Lionsgate Films (formerly known as Cinépix Film Properties) is an American film production and film distribution studio, headquartered in Santa Monica and founded in French Canada, and is the flagship division of Lionsgate Entertainment. It is the largest and most successful mini-major film studio in North America. It focuses on foreign and independent films and has distributed various commercially successful film series, including The Twilight Saga and Step Up (both partially, via the firm's 2012 acquisition of two franchise's distributor Summit Entertainment; the latter has distributed by Disney's Touchstone Pictures since its first film), The Hunger Games, Rambo, Divergent, The Punisher (prior to Marvel Studios acquiring its rights back in 2013), John Wick, Saw, Hostel, The Expendables, Sinister, Madea, Blair Witch, and Now You See Me.
1962 (as Cinépix Film Properties)|
Montreal, Québec, Canada
January 12, 1998 (as Lionsgate Films)
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
|Headquarters||Santa Monica, California, U.S.|
Germany (coming soon)
Patrick Wachsberger (Co-Chairman)|
Rob Friedman (Co-Chairman)
Grindstone Entertainment Group
Pantelion Films (50%)
Roadside Attractions (45%)
Cinépix was founded in 1962 by John Dunning and Andre Link and was based in Montreal. Cinépix was a leading Canadian independent motion picture company, releasing both English- and French-language films and making ten to 12 modestly budgeted titles annually. Initially a distribution company, Cinépix's first production was the 1969 erotic drama Valérie, which garnered $1 million in Quebec. The company was also responsible for launching the careers of, among others, David Cronenberg (Shivers) and Ivan Reitman (Meatballs). The company also distributed art-house films like grunge rock documentary Hype, Vincent Gallo's Buffalo '66, and SICK: The Life & Death of Bob Flanagan, Supermasochist.
Vancouver and Cinépix has created and celebrated the coming for the new era of Canadian Cinema in 1971, with the birth of Astral Films Limited (now part of Bell Media). Cinépix become Canada's first studio without an actual studio lot, becoming the new Canadian distributor in History.
In January 17, 1980, Cinépix announced to purchase Victory Pictures Corporation right under MGM/UA Merger in America. On September 15, the Acquisition was complete and Victory was renamed as Cinépix Pictures Corporation. the company formed Cinépix Classics a division distributing classic films (including United Artists' pre-1952 films; except for the Samuel Goldwyn Productions/TCP films) and art house films.
In 1987, Cinepix formed a new home video company called Cinépix Home Video to collect 3,000 films from Victory Pictures.
From 1989 to 1994, Cinépix was partners with Famous Players in C/FP Distribution, which was renamed Cinépix Film Properties (CFP) after the former bought out the latter's stake in the organization.
Lions Gate Films
Lions Gate Entertainment Corporation (LGEC) was formed in the summer of 1997 by Jonathan Mardikian, a banker who had dabbled in feature film financing. LGEC purchased Cinépix and kept its leadership. Cinépix was renamed Lions Gate Films on January 12, 1998. LGEC also purchased the Vancouver-based North Shore Studios, which became Lions Gate Studios. In June 1998, LGE purchased International Movie Group, whose film library included Jean-Claude Van Damme's Kickboxer.
Its first major box office success was American Psycho in 2000, which began a trend of producing and distributing films too controversial for the major American studios, including Lolita (1997). Other notable films included Affliction (1998), Gods and Monsters (1998), Dogma (1999), American Psycho (2000), Cube 2: Hypercube (2002), Open Water (2003), Saw (2004), The Punisher (2004) and the Michael Moore documentary Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004), which had been the studio's highest-grossing film until the release of The Hunger Games in 2012.
In 2000, Giustra left the firm and it was taken over by Jon Feltheimer and Tom Ortenberg. They decided to focus on the profits of videos and DVDs and began buying struggling firms that controlled large libraries. The two most notable acquisitions were Trimark Holdings (650 titles) in 2000 and Artisan Entertainment in 2003. The Trimark purchase also included CinemaNow, a broadband streaming website, where Lionsgate could feature its own movies. These two along with other firms gave Lions Gate the second largest DVD library of any company, which includes Total Recall, Reservoir Dogs, On Golden Pond, Young Guns, Dirty Dancing and It's a Wonderful Life, in some cases via output deals with StudioCanal, ITC/Carlton, and Republic Pictures (the result of prior licensing deals with Lions Gate's home video predecessor Artisan).
Lions Gate occasionally co-produces films with major studios. For example, Lions Gate teamed with Miramax Films for the 2004 sequel Dirty Dancing: Havana Nights and with Paramount Pictures for 2002's Narc and 2004's The Prince & Me which was given a studio credit. Lions Gate was also a silent partner in 20th Century Fox's 2004 sci-fi film The Day After Tomorrow. And also in 2004, for the first time ever, Lions Gate joined forces with independent rival United Artists in producing Hotel Rwanda.
