|147 Protogeneia||July 10, 1875||MPC|
Lipót Schulhof (March 12, 1847 in Baja – October 1921 in Paris; Hungarian: Schulhof Lipót; German: Leopold Schulhof or Schulhoff; French: Léopold Schulhof) was a Hungarian-Jewish astronomer, born in the Austrian Empire, who first worked at the Vienna Observatory and later spent most of his time at the Paris Observatory, observing comets and asteroids.
He provided a prediction for the 1893 return of comet 15P/Finlay, discovered the main-belt asteroid 147 Protogeneia in 1875, and was awarded the Lalande Prize of the French Academy of Sciences in 1893. Schulhof won the Lalande Prize again in 1920 for his calculation, assisted by Joseph Bossert, of the orbit of the periodic comet 12P/Pons–Brooks, discovered in 1812 by Pons.
Schulhof calculated the orbits of many asteroids and comets, taking perturbative interactions into account. With his exhaustive studies of objects such as comet 27P/Crommelin and others, he advanced the recovery of lost comets as well as those of lost minor planets.
- "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 23 May 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Aron Moskovits, Jewish education in Hungary (1848-1948), p. 94
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(2384) Schulhof". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2384) Schulhof. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 194. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_2385. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
- "Tableaux des prix décernés". Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. 117. 1894. p. 1006. (The French Academy awarded the 1893 prizes on 18 December 1893.)
- "Science Prizes". American Naturalist. 28. U. of Chicago Press. 1894. p. 290.
- Bigourdan, G. (1922). "Léopold Schulhof". L'Astronomie. 36: 84–87. Bibcode:1922LAstr..36...84B.
- Bureau Des Longitudes, France (1905). Connaissance des temps pour l'an 1908. p. F.8. Schulhof and Bossert wrote a 170-page book entitled Sur l'orbite de la comète de 1812 (Pons) et sur son prochain retour.
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