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Asteroids discovered: 1 [1]
147 Protogeneia July 10, 1875 MPC

Lipót Schulhof (March 12, 1847 in Baja – October 1921 in Paris; Hungarian: Schulhof Lipót; German: Leopold Schulhof or Schulhoff; French: Léopold Schulhof) was a Hungarian-Jewish[2] astronomer, born in the Austrian Empire, who first worked at the Vienna Observatory and later spent most of his time at the Paris Observatory, observing comets and asteroids.[3]

He provided a prediction for the 1893 return of comet 15P/Finlay, discovered the main-belt asteroid 147 Protogeneia in 1875, and was awarded the Lalande Prize of the French Academy of Sciences in 1893.[4][5] Schulhof won the Lalande Prize again in 1920 for his calculation, assisted by Joseph Bossert, of the orbit of the periodic comet 12P/Pons–Brooks, discovered in 1812 by Pons.[6][7]

Schulhof calculated the orbits of many asteroids and comets, taking perturbative interactions into account. With his exhaustive studies of objects such as comet 27P/Crommelin and others, he advanced the recovery of lost comets as well as those of lost minor planets.[3]

The main-belt asteroid 2384 Schulhof, discovered by Marguerite Laugier in 1943, was named in his honor.[3]


  1. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 23 May 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  2. ^ Aron Moskovits, Jewish education in Hungary (1848-1948), p. 94
  3. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(2384) Schulhof". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2384) Schulhof. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 194. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_2385. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  4. ^ "Tableaux des prix décernés". Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. 117. 1894. p. 1006. (The French Academy awarded the 1893 prizes on 18 December 1893.)
  5. ^ "Science Prizes". American Naturalist. 28. U. of Chicago Press. 1894. p. 290.
  6. ^ Bigourdan, G. (1922). "Léopold Schulhof". L'Astronomie. 36: 84–87. Bibcode:1922LAstr..36...84B.
  7. ^ Bureau Des Longitudes, France (1905). Connaissance des temps pour l'an 1908. p. F.8. Schulhof and Bossert wrote a 170-page book entitled Sur l'orbite de la comète de 1812 (Pons) et sur son prochain retour.