Lioré et Olivier LeO 20

The Lioré et Olivier LeO 20 was a French night-bomber aircraft built by Lioré et Olivier.

LeO 20
Liore et Olivier LeO 20.JPG
Lioré et Olivier LeO 20
Role night-bomber
National origin France
Manufacturer Lioré et Olivier
First flight 1927
Introduction 1928
Retired 1939
Status retired
Primary user French Air Force
Number built 320[1]
Developed from Lioré et Olivier LeO 122
LeO 208

DevelopmentEdit

The LeO 20 was a development of the LeO 122 prototype. It won the 1926 French ministry competition for a new night-bomber, and received an order for 50 aircraft. The first were delivered at the end of 1926 and flight tested at Villacoublay in 1927. A total of 311 aircraft were delivered to the French air arm, ending in December 1932.[2]

VariantsEdit

LeO 20
twin-engine night bomber with Gnome-Rhône 9Ady engines (320 built)
LeO 201
re-designation for parachute trainers converted from LeO 20
LeO 203
four-engine version with Gnome-Rhône 7Kb engines
LeO H-20/4
floatplane version of LeO 203
LeO 206
production version of LeO 203 with revised nose, ventral "balcony" and tail gun (37 built)
LeO 207
similar to LeO 206 but with different nose and smaller "balcony" (3 built)
LeO 208
similar to LeO 20 but with enclosed cabin and Gnome-Rhône 14Mrs engines

Operators/Units using this aircraftEdit

  France

Specifications (LeO 20)Edit

 
Lioré et Olivier LeO 20 3-view drawing from L'Air May 15, 1928

Data from Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928,[3][1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Length: 13.77 m (45 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 22.2 m (72 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 4.26 m (14 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 105 m2 (1,130 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 2,580 kg (5,688 lb)
  • Gross weight: 5,060 kg (11,155 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 5,600 kg (12,346 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Gnome et Rhône 9Ady Jupiter 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 360 kW (480 hp) each
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed pitch wooden propellers

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 196 km/h (122 mph, 106 kn) at sea level
189 km/h (117 mph; 102 kn) at 3,000 m (9,800 ft)
  • Range: 1,000 km (620 mi, 540 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,750 m (18,860 ft)
  • Time to altitude: 3,000 m (9,800 ft) in 18.6 minutes
  • Wing loading: 48.2 kg/m2 (9.9 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.1208 kW/kg (0.0735 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns: provision for 2x 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine-guns at nose and dorsal positions and 1x 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine-gun at ventral position.
  • Bombs: 10x 50 kg (110 lb) bombs internally or 7x 70 kg (150 lb) bombs under the centre-section / centre fuselage; maximum 500 kg (1,100 lb)

See alsoEdit

Related lists

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Sharpe, Michael (2000). Biplanes, Triplanes, and Seaplanes. London: Friedman/Fairfax Books. p. 243. ISBN 1-58663-300-7.
  2. ^ Donald, David, ed. (1997). The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Prospero Books. p. 565. ISBN 1-85605-375-X. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Grey, C.G., ed. (1928). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928. London: Sampson Low, Marston & company, ltd. pp. 107c.