway through the season and forced to look elsewhere for a team. He ended up playing a few games for the Providence Grays, and spent the next two years playing for minor league teams.
Pike got a brief call-up in 1881 to play for the Worcester Ruby Legs, but the 36-year-old Pike could no longer play effectively, hitting .111 and not managing a single extra base hit in 18 at-bats over 5 games. His play was so poor as to arouse suspicions, and Pike found himself banned from the National League that September. He was added to the National League blacklist in 1881. He turned to haberdashery, the vocation of his father, and spent another 6 years playing only amateur baseball. He was reinstated in 1883.
In 1887, the New York Metropolitans of the American Association gave Pike another chance. At 42, he was the oldest player in baseball. The only game he played was more of a sending off than a new start, though, and Pike headed back to his haberdashery once more.
Pike died suddenly of heart disease at the age of 48 in 1893. The Brooklyn Eagle reported that "Many wealthy Hebrews and men high in political and old time baseball circles attended the funeral service". He was interred in the Salem Fields Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York.
Pike was inducted into the New York State Baseball Hall of Fame - Class of 2016
- List of Major League Baseball annual home run leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual runs batted in leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual doubles leaders
- Major League Baseball titles leaders
- Jews and Baseball: An American Love Story, 2010 documentary
- List of Major League Baseball player-managers
- List of select Jewish baseball players
- "Baseball Almanac". United Press International. October 9, 1986. Retrieved March 7, 2010.
Lip Pike, who led the National League with four homers in 1877 and was the first player to earn money for his services on the diamond, died in 1893.
- Jews and Baseball: Entering the American mainstream, 1871–1948. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Jewish sports legends: the International Jewish Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Jewish heroes of America. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- The International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- "RED SMITH; Baseball's Forgotten Centennial". The New York Times. December 10, 1980. Retrieved March 7, 2010.
Jim Mutrie had been a shortstop of no great distinction in New England. He persuaded John B. Day, a prosperous tobacconist in Maiden Lane, to organize the New York Metropolitans, the original Mets. They played their first game September 29, 1880, beating the Nationals of Washington before 2,500 customers who paid 25 cents each. In center field for New York was Lip Pike, the first Jewish professional. One-Arm Hugh Daily pitched and won a two-hitter, and Steve Brady, who became a favorite with the fans, was at second base.
- Cardinals Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Lip Pike | Society for American Baseball Research
- The complete history of the home run. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Lip Pike Stats | Baseball-Reference.com
- Major League Baseball in Gilded Age Connecticut: The Rise and Fall of the Middletown, New Haven and Hartford Clubs. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Jewish heroes & heroines of America: 151 true stories of Jewish American heroism. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Long before the Dodgers: baseball in Brooklyn, 1855–1884. 2002. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Ryan Lawrence (October 31, 2017). "Who is Gabe Kapler? A Dozen Fun Facts about the new Phillies manager," PhillyVoice.
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Retrosheet
- Jewish Major League career leaders
- Lip Pike at Find a Grave
| Career home run record holder
Levi Meyerle & Fred Treacey
Levi Meyerle & Fred Treacey
| Career home run record holder
| Cincinnati Reds (1876–1880) Managers