On August 1, 2005, Lions Gate Entertainment Corp acquired the entire library of Modern Entertainment. On October 17, 2005, Lionsgate acquired Redbus Film Distribution for $35 million and became Lionsgate UK on February 23, 2006. Following this, Zygi Kamasa, who co-founded Redbus with Simon Franks, became CEO of Lionsgate UK and Europe.
Lionsgate cut back its annual production by four in February 2009.
The Lionsgate film The Hunger Games grossed $68.3 million when it premiered at the U.S. box office on March 23, 2012. It was the best opening day ever for a non-sequel and the fifth highest of all time. Of that total, $19.7 million was earned via Thursday midnight screenings. In its first weekend, The Hunger Games grossed $152.5 million, making it Lionsgate's highest-grossing film after just three days.
On January 13, 2012, Lions Gate Entertainment Corp acquired Summit Entertainment, the studio behind the Twilight and Step Up franchises for $412.5 million. On May 3, 2012, Lionsgate Films made an agreement with CodeBlack Enterprises' CEO Jeff Clanagan to create CodeBlack Films, based at Lionsgate.
On January 16, 2013, Lionsgate announced a low-budget film division to be led by John Sacchi. The division will release films under $2.5 million. Sacchi has recently looked to acquire such films as Rock Bottom Creek (2012) and other independently made films as well. On Thursday, November 22, 2013, Lions Gate released The Hunger Games: Catching Fire. In its opening weekend, the movie grossed $158 million at the US box office, surpassing its predecessor, which generated $150 million in its opening weekend. The film had a budget of $130 million, breaking even soon after its opening, and making it profitable. Critics highly praised the film; it received a Rotten Tomatoes rating of 89% "certified fresh". The third film in the Hunger Games franchise, Mockingjay- Part 1, was released in 2014. The final film of the franchise, Mockingjay - Part 2, was released in 2015.
On April 1, 2015, according to Deadline, Lions Gate announced it has created its new label, Lionsgate Premiere. This new label will handle up to 15 releases a year, targeting young audiences at theaters and digital outlets. The new label, part of the company’s diversification effort, will incorporate Lionsgate and Summit Entertainment titles and then specialize in "innovative multiplatform and other release strategies" to reach "affinity audiences with branded content and targeted marketing." Marketing and Research SVP Jean McDowell will handle marketing, with distribution to be run by Adam Sorensen, who currently manages Western Sales.
On May 2, 2016, according to Deadline Hollywood, Lions Gate announced it has teaming with eight international companies to launch the GlobalGate Entertainment consortium. GlobalGate will produce and distribute local-language films in markets around the world. Lionsgate said Monday it has partnered with international entertainment executives Paul Presburger, William Pfeiffer and Clifford Werber to launch GlobalGate.
Film distributor history
|1||The Hunger Games: Catching Fire||2013||$424,668,047|
|2||The Hunger Games||2012||$408,010,692|
|3||The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1||2014||$337,135,885|
|4||The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2||2012||$292,324,737||Distributed by Summit Entertainment.|
|5||The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 2||2015||$281,723,902|
|6||The Day After Tomorrow||2004||$186,740,799||Released by 20th Century Fox Film Corporation.|
|7||La La Land||2016||$151,101,803||Distributed by Summit Entertainment.|
|8||Divergent||2014||$150,947,895||Distributed by Summit Entertainment.|
|10||The Divergent Series: Insurgent||2015||$130,179,072||Distributed by Summit Entertainment.|
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- "Redbus - Sale of Redbus Film Distribution to Lions Gate Entertainment Corp". Slaughter and May. October 17, 2005.
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- "Lionsgate The Hunger Games Movies". Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- Fritz, Ben (January 13, 2012). "Lions Gate acquires Summit Entertainment for $412.5 million". Los Angeles Times.
- Vlessing, Etan (May 3, 2012). "Lionsgate Pacts With CodeBlack CEO Jeff Clanagan". Hollywood Reporter.
- McNary, Dave (January 16, 2013). "Lionsgate taps Sacchi to head even-lower budget films arm". Variety.
- Steinberg, Jacob. "Hunger Games is a Huge Success, Yet Lions Gate Sells Off". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- "The Hunger Games: Catching Fire (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes.
- Lieberman, David (1 April 2015). "Lionsgate Introduces Distribution Unit To Target Next-Gen Audiences". Deadline Hollywood.
- Lieberman, David (May 2, 2016). "Lionsgate Partners With Execs At Film Initiative Targeting Global Local Markets". Deadine.
- Vlessing, Etan (August 10, 2011). "Alliance Films Takes Maple Pictures From Lionsgate". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
- "The Street" LIONSGATE AND NORDISK FILM CONCLUDE LONG-TERM OUTPUT DEAL thestreet.com, Retrieved on June 19, 2012